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43 from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away. Ye have

heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and

that watereth, shall be watered also himself. For God is not unrighteous to forget your Pr. xi. 24, 25. He that hath pity upon the work, and labour of love, which ye have poor, lendeth unto the Lord; and that which shewed toward his name, in that ye have minishe hath given will he pay him again. Pr. tered to the saints, and do minister. He vi. xix. 17. Cast thy bread upon the waters : 10. To do good and to communicate forget for thou shalt find it after many days. Give not; for with such sacrifices God is well a portion to seven, and also to eight. In the pleased. He. xiii. 16. Pure religion, and morning sow thy seed, and in the evening undefiled, before God and the Father, is this: withhold not thine hand. Ec. xi. 1, 2. 6. to visit the fatherless and widows in their Is not this the fast that I have chosen ? To affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the the world. Ja, i. 27. If a brother or sister heavy burdens, to let the oppressed go free, be naked, and destitute of daily food, and one and that ye break every yoke. Is it not to of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? give them not those things which are needful When thou seest the naked, that thou cover to the body, what doth it profit? Ja. i him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine 15, 16. Hereby perceive we the love of God, own flesh? If thou draw out thy soul to the because he laid down his life for us, and we hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul, then ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth darkness be as the noonday. Is. Iviii. 6, 7. 10. his brother have need, and shutteth up his Break off thy sins (said Daniel to Nebuchad- bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth nezzar) by righteousness, and thine iniquities the love of God in him ? My little chilby shewing mercy to the poor. Da. iv. 27. dren, let us not love in word, neither in Give to every man that asketh of thee, and of tongue, but in deed and in truth. I Jolas him that taketh away thy goods ask them not iii. 16, 17, 18. again. And as ye would that men should do 43 Thou shalt love thy neighbour.] Thou to you, do ye also to them likewise. Love shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Mal. your enemies, and do good and lend, hoping xix. 19. The second (commandment) is like for nothing again. And be ye merciful as unto it (the first commandment). Thou shalt your Father also is merciful. Lu. vi. 30, 31. love thy neighbour as thyself. Mat. xxi. 35, 36. Give alms of such things as ye have, 39, 40. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as and behold, all things are clean unto you. thyself: I am the Lord. Le. xix. 18. And Lu. xi. 41. When thou makest a dinner, or the second (commandment) is like the first), a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, namely, this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours, thyself; there is none other commandment lest they also bid thee again, and a recom- greater than these. And the Scribe said unto pence be made thee. But when thou maķest him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth; a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, for there is one God, and there is none other the blind : and thou shalt be blessed; for but he ; and to love him with all the heart, they cannot recompense thee; for thou shalt and with all the understanding, and with all be recompensed at the resurrection of the the soul, and with all the strength, and to just. Lu. xiv, 12, 13, 14. If thine enemy love his neighbour as himself, is more than hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him all whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices. Mar. drink; for in so doing thou shalt heap coals xii. 31–34. Thou shalt love thy neighbour of fire on his head. Ro. xii. 20. He which as thyself. Lu. X. 27. Owe no man any soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly, thing but to love one another, for he that and he which soweth bountifully, shall reap loveth another hath fulfilled the law. Re. also bountifully, Every man, according xiii. 8. Love worketh no ill to his neighas he purposeth in his heart, so let him give, bour, therefore love is the fulfilling of the not grudgingly, or of necessity, for God loveth law. Ro. xiii. 10. Thou shalt love thy a cheerful giver. 2 Co. ix. 6, 7. Charge neighbour as thyself. Ro. xiii. 9. Brethren, them that are rich in this world, that they ye have been called unto liberty, only use be not high minded, por trust in uncertain not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but riches, but in the living God, who giveth us by love serve one another. For all the lawr richly all things to enjoy. That they do is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou good, that they be rich in good works, ready shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Ga. v. to distribute, willing to communicate, laying 13, 14. If ye fulfil the royal law according up in store for themselves a good foundation to the Scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighagainst the time to come, that they may lay bour as thyself, ye do well. Ja. ii, 8. hold on eternal life. | Ti. vi. 17, 18, 19.

hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless 44 them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; That ye 45

And hate thine enemy.) And the Lord If I have rewarded evil unto him that was said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial at peace with me (yea I have delivered him in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of that without cause is mine enemy), let the Joshua : for I will utterly put out the remem- enemy persecute my soul. Ps. vii, 4. As brance of Amalek from under heaven. And for me, when they (the false witnesses) were Moses built an altar, and called the name of sick, my clothing was sackcloth. I humbled it Jehovah-nisi (i. e. the Lord my banner), myself with fasting, and my prayer returned for he said, Because the Lord hath sworn, into mine own bosom. I behaved myself as that the Lord will have war with Amalek from though he had been my friend or brother : I generation to generation. Ex. xvii. 14, 15, bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth 16. Thou shalt not seek their peace (of the for his mother. Ps. xxxv. 13, 14. If thine Ammonite and Moabite) nor their prosperity enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat, and all thy days for ever. De. xxiii. 6. Re- if he be thirsty, give him water to drink; for member what Amalek did unto thee by the thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head : way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt: and the Lord shall reward thee. Pr. xxv. Therefore it shall be that thou shalt blot out 21, 22. But I say unto you which hear (said the remembrance of Amalek from under Jesus), Love your enemies, do good to them heaven. Thou shalt not forget it. De. xxv. which hate you, bless them that curse you, 17. 19. O Lord, be merciful unto me (said and pray for them which despitefully use David), and raise me up, that I may requite you. Lu. vi. 27, 28. If ye lend to them them (his enemies). Ps. xli. 10. Do not I of whom ye hope to receive, what thank hate them O Lord that hate thee? And am have ye? For sinners also lend to sinners, not I grieved with those that rise up against to receive as much again. But love ye your thee? I hate them with perfect hatred, I count enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for them mine enemies. Ps. cxxxix. 21, 22. nothing again, and your reward shall be great,

44 Love your enemies.] If thou meet thine and ye shall be the children of the Highest, enemy's ox, or his ass, going astray, thou for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the shalt surely bring it back to him again. If evil. Lu. vi. 34, 35. Father, forgive them thou see the ass of him that hateth thee (said Jesus from the cross), for they know lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear not what they do. Lu. xxiii. 34. And he to help him, thou shalt surely help with him. (Stephen as the Jews stoned him) kneeled Ex. xxüi. 4, 5. My father, shall I smite them down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay (said the king of Israel to Elisha). And he not this sin to their charge ; and when he answered, Thou shalt not smite them" (" who had said this, he fell asleep. Ac. vii. 60. were sent by the king of Syria to apprehend Bless them which persecute you : bless and Elisha"); wouldest thou smite those whom curse not. Therefore, if thine enemy hunger, thou hast taken captive, with thy sword, and feed him; if he thirst, give him drink; for in with thy bow? Set bread and water before so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his them, that they may eat and drink, and go to head. Be not overcome of evil, but overtheir master. 2 Ki. vi. 22. And the children come evil with good. Ro. xii. 14. 20, 21. of Israel carried away captive of their brethren (We the apostles) labour (said Paul), working (of Judah), two hundred thousand, women, with our own hands: being reviled, we bless ; sons and daughters. But a prophet of the being persecuted, we suffer it; being defamed Lord was there, whose name was Oded, and we entreat. 1Co. iv. 12, 13. Charity suffereth he said unto them, Behold, because the Lord long and is kind, charity envieth not, charity God of your fathers was wroth with Judah, he vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth hath delivered them into your hand, and ye not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her have slain them in a rage, that reacheth up own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil, unto heaven. Now hear me therefore, and rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the deliver the captives again, for the fierce wrath truth, beareth all things, believeth all things, of the Lord is upon you.

So the armed men hopeth all things, endureth all things: charity left 'the captives, and the spoil before the

never faileth.

1 Co. xii. 4-8. (Who) princes, and all the congregation ; and the when he (Christ) was reviled, reviled not men took the captives, and with the spoil again, when he suffered he threatened not : clothed all that were naked among them, and but committed himself to him that judgeth arrayed them, and shod them, and gave them righteously. I Pe. ii. 23. Finally, be ye all to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and of one mind; not rendering evil for evil, or carried all the feeble of them upon asses, and railing for railing, but contrariwise blessing. brought them to Jericho, the city of Palm- 1 Pe. iii. 9. trees, to their brethren. 2 Ch. xxviii. 8–15.

may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh

his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on 46 the just and on the unjust. For if ye love them which love you, 47 what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? And

if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others ? do 48 not even the publicans so? Be ye therefore perfect, even as your

Father which is in heaven is perfect.

man

45 Ye may be the children, &c.] See verse “him” (" Jesus"). Lu. xv. l. The publican 9. and com. Behold, your house (Jerusalem) is (in the parable) standing afar off, would not left unto you desolate; and verily I say unto you, lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but ye shall not see me until the time come when smote upon his breast, saying, God be merye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the ciful to me a sinner. Lu. xviii. 13. There name of the Lord. Lu. xiii. 35. Whosoever was a man named Zaccheus, which was the is born of God doth not commit sin; for his chief among the publicans, and he was rich. seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, And he sought to see Jesus, who he was ; and because he is born of God. 1 John iii. 9. he ran before, and climbed up into a sycon

For he maketh his sun.] Is there any more tree to see him. And when Jesus number of his armies; and upon whom doth came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, not his light arise ? Job xxv. 3. The Lord and said unto him, Zaccheus, make haste, and is good to all, and his tender mercies are over come down, for to-day I must abide at thy all his works. Ps. cxlv. 9. He (the Al- house, and when " they" ("the Jews") saw mighty), left not himself without witness, in it, they all murmured, saying, That he was that he did good, and gave us rain from gone to be guest with a

that is a heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts sinner. Lu. xix. 2, 3, 4. 7. with food and gladness. Ac. xiv. 17. See 47 Salute your brethren only.) When ye chap. xv. 27.

come into an house, salute it. Mat. X. 12. 46 If ye love them which love you.] Take If ye love them which love you, what thank heed that ye do not your alms before men, to have ye? Lu. vi. 32. Carry neither purse be seen of them. Mat. vi. 1. If ye do good nor scrip (said Jesus to his disciples), and to them which do good to you, what thank salute no man by the way; and into whatso. have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to ever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this receive as much again. But love your ene- house. Lu. x. 4, 5. mies, and do good, and lend, hoping for no- What do ye more than others.) See verse thing again. Lu. vi. 33–35. What glory 20. What glory is it, if, when ye be buffeted is it, if, when ye be buffetted for your faults, for your faults, ye shall take it patiently. I Pe. ye shall take it patiently? But if when ye do ii. 20. well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, 48 Ye therefore perfect.] I am the Althis is acceptable with God. For even here- mighty God (said God to Abraham), walk beunto were ye called, because Christ also suf- fore me, and be thou perfect. Ge. xvii. I. fered for us, leaving us an example, that ye I am the Lord your God; ye shall therefore should follow his steps: Who when he was sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy, for I reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, am holy. Le. xi. 44. Speak unto all the he threatened not, but committed himself to congregation (said the Lord to Moses) of the him that judgeth righteously. 1 Pe. ii. children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye 20-23.

shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am Publicans.] As Jesus sat at meat in the holy. Le. xix. 2. And ye shall be holy unto house, behold, many publicans and sinners me, for I the Lord am holy, and have severed came and sat down with him and his disciples. you from other people, that ye should be mine. And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto Le. xx. 26. Thou shalt be perfect with the his disciples, Why eateth your master with Lord thy God. De. xviii. 13. There was a publicans and sinners ? Mat. ix. 10, 11. The man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job, Son of man came eating and drinking, and and that man was perfect and upright, and they say, Behold, a man gluttonous, and a one that feared God, and eschewed evil. Job wine-bibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. i. 1. Hast thou considered my servant Job Mat. xi. 19. If "he" ("the brother that (said God to Satan), that there is none like trespasseth") neglect to hear the Church, let him in the earth ; a perfect and an upright him be unto thee as an heathen man, and a man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil; publican. Mat. xviii. 17. Jesus saith, Verily and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although I say unto you, That the publicans and the thou movedst me against him, to destroy him harlots go into the kingdom of God before without cause. Job ii. 3. Mark the perfect you. Mat. xxi. 31. Then drew near unto man, and behold the upright; for the end of him all the publicans and sinners, for to hear that man is peace. Ps. xxxvii. 37. Be ye

CHAPTER VI.

Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of 1

merciful, as your Father also is merciful; shall be righteousness unto thee before the judge not, and ye shall not be judged ; con- Lord thy God. De. xxiv. 13. He (the good demn not, and ye shall not be condemned; man) hath dispersed, he hath given to the forgive, and ye shall be forgiven; give, and it poor; his righteousness endureth for ever ; his shall be given unto you. The disciple is not horn shall be exalted with honour. Ps. cxii. 9. above his master; but every one that is perfect O king (said Daniel to Nebuchadnezzar), let shall be as his master. Lu. vi. 36-40. my counsel be acceptable unto thee and Dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor. Da. holiness in the fear of God. 2 Co. vii. 1. We iv. 27. As it is written (said Paul), he hath are glad when we are weak and ye are strong, dispersed abroad, he hath given to the poor; and this also we wish, even your perfection. his righteousness remaineth for ever. Now Finally, brethren, farewell; be perfect, be of he that ministereth seed to the sower, both good comfort, be of one mind; live in peace, minister bread for your food, and multiply and the God of love and peace shall be with your seed sown, and increase the fruits of you. 2 Co. xiii. 9. 11. I count all things your righteousness. 2 Co. ix. 9, 10. but loss (said Paul) for the excellency of the Heed.] Jesus said unto them (his disciples), knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord; Not as Take heed, and beware of the leaven of the though I had already attained, either were Pharisees and of the Saducees. Mat. xvi. 6. already perfect. But I follow after, if Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Phathat I may apprehend that for which also I risees, and of the leaven of Herod. Mar. viii. am apprehended of Christ Jesus. Brethren, I 15. Take heed therefore that the light which count not myself to have apprehended ; but is in thee be not darkness. Lu. xi. 35. Bethis one thing I do, forgetting those things ware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which which are behind, and reaching forth unto is hypocrisy. Take heed (said Jesus) and those things which are before, I press toward beware of covetousness, for a man's life conthe mark for the prize of the high calling of sisteth not in the abundance of the things God in Christ Jesus. Let us, therefore, as which he possesseth. Lu. xii. 1. 15. Theremany as be perfect, be thus minded. Phi. iii. fore we ought to give the more earnest heed 12–15. “Whom" (Christ") we preach, to the things which we have heard, lest at any warning every man, and teaching every man time we should let them slip. He. ii. 1. in all wisdom, that we may present every man To be seen of them.] See verses 5. 16. Let perfect in Christ Jesus. Col. i. 28. Epa- your light so shine before men, that they may phras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, see your good works, and glorify your Father saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you which is in heaven. Ma. v. 16. All their in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and works “ they” (the Scribes and Pharisees") complete in all the will of God. Col. iv. 12. do for to be seen of men. Woe unto you Let patience have her perfect work, that ye Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye demay be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. Your widows' houses, and for a pretence make

Ja. i. 4. As he which hath called you is holy, long prayers; ye also outwardly appear righteso be ye holy in all manner of conversation : ous unto men, but within ye are full of hybecause it is written, Be ye holy, for I am pocrisy and iniquity; ye build the tombs of holy. 1 Pe. i. 15, 16.

the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the Even as your Father.] See verses 16. 45. righteous; and say, If we had been in the days Be ye followers of God, as dear children (said of our fathers, we would not have been parPaul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for the takers with them in the blood of the prophets. Gentiles), and walk in love, as Christ also Ma. xxiii. 5. 14. 28-30. Come with me hath loved us, and hath given himself for (said Jehu), and see my zeal for the Lord. us an offering and a sacrifice to God for But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of a sweet-smelling savour. Eph. v. 1, 2. the Lord God of Israel with all his heart, for Every man that hath this hope in “him” he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, (in Christ"), purifieth himself even as he which made Israel to sin. 2 Ki. x. 16. 31. is pure. 1 John iii. 3.

They come unto thee (said the Lord to Exe

kiel) as the people cometh, and they sit before Chap. VI.-) Alms.] In any case thou thee as my people, and they hear thy words, shalt deliver him" (thy brother" to whom but they will not do them, for with their thou dost lend any thing) the pledge again mouth they shew much love, but their heart when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep goeth after their covetousness. Ex. xxxiii. 31. in his own raiment, and bless thee; and it Speak unto all the people of the land and 10

them : otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in 2 heaven. Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a

the priests, saying, When ye fasted and Egypt; for he had respect unto the recommourned in the fifth and seventh month, even pence of the reward. He. xi. 24. 26. Look to those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, yourselves, that we lose not those things which even to me? Zec. vii. 5. The prophets shall we have wrought, but that we receive a full be ashamed every one of his vision when he reward. 2 John 8. hath prophesied, neither shall they wear a Your Father which is in heaven.] See verse rough garment to deceive. Zec. xiii. 4. Ye 9. Be ye therefore perfect, even as your are they (said Jesus to the Pharisees) which Father which is in heaven is perfect. Mat. justify yourselves before men, but God knoweth v. 48. your hearts ; for that which is highly esteemed 2 When thou doest thine alms.] If I have among men is abomination in the sight of withheld the poor from their desire, or have God. Lu. xvi. 15. How can ye believe, caused the eyes of the widow to fail; or hare which receive honour one of another, and seek eaten my morsel myself alone, and the not the honour that cometh from God only. fatherless hath not eaten thereof; if I have John v. 44. “They” (the Pharisees”) loved seen any perish for want of clothing, or any the praise of men more than the praise of God. poor without covering, if his loins have not John xii. 43. As many as desire to make a blessed me, and if he were not warmed with fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be the fleece of my sheep: then let my arm fall circumcised; only lest they should suffer perse- from my shoulder blade, &c. Job xxxi. 16cution for the cross of Christ. Ga. vi. 12. 20. The wicked borroweth, and payeth not

Otherwise ye have no reward.] See verses again, but the righteous sheweth inercy, and 4. 6. For if ye love them which love you, giveth. Ps. xxxvii. 21. He (the good man) what reward have ye? Do not even the pub- hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his licans the same ? Mat. v. 46. He that re- righteousness endureth for ever. Ps. cxii. 9. ceiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto shall receive a prophet's reward : and he that the Lord, and that which he hath given wil receiveth a righteous man in the name of a he pay him again. Pr. xix. 17. Give a righteous man, shall receive a righteous man's portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou reward ; and whosoever shall give to drink, knowest not what evil shall be upon the unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water earth. Ec. xi. 2. Is not this the fast that I only, in the name of a disciple, verily I say have chosen ; to deal thy bread to the hungry, unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward. and that thou bring the poor that are cast out Mat. X. 41, 42. The Son of man shall come to thy house? When thou seest the naked that in the glory of his father, with his angels, and thou cover him, and that thou bide not thyself then he shall reward every man according to from thine own flesh? If thou draw out thy his works. Mat. xvi. 27. “ Then" (" in the soul to the langry, and satisfy the afflicted last judgment") the King shall answer and soul. Then shall thy light rise in obscurity, say unto “ them" ("the righteous"), Verily, and thy darkness be as the noon-day. And I say unto you, inasmuch as ye have done the Lord shall guide thee continually, and "it" (" an act of mercy”) unto one of the satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy least of these my brethren, ye have done it bones; and thou shalt be like a watered gars unto me. Then shall he say unto them on den, and like a spring of water whose waters the left hand, Depart from me ye cursed, into fail not. And they that shall be of thee shall everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his build the old waste places, thou shalt raise up angels; for I was an hungered, and ye gave the foundations of many generations, and thou me no meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me shalt be called the repairer of the breach, the no drink. Mat. xxv. 40–42. If I do "this restorer of paths to dwell in. Is. lviii. 7. 10, thing” (“ preach the Gospel") willingly, I have 11, 12. Give alms of such things as ye have, a reward; but if against my will, a dispensa. and behold all things are clean unto you. tion of the Gospel is committed unto me; Lu. xi. 41. Sell that ye have, and give alms; what is my reward then ? Verily that, when provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a I preach the Gospel, I may make the Gospel treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where of Christ without charge, that I abuse not no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth. my power in the Gospel. 1 Co. ix. 17, Lu. xii. 33. Some of them" ("the dis18. For God is not unrighteous to forget ciples") thought, because Judas had the your work and labour of love, which ye have bag, that Jesus had said unto him (when he shewed toward his name, in that ye have said, That thou doest, do quickly), Buy those ministered to the saints, and do minister. He things that we have need of against the feast, vi. 10. Moses refused to be called the son of or that he should give something to the poor. Pharaoh's daughter, Esteeming the reproach John xiii. 29. This woman (Dorcas ar Taof Christ greater riches than the treasures of bitha of Joppa) was full of good works, and

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