A History of Chile, 1808-1994
Cambridge University Press, 26.07.1996 - 427 Seiten
"A History of Chile" traces the nation's political, economic, and social evolution from its independence until the 1994 inauguration of its second president Eduardo Frei. Relying on both primary and secondary materials, it explores the growth of Chile's wheat-based economy in colonial times (which entailed the formation of great landed estates), the ninteenth-century wheat and mining books, the rise and fall of the nitrate mines, and their eventual replacement by large-scale copper mining. This volume also provides a historical overview of Chile's political journey from oligarchy to one of South America's most democratic countries only for it to fall prey to a military dictatorship following the 1973 overthrow of Savlador Allende. Finally, this book examines varous aspects of Chile's social history: the growth of the press, the process of urbanization, the spread of education, the creation of a rich intellectual and literary tradition, the experiences of the middle and lower classes, and the development of Chilean culture from a unique blend of Amerindian and European sources.
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Colonial foundations 15401810
The conservative settlement 183041
The rise of a republic 183os187os
The Liberal impulse 184176
Crisis and war 187683
The nitrate era 188os193os
The Lion and the mule 192038
Industrial advance and the dawn of mass politics
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agrarian reform agricultural Aguirre Alessandri Allende Allendista alliance American Antonio Araucanian Argentina Army Arturo Arturo Alessandri Balmaceda became Bolivia British Bulnes cabinet capital Central Valley century Chile Chilean history Christian Democrats colonial Communists Concepcion Congress congressional Conservative constitutional copper CORFO country's countryside creole Cruz Deputies Diego Portales early economic El Mercurio election electoral Errazuriz export Falange foreign Frei Gonzalez Videla hacendados haciendas Ibanez important increased industry inflation inquilinos Iquique Jorge Alessandri Jose Juan Junta labor land landowners later Liberal Manuel Mapuche ment Mercurio military million pesos mining minister Moneda Montt nitrate O'Higgins officers opposition Parliamentary party patriot percent Peru Peruvian Pinochet Pinto political politicians popular Portales president presidential production Radicals regime republic rural Salvador Allende Santiago seemed Senate September social Socialists soon Spanish Spanish empire Talcahuano tion trade traditional unions upper class urban Valparaiso Vicuna vote wages workers