First among Friends: George Fox and the Creation of Quakerism

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Oxford University Press, 04.01.1996 - 420 Seiten
In First Among Friends, the first scholarly biography of George Fox (1624-91), H. Larry Ingle examines the fascinating life of the reformation leader and founding organizer of the Religious Society of Friends, more popularly known today as the Quakers. Ingle places Fox within the upheavals of the English Civil Wars, Revolution, and Restoration, showing him and his band of "rude" disciples challenging the status quo, particularly during the Cromwellian Interregnum. Unlike leaders of similar groups, Fox responded to the conservatism of the Stuart restoration by facing down challenges from internal dissidents, and leading his followers to persevere until the 1689 Act of Toleration. It was this same sense of perseverance that helped the Quakers to survive and remain the only religious sect of the era still existing today. This insightful study uses broad research in contemporary manuscripts and pamphlets, many never examined systematically before. Firmly grounded in primary sources and enriched with gripping detail, this well-written and original study reveals unknown sides of one who was clearly "First Among Friends."

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Inhalt

The Sea Refuses No River
3
1 Every Oak Has Been an Acorn
7
2 Lads Will Be Men
18
3 The Longest Way About Is the Nearest Way Home
28
4 Seek Your Salve Where You Get Your Sore
41
5 When the Fox Preaches then Beware Your Geese
54
6 The North for Greatness
72
7 Put Not Fire to Flax
90
12 As Easy as Removing Tottenham Wood
170
13 For the Same Man to Be a Heretic and a Good Subject is Impossible
189
14 More Belongs to a Marriage than Four Bare Legs in a Bed
207
15 What Is a Man but His Mind?
229
16 A Man May Cut Himself with His Own Knife
250
17 The Fox Runs as Long as He Has Feet
266
A Good Life Makes a Good Death
283
Notes
287

8 As Like an Apple as an Oyster
107
9 Out of the North All Ill Comes Forth
118
10 I Thank God and my Cunning
136
11 No Time like the Present
153
Bibliography
359
Index
399
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Seite 194 - All bloody principles and practices, we, as to our own particulars, do utterly deny, with all outward wars and strife and fightings with outward weapons, for any end or under any pretence whatsoever. And this is our testimony to the whole world. That the spirit of Christ, by which we are guided, is not changeable, so as once to command us from a thing as evil and again to move...
Seite 25 - Thou seest how young people go together into vanity, and old people into the earth ; thou must forsake all, both young and old, and keep out of all, and be as a stranger unto all.
Seite 8 - To submit myself to all my governors, teachers, spiritual pastors, and masters: To order myself lowly and reverently to all my betters...
Seite 69 - There is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus." — The Geutiles " have gods many and lords many; but to us there is but one God, the Father, and one Lord Jesus Christ.
Seite 112 - I was sent to turn people from darkness to the light, that they might receive Christ Jesus: for, to as many as should receive Him in His light, I saw that He would give power to become the sons of God; which I had obtained by receiving Christ.
Seite 108 - The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for his own glory, man's salvation, faith and life, is either expressly set down in scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from scripture ; unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit or traditions of men.
Seite 67 - I told them I knew from whence all wars arose, even from the lust, according to James's doctrine; and that I lived in the virtue of that life and power that took away the occasion of all wars.
Seite 212 - Quakers did greatly relieve the sober people for a time; for they were so resolute, and so gloried in their constancy and sufferings, that they assembled openly at the Bull and Mouth, near Aldersgate, and were dragged away daily to the common jail; and yet desisted not, but the rest came the next day, nevertheless: so that the jail at Newgate was filled with them. Abundance of them died in prison, and yet they continued their assemblies still.
Seite 194 - Our weapons are spiritual, and not carnal, yet mighty through God, to the pulling down of the strongholds of sin and Satan, who is the author of wars, fighting, murder, and plots.
Seite 77 - I exhorted the people to come off from all these things, and directed them to the Spirit and grace of God in themselves, and to the light of Jesus in their own hearts, that they might come to know Christ, their free teacher, to bring them salvation, and to open the Scriptures to them.

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