Austria, Germany, and the Cold War: From the <i>Anschluss</i> to the State Treaty, 1938-1955

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Berghahn Books, 2008 - History - 172 pages
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In the 'Moscow Declaration' of 1943 the Allies officially propagated the notion of Austria as the first victim of Hitlerite aggression and announced their intention to set up a "free and independent Austria" after the war, which finally happened in 1955. By questioning why it took so long to get to this point, the author addresses issues such as the victim thesis, Austrians as perpetrators, Austrian anti-Semitism and official attempts to mitigate its effects after the war. He discusses the various proposals for post-war Austria and connects for the first time the issues of Anschluss, German question, Cold War, and the State Treaty. He makes it clear that the question of Austria was from the very beginning inextricably linked with the more important question of Germany.

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About the author (2008)

Rolf Steininger, professor emeritus, from 1984-2010 head of the Institute of Contemporary History at the University of Innsbruck, presently at the Free University of Bolzano; European Union Jean-Monnet Professor, senior fellow of the Eisenhower Center for American Studies of the University of New Orleans, and the author of numerous books, articles, and television documentaries.

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