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8. Forest Fire Protection : Canada.

The widespread damage to timber, property and life resulting from uncontrolled forest fires is a menace to the economic well-being of the British Empire, and constitutes the greatest single deterrent to the practice of forest management. The Conference endorses the report of its Forest Fire Protection Committee (Annexure C), believing that the forest fire problem, though difficult, is capable of solution if the forest authorities receive full public support and the requisite assistance from the Government.

9. Silviculture : Canada. In view of the disastrous effects of fires, insects and fungi upon the supplies of standing timber, and of the results of the existing logging methods in impoverishing the forests of their valuable species and in impairing their regeneration, this Conference strongly recommends the application of more effective silvicultural methods to the Canadian forests, and commends the report of the Committee on Silviculture (Annexure D) to the earnest consideration of the Dominion and Provincial Governments and of the timber industry.

10. Shifting Cultivation. The practice of shifting cultivation except when controlled as an integral part of forest management is a serious menace to the future welfare of certain portions of the Empire. The recommendations made by the Committee appointed to consider and report on this question (Annexure E) are approved by this Conference, which urges Governments concerned to take such measures as may be necessary to deal with the situation.

At the same time this Conference recognises that, if strictly controlled, shifting cultivation may, under certain conditions, be made to serve a useful and even a necessary purpose in silvicultural operations, particularly in connection with the formation of plantations. When applied to such useful ends this Conference favours its encouragement, under control.

11. Next Conference. This Conference accepts the gracious invitation of the Government of the Australian Commonwealth to hold the next meeting in Australia, and requests the Commonwealth representative, Mr. Owen Jones, to convey to his Government a message of cordial thanks and appreciation. At the same time this Conference wishes to place on record its opinion that if suitable to the Commonwealth Government, the year 1928 would be the date most suitable for the meeting.

12. Vote of Thanks. This Conference places on record its most grateful thanks to the Federal and Provincial Governments of Canada for the

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hospitality, care and attention which they have shown the delegates throughout their stay in Canada.

The delegates also wish to thank the civic authorities, universities and private associations, mill owners, lumbermen and private individuals whom they met in the course of their five thousand-mile tour for their welcome and acts of kindness, and also for the way in which there has been placed at their disposal information which has materially added to the interest and value of the work of the Conference.

Victoria, B.C., September 7, 1923.

LIST OF DELEGATES. Great Britain Major-General Lord Lovat, K.T., K.C.M.G., D.S.O., &c.,

Chairman, Forestry Commission. R. L. Robinson, O.B.E., B.A., B.Sc., Commissioner, Forestry

Commission. A. W. Borthwick, O.B.E., D.Sc., Education, Research and

Publications Officer, Forestry Commission. Fraser Story, Intelligence Officer, Forestry Commission. Captain J. W. Munro, D.Sc., B.Sc. (Agr.), B.Sc. (For.),

Entomologist, Forestry Commission. Sir James Calder, C.B.E. Lieut.-Colonel G. L. Courthorpe, M.C., M.P., Chairman,

British Empire Forestry Association. Professor R. S. Troup, C.I.E., M.A., D.Sc., School of Forestry,

Oxford University. Australia

Owen Jones, B.A., Chairman, Forestry Commission of Victoria. India

W. A. Robertson, Deputy Conservator of Forests, Burma.

C. G. Trevor, Conservator of Forests, United Provinces. Irish Free StateA. C. Forbes, O.B.E., Forestry Branch, Department of

Agriculture. New Zealand

Captain L. McIntosh Ellis, B.Sc.F., Director of State Forests. South Africa,

C. E. Legat, B.Sc., Chief Conservator of Forests.

W. S. Johnstone, Associated Chambers of Commerce.
Crown Colonies-

Colonial Office.
Major R. D. Furse, D.S.O., Assistant Private Secretary for

J. R. Ainslie, D.F., F.L.S., F.R.G.S., Senior Conservator of



E. Battiscombe, Conservator of Forests. Ceylon

R. M. White, B.A., D.F., Deputy Conservator of Forests. Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States

G. E. S. Cubitt, Conservator of Forests. British GuianuL. S. Hohenkerk, Forestry Officer, Department of Lands and

Mines. Canada, Dominion

E. H. Finlayson, B.Sc.F., Acting Director of Forestry.

D. Roy Cameron, B.Sc.F., Dominion Forest Service. British ColumbiaP. Z. Caverhill, B.S.F., Chief Forester, Provincial Forest

Service. New Brunswick

G. H. Prince, B.S.F., Chief Forester, Provincial Forest Service.' Nova Scotia

J. A. Knight, K.C., Commissioner of Forests and Game. Ontario—

E. J. Zavitz, M.S.F., Provincial Forester. Quebec

G. C. Piché, M.F., Chief of Forest Service.

Honorary Delegates : Mr. A. Bedard, M.F., Assistant Chief of Forest Service,

Quebec, Dean of Laval Forest School. Mr. Robson Black, Manager, Canadian Forestry Association. Mr. W. C. Cain, Deputy Minister of Lands and Forests,

Ontario. Mr. Roland D. Craig, B.S.A., F.E., Forest Resources Specialist,

Dominion Forest Service. Mr. M. A. Grainger, President, Canadian Society of Forest

C. D. Howe, Ph.D., Dean of Faculty of Forestry, University of

Toronto, Vice-President, Canadian Forestry Association.
Mr. Clyde Leavitt, M.Sc.F., Chief Fire Inspector, Board of

Railway Commissioners, Canada.
Lieut.-Colonel T. G. Loggie, Deputy Minister of Lands and

Mines, New Brunswick.
Mr. G. R. Naden, Deputy Minister of Lands, British Columbia.
The Earl of Strafford, England.
Mr. Ellwood Wilson, Chief, Forestry Department, Laurentide

Paper Company. (Thirty-Seven Associate Delegates also attended some or all of the Sessions.)



FORESTRY CONFERENCE (1923). Report of the Committee appointed “to review the report of the

Education Committee of the British Empire Forestry Conference in 1920 and the subsequent Interdepartmental Committee of 1921, and to consider in the existing circumstances how the recommendations of these committees can be adapted to meet the wants of the Empire with regard to post-graduate and research courses."

The Committee begs to report as follows ::

1. It may be well to begin by briefly recapitulating the steps previously taken in regard to the matter.

As a result of the resolution passed by the 1920 Conference (Resolution No. 9) and of the report to that Conference (Appendix C) an Interdepartmental Committee, representing the India Office, the Colonial Office and the Forestry Commission, with Professor J. B. Farmer as an independent scientific member, was set up, " to prepare a scheme for giving effect to the resolution of the British Empire Forestry Conference with regard to a central institution for training forest officers ...

The report of this Committee was issued in February 1921 (Command Paper 1166).

Subsequently negotiations were entered into between the Colonial Office and the Forestry Commission with a view to guaranteeing sufficient funds to start the institution and to maintain it for five years in the first instance, whether the Government of India found itself able to co-operate or not. It was decided that the bulk of the necessary funds should be guaranteed by the Forestry Commission and the various colonies and protectorates with important Forestry Departments, as they would be more directly concerned with the institution than would the self-governing Dominions.

So far as the colonies and protectorates went, the idea met with unanimous approval, and all the Governments concerned were at that time prepared to make the necessary contribution, except in the case of Kenya, who were unable to subscribe until their financial position had improved.

Unfortunately, however, the Imperial Treasury were unable, for the time being, to authorise the necessary expenditure on the part of the Forestry Commission or on the part of certain African protectorates who were in receipt of a grant in aid from the Imperial Exchequer and whose expenditure was in consequence subject to Treasury approval.

The proposal, therefore, had to be temporarily dropped.

2. We desire emphatically to endorse the view held by the 1920 Conference that a central institution of this kind is required in the interests of forestry within the Empire.

We greatly regret that the setting up of such an institution has had to be postponed, and we urge most strongly that steps be taken to start it without delay.

3. We endorse the action taken in setting up the Interdepartmental Committee referred to above, and we agree with the modifications which, on further inquiry, that Committee found it necessary to make in the recommendations of the 1920 Conference.

4. In view of the somewhat partial support which the idea of a central institution received in 1921 at the hands of the self-governing Dominions and the Australian States, we have been at particular pains to ascertain how such an institution could now be made of the greatest value in meeting the varied and special needs of forestry in the self-governing Dominions.

As a result we are of the opinion that, given sufficient staff, the institution could make itself of great value to the Dominions, both by providing advanced post-graduate training for future forest officers who have received suitable preparatory training in their own Dominion, and also by providing the necessary post-graduate training for specialists and research officers. In the latter connection we draw attention to the difficulty of obtaining well-trained forest entomologists for Canada. We are informed that under present conditions there are no suitable facilities for obtaining the necessary advanced training in Forest Entomology such as is required for the higher positions in the Government service.

We have received evidence from representatives of all the selfgoverning Dominions expressing strong approval of the setting up of such an institution, although in the case of Australia it is doubtful whether the forestry training at present available in that commonwealth is sufficiently advanced to fit students for undertaking the post-graduate courses. This objection will no doubt be removed in course of time.

5. It is also possible that the Government of India may wish to make use of a central institution, both for the post-graduate training of selected graduates from the forest school of Dehra Dun and for "refresher” and “special” courses for selected officers, who have done some years' service.

6. We have carefully examined the report of the Interdepartmental Committee on Imperial Forestry Education and find ourselves in general agreement with its recommendations.

(a.) As regards finance and staff, we do not consider that we have at our disposal the necessary information on which to base detailed recommendations. Details of this nature must be left for discussion by the departments principally concerned, and between them and the Board of Control of the institution, when it is set up.

At the same time we feel confident that if the central institute could be set up under good management and endowed with sufficient funds to make an effective start, it would rapidly justify its existence and would develop, as time went on, attracting an increased measure of support and extending its sphere of usefulness, particularly in the direction of providing for the individual needs of specialist research

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