Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

13. True honor, though it be a different principle from religion, is that which produces the same effects. The lines of action, though drawn from different parts, terminate in the same point. Religion embraces virtue, as it is enjoined by the law of God; honor, as it is graceful and ornamental to human nature. The religious man fears, the man of honor scorns, to do an ill action. The latter considers vice as something that is beneath him ; the former, as soinething that is offensive to the Divine Being ; the one, as what is imbecoming ; the other, as what is forbidden.

Guardian.
14. Where is the man that possesses, or indeed can be required
to possess, greater abilities in war, than Pompey? One who has
fought more pitched battles, than others have maintained person-
sal disputes ! Carried on more wars than others have acquired
knowledge of by reading! Reduced more provinces, than others
have aspired to even in thought! Whose youth was trained to the
profession of arms, not by precepts derived from others, but by
the highest offices of command ! Not by personal mistakes in war,
but by a train of important victories ; not by a series of cam-
paigns, but by a succession of triumphs.-Cicero.

15. Two principles in human nature reign,
Self-love to urge, and rea on to restrain;
Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call,
Each works its end-to move or govern all.- --Pope.

16. In point of sermons, 'tis confess'd
Our English clergy make the best ;
But this appears, we must confess,
Not from the pulpit, but the press ;
They manage, with disjointed skill,
The matter well, the manner ill ;
And, what seems paradox at first,
They make the best, and preach the worst.- Byram.

II.--Examples of ENUMERATION ; or the mentioning of par.

ticulars. 1. I ; a

CONSIDER a human soul, without education, like marble till the skill of the polisher fetches out the colors, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot and vein, that runs through the body of it.. -Spectator.

2. The subject of a discourse being opened, explained and confirmed ; that is to say, the speaker bavirig gained the attention and judgment of his audience, he must proceed to complete his conquest over the passions ; such as imagination, admiration, surprise, hope, joy, love, fear, grief, anger. Now he must begin to exert himself; here it is that a fine genius may display itself, in the use. of amplification, enumeration, interrogation, metaphor and every ornament that can render a discourse entertaining, winning, striking and enforcing. Baillie. 3. I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life; nor angels, nor

principalities, nor powers ; nor things present, nor things to come ; Dor height, nor depth ; nor any other creature ; shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. -St. Paul.

4. Sincerity is, to speak as we think, to do as we pretend ard profess, to perform and make good what we promise, and really to be hat we would seem and appear to be.

-Tillotson. 5. No blessing of life is any way comparable to the enjoyment of a discreet and virtuous friend ; it eases and unloads the mind, clears and improves the understanding, engenders thoughts and knowledge, animates virtue and good resolutions, sooths and al. lays the passions, and finds einployment for most of the vacant borrs of life. -Spectator.

6. The brightness of the sky, the lengthening of the days, the increasing verdure of the spring, the arrival of any little piece of good news, or whatever carries with it the most distant glimpse of joy, is frequently the parent of a social and happy conversation,

-World. 7. In fair weather, when my heart is cheered, and I feel that exaltation of spirits, which results from light and warmth joined with a beautiful prospect of nature, I regard myself as one placed by the hand of God, in the midst of an ample theatre, in which the sun, moon and stars, the fruits also, and vegetables of the earth, perpetually changing their positions or their aspects, exhibit an elegant entertainment to the understanding as well as to the eye. Thunder and lightning, rain and hail, the painted bow and the glaring comets, are decorations of this mighty theatre; and the sable hemisphere, studded with spangles, the blue vault at noon, the glorious gildings, and rich colorings in the horizon, I look on as so many successive scenes. -Speclator

8. Complaisance renders a superior amiable, an equal agreeable, and on inferior acceptable. It smooths distinction, sweetens conversation, and makes every one in the company pleased with hiinself. It produces good nature and mutual benevolonce, encourages the timorous, sooths the turbulent, humanizes the fierce, and distinguishes a society of civilized persons from a confusion of savages. In a word complaisance is a virtue that blends all orders of men together in a frieodly intercourse of words and actions, and is suited ! that equality in buman nature which every man ought to consider, so far as is consistent with the order and economy of the world - -Guardian,

9. It is owiug to our having early imbibed false notions of virtue, that the word Christian does not carry with it at first view, all that is great, wortby, friendly, generous and heroic. The man who suspends his hopes of the rewards of worthy actions till after death; who can bestow, unseen ; who can overlook hatred ; do good to his slanderer; who can never be angry at his friend ; nep. er revengeful to his enemy-is certainly forized for the benefit of society. -Spectator.

10. Though we seem grieved at the shortness of life, in gener

al, we are wishing every period of it at an end. The minor longs to be of age-then to be a man of business-then to make up an estate-then to arrive at honors--then to retire.

The usurer would be very well satisfied, to have all the time annihilated that lies between the present moment and the next quarter day-the politician would be contented to lose three years in his life, could he place things in a posture which he fancies they will stand in afser such a revolution of time--and the lover would be glad to strike out of his existence, all the moments that are to pass away before the happy meeting.

11. Should the greater part of people sit down and draw up a particular account of their time, what a shameful bill would it be ! So much in eating, drinking, and sleeping, beyond what nature requires ; so much in revelling and wantonness; so much for the recovery of the last night's intemperance; so much in gaming, plays and masqnerades ; so much in idle and foolish prating in censuring and reviling our neighbors; so much for dressing our bodies, and in talking of fashions ; and so much wasted and lost in doing nothing at all. -Sherlock,

12. If we would have the kindness of others, we must endure their follies. He who cannot persuade himself to withdraw from society, must be content to pay a tribute of his time to a mulitude of tyrants ; to the loiterer who makes appointments he never keeps—to the consulter, wbo asks advice which he never takes to the boaster, who blusters only to be praised-to the complainer, who whines only to be pitied to the projector, whose happipess is to entertain his friends with expectations, which all but himself know to be vain-to the economist, who tells of bargams and settlements to the politician, who predicts the consequences of deaths, battles and alliances--to the usurer, who compares the state of the different funds and to the talker who talks only because he loves to be talking.- -Johnson.

13. Charity suffereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself ; is not puffed up ; doth not behave itself unseemly; seeketh not her own; is not easily provoked ; thiuketh no evil ; rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

-St. Paul.
14. Delightful task to rear the tender thought,
To teach the young idea how to shoot,
To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind,
To breathe th’ enlivening spirit, and to fix
The generous purpose in the glowing breast. Thomson.

15. Dread o'er the scene the Ghost of Hamlet stalks
Othello rages-poor Monimia mourns
And Belvidera pours her soul in love.
Terror alarms the breast--the comely tear
Steals o'er the cheek. Or else the comic muge
Holds to the world a picture of itself,
And raises, sly, the fair impartial laugh,

Sometimes she shifts her strain, and paints the scenes
Of beauteous life ; whate'er can deck mankind,
Or charm the heart, the generous Beyil show'd. Thomson.

16. Then Commerce brought into the public walk
The busy merchant; the big warehouse built;
Rais'd the strong crane; choak'l up the loaded street
With foreign plenty; and thy stream, o Thames,
Large, gentle, deep, majestic, king of floods !
Chose for his grand resort. , On either hand,
Like a long wintry forest, groves of masts
$boot up their spires; the bellying sheet between,
Possess'd the breezy void ; the sooty hulk
Steer'd sluggish on; the splendid barge along
Powed regular, to barmony; around
The boat, like skimming, stretch'd its vary wings ;
While, deep, the various voice of fervent toil,
From bank to bank, increas'd; whence ribbid with oak,
To bear the Britisb thunder, black and bold,
The roaring vessel rush'd into the main.-

-Thomson.
17. 'Tis from high life charaoters are drawn ;
A saint in crape, is twice a saint in lawn.
A judge is juat! a chancellor juster still ;
A gownmau learn'd; a bishop-what you will:
Wise, if a minister ; but, if a king,
More wise, more learn'd, more just, more every thing.–Pope.

18. 'Tis education forms the common mind;
Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclin'd.
Boastful and rough, your first son is a squire ;

The next a tradesman, meek, and much a liar;
V Tom struts a soldier, oper, bold and brave;

Will sneaks a scrivoner, an exceeding knare.
Is he a churchman ? then he's fond of power;
A quaker ? Sly; a presbyterian ? Sour ;

A emart free-thinker? All things in an hour.–Pope.
III.-Examples of SUSPENSION; or a delaying of the

Sense. 1. As beauty of person, with an agreeable carriage, pleases the eye, and that pleasure consists in observing that all the parts have a certain eleganse, and are proportioned to each other ; so does decency of behaviour obtain the approbation of all with whom we converse, from the order, consistency and moderation of our words and actions.-Spectator.

2. If Pericles, as historians report, could shake the firmest resolutions of his hearers, and set the passions of all Greece in a ferment, when the public welfare of his country, or the fear of hostile invasions, was the subject; what may we not expec? from that orator, who with a becoming energy, warns his audienc: '

31

against those evils wbich have no remedy, when once undergone, either from prudence or time?--Spectator.

3. Though there is a great deal of pleasure in contemplating the material world, by which I mean that system of bodies into which pature bas so curiously wrought the mass of dead matter, with the several relations which those bodies bear to one another; there is still something more wonderful and surprising in contemplating the world of life, or those various animals with wbich every part of the universe is furnished.--Spectator.

4. Since it is certain that our hearts cannot deceive us in the love of the world, and ihat we cannot command ourselves enough to resign it, though we every day wish ourselves disengaged from its allurements ; let us not stand upon a formal taking of leave, but wean ourselves from them, while we are in the midst of them.-Spectator.

5, When a man has got such a great and exalted soul, as that he can took upon lire and death, riches and poverty, with indif. ference, and closely adheres to honesty, in whatever shape sbe presents herself; then it is that virtue appears with such a brightness, as that all the world must admire her beauties. - Cicero.

6. To hear a judicious and elegant discourse from the pulpit, which would in print, make a noble figure, murdered by him whó had learning and taste to compose it, but having been neglected as to one important part of his education, knows pot how to de. liver it, otherwise than with a tone between singing and saying, or with a nod of his head, to enforce, as with a hamner, erery empbatical word, or with the same unanimated monotony in which he used to repeat Quc genus at Westminster school ; What can be imagined more lamentable? Yet what more common !---Burgh.

17. Having already shown how the fancy is añected by the works of nature, and afterwards considered, in general, both the works of nature and art, how they mutually assist and complete each other, in forming such scenes and prospects, as are most apt to delight the mind of the beholder; I shall, in this pa. per, throw together some reflections on that particular art, which has a more immediate tendency than any other, to produce those primary pleasures of the imagination, which have hitherto been the subject of this discourse.--Spectator.

8. The causes of good and evil are so various and uncertain, *80 often entangled with each other, so diversified by various relations, and so much subject to accidents which cannot be foreseen ; that he, who would fix his condition upon incontestible reasons of preference, must live and die enquiring and deliberating.---Johnson.

9. He, who throngh vast immensity can pierce,
See worlds on worlds compose one universe,
Observe how system into system runs,
What other planets circle other subs;
What varied beings people every star,

>

« ZurückWeiter »