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associated and connected as he was with them, Butler had for some time to fight his way under no very encouraging circumstances. His patrons were but few and far between. We have already seen him, in 1839, in waiting on the same common plater at a succession of meetings of but indifferent note, and it was some two or three seasons more before Fortune began in any way to prologue those favours she has since so amply realized.

The first dawn came in 1842, under the auspices of two of Butler's immediate friends, Messrs. Forth and Beresford, both trainers of high repute. From the stable of the former of these, he had retainers for Derby, Oaks, and St. Leger, getting a place in the Oaksa good second-on a very moderato filly, Mr. Shackell's Meal. For Mr. Beresford, his best doings were with Bob Peel, on which horse he won, amongst other things, the Suffolk Stakes, at Newmarket, and the Gorhambury Stakes, in Lord Verulam’s park of that name. In the same spring, we believe Butler had his first mount for that “party" with whom he has since been so signally successful. This was in the Craven Meeting, on a horse of Lord Chesterfield's, called Sir Harry, for which William Scott refused to waste, and that Butler consequently rode and won on. The performance was altogether a satisfactory one; sufficiently so for those most interested to bear well in mind when again on the look out.

In the succeeding year, our now fairly-registered jockey improved wonderfully on even so comparatively good a season as the past. He began well by correcting his second place for the Oaks, in winning it for Mr. Ford, on Poison, at 40 to 1 against him. He followed that up with one of his first really great hits, and what is still considered amongst the best of his performances. This was for the Goodwood Cup, which he won on Hyllus, by a head only, after a terrific race with Sirikol. Hyllus attempted to savage his opponent in the closing struggle, and nothing but most powerful handling saved the race. From hence Butler was to be recognised amongst our best jockeys. Opportunity, with his hand in, still further advanced him. A difference took place between the brothers Scott, and Butler was at once promoted to the vacant saddle in the Malton stable. He rode Cotherstone for the memorable Leger of this same year ; and though beaten, he was not in any way prejudiced by the event. The general opinion was, that had it been left to his own discretion he would have won. As it was, the award gave a stamp to one of the most formidable of his fellows—the Yorkshireman, Marson.

The tide had now fairly set in. From 1844 we can but barely glance at the more important of his victories. In that year, then, he again won the Oaks in the white jacket of Colonel Anson, and on the Princess. In 1845 he gained the hearts of the Irish by winning the St. Leger for them on The Baron. In 1846 he carried off the Chester Cup with another Irishman, Coranna ; for which race he was only beaten a head the following year, on Mendicant ; running again second for it in 1849, on Cossack, both from the Danebury stable and both Epsom winners. In this year, too, 'forty-nine, Butler commenced another series of Oaks winners with Lord Chesterfield's Lady Evelyn ; taking the Two Thousand Guineas also for Scott's stable, with Nunnykirk, and the Goodwood and Doncaster Cups with Canezou, on whom he had the year previously won the Thousand Guineas and got second for the St. Leger to Surplice. This was not the only fight between him and Nat that season at Doncaster, the Yorkshire Handicap furnishing another, in which the tables were turned-Mr. Flatpan, and his especial favourite, Lady Wildair, having to succumb to Butler on Miss Sarah. The finish for this is still remembered as a fine treat to the racing man. In 1850, Butler won the Oaks for Mr. Hobson, on Rhedycina, the Goodwood Cup again, with Canezou, and the Thousand Guineas Stakes for his first patron, Lord Orford, on the Exotic filly.

In 1851, we have him with another good mare of Lord Derby's— sufficiently so at any rate to send the Oaks home to Knowsley. In 1852, we find him in the black jacket, though without the relief of the white cap, yet more in the ascendant, and all still for Scott's stable ; the Derby for Mr. Bowes, on Daniel O'Rourke, and the Oaks for the party, on Songstress. The climax comes appropriately enough to the last season the tursite has witnessed, when, in the same black and all black, Butler accomplished what no other jockey ever has, and wins the Two Thousand Guineas, Derby, and Št. Leger, all on the same horse. Is he not known as West Australian ? and is not Mr. Bowes once more " the absent man” for whom they thrice thus "slow the slain"?

Butler's performances, during the eleven years from 1842 to 1853, in which he has had regular riding, may be thus summed up. We notice only what are termed the great events." He has taken, then, " the blue ribbon" of the turf twice, winning the Derby 1852 on Daniel O'Rourke, and in 1853 on West Australian. He was placed second for the same race of 1848 on Springy Jack, and third for it in 1850 on Clincher. The Oaks, his favourite race, he has won on six occasionsin 1843 with Poison, and the year following with the Princess ; in 1849 with Lady Evelyn, in 1850 with Rhedycina, in 1851 with Iris, and 1852 with Songstress. He was second in 1842 on Meal. His St. Leger victories rauk side by side with the Derby : in 1845 he won it on the Baron, and 1853 on West Australian ; but he has often been close on further success here. In 1843 he was second on Cotherstone, in 1846 on Iago, and in 1848 on Canezou. He was placed third, on the Princess, in 1844. He won the Chester Cup in 1846, on Coranna ; was second for it the following year, on Mendicant ; and again a good second in 1849, on Cossack. The Goodwood Cup has thrice been awarded to his prowess-in 1843 on Hyllus, and in 1849 and 1850 on Canezou. The Two Thousand Guineas and the Thousand Guineas Stakes each give a couple more to his score. He won the former in 1849 on Nunnykirk, and in 1853 on West Australian ; the companion stake in 1848 with Canezou, and in 1850 with the Exotic filly. *

Much more might be written as to his doings on Iago, Longbow, Strongbow, and Co. It will be observed, too, that our artist, with that

* The following is Butler's Newmarket riding during the last four years. He was in each of these a good second to Nat, who, it must be remembered, has the advantage of being able to ride a stone or so lighter :In 1850 he rode in 67 races at Newmarket, of which he won 25

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25 In the last five years at Newmarket we believe it will be found that he has ridden 86 matches, of which he won 38, and divided three in dead heats. Taking the are. rage of the same five years for his general riding at home and throughout the country, he has won annually 42 races. His climax of success was last season, when he won 56.

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eye for effect we may very well pardon, has substituted the white cap of the late premier for the all black in which our jockey's grandest efforts have been achieved, My Lord Derby, however, certainly ranks next; and with the strong team of young ones Butler has already had a taste of, it would not be very long odds against the Derby of 1854 coming off in these very colours. The registered list of those who have now a claim on Butler's services include Mr. Bowes, Lords Chesterfield, Derby, Orford, Glasgow, and Clifden, Mr. Neville, and the Duke of Bedford's stable. His brother William is trainer to the latter; and the secession of Robinson, followed by his accident, naturally gave more “ opportunity" to Frank. His services are always secured here when available, as they were until lately, by Baron Rothschild, who, however, appears to have been tired out from so seldom getting the turn, and now given his riding altogether to Charlton. One of Butler's first masters- the Colonel”-or, now General Anson-is only lost to him from his absence in India.

Butler, always inclined to be a welter, now seldom gets lower than the Derby weight--8st. 6lb. or 71b.--although in the height of the season he may still with difficulty reach Sst. 4lb. His last appearance as low as Sst. was, we believe, when riding Conyngham for the Chester Cup, 1848. He rode Mendicant at the same weight in 1847.

It is rather difficult to do justice to the real abilities of Francis Butler as a jockey. According to many authorities he is one of the best of race-riders ; in the opinion of others, merely amongst the luckiest. Our own opinion inclines to his being one of the very best. Few, indeed, have so much power to help a horse home with ; as rarely do we see equal judgment displayed, and, less seldom still, such elegant and electrifying finishes as Butler occasionally treats us to. His style is evidently formed on that of his uncle, the renowned Samuel Chifney-generally averse to making running, or to be seen at all in front, until close on the post, and then coming with one of those magnificent rushes, wbich seem to be a family virtue. He likes, too, drawing a race fine: it is thus difficult to tell what his horse has actually left in him. Many say it was so with West Australian last season ; but perhaps the most wonderful finish he ever made was for the same race of the year previous. It is true, certainly, that he had no first-rate jockey opposed to him in the struggle, but it was an extraordinary display of talent nevertheless, and, as was generally admitted at the time, he could, no doubt, have won on either of the other three placed. In the list of Derby winners to be handed down for future generations, the name of Francis Butler should stand in place of Daniel O'Rourke.

The tide of popularity is now fairly set in, but the sweet voice of the public has not always been so propitious. No man at times, justly or unjustly, has bcen more censured than Butler. The knowing Cockneys were very bitter with him for being only second instead of first for the Derby on Springy Jack ; and had there happened to have been a better horse than West Australian in the Leger last year, the wonderful stories afloat would all have had the most satisfactory confirmation, and it would have so been" the most bare-faced robbery ever witnessed.” Perhaps the greatest mistakes Butler ever did make were with Mendicant for the Chester Cup, and Nunnykirk for the Great Yorkshire. In both of these he was thought to have been a little too late in going up. In riding Cotherstone and Canczou for the St. Leger, his worst fault was obeying the orders given him-had he been left to himself, there is much reason for assuming the result might have been different. It is not everyone, however, amongst the spectators on a race-course, that is aware of such facts as these, or that gives them sufficient consideration if he is. The yea or nay may be equally ill applied. Butler seems to feel this, and it is generally with a very grim visage that he receives the hurrahs of the many headed as they welcome him back to scale. He must have surely studied Sam Slick's philosophical notions of that fickle friend called os popularity.”

His house we trust is built on a stronger foundation. It has been from his infancy in Newmarket town, where he now shares the comforts of home with a good mother, and we may add, as no small praise, as worthy a wife, The latter is a daughter of the Duke of Richmond's farm steward. It is here the hard-worked, sorely-tempted jockey, who is living on toast and tea while others are getting glorious over his success, with champagne, and the fat of the land—it is here that he in turn tastes the sweets of his labour. With a hearty welcome for a friend, a good hunter in his stable, and a yet greater liking for the trigger, we have the jockey by profession, the sportsman at heart. Let us so leave him in the full enjoyment of those favours, with which fortune has deigned to crown the good conduct and high merit of Francis Butler.

LITERATURE.

We are compelled to defer until next month our notice of Stonehenge's valuable work on the Greyhound, as well as of Captain Richardson's, on the art of Horsemanship. They are worthy of far more consideration than we could here devote to them.

“On the Diseases of the Chest and Air Passages of the Horse ;" being Part I. of volume the second of the author's Hippopathology; by William Percivall, M.R.C.S., Veterinary Surgeon to the First Life Guards, &c. New edition, thoroughly revised, with extensive additions. London: Longmans and Co.

We think it only necessary to make the above announcement, gathered from the title-page of the volume before us. Mr. Percival's authority on those subjects he treats on is too well known by this time to require much in the way of recommendation for anything he publishes. This revised edition, he himself says, “has become necessary, not only from the circumstance of the first impression being exhausted, but from the subject being a class of dieases which, in their medical treatment, have undergone changes so remarkable that practitioners hardly suppose they are treating the same complaints." We have here accordingly all these changes and improvements fully detailed, and fairly considered. “The practitioner" more especially will be able to appreciate them, while horsemen of all kinds cannot but benefit by their effect.

PELHAM. Messrs. Routledge, of Farringdon-street, have commenced their cheap issue of Sir Bulwer Lytton's works with this really wonderful novel. Well known as it already is, Pelham is now certain of a still more extended popularity, not only from its intrinsic merits, but from the combined taste and discretion manifest in its getting up. The in

troduction, sketching the author's career, and demonstrating the extraordinary versatility of his genius, is itself worthy the best attention of those who may already enjoy an acquaintance with Henry Pelham's gentlemanly conceits and erudite fancies. The same firm gives us another marvel in its way-CHRISTMAS DAY; AND HOW IT WAS SPENT ; the investment of a shilling securing a volume rich in every material ; the printing and getting up good, in addition to a well-designed cover, and illustrations by Phiz. The most important recommendation, however, is the story; and here the work has more intrinsic value, and is likely to have greater weight, than many a heavier tome—the author aiming barbed arrows at the would be's in an effective but withal agreeable manner.

VISIT TO THE HOLY LAND. By Madame Ida Pfeiffer. Translated by H. W. Dulcken (Nathaniel Cooke, Milford House, Strand).- That most agreeable of travellers, Madame Pfeiffer, is at all times a friend whose history pleases, and never more so than in this volume. Her rich, easy relation loses none of its piquancy by the translation ; perhaps of all her translators, none has been so happy in his task as the present one, Mr. H. W. Dulcken. From the same House we haveBOYS AND THEIR RULERS.—A brochure principally treating of the Blue-coat School, to the general efficacy of the arrangements of which excellent institution the author, evidently speaking from experience, bears willing testimony. Throughout there is a candid, straight-forward enunciation of good and wholesome truths. A third of Mr. Cooke's valumes is THE NATURAL HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF SELBORNE. By the late Rev. G. White. A new edition ; with notes, by Sir W. Jardine.- This well-known work is now given in a form greatly superior to any shape in which it has hitherto appeared. The value of the book is much enhanced by the interesting notes of Sir W. Jardine, and the numerous illustrations, many of which have been expressly made for this edition.

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS OF THE METROPOLIS.

“I belong to the unpopular family of Telltruths, and would not flatter Apollo for his lyre.”- Rob Roy.

The threatening and gloomy aspect which attends the opening of the session of 'Fifty-four cannot be said to include the theatrical world holiday fare being still greedily devoured. That important problem “ Which is the best pantomime ?” receives for its solution the PRINCESS's. “ Harlequin and the Miller and his Men," which is thus elected to so prominent a position, owes its success not to one feature in particular, but to a combination. It is, in fact, well designed, and as cleverly carried out.

Next comes the HAYMARKET with “Harlequin and Three Bears," which must be entertaining, as it bears the test of being seen more than once. Surely, no more positive proof of its intrinsic worth could be adduced ? The several representatives of Fairydom and Mirthland are well up in their business, and evince an aptitude that at once stamps

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