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Another Phæbus, thy own Phæbus, reigns, On two unequal crutches propt he came,
Joys in my jigs, and dances in my chains.

Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name.
But soon, ah soon! rebellion will commence, The decent knight retir'd with sober rage,
If music meanly borrows aid from sense :

Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page ; Strong in new arms, lo! giant Handel stands, But (happy for him as the times went then) Like bold Briareus, with a hundred hands :

Appear'd Apollo's mayor and aldermen,
To stir, to rouse, to shake the soul he comes, On whom three hundred gold-capt youths await,
And Jove's own thunders follow Mars's drums. To lug the ponderous volume off in state.
Arrest him, empress, or you sleep no more 70 When Dulness, smiling—'thus revive the wits!
She heard, and drove him to the Hibernian shore. But inurder first, and mince them all to bits ; 120

And now had Fame's posterior trumpet blown, As erst Medea (cruel, so to save!)
And all the nations summon'd to the throne. A new edition of old Eson gave;
The young, the old, who feel her inward sway, Let standard authors thus, like trophies borne,
One instinct seizes, and transports away.

Appear more glorious as more hack'd and torn. None need a guide, by sure attraction led,

And you, my critics! in the chequer'd shade, And strong impulsive gravity of head :

Admire new light thro' holes yourselves have made. None want a place, for all their centre found, Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone, Hung to the goddess, and coher'd around.

A paze, a grave, that they can call their own; Not closer, orb in orb, conglob'd are seen

But spread, my sons, your glory tbin or thick, The buzzing bees about their dusky queen. 80 On passive paper, or on solid brick:

130 The gathering number, as it moves along, So by each bard an alderman shall sit, Involves a vast involuntary throng,

A heavy lord shall hang at every wit, Who, gently drawn, and struggling less and less, And while on Fame's triumphant car they ride, Roll in her vortex, and her pow'r confess :

Some slave of mine be pinion'd to their side.' Not those alone who passive own her laws,

Now crowds on crowds around the goddess press, But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause. Each eager to present the first address. Whate'er of Dunce in college or in town

Dunce scorning dunce behold the next advance, Sneers at another, in toupee or gown;

But fop shows fop superior complaisance.
Whate'er of mongrel no one class admits,
A wit with dunces, and a dunce with wits. 90

Nor absent they, no members of her state,

Ver. 113. The decent knight.) An eminent person who Who pay her homage in her sons, the great;

was about to publish a very pompous edition of a great auWho, false to Phæbus, bow the knee to Baal, thor at his own expense. Or impious, preach his word without a call;

Ver. 115, &c.) These four lines were printed in a sppa

rate leaf by Mr. Pope in the last edition, which he himseit Patrons, who sneak from living worth to dead,

gave, of the Dunciad, with directions to the printer, lo pat Withhold the pension, and set up the head ;

this leaf into its place as soon as Sir T. H.'s Shakspeare Or vest dull flattery in the sacred gown,

should be published. Or give from fool to fool the laurel crown:

Ver. 119. Thus revive,' &c.] The goddess applaude

the practice of tacking the obscure names of persons pol And (last and worst) with all the cant of wit, eminent in any branch of learning, 10 those of the most disWithout the soul, the muse's hypocrite. 100 tinguished writers; either by printing editions of their iFoks

with impertinent alterations of their text, as in former inThere march'd the bard and blockhead side by stances; or by setting up monuments disgraced with their side,

own vile names and inscriptions, as in the latter. Who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride.

Ver. 128. A page, a grave,) For what less than a grave

can be granted to a dead author! or what less than a page Narcissus, prais'd with all a parson's power, can be allowed a living one? Look'd a white lily sunk beneath a shower.

Ibid. A page,) Pagina, not pedissequus. A page of a There mov'd Montalto with superior air;

book, not a servant, follower, or attendant; no poet having

had a page since the death of Mr. Thomas Durfey. Sanbl. His stretch'd-out arm display'd a volume fair; Ver. 1:31. So by each bard an alderman, &e.) Vide the Courtiers and patriots in two ranks divide,

Tombs of the Ports, editio Westmonasteriensis.

Through both he pass’d, and bow'd from side to side ; ment erected for Butler hy alderman Barber.

-an alderman shall sit,] Alluding to the monoBut as in graceful act, with awful eye,

Ver. 132 A heavy lord shall hang at every wit.) How Compos'd he stood, bold Benson thrust him by : 110 unnatural an image, and how ill supported ! saith Aristar

chus. Had i: been,

A heavy wit shall hang at every lord,

something might have been said, in an age so distinguished Ver. 76 10 101. It ought to be observed that here are three for weil-judging patrons. For lord, then, read load; that is, classes in this assenbly. The first, of men absolu'ely and of debts here, and of commentaries hereafter. To this poravowedly dull, who naturally adhere to the goddess, and are pose, conspicuous is the case of the poor au bor of Iludibras, imaged in the simile of the bees about their queen. The whose body, long since weighed down to the grave us a load second involuntarily drawn to her, though not caring to own of debts, has lately had a more unmerciful load of commerher influence; from ver. 81 to 90. The third, of such as, taries laid npon his spirit; wherein the editor has achieved though not members of her state, yet advance her service more than Virgil himself, when he turned critie, could boast by flattering Dulness, cultivating mistaken l'ents, patronis- of, which was only, that he had picked gold out of norber ing vile scribblers, discouraging living merit, or setting up man's dung; whereas the editor has picked it out of his for wils, and men of laste in arts they understand not; from own.

Scribl. ver. 91 to 10).

Aristarchus thinks the common reading right: and that Ver. 108. --bow'd from side to side:) As being of no one the author himself had been struggling, and but just shakeo parly.

off his lond, when he wrote the following epigram: Ver. 110. Bola Benson.) This man endeavoured to raise Mv lord complains, that Pope, stark mad with gardens, himself to fame by erecting monuments, striking coins, setting Has lopp'd three trees, the value of three farthings: up heads, and procuring translations of Milion; and after But he's my neighbour, cries the peer polite, wards by as great a passion for Arthur Johnston, a Scotch And if he'll visit me, I'll ware my right. physician's Version of the Psalms, of which he printed many What! on compulsion ? nnd ngainst my will, fiue editions. See more of liim, Book ill. ver. 3:25.

A lord's acquaintauce? Let him file his bill.


When lo! a spectre rose, whose index-hand To stick the doctor's chair into the throne,
Held forth the virtue of the dreadful wand; 140 Give law to words, or war with words alone.
His beaver'd brow a birchen garland wears, Senates and courts with Greek and Latin rule,
Dropping with infants' blood and mothers' tears. And turn the council to a grammar-school! 180
O'er every vein a shuddering horror runs;

For sure, if Dulness sees a grateful day,
Eton and Winton shake through all their sons.

"Tis in the shade of arbitrary sway.
All flesh is humbled, Westminster's bold race 0! if my sons may learn one earthly thing,
Shrink, and confess the Genius of the place : Teach but that one sufficient for a king;
The pale boy-senator yet tingling stands,

That which my priests, and mine alone, maintain, And holds his breeches close with both his hands. Which, as it dies, or lives, we fall, or reign: Then thus : “Since man from beast by words is May you, my Carn, and Isis, preach it long, known,

“ The right divine of kings to govern wrong.”' Words are man's province, words we teach alone. 150 Prompt at the call, around the goddess roll When reason, doubtful, like the Samian letter, Broad hats, and hoods, and caps, a sable shoal: 190 Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. Thick and more thick the black blockade extends, Placed at the door of learning, youth to guide,

A hundred head of Aristotle's friends. We never suffer it to stand too wide.

Nor wert thou, Isis! wanting to the day, To ask, to guess, to know, as they commence,

[Though Christ-church long kept prudishly away.) As fancy opens the quick springs of sense,

Each staunch polemic, stubborn as a rock, We ply the memory, we load the brain,

Each fierce logician, still expelling Locke, Bind rebel wit, and double chain on chain, Came whip and spur, and dazii'd through thin and Confine the thought to exercise the breath;

thick And keep them in the pale of words till death. 160 On German Crouzaz, and Dutch Burgersdyck. Whate'er the talents, or howe'er design’d,

As many quit the streams that murmuring fall We hang one jingling padlock on the mind: To lull the sons of Margaret and Clare-hall, 200 A poet the first day he dips his quill;

Where Bentley late tempestuous wont to sport And what the last ? a very poet still.

In troubled waters, but now sleeps in port. Pity! the charm works only in our wall, Lost, lost too soon in yonder house or hall. There truant Windham every muse gave o'er, some old homily, were inked, written, aud preached into There Talbot sunk, and was a wit no more!

vogue in that inglorious reign.'

Ver. 194. Though Christ-cburch, &c.] This line is doubtHow sweet an Ovid, Murray was our boast !

less spurious, and toisted in by the imperiinence of the edin How many Martials were in Pulteney lost ! 170 cor; and accordingly we have put it in between books. For Else sure some bard, to our eternal praise,

Lailirm this college came as early as any other, by its pro

per deputies; nor did any college pay homage to Dulness in In twice ten thousand rhyming nights and days, its wbole body.

Bentl. Had reach'd the work, the all that mortal can; Ver. 19. Still expelling Locke.] In the year 1703 there And South beheld that master-piece of man.

was a meeting of the heads of the University of Oxford, to

censure Mr. Locke's Essay on Human Understanding, and "Oh,' cried the goddess, 'for some pedant reign! to furbid the reading ofit. See bis Letters in the last elitiull. Some gentle James, to bless the land again;

Ver. 198. On German Crouzaz, and Dutch Burgersdyck.) There seems to be an improbability that the doctors and heads of houses should ride on horseback, who of late days

being gouty or unwieldy, have kept their coaches. But Ver. 137, 138.

these are horses of great strength, and fit to carry any Dunce scorning dunce behold the next advance,

weight, as their German and Dutch extruction may maniBut fop shows fop superior complaisance.]

fest; and very famous we may conclude, being honoured This is not to be ascribed so much to the different manners with names, as were the horses Pegasus and Bucephalus.

Scribl. of a court and college, as to the different effects which a pretence to learning and a pretence to wil, have on block

Though I have the greatest deference to the penetration heads. For as julgment consists in finding out the differ- of this eminent scholiast, and must own that nothing can be ences in things, and wit in finding out their likene ses, 80 of criticism, which directs us to keep the literal sense, when

more natural than his interpretation, or juster than that rule the dunce is all discord and distension, aod constantly bu- no apparent absurdity accompanies it and sure there is no sied in reproving, examining, confuting, &c. while the for absurdity in supposing a logician on horseback,) yet stilt I flourishes in peace, with songs and hymns of praise, addresses, characters, epithalamiums, &c.

must needs think the hackneys here celebrated were not real Ver. 140. The dreadful wand;] A cane usually borne horses, nor even Centaurs, which, for the sake of the learnby schoolmasters, which drives the poor souls about like the led Chiron, I should rather be inclined to think, if I were wand of Mercury.

forced to find them four legs, but downright plain men,

Scribl. Ver. 151. Like the Samian Letter.] The letter Y used though logicians: and only thus metamorphosed by a rule by Pythagoras, as an emblem of the different roads of virtue where he calls Clavius, Un esprit pesant, lourd, sans sub

of rhetoric, of which Cardinal Perron gives us an example, end vice.

tilite, ni gentilesse, un gros cheval d'Allemagne.' "Et tibi que Samios diduxit litera ramos.'- Pers.

Here I profess to go opposite to the whole stream of comVer. 174. That master-piece of man.) Viz. an epigram.mentators. I think the poet only aimed, though awkwardly, The famous Dr. South declared a perfect epigram to be as at an elegant Græcism in this representation; for in that landifficult a performance as an epic poem. And the critics guage the word '.7505 (horse) was often prefixed to others, say, ' An epic poem is the greatest work human nature is to denote greatness of strength; as 7502x7ciov, 1975capable of.

γλωσσον, ιππομαραθρον, and particularly ΠΙΤΟΓΝΩΜΩΝ, Ver. 176. Some gentle James, &c.] Wilson tells us that a great connoisseur, which comes nearest to the case in this king, James the first, took upon himself to teach the hand.

Scip. Maff Latin tongue to Car, earl of Somerset; and that Gondomar, Ver. 199. The streams.] The river Cam, Tuuning by the the Spanish ambasandor, would speak false Latin to him walls of these colleges, which are particularly camous for on purpose to give him the pleasure of correcting it, whereby their skill in disputation. he wrought himself into his good graces.

Ver. 202. Sleeps in port, Viz. Now retired into har. This great prince was the first who assumed the title of bour, after the tempests that had long agitated his society.' Hacred Majesiv, which his loyal clergy transferred from So Scriblerus. But the learned Scipio Maffei understands it God to him. The priociples of passive obedience and non- of a certain wine called Port, from Oporto, a city of Porturesistance,' says the author of the Dissertation on Parties, gal, of which this professor invited him to drink abundantly. Leller 8, 'which before his time had skulked, perhaps in Scip. Maff. De Compotationibus Academicis. (And 10 the


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Before them march'd that awful Aristarch; (For me, what Virgil, Pliny may deny
Plow'd was his front with many a deep remark : Manilius or Solinus shall supply:
His hat, which never vail'd to human pride, For Attic phrase in Plato let them seek,
Walker with reverence took, and laid aside, I poach in Suidas for unlicens'd Greek.
Low bow'd the rest : he, kingly, did but nod: In ancient sense if any needs will deal,
So upright quakers please both man and God. Be sure I give them fragments, not a meal; 230
Mistress ! dismiss that rabble from your throne : What Gellius or Stobæus hash'd before,
Avaunt—is Aristarchus yet unknown ? 210 Or chew'd by blind old scholiasts o'er and o'er,
The mighty scholiast, whose unwearied pains The critic eye, that microscope of wit,
Made Horace dull, and humbled Milton's strains. Sees hairs and pores, examines bit by bit:
Turn what they will to verse, their toil is vain, How parts relate to parts, or they to whole,
Critics like me shall make it prose again.

The body's harmony, the beaming soul,
Roman and Greek grammarians ! know your better; Are things which kuster, Burnham, Wasse shall see
Author of something yet more great than letter; When man's whole frame is obvious to a flea.
While towering o'er your alphabet, like Saul, *Ah think not, mistress ! more true dulness lies
Stands our digamma, and o’ertops them all. In folly's cap, than wisdom's grave disguise. 240
'Tis true, on words is still our whole debate, Like buoys, that never sink into the flood,
Disputes of Me or Te, of Aut or At.

220 On learning's surface we but lie and nod: To sound or sink in cano 0 or A,

Thine is the genuine head of many a house,
Or give up Cicero to C or K.

And much divinity without a Nous.
Let Freind affect to speak as Terence spoke, Nor could a Barrow work on every block,
And Alsop never but like Horace joke :

Nor has one Atterbury spoil'd the flock.
See ! still thy own, the heavy cannon roll,

And metaphysic smokes involve the pole;

For these we dim the eyes, and stuff the head opinion of Maffei inclineth the sagacious annotator on Dr. With all such reading as was never read: 230 King's advice to florace.)

Ver. 210. Aristarchus.) A famous commentator and For thee explain a thing till all men doubt it,
corrector of Homer, whose name has been frequently used And write about it, goddess, and about it :
to signify a complete critic. The compliment paid by our So spins the silk-worm small its slender store,
author to this eminent professor, in applying to him so great
a name, was the reason that he hath omiued to comment on And labours till it clouds itself all o'er.
this part which contains his own praises. We shall, there- What though we let some better sort of fool
fore, supply that loss to our best ability.

Ver 214. Critics like me--) Alluding to two famous

every science, run through every school? editions of Horace and Milton ;'whose richest veins of poe- Never by tumbler through the hoops was shown ty he had prodigally reduced to the poorest and most beg. Such skill in passing all, and touching none. garly prose. --Verily the learned scholiast is grievously mis

He taken. Aristarchus is not boasting here of the wonders of

may indeed (if sober all this time) his art in annihilating the sublime; but of the usefulness of Plague with dispute, or persecute with rhyme. 260 it, in reducing the iurgid to its proper class; the words We only furnish what he cannot use, *make it prose again,' plainly showing that prose it was: Or wed to what he must divorce, a muse; though ashamed of its original, and therefore to prose it should return. Indeed, much it is to be lamented thue Dul- Full in the midst of Euclid dip at once, ness doth not confine her critics to this useful task; and And petrify a genius to a dunce: commission them to dismount what Aristophanes calls Papus #06240v #k, all prose on horse-back.

Or, set on metaphysic ground to prance, Ver. 216. Author of something yet more great than ler- Show all his paces, not a step advance. ter;] Alluding to those granımarians, such as Palamedes With the same cement, ever sure to bind, ard Simonides, who invented single letters. But Aristarchus, who had found out a double one, was therefore wor- We bring to one dead level every mind; thy of double honour.

Scribl. Then take him to develope, if you can, Ver. 217, 218. While towering o'er your alphabet, like And hew the block off, and get out the man. 270 Saul.--Stands, our digamma,) Alludes to the bonited restoration of the Æolie digamma, in his long pro ected edi. But wherefore waste I words ? I see advance tion of Homer. He calls it something more than letter, from Whore, pupil, and lac'd governor, from France. the enormous figure it would make among the other letters, being one gamina, set upon the shoulders of another.

Ver. 2:20. Of Me or Te.] It was a serious dispute, about which the learned were much divided, and soine treatises had it in their choice to comment either on Virgil or Maniwritten: had it been about meum and iuum it could not be lius, Pliny or Solinus, have chosen the worse author, the more contested, than whether at the end of the first Ode of more freely to display their critical capacity. Horace, to read, Me doctarum kedere promia frontium, Ver. 20%, &c. 'Suidas, Gellius, Stobrus.] The first a or To doctarum dedera-By this the learned scholiast would dictionary-writer, a collector of impertinent facts and barseem to insinuate that the dispute was not about meum and barous words; the second a minute critic; the third an ao. tuum, which is a mistake: for as a venerable sage obsery- thor, who gave his common place book to the public, where eth, words are the counters of wise men, but the money of we happen to find much mince-meat of old books. fools; so that we see their property was indeed concerned. Ver. 245, 246. Barrow, Alierbury.] Isaac Barrow, mag

Scribl. ter of Trinity, Francia Atterbury, dean of Christ church, Ver. 222. Or give up Cicero to Cor K.] Grammatical both great geniuses and eloquent preachers; one more enddisputes about the manner of pronouncing Cicero's name in versant in the sublime geometry, the other in classical l-aroGreek. It is a dispute whether in Latin the name of Herling; but who equally made it heir care to advance the pomagoras should end in as or a. Quintilian quotes Cicero as lite arte in their several societies. writing it, Hermagora, which Bentley rejects, and says, Ver. 972. Laced governor.) Why laced ? Because gold Quintilian must be mistaken, Cicero could not write it $0, and silver are necessary trimming in denote the dress of a find that in this case he would not believe Cicero himsell person of rank, and the governor must be supposed so in These are his very words: Ego vero Ciceronem ita scrip- foreign countries, to be admitted into courts and other places sisse ne Ciceroni quidem affirmanti crediderim.- Epist. ad of fair reception. But how comes Aristarchus to know at Mill. in fin. Frag. Menand. et Phil.

sight that this governor came from France ? Know? Why, Ver. 293, 294. Freind — Alson) Dr. Robert Freind, m18- by the laced coat.

Scribl. ter of Westminster-school, and canon of Christ-church Ibid. Whore, popil, and laced governor.) Some critics Dr. Anthony Alsop, a happy imitator of the Horatian style, have objected to the order here, being of opinion that the

Ver. 226. Manilius and Solinus.) Some critics having governor should have the precedence before the wbore, if



Walker! our hat' -nor more he deigo'd to say, But chief her shrine where naked Venus keeps, But stern as Ajax' spectre strode away.

And Cupids ride the lion of the deeps ; In flow'd at once a gay embroider'd race, Where, eased of fleets, the Adriatic main And titt'ring push'd the pedants off the place : Wafts the smooth eunuch and enamour'd swain. 310 Some would have spoken, but the voice was drown'd Led by my hand, he saunter'd Europe round, By the French-horn or by the opening hound. And gather'd every vice on Christian ground; The first came forward with an easy mien,

Saw every court, heard every king declare
As if he saw St. James's and the queen. 280 His royal sense of operas or the fair;
When thus th' attendant orator begun :

The stews and palace equally explored,
• Receive, great empress! thy accomplish'd son; Intrigued with glory, and with spirit whored;
Thine from the birth, and sacred from the rod, Tried all hors d'auvres, all liqueurs defined,
A dauntless infant! never scar'd with God. Judicious drank, and greatly daring dined;
The sire saw, one by one, his virtues wake; Dropp'd the dull lumber of the Latin store,
The mother begg'd the blessing of a rake.

Spoil'd his own language, and acquired no more; 320
Thou gav'st that ripeness, which so soon began, All classic learning lost on classic ground;
And ceas'd so soon, he ne'er was boy nor man. And last turn’d air, the echo of a sound;
Through school and college, thy kind clouds o'ercast, See now, half-cured, and perfectly well-bred,
Safe and unseen the young Æneas past : 290 With nothing but a solo in his head;
Thence bursting glorious, all at once let down, As much estate, and principle, and wit,
Stunn'd with his giddy larum half the town. As Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber shall think fit;
Intrepid then, o'er seas and lands he flew;

Stolen from a duel, follow'd by a nun, Earope he saw, and Europe saw him too.

And if a borough choose him, not undone : There all thy gifts and graces we display,

See, to my country happy I restore Thou, only thou, directing all our way:

This glorious youth, and add one Venus more. 330 To where the Seine, obsequious as she runs, Her too receive (for her my soul adores,) Pours at great Bourbon's feet her silken sons; So may the sons of sons of sons of whores Or Tyber, now no longer Roman, rolls,

Prop thine, O empress ! like each neighbour throne, Vain of Italian arts, Italian souls ;

300 And make a long posterity thy own.' To happy convents, bosom’d deep in vines,

Pleased, she accepts the hero and the dame, Where slumber abbots, purple as their wines : Wraps in her veil, and frees from sense of shame. To isles of fragrance, lily-silver'd vales,

Then look'd, and saw a lazy, lolling sort, Diffusing languor in the panting gales :

Unseen at church, at senate, or at court, To lands of singing, or of dancing slaves,

Of ever-listless loiterers, that attend Love-whis ring woods, and lute resounding waves; No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend. 340

Thee too, my Paridel! she mark’d thee there,

Stretch'd on the rack of a too easy chair, REMARKS. not before the pupil. But were he so placed, it might be thougbt to insinuate that the yovernor led the pupil to the

REMARKS. whore; and were the pupil placed first, he might be supposed to lead the governor to her. But our impartial poet, as he much erudition and learned conjecture: the blessing of a is drawing their picture, represents them in the order in rake signifying no inore than that he might be a rake; the which they are generally scen; namely, the pupil between effects of a thing for the thing itself, a common figure. The the whore and the governor; but placeth the whore tirst, as carelul mother only wished her son might be a rake, as well she veuilly goveros both the other.

knowing that its attendant blessings would follow of course. Ver. 121). As if he saw St. James's.) Reflecting on the

Ver. 307. But chief, &c.] These two lines, in their force disrespectful and indecent behaviour of several forward of imagery and colouring, emulate and equal the pencil of young persons in the presence, so offensive to all serious Rubens. men, and to none more than the good Scriblerus.

Ver. 308. And Cupids ride the lion of the deeps ;) The Ver. Wi. The attendant orator.] The governor above winged lion, the arms of Venice. This republic, heretoforo said. The poet gives bim no particular name: being un- the most considerable in Europe, for her naval force and the willing, I presume, to offend or to do injustice to any, by extent of her commerce; now illustrious for her carnivals. Celebrating one only with whom this character agrees, in

Ver. 318. Greutly daring dined :] It being, indeed, no preference to so many who equally deserve it. Scribl. small risk to eat through those extraordinary composi

Ver. 284. A dauntless infant! never scared with God.] tions, whose disguised ingredients are generally unknown to le brought up in the enlarged principles of modern educa- the guests, and highly inflammatory and unwholesome. tion; whoso great point is, to keep the infant mind free from

Ver. 324. With nothing but a rolo in bis head;). With the prejudice- of opinion, and the growing spirit unbroken nothing but a solo? Why, if it be a solo, how should there by terrilying names. Alongst the happy consequences of be any thing else ? Palpuble tautolngy! Read holdly an this reformed discipline, it is not the least that we have opera, which is enough of conscience for such a bead as has fever afierwards any occasion for the priest, whose trade, lost all its Latin.

Bentl. e a modern wit informs us, is only to finish what the nurse

Ver. 326. Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber.] Three very emibegan.

Scribl. nent persons, all managers of plays: who, though not goV-. 286. The blessing of a rake.) Scriblerus is here vernors by profession, had, each in his way, concerned themmoeh at a loss to find out what this blessing should be. He selves in the education of youth ; and regulated their wits, is sometimes ternpted to imagine it might be the mar- their morals, or their finances, at that period of their age pying a great fortune: but this again, for the vulgurity of it, which is the most important, their entrance into the polita he rejects, as sometbing uncommon seemed to be prayed world. Of the last of these, and his talents for this end, see for: and after many strange conceits, not at all to the bo- Book i. ver. 199, &c. pour of the fair sex, he at lengih rests in this, that it was, Ver. 331. Her too receive, &c.] This confirms what the that her son might pass for a wit: in which opinion he for- learned Scriblerus advanced in his note on ver. 972, that the tifiea bimself by ver. 316, where the orator, speaking of his governor, as well as the pupil, had a particular interest in pupil, says that be

this lady. Intrigued with glory, and with spirit whored,

Ver. 341. Thee too, my Paridel!) The poet seems to

speak of this young gentleman with great affection. The wbieh seems to insinuate that her prayer was heard. Here name is taken from Spenser, who gives it to a wandering the good scholiast, as, indeed, every where else, lays open courtly 'squire, that travelled about for the same reason for the very soul of modern criticism, while he makes his own which many young 'equires are now fond of travelling, and ignorance of a poetical expression hold open the door to especially to Paris.

And heard thy everlasting yawn confess

|True, he had wit, to make their value rise : The pains and penalties of idleness.

From foolish Greeks to steal them, was as wise; She pitied ! but her pity only shed

More glorious yet, from barbarous hands to keep, Benigner influence on thy nodding head.

When Sallee rovers chased him on the deep.

380 But Annius, crafiy seer, with ebon wand, Then taught by Hermes, and divinely bold, And well-dissembled emerald on his hand, Down his own throat he risk'd the Grecian gold. False as his gems, and canker'd as his coins, Received each demi-god, with pious care, Came, cramm'd with capon, from where Pollio dines. Deep in his entrails--I revered them there; Soft as the wily fox is seen to creep,

351 I bought them, shrouded in that living shrine, Where bask on sunny banks the simple sheep, | And, at their second birth, they issue mine.' Walk round and round, now prying here, now there, • Witness, great Ammon! by whose horns I swore,' So he; but pious, whisper’d first his prayer: Replied soft Annius, 'this our paunch before

Grant, gracious goddess ! grant me still to cheat ; Still bears them faithful; and that thus I eat, O may thy cloud still cover the deceit!

Is to refund the medals with the meat.

390 Thy choicer mists on this assembly shed,

To prove me, goddess ! clear of all design, But pour them thickest on the noble head.

Bid me with Pollio sup, as well as dine: So shall each youth, assisted by our eyes,

There all the learn'd shall at the labour stand, See other Cæsars, other Homers rise ;

360 And Douglas lend his soft, obstetric hand.' Through twilight ages hunt the Athenian fowl, The goddess, smiling, seem'd to give consent; Which Chalcis gods, and mortals call an owl: So back to Pollio, hand in hand they went. Now see an Attys, now a Cecrops clear,

Then thick as locusts blackening all the ground, Nay, Mahomet ! the pigeon at thine car:

A tribe with weeds and shells fantastic crown'd, Be rich in ancient brass, though not in gold, Each with some wondrous gift approach'd the power, And keep his Lares, though his house be sold; A nest, a toad, a fungus, or a flower.

400 To headless Phæbe his fair bride postpone,

But far the foremost, two, with earnest zeal, Honour a Syrian prince above his own;

And aspect ardent, to the throne appeal. Lord of an Otho, if I vouch it true;

The first thus open'd: 'Hear thy suppliant's call, Bless'd in one Niger, till he knows of two.' 370 Great queen, and common mother of us all !

Mummius o'erheard him; Mummius, fool-renown'd, Fair from its humble bed I rear'd this flower, Who like his Cheops stinks above the ground, Suckled, and cheer'd, with air, and sun, and shower: Fierce as a startled adder, swellid and said, Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread, Rattling an ancient sistrum at his head:

Bright with the gilded button tipp d his head; “Speak'st thou of Syrian princes ? Traitor base! Then throned in glass and named it Caroline : Mine, goddess! mine is all the horned race. Each maid cried, Charming! and each youth, Divine!

Did nature's pencil ever blend such rays,

Such varied light in one promiscuous blaze?

Now prostrate! dead! behold that Caroline : Ver. 347. Annius,] The name taken from Annius the No maid cries, Charming ! and no youth, Divine ! monk of Viterbo, famous for many impositions and forgeries And lo the wretch! whose vile, whose insect lust of ancient manuscripts and inscriptions, which he was prompted to by mere vanity: but our Annius bad a more Laid this gay daughter of the spring in dust. substantial motive.

Oh punish him, or to the Elysian shades Ver. 363. Atty's and Cecrops.] The first king of Athen: Dismiss my soul, where no carnation fades ! of whom it is hard to suppose any coins are extant; but not so improbable as what follows, that there should be any of

He ceased, and wept. With innocence of mien, Mahomes, who forbade all images; and the story of whose The accused stood forth, and thus address'd the queen: pigeon was a monkish fable. Nevertheless, one of these

*Of all the enamell'd race, whose silvery wing 421 Auniuse's made a counterfeit medal of that impostor, now in the collection of a learned nobleman.

Waves to the tepid zephyrs of the spring,
Ver. 371. Mummius.] This name is not merely an allu-
Bion to the Mummius he was so fond of, but probably refer-
red to the Roman general of that name, who burned Co-

REMARKS. rivih, and committed the curious statues to the captain of a ship, assuring him, 'that if they were lost or broken, he met two physicians, of whom he demanded assistance. One should procure others to be made in their stead;' by which advised purgations, the other vomits. In this uncertainty it should seem (whatever may be pretended) thai Mummius he took neither, but pursued his way to Lyons, where he was no virtuoso).

found his ancient friend the famous physician and antiquary Ibid. Fool-renown'd) A compound epithet in the Groek Dufour, to whom he related his adventure. Dufour, with manner, renowned by fools, or renowned for making fools. out staying to inquire about the uneasy symptoms of the

Ver. 372. Cheops.) A king of Egypt whose body was burthen he carried, first asked him, whether the medals certainly to be known, as being huried alone in his pyramid, were of the higher empire? He assured him they were. and is therefore more genuine than any of the Cleopatras Dufour was ravished with the hope of possessing so rare a This roval muinmy, being stolen by a wild Arab, was pur-treasure; he bargained with him on the spot for the most chased by the consul of Alexandria, and transmitted to the curious of them, and was to recover them at his own expense. museum of Mummius; for proof of which he brings a pas Ver. 37. Witness great Ammon!) Jupiter Amnion is bage in Sandy's Travels, where that accurate and learned called to witness, as the father of Alexander, to whom those

M voyager assures us that he saw the sepulchre emply, which kings succeeded in the division of

donian empire, agrees exactly, saith be, with the time of the theft above- and whore horns they wore on their medals. mentioned. But he omits to observe that Herodotus tells Ver. 394. Douglas.) A physician of great learning and the same thing of it in his time.

no lesa tunte; above all, curious in what realed to Horace, Ver. 375. Speak’nt thou of Syrian princes ? &c.] The of whom he collected every edition, translation, and comstrange story following, which may be takrn for a fiction of ment, to the number of several hundred volumes. the poet, is justified by a true relation in Sion's Voyages Ver. 400 And named it Caroline:) It is a compliment Vaillant (who wrote the History of the Syrian kings as it is which the florixts usually pay to princes and great persons, to be found on medals) coming from the Levant, where hel!o give their names to the most curious flowers of their had been collecting various cuins, and being pur-trend by a raising : some have been very jealoun of vindicating this hocorsnir of Sallee, swallowed down twenty gold medals. A nour, bul none more than that ambitious gardener at Hampudden borasque freed him from the rover, and he got to mennith, who caused his favourite to be painted on bis Lend with them in bis belly. On his road to Avignon helsign, with this inscription: This is my Queen Caroliuc.


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