Forests, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Couverture
Denis Loustau
Editions Quae, 4 mars 2010 - 311 pages
Situated at the confluence of four climatic zones, oceanic, continental, Mediterranean and montane, metropolitan France includes the northern, southern or altitudinal margins of a large number of tree and pathogen species. French forests therefore offer a diversity of species and management options representative of temperate and Mediterranean European forests. This context is unique for analysing and simulating the effects of climate change on forests at the regional and subregional scales. The results presented in this book summarize the main findings of the Carbofor project, which brought together 52 scientists from 14 research units (INRA, CNRS, CEA, Météo-France, Universities of Paris-Sud and Orléans, IFN, CIRAD) to investigate the effects of future climate on the carbon cycle and the productivity and vulnerability of French forests. Forests, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change explains the current forest carbon cycle in temperate and Mediterranean climates, including the dynamics of soil carbon and the total carbon stock of French forests, based on forest inventories. It reviews and illustrates the main ground-based methods for estimating carbon stocks in tree biomass. Spatial variations in projected climate change over metropolitan France throughout the 21st century are described. The book then goes on to consider the impacts of climate change on tree phenology and forest carbon balance, evapotranspiration and production as well as their first order interaction with forest management alternatives. The impact of climate change on forest vulnerability is analysed and shows how the climate envelopes and geographical distribution of France's main tree species will be affected by climate change. A similar simulation study was carried put for a range of pathogenic fungi, emphasizing the importance of both warming and precipitation changes ...
 

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Table des matières

Executive summary
11
generalities definitions and scales
19
Environmental control of carbon fluxes in forest
27
Dynamics of soil carbon and moder horizons related
55
Possible future climates in France
133
Forest tree phenology and climate change
145
Forest tree phenology in the French Permanent Plot
157
Modelling tools for predicting the carbon cycle
173
How will the production of French forests respond
201
Simulating the effects of climate change on geographical
253
Abbreviations
303
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À propos de l'auteur (2010)

Denis Loustau is a scientist at INRA (Bordeaux-Aquitaine). Since 1991, he has been involved in the main European projects devoted to climate change impacts on forests and has participated in the IPCC, which was awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 2007.

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