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PAGE.
Steel............................................ 231
“ Bells..................... ". to & E & © to 231
“ Car Springs........................... 231
“ Forgings............................... 231
“ Frogs.................................... 231
“ Importers............................. 233
“ Manufacturers...................... 233
“ Rails.................................... 233
“ Springs................................. 233
“ Tubes................................... 233
“ . Tyres............................... ... , 235
Stencils........................................ 235
Stereotype Metal........................... 235
Stone Masons’ Tools....................... 235
Stop Cocks.................................... 235
Stove Boards................................. 23
“ Linings............................... 235
Straightening Machines............. ... 235
Street Cars.................................. , 235
Submarine Telegraph Cables.......... 235
Subterranean Telegraph Wires ...... 237
Surveying Instruments............ . . . . . . 237
Switches........* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 237
Switch Lights............................... 237
“ Locks................................ 237
Syphons....................................... 237
Tacks, Brads, &c........................... 237
Tallow................................... ...... 237
“ Cans and Caps..................... 239
“ Tubricator...... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 239
Tank Iron.................................... 239
Tanks.......................................... 239
Tank Valves ....... * * * * * * * * * e s to e o te e is e t w e g o o e 239
Taps * e s s we e < e < * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * g e g 239
Telegraph Apparatus..................... 241
é & Builders........................ 241
& & Material........................ 241
{{ Poles............................ 243
{{ Repairers' Tools............ 243
{ % ires........................... 243
Tiles ............................................ 243
Timber......................................... 243
Tin and Coppersmiths’ Solders........ 245
Tin, Pig ....................................... 243
Tin, Plates.................................... 245
Tinsmiths' Tools........................... 245
Tin Ware...................................... 245
T Iron......................................... 245
Tool Builders................................ 245
Tool Handles................................ 245
Tools............................................ 245
Track Bolts....... e e s e e i s is a e s e s e e s e < * * * * * * * * * * 245
“ Layers' Tools....................... 247
“ Supplies............................... 2.47
“ Rails................................... 247
Transits........................................ 247
Transfer Tables............................. 247
Transportation Cans...................... 247

Trucks 249
Tube Expanders ............ • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 249
Tubing, Brass and Copper............. . 249
Turn Buckles 249
Turning Machines........................ 249
Turn Tables.................................. 249
Twist Drills.................................. 249
Twist Drill Grinders...................... 251
Twisted Hooks.............................. 251
Type Metal................................... 251
Tyres........................................... 251
Universal Drills............................ 251
Urinals......................................... 25]
Vacuum Gauges............................ 251
{ % Pumps............ to go o so o os s to e & 8 a s e e... 253
Valve Oil...................................... 253
Valves ......................................... 253
Wahes................................. to e to to e s to s e 253
Warnish ....................................... 253
Ventilators................................... 255
Vises.................... ...................... 255
Washers.......................... .. • * * * * * * * * 255
Washing Machines........................ 257
Waste............... ......... to e s to $ e to e o 'o e o 'o e o 'o e 257
Water Gauges............. • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
“ Pipe................ “......... 259
Wedges...................... e e o e o e o e o os e o s e s e s e 259
Wheel Barrows...................... * * * * * * * 259
* Borers .............................. 261
“ Presses 259
Wheels................................... ..... 263
Whistles, Steam............................ 229
White Brass................................. 265
{{ 98.01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263
“ Zinc.................................. 265
Window Glass............................... 265
ire............................................ 265
“ Brushes. .............................. 267
“ Cloth.................................... 267
“ Cutters................................. 267
“ Rope.................................... 267
Wood Mantels .............................. 267
“ Mouldings ...................... e o & & & 267
“ Ornaments........................... 267
“ Screws ................................ 267
“ Working Machinery ............ 269
Woolen Waste.............................. 269
Wrecking Derricks........................ 269
6& Pumps.......................... 269
Wrenches..................................... 269
Wrought Iron Beams..................... 271
{ % “ Hardware............... 271

{{ “ Pipe ....................... 271

& C “ Tubes..................... 271
Zinc,........................................... 271

The arrangement of the names of the various dealers, under the different heads
tn the Business Directory, was made by direction of the advertisers, and not at the

discretion of the publisher.

Extra copies of this work will be furnished by the Publisher at
$ 1-oo each; address, E. W. BULLINGER, 75 Fulton St., New York

I NTIM (AINT | LINTE-

STEAM TWICE A WEEK TO EUROPE.
TO LIVERP00L, CMIIING M CORK, IRELAND.

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FULL-PowerED, CLYDE-BUILT, IRON STEAMSHIPs,
UNDER CONTRACT FOR CARRYING THE BRITISH MAILS.

Steamships. Commanders. Steamships. Commanders
City of Chester...... to e o 'o e o e o e g o o os e City of Baltimore.......Delamotte.
City of Richmond................. City of Washington...G. Lochead.
City of Montreal......J. Kennedy. City of New York...... T. C. Jones.
Glty of Brussels........S. Brooks. City of Llmerick.....W. Jamieson.
City of Brooklyn....... H. Tibbits. City of Bristol............. Phillips.
Gity of Paris............. R. Leitch. City of Halifax...... ........Hurd.
City of Antwerp......... J. Eynon. City of Durham..........——
City of London......J. Mirehouse.

to Sail from the Company's Wharf, PIER 45, NoFTH RIVER, every Saturday
and every Thursday.—See Daily Papers.

R. A. T E s O ET IP A S S A. G- E -
I’IRST CABIN, PAYABLE IN GOLD.

First Cabin to Queenstown or Liverpool...... * * = & e s to e o e o e o e g o e o e $75 and $90
66 to London............ to $ to e o o s e o e o e o as e o e e * * * * * * * * e o e o 'o e 80 22 95

66 to Hamburg, Antwerp and Rotterdam.............. 85 22 100

66 to Paris............... to e o os o os e e s e e s e o so e e o e e * * * * * * * * * * * 90 22 105

STEERA GE, PAYABLE IN CURRENCY,

Steerage to Liverpool, Queenstown, Glasgow or Londonderry............ $30
66 to London or Bristol, through by Rail.......................... 30

66 to Hamburg, Antwerp, Havre or Rotterdam..................... 35

66 to Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Paris......................... 38

Children between One and Twelve, Half Fare. Infants under One Year, Free.

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FRQM LIVERPOOL OR QUEENSTOWN-Leaving Liverpool every Tuesday
and 1 hursday, and Queenstown (Cork Harbor), every Wednesday and Friday.

RATES OF PASSAGE TO NEW YORK OR BOSTON – First Cabin, Inside
Rooms, $90; Outside Rooms, $105, Gold. Steerage, $32, Currency.

Children between One and Twelve, Half Fare. Infants under Twelve
Months, in Steerage, $3.09 Currency. Tickets can be bought here at these
rates, by persons wishing to bring out their friends.

to Drafts payable on presentation in England, Ireland and Scotland for £1
and upwards. Parcels $1 and upwards, according to size and value. —£d

JOHN G. DALE, Agent,
15 Broadway, New York.

INDEX TO TABLES, RECIPES, &c.

Publisher's Notice.—In selecting the information published herein, I have aimed to give only such tables, &c., as are of practical, every-day use; such as a mechanic will find occasion to refer to very frequently, and by their use, in conjunction with the Silicate Slates (on inside of the covers) and the Memorandum paper, an estimate can be made on almost any kind of an ordinary piece of work, and preserved for future reference.

As will be seen by the heads of the various tables, I have copied from

different works published for the use of Mechanics, Engineers, &c., and I beg to advise all who may find the tables herein of value to them, that they buy one or more of these books—they will be found of almost incalculable service; we give below a list of them.

The Civil Engineers' Pocket Book,

- by J. C. Trautwine......... Price $5.00, Tucks. Engineers’ and Mechanics' Pocket Book, by C. H. Haswell............ Price $3.00, Tucks.

Mechanics', Machinists’ and Englneers' Book of Reference, by Charles Haslett...........Price $2.50, Tucks. Useful information for Railway Men,

by W. G. Hamilton......... Price $2.00. Useful Formulae and Memoranda, by G. L. Molesworth......... Price $2.00.

I will forward any of the above on receipt of the money. Address,
E. W. BULLINGER, 75 Fulton St., New York.

PAGE. PAGE Acres required for Roadway........... 53 Boiler Iron, thickness, &c............... 31 Adhesive power of Locomotives...... 149 £ 6 “ weight, &c.................. 31 Alloys “........................................ 63 “. Shells, strength of............... 153 “ Specific Gravity. ................. 93 “ Tubes, standard sizes............ 73 American Wire Gauge................... 35 Bolts, Heads, &c., weight of............ 29 Angle Iron, Weight of............... 145, 147 “ for one mile of track............ 119 Anti-Explosives........................ 110, 111 Brass Bar and Sheet, weight of...... 63 Apothecaries Weight..................... 185 “ Wire, weight of................... 51 Arches.......................................... 181 Areas of Circles...................... 221 to 235 Cables, Hempen, safe loads....... ..... 113 Artesian Tubes, heavy.................. , 57 Car Springs................................ 61, 201 & 4 “ light..................... 59 Casing for Oil Wells................. ...... 59 Avoirdupois Weight...................... 185 Cast Iron Pipe, weight of............... 27 $6 “ hardening ... .................. 77 Band Iron, feet in bundle............. 109 Cement, for fire and water......... ..... 57 Band Saws....... ............................ 209 { % for stopping joints............ 57 Bar Brass, weight of...................... 63 “ for leather belting............ , 209 “ Copper, “. ...................... 117 Chairs, per mile of track................. 121 “ Iron, feet in bundle................. 107 Circles, properties of.................... , 197 “ “ Round, weight of............ 45 “ areas................... .....221 to 235 &ć “ Square, “ ............ 43 {{ circumferences.......... 221 to 235 “ Lead....................................... 117 { % diameters...................221 to 235 Beams and Channels, Iron............. 179 Cisterns........................................ 57 Belting, power, &c........................ 261 Columns, iron go a 49, 55 {{ how to measure......... ....... 265 Copper, Bar, weight of.................. 113 $6 cement ........................... 209 {{ Locomotive sheets............. 127 Birmingham Wire Guage............... 35 “ Pipes, weight of................. 105 Board Measure.......... * e & & & e is $ to e s to e 157 to 163 4& Rods, “ ................. 75 Boiler Flues, weight of............ ...... 59 “ Wire, “. ................. 51 {{ “ strength of................ 155 {{ Sheet, “ --~~~.117, 123

J. G. KNAPP MANUFACTURING CO.,

MANUFACTUREHS OF

SCHAEFFER & BUDENBERG, AND BOURDON STEAM, WACUUM HYDRAUL/C and WATER

Marine

Oiler Sets. Oval and Square.

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Engine f /* & § io. Oil Filters,
Registers. | | *..." Brass,
*- Copper, Tin
Hydraulic and Zinc
Oilers.

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Cab -*Lights. Brass and *-* * Copper Gauge A mn-4 st- Baskets, Clocks. * is, For Cotton Waste. ORNAMENTAL BRONZE ENGINE FRONTS,

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Office, 26, 28 & 30 Frankfort Street, - NEW YORK,

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PAGE Cross-Ties, to mile of track............ 121 Crowns of Arches.......................... 181 Cubes of Numbers.................. 237 to 271 Cube Root of Numbers ......... 237 to 271 Cubic Measure.............................. T.91 Cubic Foot, equal to....................... I91 Culverts ....................................... 263 Cylinders, contents of..................... 103 Diameter of Circles .............. 221 to 235

Driving Wheels, revolutions per mile. .................................... 79

Drums, speed of............................. 211

Dry Measure.........................

English Railways..................... 137, 139 Falling Bodies, Velocity of............ 105 Fish Joints, per mile..................... 263 Flange Pipes. ................................ 49 Flat Iron, weight of............... ...65 to 71 $ 6 feet in bundle............... 107 Flat Ropes............................... ..... 83 Flues, strength of.......................... 155 Force of Wind............................... 79 Foreign Money.............................. 199 French Measure, Cubic................. , 191 {{ { % Long...... ............ 187

{{ { % Square ...... ......... 189

4 & Weight ........... ................. 185 Calvanized Sheet Iron.................. 91 Gas Pipes, weight of...................... 59 Gearing Wheels..................... 167 to 173 a SS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Gradients, table of.......... ... .......... 151 Grindstones, weight of................... 211 Heat, effects of.................... '• * * * * * * * * * T15 Hempen Ropes and Cables............. 113 Hoop Iron, Weight of..................... 47 iron, Band, feet in bundle.............. 109 “ Bar, Square, Weight Of............ 43 § { { % { % feet in bundle..... 107 “ “ Round, weight of............ 45 {{ {{ { % feet in bundle..... 107 “ Beams and Channels.............. 179 “ Boiler, strength and weight... 31 “ Columns.............................. 49, 55 “ Flat, Weight of........... ..... 65 to 71 { % “ feet in bundle................ 107 “ Flues, weight of..................... 59

{ % “ strength of.................. 155 “ Hoop, weight of............... fo o is e o & 47 “ Pipe, Flange.......................... 49

{{ “ Cast...... ............... ........ 27

6% “ Riveted ........................ 77 “ Plate, weight of................... 39, 41 “ Round, “ ..................... 45

{{ “ feet in bundle ............ 107 “ Square, % & “ ............ 107

& 4 & £ Weight of.................. 43 “ Scroll, “ .......... '• * * * * * * * 47 “. Sheet, “ .................. 39 “ Tests of................................. 177 “ Tire, weight of ........... ........... 47 “ Tubes.................................... 37

{{ “ Artesian, heavy............ 57 {{ {{ {{ Jight.............. 59 “ Value of.......................... ...99, 101

....... 193

PAGE. Iron Wire, Weight of..................... 51 Joints per mile of track........... 121, 263 Lead Pipes.................................... 125 “ Bar and Sheet, weight of......... 1.17 Leather Glue................................. 7 & 6 Belting Cement................. 209 { % { % power, &c............. 261 Liquid Measure............................. 193 Locomotives on Levels and Grades. 129 { % Power, Loads, &c........ 149 Locks.................. ........................ 205 Long Measure............................... 187 & 4 French.................... 187 Measure, Board....................157 to 163 - { % Tables of................. 187 to 193 Mensuration............................. 195, 197 Metals, specific gravity.................. 93 Mills, Saw.................................... 257 { % Wind.................................. 85 Money, Foreign............................. 199 Nails, number to pound................. 131 Nitro-Glycerine............................. 183 Nuts—sizes, weights, &c................... 141 Ol Well Tubing......................... 57, 59 Padlocks.......... ......... ................. 205 Paint for Tarpaulins...................... 79 Paste....................................... 131, 181 Pipes, Cast Iron....................... * e s e e is 27 “ Flange................................. 49 “ Lead............................... ... 125 “ Contents of.......................... 103 Pitch of Teeth...................... 167 to 173 Plate Iron, Weight of ............. ..... 39, 41 Pressure on Boiler Iron................. 31 { % of Steam on Piston........... 149 Prussian Railways.................... 133, 135 Pulleys and Blocks........................ “ speed of............................ 2 i 1 Putty ....... • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Rails per mile of track........ 110, 121, 263 Railways, English.................... 137, 139 { % Prussian................... 133, 135 Resistance to Trains...................... 151 Revolutions of Driving Wheels per mile....................................... 9 Riveted Copper Pipes..................... 105 { % Iron Pipes........................ 77 Rivets, weight of........................... 33 Roadway, Acres for........................ 53 Ropes, Flat.................................... 83 { % Hempen ............................. 113 “ Round.............................. 7, 89 Round Bar Iron, weight Of............. { % {{ feet in bundle...... 107 Rubber Car Springs......... ............. Saw Mills.................................... 257 Sealing Wax........ .................. ..... 139 Sides of Squares, Equal to Circles.... 219 Shafts, digging of........................... 97 Shells of Boilers, strength of........... 153 Sheet Brass, weight of................... 63 “ Copper, “ .......... ... 117, 123 “ Iron, “ ....... ......... 39,

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