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universal, unabated in every place and in all time. He whose kingdom is the heaven can never meet with an uninteresting space, can never exhaust the phenomenon of an hour; he is in a realm of perpetual change, of eternal motion, of infinite mystery.

“Light and darkness, cold and heat, are to him as friends of familiar countenance, but of infinite variety of conversation ; and while the geologist yearns for the mountain, the botanist for the field, and the mathematician for the study, the meteorologist, like a spirit of a higher order than any, rejoices in the kingdom of the air.

"But it is not for its beauty that we recommend the study of meteorology. It involves questions of the highest practical importance and the solution of which will be productive of most substantial benefit to those classes who can least comprehend the speculations from which these advantages are derived. Times and seasons and climates, calms and tempests, clouds and winds, whose alternations appear to the inexperienced mind the confused consequences of irregular, indefinite, and accidental causes, arrange themselves before the meteorologist in beautiful succession of undisturbed order, in direct derivation from definite causes. It is for him to trace the path of the tempest round the globe-to point out the place whence it arose-to foretell the time of its declineto follow the hours around the earth as she spins beneath her pyramids of night; to measure the power, direction, and duration of mysterious and invisible influences, and to assign constant and regular periods to all the phenomena of the atmosphere. be thought we may be exaggerating the effects of a science which is yet in its infancy--but it must be remembered, that we are not speaking of its attained but of its attainable power.

“But how are we to attain this ? by what mode or in what manner is it to be accomplished ? For there is one point in which

It may

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the science of meteorology differs from all others. its essential element is coöperation-it requires a combination of individuals. The meteorologist is impotent if alone; his observations are useless, for they are made upon a point, while the speculations to be derived from them must be on space.

It is of no avail that he changes his position. Ignorant of what is passing behind him and before, he desires to estimate the movements of masses, and can only observe the dancing of atoms; he would calculate the currents of the atmosphere of the world, while he only knows the direction of a breeze.

“It is for this reason that the cause of meteorology has hitherto been so slightly advanced; no progress can be made by the enthusiasm of an individual; no effect can be produced by the most gigantic efforts of a solitary intellect; and the coöperation demanded was difficult to obtain, because it was necessary that the individuals should think, observe, and act simultaneously, though separated from each other by distances, on the greatness of which depended the utility of the observations.

We require at stated periods perfect systems of methodical and simultaneous observations, so that we may be able to know, at any given instant, the state of the atmosphere in the different regions or areas. By this means alone shall we be capable of solving the hidden problems of nature, penetrating into the most occult causes, and reducing to principle and order the vast multitude of beautiful and wonderful phenomena by which the wisdom and benevolence of the Supreme Deity regulate the course of times and seasons, robes the globe with verdure and fruitfulness, and adapts it to minister to the wants and contribute to the felicity of the innumerable tribes of animated existence."

Nothing can

exceed the forcible and elegant

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manner in which the requirements of Meteorology are set forth in the preceding statement. It is to be regretted that a Society to whom such was addressed, should not only receive such admonitions, but printing them in their “Transactions,” should, nevertheless, allow the whole to become a dead letter. It is many years since the classic mind of John Ruskin penned the essay ; but it was known of old that truth might be proclaimed from the house-top without the slightest effect. If such beautiful language, conveying ideas as truthful as any mathematical demonstration, failed, what am I to expect from the simplest efforts of an untutored mind? It has a deadening influence to perceive that from such apathy, the noblest powers should be like the flowers that waft their fragrance to the desert air.

To accomplish this, either in whole or in part, we must have

1st.-An uniform system of Registration and of

delineation. The value of delineation cannot

be exceeded—it is the prime point. 2nd.-With the registration and the delineation

from different areas, we immediately arrive at the most important part-comparative meteorology -which throws a flood of light upon the subject.

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3rd.—The analysis results from the preceding

conditions, and from the analysis we derive the practical knowledge of the recurring monthly periods, the days of change, the critical days, and the typical days, and all the essential facts comprised within the general actions and con

ditions of the weather. Some rules and suggestions might be given, but unless they were likely to obtain the sanction and approbation of others more influential than myself, they would be useless. Precepts are of no avail without the spirit of adoption.

From comparative and analytical meteorology, we have every reason to expect a rich harvest and a very large accession of facts, and a practical meteorology applied to useful purposes, so that coming events will be shadowed in the foreground.

I should willingly have pursued the subject of comparative meteorology, but the libraries of a provincial town admit of no reference to works which contain the facts in detail ; and abstracts and systems are of little avail, being expositions of the existing state, and offer no means of progress.

I have had access only to a very limited number of facts, and should be delighted to have procured more.

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I should not have presumed to have intruded the result of my desultory researches, did I not believe that they opened a new field of inquiry, and, at the same time, evidenced the existence of a periodic law of practical importance.

The more favourable opportunities of others, their greater resources, their more exalted talents and abilities, may,

if my suggestions contain only the germ of truth, expand it and bring it to that perfection which I believe it to be capable of, even advancing us to the vestibule of Nature's laws of the atmospheric actions, and be the herald of the weather.

Among the pleasing traits which have cheered me, the urbanity and kind assistance of Rear Admir! Robert Fitzroy cannot be effaced from my mind, it was so gracious and consolatory. And others were like unto him, and dearly esteemed ; although nameless, yet peerless.


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