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When fame shall tell, that, not in battle slain, Through all his host, inspiring force, he flies,
130 He said: compassion touch'd the hero's heart; Fierce in the front he shakes two dazzling spears : He stood, suspended, with the lifted dart :
All Greece recedes, and 'midst her triumphs sears: As pity pleaded for his vanquish'd prize,
Some god, they thought, who ruled the fate of wars, Stern Agamemnon swift lo vengeance flies,
Shot down avenging, from the vault of stars. And furious thus : Oh impotent of mind!
Then thus aloud : ye dauntless Dardans hear! Shall these, shall these Atrides' mercy find? And you whom distant nations send to war! Well hast thou known proud Troy's perfidious land, Be mindful of the strength your fathers bore ; And well her natives merit at thy hand! 70 Be still yourselves, and Hector asks no more. Not one of all the race, nor sex, nor age,
One hour demands me in the Trojan wall, Shall save a Trojan from our boundless rage: To bid our altars flame, and victims fall: 140 Ilion shall perish whole, and bury all;
Nor shall, I trust, the matrons' holy train Her babes, her infants at the breast, shall fall: And reverend elders, seek the gods in vain. A dreadful lesson of exampled fate,
This said, with ample strides the hero pass'd, To warn the nations, and to curb the great! The shield's large orb behind his shoulder cast,
The monarch spoke; the words with warmth addrest, His neck o'ershading, to his ancle hung;
Our eyes, till now, that aspect ne'er beheld,
Where fame is reap'd amid the embattled field; Behold yon glittering host, your future spoil! Yet far before the troops thou darest appear, First gain the conquest, then reward the toil. And meet a lance the fiercest heroes fear.
And now had Greece eternal fame acquired, Unhappy they, and born of luckless sires, And frighten'd Troy within her walls retired, 90 Who tempt our tury when Minerva fires ! Had not sage Helenus her state redress'd,
But if from heaven, celestial thou descend; Taught by the gods that moved his sacred breast. Know, with immortals we no more contend. 160 Where Hector stood with great Æneas join'd, Not long Lycurgus view'd the golden light, The seer reveal'd the counsels of his mind : That daring man who mix'd with gods in fight.
Ye generous chiefs! on whom the immortals lay | Bacchus, and Bacchus' votaries, he drove, The cares and glories of this doubtful day;
With brandish'd steel from Nyssa's sacred grove; On whom your aids', your country's hopes depend, Their consecrated spears lay scatter'd round, Wise to consult, and active to defend !
With curling vines and twisted ivy bound ; Here, at our gates, your brave efforts unite, While Bacchus headlong sought the briny flood, Turn back the routed, and forbid the flight; 100 And Thetis' arms received the trembling god. Ere yet their wives' soft arms the cowards gain,
Nor fail'd the crime the immortals' wrath to move, The sport and insult of the hostile train.
(The immortals blest with endless ease above;) 170 When your commands have hearten'd every band, Deprived of sight by their avenging doom, Ourselves, here fix'd, will make the dangerous stand; Cheerless he breathed, and wander'd in the gloom : Press'd as we are, and sore of former fight, Then sunk unpitied to the dire abodes, These straits demand our last remains of might. A wretch accurst and hated by the gods ! Meanwhile, thou, Hector, to the town retire, I brave not heaven: but if the fruits of earth And teach our mother what the gods require : Sustain thy life, and human be thy birth : Direct the queen to lead the assembled train Bold as thou art, too prodigal of breath, Of Troy's chief matrons to Minerva's fane; 110 Approach, and enter the dark gates of death. Unbar the sacred gates, and seek the power
What, or from whence I am, or who my sire With offer'd vows, in llion's topmost tower. (Replied the chief,) can Tydeus' son inquire ? 180 The largest mantle her rich wardrobes hold, Like leaves on trees the race of man is found, Most prized for art, and labour'd o'er with gold, Now green in youth, now withering on the ground: Before the goddess' honour'd knees be spread, Another race the following spring supplies; And twelve young heifers to the altars led : They fall successive, and successive rise : If so the power, atoned by fervent prayer,
So generations in their course decay; Our wives, our infants, and our city spare,
So flourish these when those are past away. And far avert Tydides' wasteful ire,
But if thou still persist to search my birth, That mows whole troops, and makes all Troy retire. Then hear a tale that fills the spacious earth : Not thus Achilles taught our hosts to dread, 121 A city stands on Argos' utmost bound Sprung though he was from more than mortal bed; (Argos the fair, for warlike steeds renown'd;) 190 Not thus resistless ruled the stream of fight, Æolian Sisyphus, with wisdom bless'd, In rage unbounded, and unmatch'd in might. In ancient time the happy walls possess'd,
Hector obedient heard ; and, with a bound, Then callid Ephyrè : Glaucus was his son; Leap'd froin his trembling chariot to the ground, Great Glaucus, father of Bellerophon,
Who o'er the sons of men in beauty shined,
He spoke, and transport fill'a Tydides' heart ; Loved for that valour which preserves mankind. In earth the generous warrior fix'd his darı, Then mighty Prætus Argos' sceptre sway'd, Then friendly, thus, the Lycian prince addressid: Whose hard commands Bellerophon obey'd. Welcome, my brave hereditary guest! With direful jealousy the monarch raged,
Thus ever let us meet, with kind embrace, And the brave prince in numerous toils engaged. 200 Nor stain the sacred friendship of our race. For him Antæa burn'd with lawless flame,
Know, chief, our grandsires have been guests of old, And strove to teinpt him from the paths of fame: Eneus the strong, Bellerophon the bold : In vain she tempted the relentless youth,
Our ancient seat his honour'd presence graced, Endued with wisdom, sacred fear, and truth Where twenty days in genial rites he pass'd. 270 Fired at his scorn, the queen to Prætus fled The parting heroes mutual presents left; And begg'd revenge for her insulted bed :
A golden goblet was thy grandsire's gift; Incensed he heard, resolving on his fate;
Eneus a belt of matchless work bestow'd, But hospitable laws restrain'd his hate;
That rich with Tyrian dye refulgent glow'd. To Lycia the devoted youth he sent,
(This from his pledge I learn'd, which safely stored With tablets seal'd, that told his dire intent. 210 Among my treasures, still adorns my board : Now, bless'd by every power who guards the good, For Tydens left me young, when Thebé's wall The chief arrived at Xanthus' silver flood :
Beheld the sons of Greece untimely fall.) There Lycia's monarch paid him honours due, Mindful of this, in friendship let us join ; Nine days he feasted, and nipe bulls he slew. If heaven our steps to foreign lands ineline. 280 But when the tenth bright morning orient glow'd, My guest in Agros thou, and I in Lycia thine. The faithful youth his monarch's mandate show'd : Enough of Trojans to this lance shall yield, The fatal tablets, till that instant seal'd,
In the full harvest of yon ample field; The deathful secret to the king reveal'd.
Enough of Greeks shall dye thy spear with gore ; First, dire Chimæra's conquest was enjoin'd, But thou and Diomed be foes no more. A mingled monster, of no mortal kind; 220 Now change we arms, and prove to either host Behind, a dragon's fiery tail was spread;
We guard the friendship of the line we boast. A goat's rough body bore a lion's head;
Thus having said, the gallant chiefs alight, Her pitchy nostrils flaky flames expire;
Their bands they join, their mutual faith they plight ; Her gaping throat emits infernal fire.
Brave Glaucus then each narrow thought resign'd, This pest he slaughter'd ; (for he read the skies, (Jove warm'd his bosom and enlarged his mind;) And trusted heaven's informing prodigies;) For Diomed's brass arms, of mean device, 292 Then met in arms the Solymäan crew,
For which nine oxen paid (a vulgar price,) (Fiercest of men,) and those the warrior slew; He gave his own, of gold divinely wrought; Next the bold Amazons' whole force defied; A hundred beeves the shining purchase bought. And conquer'd still, for heaven was on his side. 230 Meantime the guardian of the Trojan state,
Nor ended here his toils : his Lycian foes, Great Hector, enter'd at the Scæan gate. At his return, a treacherous ambush rose,
Beneath the beech-trees' consecrated shades,
At length the monarch with repentant grief For husbands, brothers, sons, engaged in war.
And seek the gods to avert the impending woe.
The rich pavilions of his fifty sons, There long the chief his happy lot possess'd, 241 In fifty chambers lodged: and rooms of state With two brave sons, and one fair daughter bless'd; Opposed to those, where Priam's daughters sate. (Fair e'en in heavenly eyes ; her fruitful love Twelve domes for them and their loved spouses shone, Crown'd with Sarpedon's birth the embrace of Of equal beauty, and of polish'd stone.
Hither great Hector pass'd, nor pass'd unseen But when at last, distracted in his mind,
Of royal Hecuba, his mother queen. Forsook by heaven, forsaking human kind, (With her Laodice, whose beauteous face Wide o'er the Aleian field he chose to stray, Surpass'd the nymphs of Troy's illustrious race.) A long, forlorn, uncomfortable way!
Long in a strict embrace she held her son, Woes heap'd on woes consumed his wasted heart; And press'd his hand, and tender thus begun : His beauteous daughter fell by Phæbe's dart; 250 O Hector! say, what great occasion calls His eldest-born by raging Mars was slain,
My son from fight, when Greece surrounds our walls ? In combat on the Solymæan plain.
Comest thou to supplicate the almighty power, 320 Hippolochus survived ; from him I came,
With lifted hands from ļlion's lofty tower ? The honour'd author of my birth and name ; Stay, till I bring the cup with Bacchus crown'd, By his decree I sought the Trojan town,
In Jove's high name, to sprinkle on the ground, By his instructions learn to win renown,
And pay due vows to all the gods around. To stand the first in worth as in command, Then with a plenteous draught refresh thy soul, To add new honours to my native land,
And draw new spirits from the generous bowl. Before my eyes my mighty sires to place,
Spent as thou art with long laborious fight. And emulate the glories of our race.
260) The brave defender of thy country's right.
Far hence be Bacchus' gifts (the chief rejoin'd :) |The steely point with golden ringlets join'd, Inflaming wine, pernicious to mankind, 330 Before him brandish'd, at each motion shined. Unnerves the limbs, and dulls the noble mind. Thus entering, in the glittering rooms he found Let chiefs abstain, and spare the sacred juice His brother-chief, whose useless arms lay round, To sprinkle to the gods, its better use.
His eyes delighting with their splendid show, By me that holy office were profaned;
Brightening the shield, and polishing the bow. III fits it me, with human distain'd,
Beside him Helen with her virgins stands, To the pure skies these horrid hands to raise, Guides their rich labours, and instructs their hands. Or offer heaven's great sire polluted praise.
Him thus inactive, with an ardent look You with your matrons go, a spotless train! The prince beheld, and high resenting spoke. And burn rich odours in Minerva's fane.
Thy hate to Troy, is this the time to show ? The largest mantle your full wardrobes hold, 340 (Oh wretch ill-fated, and thy country's foe!) Most prized for art, and labour'd o'er with gold, Paris and Greece against us both conspire Before the goddess' honour'd knees be spread, Thy close resentment, and their vengeful ire. And twelve young heifers to her altar led. For thee great Ilion's guardian heroes fall, 410 So may the power, atoned by fervent prayer, Till heaps of dead alone defend her wall; Our wives, our infants, and our city spare,
For thee the soldier bleeds, the matron mourns,
And wasteful war in all its fury burns.
Our troops to hearten, and our toils to share ?
Rise, or behold the conquering flames ascend If yet, not lost to all the sense of shame, 350 And all the Phrygian glories at an end. The recreant warrior hear the voice of fame. Brother, 'tis just, (replied the beauteous youth ;) Oh would kind earth the hateful wretch embrace, Thy free remonstrance proves thy worth and truth : That pest of Troy, that ruin of our race!
Yet charge my absence less, oh generous chief! 420 Deep to the dark abyss might he descend,
On hate to Troy, than conscious shame and grief: Troy yet should flourish, and my sorrows end. Here, hid from human eyes, thy brother sat, This heard, she gave command; and summond And mourn'd, in secret, his and Ilion's fate. came
"Tis now enough: now glory spreads her charms, Each noble matron and illustrious dame.
And beauteous Helen calls her chief to arms. The Phrygian queen to her rich wardrobe went, Conquests to-day my happier sword may bless, Where treasured odours breathed a costly scent. "Tis man's to fight, but heaven's to give success. There lay the vestures of no vulgar art, 360 But while I arm, contain thy ardent mind; Sidonian maids embroider'd every part,
Or go, and Paris shall not lag behind. Whom from soft Sidon youthful Paris bore,
He said, nor answer'd Priam's warlike son; 430 With Helen touching on the Tyrian shore. When Helen thus with lowly grace begun : Here as the queen revolved with careful eyes Oh generous brother! if the guilty dame The various textures and the various dyes, That caused these woes deserve a sister's name ! She chose a veil that shone superior far,
Would heaven, ere all these dreadfuldeeds were done, And glow'd refulgent as the morning star.
The day that show'd me to the golden sun
The fatal infant to the fowls of air?
Heaven fill'd up all my ills, and I accurst 440 As Pallas' priestess, and unbars the gates.
Bore all, and Paris of those ills the worst. With hands uplifted, and imploring eyes,
Helen at least a braver spouse might claim, They fill the dome with supplicating cries. Warm'd with some virtue, some regard of fame! The priestess then the shining veil displays Now, tired with toils, thy fainting limbs recline, Placed on Minerva's knees, and thus she prays : With toils, sustain'd for Paris' sake and mine : Oh awful goddess ! ever-dreadful maid,
The gods have link'd our miserable doom, Troy's strong defence, unconquer'd Pallas, aid ! Our present woe, and infamy to come : Break thou Tydides' spear, and let him fall 380 Wide shall it spread, and last through ages long, Prone on the dust before the Trojan wall.
Example sad ! and theme of future song. So twelve young heifers, guiltless of the yoke, The chief replied: This time forbids to rest : 450 Shall fill thy temple with a grateful smoke. The Trojan bands, by hostile fury press'd, But thou, atoned by penitence and prayer, Demand their Hector, and his arm require ; Ourselves, our infants, and our city spare !
The combat urges, and my soul's on fire. So pray'd the priestess in her holy fane ;
Urge thou thy knight to march where glory calls, So vow'd the matrons, but they vow'd in vain. And timely join me, ere I leave the walls.
While these appear before the power with prayers, Ere yet I mingle in the direful fray,
My wife, my infant, claim a moment's stay ;
Demands a parting word, a tender tear : Near Pram's court and Hector's palace stands This day some god who hates our Trojan land, 460 The pompous structure, and the town commands. May vanquish Hector by a Grecian hand. A spear the hero bore of wondrous strength,
He said, and pass'd with sad presaging heart Or full ten cubits was the lance's length,
To seek his spouse, his soul's far dearer part;
At home he sought her, but he sought in vain : Nove's sylvan daughters bade their elms bestow
A barren shade, and in his honour grow.
In one sad day beheld the gates of hell : Pensive she stood on Ilion's towery height, While the fat herds and snowy flocks they fed, Beheld the war, and sicken'd at the sight ; Amid their fields the hapless heroes bled ! There her sad eyes in vain her lord explore, 470 My mother lived to bear the victor's bands,
weep the wounds her bleeding country bore. The queen of Hippoplacia's sylvan lands:
She fell a victim to Diana's bow.
My father, mother, brethren, all, in thee:
Oh prove a husband's and a father's care! Troy fled, she heard, before the Grecian sword That quarter most the skilful Greeks annoy, 550 She heard, and trembled for her absent lord : Where
wild fig-trees join the walls of Troy : Distracted with surprise, she seem'd to fly,
Thou from this tower defend the important post; Fear on her cheek, and sorrow in her eye. There Agamemnon points his dreadful host, The nurse attended with her infant boy,
That pass Tydides, Ajax, strive to gain, The young Astyanax, the hope of Troy.
And there the vengeful Spartan fires his train. Hector, this heard, return'd without delay; |Thrice our bold foes the fierce attack have given, Swift through the town he trod his former way, Or led by hopes, or dictated from heaven. Through streets of palaces, and walks of state, 490 Let others in the field their arms employ, And met the mourner at the Scæan gate.
But stay my Hector here, and guard his Troy. With haste to meet him sprung the joyful fair, The chief replied: That post shall be my care, 560 His blameless wife, Aëtion's wealthy heir :
Not that alone, but all the works of war. (Cilician Thebé great Aëtion sway'd,
How would the sons of Troy, in arms renown'd, And Hippoplacus' wide extended shade.) And Troy's proud dames, whose garments sweep the The nurse stood near, in whose embraces pressid, Attaint the lustre of my former name, (ground, His only hope hung smiling at her breast,
Should Hector basely quit the field of fame? Whom each soft charm and early grace adorn, My early youth was bred to martial pains, Fair as the new-born star that gilds the morn. My soul impels me to the embattled plains : To this loved infant Hector gave the name 500 Let me be foremost to defend the throne, Scamandrius, from Scamander's honour'd stream; And guard my father's glories, and my own. Astyanax the Trojans callid the boy,
Yet come it will, the day decreed by fates : 570
And see thy warriors fall, thy glories end.
Not Priam's hoary hairs defiled with gore,
Too daring prince ! ah, whither dost thou run ? 510 As thine, Andromache! thy griefs I dread;
I see thee trembling, weeping, captive led !
580 A widow I, a helpless orphan he!
And woes, of which so large a part was thine! For sure such courage length of life denies To bear the victor's hard commands, or bring And thou must fall, thy virtue's sacrifice.
The weight of waters from Hyperia's spring. Greece in her single heroes strove in vain ;
There, while you groan beneath the load of life, Now hosts oppose thee, and thou must be slain! They cry, Behold the mighty Hector's wife! Oh grant me, gods ! ere Hector meets his dooin, Some haughty Greek, who lives thy tears to see, All I can ask of Heaven, an early tomb!
Embitters all thy woes, by naming me. So shall my days in one sad tenor run,
520 The thoughts of glory past, and present shame, And end with sorrows as they first begun.
A thousand griefs shall waken at the name! No parent now remains my griefs to share, May I lie cold before that dreadful day,
590 No father's aid, no mother's tender care.
Press'd with a load of monumental clay! The fierce Achilles wrapp'd our walls in fire, Thy Hector, wrapt in everlasting sleep, Laid Thebé waste, and slew my warlike sire ! Shall neither hear thee sigh, nor see thee weep. His fate compassion in the victor bred ;
Thus having spoke, the illustrious chief of Troy Stern as he was, he yet revered the dead. Stretch'd his fond arms to clasp the lovely boy. His radiant arms preserved from hostile spoil, The babe clung crying to his nurse's breast, And laid him decent on the funeral pile :
Scared at the dazzling helm and nodding crest. Then raised a mountain where his bones were burn'd: With secret pleasure each fond parent smiled, The mountain-nymphs the rural tomb adorn'd: 531 |And Hector hasted to relieve his child;
The glittering terrors from his brows unbound, 600 Thy power in war with justice none contest:
O thou ! whose glory fills the ethereal throne, My heart weeps blood at what the Trojans say, And all ye deathless powers ! protect my son ! And hopes thy deeds shall wipe the stain away Grant him, like me, to purchase just renown, Haste then, in all their glorious labours share; To guard the Trojans, to defend the crown, For much they suffer, for thy sake in war. Against his country's foes the war to wage, These ills shall cease, whene'er by Jove's decree And rise the Hector of the future age!
We crown the bowl to Heaven and Liberty ; So when triumphant from successful coils 610 While the proud foe his frustrate triumphs mourns, Of heroes slain he bears the reeking spoils, And Greece indignant through her seas returns. Whole hosts may hail him with deserved acclaim, And say, This chief transcends his father's fame : While pleased, amidst the general shouts of Troy, His mother's conscious heart o'erflows with joy.
The single Combat of Hector and Ajer.
The battle renewing with double ardour upon the return The troubled pleasure soon chastised by fear, 620
of Hector, Minerva is under apprehensions for the
Greeks. Apollo seeing her descend from Olympus, She mingled with the smile a tender tear.
joins her near the Scæan gate : they agree to put off The soften'd chief with kind compassion view'd, the general engagement for that day, and incite HecAnd dried the falling drops, and thus pursued : tor to challenge the Greeks to a single combat. Nine Andromache! my soul's far better part !
of the princes accepting the challenge, the lot is cast, Why with untimely sorrows heaves thy heart? and falls upon Ajax. These heroes, after several atNo hostile hand can antedate my doom,
tacks, are parted by the night. The Trojans calling a Till fate condemns me to the silent tomb.
council, Antenor proposes the delivery of Helen to the Fix'd is the term to all the race of earth;
Greeks, to which Paris will not consent, but offers to
restore them her riches. Priam sends a herald to And such the hard condition of our birth,
make this offer, and to demand a truce for burning No force can then resist, no flight can save; 630
the dead, the last of which only is agreed to by AgaAll sink alike, the fearful and the brave.
memnon. When the funerals are performed, the No more—but hasten to thy tasks at home,
Greeks, pursuant to the advice of Nestor, erect a forThere guide the spindle, and direct the loom : tification to protect their fleet and camp, flanked with Me glory summons to the martial scene,
towers, and defended by a ditch and palisades. Nep. The field of combat is the sphere for men;
tune testifies his jealousy at this work, but is pacified Where heroes war, the foremost place I claim,
by a promise from Jupiter. Both armies pass the The first in danger, as the first in faine.
night in feasting, but Jupiter disheartens the Trojans
with thunder and other signs of his wrath Thus having said, the glorious chief resumes The three-and-twentieth day ends with the duel of Hec. His towery helmet black with shading plumes. tor and Ajax: the next day the truce is agreed: anoHis princess parts with a prophetic sigh 640 ther is taken up in the funeral rites of the slain, and Unwilling parts, and oft reverts her eye,
one more in building the fortification before the ships. That stream'd at every look: then moving slow,
So that somewhat above three days is employer in this Sought her own palace, and indulged her woe.
book. The scene lies wholly in the field. There, while her tears deplored the godlike man, Through all her train the soft infection ran,
BOOK VIL "The pious maids their mingled sorrows shed,
So spoke the guardian of the Trojan state, And mourn the living Hector, as the dead. Then rush'd impetuous through the Scæan gate.
But now, no longer deaf to honour's call, Him Paris follow'd to the dire alarms; Forth issues Paris from the palace wall.
Both breathing slaughter, both resolved in armı. In brazen arms that cast a gleamy ray,
650 As when to sailors labouring through the main, Swift through the town the warrior bends his way.
That long had heaved the weary oar in vain,
Bold Paris first the work of death begun
Sprung from the fair Philomeda's embrace,
The pleasing Arné was his native place. With equal triumph, sprightly, bold, and gay, 660 Then sunk Eioneus to the shades below: In arms refulgent as the god of day,
Beneath his steely casque he felt the blow, The son of Priam, glorying in his might,
Full on his neck, from Hector's weighty hand; Rush'd forth with Hector to the fields of fight. And roll'd, with limbs relax'd, along the land.
And now the warriors passing on the way, By Glaucus' spear the bold Iphinous bleeds, The graceful Paris first excused his stay.
Fix'd in the shoulder as he mounts his steeds ; To whom the noble Hector thus replied: Headlong he tumbles : his slack nerves unbound, O chief! in blood, and now in arms, allied Drop the cold uselesg members on the ground.