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embrace natural history, in common with agriculture and gardening; and a magazine has been commenced in Australia, in which natural history forms a prominent feature.

So congenial are natural history pursuits to the human mind, and so much do they tend to the progress of civilisation, to increased domestic comfort, to peace between nations, and to human happiness, that to us it appears that it would be treason to nature to assert that this state of things will not be progressive, and will not go on increasing, till the condition of mankind every-where is improved to an extent of which we can at present form no idea.

The more frequent appearance of this Magazine, as well as the considerable addition to the quantity of matter which will be given in the course of the year, demands corresponding exertions on the part of its Editor and Conductor ; but our readers and contributors may safely rely on these being made. In conclusion, we cordially thank our contributors for their past assistance, and earnestly invite them to continue to add to the common stock of knowledge through the medium of our pages.

J. C. L. Bayswater, Nov. 10. 1834.

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CONTENTS.

GENERAL SUBJECT.

A Description of the Habits of the Ringdove.

By Charles Waterton, Esq.

. 328

Remarks on the Natural Productions of Lexden

Sketches of the Natural History of my Neigh-

and its Neighbourhood. By J. G. - 17

bourhood. No. 2., Fragments of Ornithology.

On designating Genera and Subgenera, and on

By C. Conway, Esq., of Pontnewydd Works,

the Principles of Classification which they

involve. By the Rev. Leonard Jenyns, A.M.

Monmouthshire . - - . - 333

F.L.S.

Notes on the Arrival of the British Summer

, 97

Birds of Passage in 1894, with incidental

On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena, Vicis.

Remarks on some of the Species. By Mr.

situdes in the Seasons, prevalent Disorders,

Edward Blyth - . . . - 338

&c., contemporaneous, and in supposed con

* Description of some new and rare British Species

nection, with Volcanic Emanations. By the

Rev. W. B. Clarke, A.M. F.G.S. &c. 193. 289.

of Shells. By W. Turton, M.D., &c. - 350

A Notice of Localities, Habits, Characteristics,

609

Shakspeare a Naturalist

and Synonymes of a rare British Species of

. . 309

On the Meteors seen in America on the Night

Mýtilus. By Mr. Wm. Williamson, jun. 353

of Nov. 13. 1833. By the Rev. W. B. Clarke,

Observations on the Work of Maria Sibilla

A.M. F.G.S. (A Supplement to Mr. Clarke's

Merian on the Insects, &c. of Surinam. By

the Rev. Lansdown Guilding, B.A. F.L.S.

Essay, No. 3., in p. 289-308., On certain

&c.

-

recent Meteoric Phenomena, Vicissitudes in

-

- 355

Observations on some British Sérpulæ. By the

the Seasons, prevalent Disorders, &c., con-

Rev. M. J. Berkeley

temporaneous, and in supposed connection,

- 420

with Volcanic Emanations)

On the Injury produced to Plantations of Sal-

. - 385

lows and Osiers (Salices), and Loss of Gain

Notices of certain Omens and Superstitions con.

to the Proprietor, by the Ravages, on the

nected with Natural Objects. By the Rev. W.

Foliage of these Plants, of the Caterpillars of

T. Bree, M. A.

545

A short Sketch of the most remarkable of the

the Insect Nématus capreæ F.: with a Notice,

in Sequel, of the very great Importance of a

Vulgar Prejudices connected with Objects of

Scientific Knowledge of Natural Objects to

Natural History. By W. G. Barker, Esq, 559

those engaged in the Practices of Rural Eco-

nomy. By C. D.

- 422

ZOOLOGY,

On the most advisable Methods for discovering

Facts suggesting to Man his fittest Mode of Remedies against the Ravages of Insects;

defending himself from Attacks of Animals and a Notice of the Habits of the Onion Fly.

of the Feline and Canine Tribes. By Charles By J. O. Westwood, Esq. F.L.S. &c. Read

Waterton, Esq.

before the Entomological Society, May 5.

On the Green-winged Teals of America and 1834 - - -

- - - 425

Britain. By James Drummond Marshall. Thoughts on the Question, Why cannot Ani.

M.D.

mals speak the Language of Man? By J. J.

An Illustration of the Structure of some of

481
the Organs of a Spider, deemed the Type of Facts and Arguments in relation to the Two
a new Genus, and proposed to be called Tri. Questions, Are all Birds in the Habit of allur-
chopus libratus. By C. M. - . . 10 ing Intruders from their Nest? and, Why do

Illustrations in British Zoology. By George Birds sing? By C. Conway, Esq. . - 483

Johnston, M.D., Fellow of the Royal College A Notice of the Imitative Powers of the British

of Surgeons of Edinburgh . 13. 126. 230. 318 Mocking-Bird, or Sedge Bird (Sylvia r Cur-

490. 584. 638 rùca] salicària), additional to that in V. 653,

Observations on the Habits of the Rook. By 654. By T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire 486

Charles Waterton, Esq. .

- 100 A Notice of the Songs of the Bramble Finch,

An Introduction to the Natural History of the Mountain Linnet, and the Tree Sparrow:

Molluscous Animals. In a Series of Letters. with Remarks on each Species. By Mr. Ed-

By G. J.

- - 106. 218. 408

• 487

On the Structure of the Annulate Animals, and Fasus Turtoni Bean, and Limnéa lineata Bean,

its Relation to their Economy. By Omega | Two rare and hitherto undescribed Species of

121. 235 Shells, described and illustrated. By William

Illustrations of some Species of British Animals Bean, Esg.

493

which are not generally known, or have not A List of some Land and Freshwater Species of

hitherto been described. By c. M. - 129 Shells which have been found in the Neigh.

Facts and Considerations on the Natural His. | bourhood of Henley on Thames. By H. E.

tory and Political Impropriation of the Salmon Strickland Esq.

. 494

Fish, By T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire 202 | Information on the Cane Fly of Grenada (Dél.

A Notification of the Occurrence, in the Island phax saccharivora), additional to that given

of Guernsey, of a Species of Testacéllus, and in VI. 407-413. By J. O. Westwood, Esq.

of some of its Characteristics and Habits, as F.L.S. &c.

496

observed there. By Frederick C. Lukis, Esq. A List of the more rare of the Species of In.
To which are added Notes on other Species sects found on Parley Heath, on the Borders
of Testacéllus . . . . . 224 of Hampshire and Dorsetshire, and Neigh-

Origines Zoologicæ, or Zoological Recollections. bourhood not exceeding Five Miles. By J.

By William Turton, M.D. &c. . 315. 390 C. Dale, Esq. A.M. F.L.S. &c. . . 497

their Economy. himals, and Fasus Tolyth

Thoughts in relation to the Questions on the

GEOLOGY

Mode of Origin of Song in Birds (II. 145. A Description of a Fossil Vegetable of the

447.; IV. 420. ; VII. 245. 484.). By W. H. H. Family Fucoldes in the Transition Rocks of

567 North America, and some Considerations in

Facts on Humming.Birds, their Food, the Man- Geology connected with it. By R, C. Taylor,

ner in which they take it, and on their Habits;

Esq. . . . . . . : 27

with Directions for preserving the Eggs of Remarks and Illustrations on the Decay of the

Humming. Birds, and the Forms of the Bodies

Stems of succulent Plants. By Frederick

Pupa and Larvæ of Insects. C. Lukis, Esq.

. . S2

By the late Rey. Lansdown Guilding, B.A. A Notice of some important Geological D18.

F.L.S. &c.

- 509 coveries at Billesdon Coplow, Leicestershire ;

The Accumulation of all possible Information

with Observations on the Nature of their

respecting the Habits of the Rock Birds of

| Relation to the modern System of Geology.

Britain, by the Cooperative Agency of Natu-

By Joseph Holdsworth, Esq.

ralists residing near Headlands on the Coasts, Volcanoes. By W. M. Higgins, Esq. F.G.S.,

suggested. By J. D. Salmon, Esq. - 573 Lecturer on Natural Philosophy to Guy's

On the Habits and Note of the Grey Wagtail, Hospital -

- - . . 491

and on the Note of the Spring Wagtail. By A Notice of some of the Contents of the Fresh.
T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire

water Formation at Copford, near Colchester,

Notes on Luminous Insects, chiefly of the West

Essex. By J. Brown, Esq.

436

Indies; on Luminous Meteors; on Ignes

Enquiries on the Causes of the Colour of the

Fatui; on the Luminousness of the Sea ; and

Water of the Rhine; by J. R.: with Re-

on the Powers possessed by the Races of

marks, in Contribution to an Answer; by

Lizards, of voluntarily changing their Colour: the Rev. W. B. Clarke. A.M. F.G.S. 438

with other Information on the Habits of On the Cause of Volcanic Action; a Reply to

Lizards. By the late Rev. Lansdown Guild- Professor Higgins's Review, in p. 434, 435., of

ing, B.A. F.L.S. &c.

- - 579 Dr. Daubeny's Theory. By Dr. Daubeny,

Observations on some of the Diseases in Poultry.

King's Professor of Botany and Chemistry in

By J. M. Coby, Esq., Member of the Royal

the University of Oxford

588

College of Surgeons in London, of the Provin.

Some Account of the Salt of the Mountain of

cial Medical and Surgical Association, of the

Gern, at Cardona, in Catalonia, Spain; with

Medical and Philosophical Society of London,

some Facts indicative of the little Esteem

&c.

.

-

- 630

entertained by Spaniards for Naturalists. By

Information on the Habits of a Species of Capri.

W. Perceval Hunter, Esq.

.640

múlgus (or of some closely allied Genus) which

Facts and Considerations on the Strata of Mont

inhabits the Neighbourhood of Lima. By

Blanc; and on some Instances of Twisted

Mr. Andrew Mathews, A.L.S., Travelling

Strata observable in Switzerland; by J. R.:

Collector of Natural Productions in South

with Remarks thereon, by the Rev. W. B.

America

- - 633

Clarke, A.M. F.G.S. &c.

.

. 614

Reasons in support of an Opinion advanced that

the Mackerel is not a Migratory Species of

Fish. By 0.

. 637

METEOROLOGY.

Some Observations on a very interesting Aurora

BOTANY.

Borealis, witnessed at Hull on the Evening

On the Altitude of the Habitats of Plants in and Night of October 12. 1833. By George

Cumberland, with Localities of the rarer H. Fielding, Esq. M.R.C.S.L., Member of
Mountain Species. By Mr. Hewett Watson 20 the British Association for the Advancement
A brief Notice of several Species of Epiphyl. of Science, Treasurer and Hon. Curator of
lous Fungi which have been observed in the Comparative Anatomy to the Hull Literary
Neighbourhood of Oxford, and have not been and Philosophical Society, &c. &c. . .50
hitherto generally known to occur in Britain. A Statement of the Quantity of Rain which
By Mr. William Baxter, A.LS., Curator of has fallen at High Wycombe, Bucks, during
the Botanic Garden at Oxford

- 24 the last Ten Winters, with Remarks. By
A Description of a Mode, practised by M. James G. Tatem, Esq. . . . 239

Klotzsch, of drying Specimens of Fungi for Data towards determining the Decrease of
preservation in Herbariums. By William Temperature in Connection with Elevation

Christy, jun. Esq. F.LS, &c. &c. - 131 above the Sea Level in Britain. By H. C.
On the supposed generic Distinction of Ra Watson, Esq. F.L.S.

- 443
nunculus Ficària of Linné. By Charles C Facts and Arguments in relation to the Causes
Babington, M.A. F.L.S. &c.

375 of a singular Appearance of a Rainbow, of
In'ormation on the Habitat of Carex heleonas. an unusual Appearance of the Sky, of Mirage,
tes Ehrhart in Switzerland, and on the Cir. of Dew, and of Hoar Frost. By a Subscriber
cumstances connected with the Discovery and

448
Identification of this Species; with like In.
formation on the Carex Gaudiniana Hoppe. Short Communications - 52. 134. 940. 378. 455
By J. P. Brown, Esq., Thun, Canton of Berne,

501, 589. 654

Switzerland

- 499

MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE.
Retrospective Criticism - - 62. 164. 276 | Queries and Answers -

- 80. 181. 540

REVIEWS.

Catalogue of Works on Natural History, lately | Literary Notices - 96. 192. 288. 384. 479. 544
published, with some Notice of those con-

608. 656
sidered the most interesting to British Natur.
alists - 83. 185. 284. 381. *76. 543. 603. 655

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vii

LIST OF ENGRAVINGS.

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41. , 1, Views of the shell of T. ambiguus **

No.

Page No. BIRDS. 1. The common teal of Britain

33. Sesia stomoxyformis Hüb.

. 177 2. The green-winged teal of North Ame. 44. Lampýris noctildca; a, female ; b, male 250 rica 49. a, Scolytus æ'neus Panzer

. 578 3 The great bustard (Oʻtis tárda 1.), male

| 49. b, c, Malachius bipunctatus Babington; Diagrams of the notes of the grey and

b, male; c, female spring wagtails

d, Malachius ruficollis Panzer Marks of disease on the peritoneal coat Scólytus destructor Olivier'; a, of the of a fowl

natural size; d, as magnified; b,

track of the female parent; cc, tracks MOLLUSCOUS ANIMALS.

of the larvæ of

- 525 4. Aplidium fallax Johnston

1564. Track of the Scolytus destructor 5. Aplidium nutans Johnston

vier, and tracks of its larvæ 24. Ascidia? gémina

129 65. The hornet (Véspa Cràbro)

.
.

590 25. Ascidia ? Holotharia ? ánceps

68. a a, Membracis ensåta ; 6, M. fuscata ; 37. Digestive organs of the freshwater

c, M. spinosa muscle (A'nodon cygneus) 38. Digestive organs of the Terédo navalis

SPONGES. Three figures of the Testacéllus scutu. 60. Spóngia subèria Montagu . ! - 491 lum Sowerby

.224 40. c, Testacéllus Maugei Fér.; d, shell of it 225

CORALLINES. 40. a, Limax agréstis ; b, eggs. of it fauni 41. a, b, c, Testacellus haliotideus Faune 69. Retépora celluldsa Lamarck . 639

Biguet, var. a. Fér. 41. d, e, Magnified views of the shell of T: +33

PLANTS scatulum Sow. coi...:

-31. Diagrams exhibitive of the sections of 41. 5, Views of the shell of t. Maugei ***

Fungi fittest to be made in preparing Fér.

specimens of these plants for drying 1

133

| 7-19. Conditions of the stem of Semper. 46. Pleurobránchus plamula Flem., four

vlvum arboreum L. in the progresviews of, and two views of the shell of 318

sive stages of decay . .3436 50. Proboscis of Buccinum undátum - 410 51-53. The structure of the proboscis of

METEOROLOGY.
Buccinum undàtum, and views of the

22. A diagram of an aurora borealis witorgans by which the proboscis is ope.

nessed at Hull, on Oct. 12-13. 1839. 51 rated

*1 57. Diagram of the relations of varied con 54. a. View of a portion of the enlarged

ditions of rainbow seen at one time 411 part of the foot of Loligo sagittata . 54. , The jaws of Lollgo sagittàta - 417 55, 56. Two views of the stomach of Loligo

GEOLOGY. vulgaris

170. A view of the Aiguille de Servoz, and 59. Térgipes pálcher Johnston

of the position of the strata of which it is constituted

- 644 SHELLS.

71. A view of the Aiguille de Dru and its 32, Two views of a truncated variety of the

strata

- 645 shell of Buccinum palástre Muller.

A diagram of the position of the strata

of the main

in the Mont Blanc and the Mont 241. Views of the shells of species of

Breven

645 Testacéllus

.224, 225.

A view of the position of the strata of 1a, The shell of Helix nemoralis

the rocks at Cluse

- 649 Crenátula Travisii Turton

A view of the position of the strata of 48. Views of the configuration of the shell,

the rocks at the Nant d'Orli mature and in a young state, of My.

76. Sketches of the position of the strata tilus subsaxatilis Williamson

of the rocks at the Nant d'Arpenaz 651, 61. Fusus Turtoni Bean

659 62. a, Limnèa lineata Bean; b, a reversed 77. A sketch of the position of the strata of variety of it

the rocks near the Nant d'Arpenaz - 653 WORMS.

FOSSILS. 23. Sérpula tubulària Montagu - 126. 6. Fucöldes alleghaniensis Harian Nais serpentina Gmelin

| 7-19. Conditions of the stem of Semper27. Lumbricus ? Clitellio Savigny? pellà.

vlyum arboreum L. in the progrescida

sive stages of decay, to the end of 2. Lycoris margaritacea Lamarck

accounting for the various aspects of Mülleria papilldsa Johnston, and details

fossil stems of plants . - 3136 of the structure of it

20. Two states of Phytolithus verrucosus. 37 A CLASS BETWEEN THE ANNELIDES

AUTOR 21. Three states of the Phytolithus cancel. AND THE WORMS.

latus

.

. 87

34. 35. Diagrams exhibitive of the disposi. 67. Phylline grossa Johnston, a front and

tion of the column, pelvis, costals, back view of

. . 587 and scapula of specimens of Cyathos CRUSTACEOUS ANIMALS.

crinltes

. 179, 180

Diagram of the position of the column, 43. Aga monophthalma Johnston

233

and plates of the pelvis, of a Platy.

crinites SPIDERS.

. 180

45. a, b, Views of states of Cyrena trigónula 180 3. Trichopus libràtus, and magnified views

Wood

- 275

01

of several of its organs

.

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