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The immortal mind, perhaps, will quit a cottage with lefs regret than it would the fplendour of a palage; and the breathlefs duft fleep as quietly beneath the grassy turf, as under the parade of a coftly monument. These are infignifi., cant circumstances to a spirit doomed to an endless duration of mifery or blifs.

CHAPTER HI.

O trees bear fruit in autumn, unless they bloffom in the fpring. To the end that our age may be profit.. able, and laden with ripe fruit, let us all endeavour, that our youth may be ftudious, and flowered with the blossoms of learning and obfervation.

When a man is in company with his betters, it is more advisable to hear, than to speak; it is better to reap than to fow.

A woman of true fenfe, will be always ambitious not of gaining admiration, but of deferving it.

Count that day lost, whose low descending sun
Views from thy hand no worthy action done.

Of all the virtues, there are none ought more to be in. culcated into the mind of a young girl than modesty and meekness.

We mult, in this world, gain a relish for truth and virtue, if we would be able to taste that knowledge and perfection, which are to make us happy in the next.

The thought of immortality, the hope of endless happi-. nefs, is enough to animate the foul with the noblest ambition; and yet make it look, with the humbleft compaffion, upon that part of the creation, that wants fo divine a hope. All who would please the great, must be flatterers; but the true province of friendship is, to put us in mind of our own faults.

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Among the Romans, it was not the house which honoured the mafter, but the mafter the house. A cottage with them became as auguft as a temple, when juftice, generosity, probity, fincerity, and honour, were lodged in it: and how can a house be called small, which contains fo many and fuch great virtues?

An extraordinary merit may lie hid under a mean habitÿ. as a rich garment may cover enormous vices.

Silence is fometimes more fignificant and fublime, than the most noble and moft expreffive eloquence; and is, on many occafions, the indication of a great mind.

Cruel fports were thought very high reflections on the politeness of the Romans. Are they not much greater on the mercy and humanity of Chriftians?

Every wife man will confider this life only as it may conduce to the happiness of the other, and cheerfully facrifice the pleasures of a few years to those of eternity.

Money, like manure, does no good, till it is fpread ;. there is no real use of riches, except in the distribution ; the reft is all conceit.

Virtue is the foundation of honour and esteem, and the fource of all beauty, order, and happiness in nature.

Beauty and wit will die, learning will vanish away, and all the arts of life be foon forgotten; but virtue will remain. for ever.

This is the state of man; to-day he puts forth
The tender leaves of hope; to-morrow blossoms,
And bears his blushing honours thick upon him.
The third day comes a frost, a killing frost,
And-nips bis root.

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CHAPTER IV.

ON THE EMPLOYMENT OF TIME

W

E complain of the fhortnefs of time, and yet have much more than we know what to do with; for our lives are spent either in doing nothing at all, in doing nothing to the purpofe, or elfe, in doing nothing that we ought to do.

2. Melancholy as this picture appears, and difgraceful as it certainly is, to a rational and reflecting being, I fear, if we were to take an impartial view of our lives, too many of* us would have reafon to acknowledge the juftnefs of the cenfure.

3. Every fool, fays Chefterfield, who flatterns away his whole time in nothings, has fome trite observation at hand, to prove both its value and its fleetnefs; and though they feel the neceffity of employing it well, they fquander it. away, without confidering that its lofs is irrecoverable.

4. There are two forts of understanding, which prevent a man from ever becoming confiderable; the one is a lazy, the other a frivolous, mind. The lazy mind will not take the trouble to fearch to the bottom of any thing, but, difcouraged by the flighteft difficulties, ftops fhort, and contents itfelf with eafy and fuperficial knowledge, rather than submit to a small degree of trouble.

5. Whatever you pretend to learn, you ought to have ambition enough to defire to excell in; for mediocrity is a proof of weakness; and perfidion may always be purchased by application. Knowledge, says an elegant write er, is a comfortable and neceffary fhelter for us in an advanced age; but if we do not plant it while young, it will afford us no fhade when we grow old.

ó. Yet too close an application to the improvement of your mind is not to be expected, so as to exclude pleas ure, or banish recreation. Be careful to remember that your foundation of knowledge must be established before you are eighteen; for when you are once introduced in, to the world, your application will be inceffantly interrupted, and your ftudies suspended. All difficulties may be overcome by perfeverance; and even the defects of nature may be conquered.

7. A remarkable inftance of the power of perfeverance is demonftrated in the conduct of Demofthenes, an Athenian orator, who, anxious to obtain perfection in the art of speaking, not only conquered an absolute impediment of fpeech, but from being one of the most ungraceful, became one of the most graceful orators of Athens.

8. In the diftribution of your time, let the first hour of the day be devoted to the service of your Maker. Accustom yourselves to the practice of religious homage, as a natural expreffion of gratitude to him for all his bounty and benevolence Confider it as the fervice of the God of your fathers; of him to whom your parents devoted you; of him whom, in former ages, your ancestors honoured, and by whom they are now rewarded and bleffed in heaven.

9. Seneca tells us, that the firft petition we offer to God, pught to be a good conscience; the fecond for health of mind; and the third for health of body. After these petitions, it will be neceffary you should accuftom yourselves to make a regular diftribution of time, for the different av

ocations which are to occupy it; this will be found one of` the best methods that can be adopted, both for the practice of youth, and those of a more advanced period.

CHAPTER V.

INGRATITUDE.-STORY OF INKLE AND YARICO.

A

MIDST the various vices to which human natureTM is prone, and which mark the degradation it has fuffered, none more strikingly evince its debasement than the practice of ingratitude. For other vices, and other fail-ings, reafon may be able to affign a caufe; but for that the muft fearch in vain. That kindness should ever be returned with cruelty, or affection be treated with neglect is bumanity's shame, and man's disgrace.

2. Mr. Thomas Inkle, a young London merchant, was the third fon of a wealthy citizen, who had carefully in. filled into his mind a love of gain, and a defire of acquiring wealth; and this propenfity, which he had imbibed from precept, and felt from nature, was the grand inducement for him to try his fortune in the West Indies. Inkle's perfon was abfolutely the reverse of his mind; the former was manly and noble; but the latter mean and contracted.

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3. During the voyage, the Achilles, the name of the veffel in which he embarked, put into a creek to avoid the fury of a storm; and young Inkle, with feveral of the party; went on fhore, to take a view of a scene so entirely new. They had not walked far up the country before they were. obferved by a party of Indians, and fear and apprehenfion lent wings to their flight. Inkte outran his companions, and breathlefs with terror, fought fecurity in the thicket ofe a foreft.

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4. He had not been long in that forlorn fituation, when his aftonishment was called forth by the appearance of 2 young female, whose benignant countenance feemed inftant ly to compaffionate his forlorn fituation. The name of the female was Yarico. Gentleness and sweetness were difplayed in every feature; and when Inkle, by figns, acquainted her with his forlorn fituation, fhe evidently proved that sym pathy was confined to no particular clime, and that humanity » depends not upon the colour of the skin.

5. The generous Indian was a woman of high birth; and knowing that the tenderness she felt for the unfortunate stranger would be difpleafing to her parents, fhe felt the neceffity of difguiling it. She carried Inkle to a remote cave, fupplied his wants, and daily administered to his comforts. Her affection in time became fo ftrong, that she fcarcely could exist but in his presence.

6. Fearful that he would grow weary of his confinement,she used to watch the opportunities of her parents' absence, and then conduct him into the beauteous groves, with which that country abounds; then perfuade him to lie down and Number, and anxiously watch by him for fear he should bedisturbed! His little dwelling was adorned with all the art that native elegance could fuggeft, and unfufpecting inDocence employ, to make it appear pleafing to her lover's eyes.

7. At length Yarico had the happiness of finding Inkle underftand her language, and had the felicity of hearing him express the strength of his gratitude, and power of his love. Inkle was conftantly reprefenting the joys that would await them, if they could once return to England, and painted the excess of his paffion in fuch glowing colours, that the unfufpecting Yarico could not doubt its fincerity, and at length promised not only to become the partner of his flight, but daily watch the arrival of fome veffel to promote it.

8. The wished for object foon appeared; the unfufpicious Yarico left the abode of her doating parents, and, for getful of her duty, thought only of her affection. The ship in which they had embarked was bound for Barbadoes, and all Inkle's ideas of acquiring wealth returned with double. force. Love, which had been a tranfitory paffion, and which. had acquired its foundation in intereft, now yielded to a fuperior claim. His freedom once obtained, the means were totally forgotten, and the unfortunate Yarico confidered as a tax upon his bounty..

9.As foon as the vessel arrived at Barbadoes, the mer. chants crowded round it for the purpofe of purchafing, their flaves. The despicable. Inkle was animated at the Light, and resolving to relieve himself of what he confidered as a burden, offered the beauteous Yarico, his amiable deliverer, to the highest bidder! It was in vain that the threw herself on her knees before him, or pleaded her

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