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agave America ancient appears Aztec banana banks breadth called canal Cape capital century cerealia Cholula city of Mexico climate coast colonists constructed contains Cordillera Cortez Cruz cultivation declivity desague dikes Durango east edifices elevation epoqua Europe European face in square feet fertile francs gallery grain Guadalaxara Guanaxuato Guautitlan height Huehuetoca Indians Inhabi Intendancy of Mexico inundations island Juan kilogrammes kingdom lake of Tezcuco latitude maguey maize manioc Martinez metres f Mexican Monterey Motezuma mountains natives navigators Nootka Norte northern Old California Peru piastres plains plants Population in 1803 Population in Extent port potatoes presidio province Puebla pulque pyramids river roots San Bias San Christobal San Luis Potosi Santa situated soil Sonora Spain Spaniards Spanish species square Leagues STATISTICAL ANALYSIS sterling subterraneous table-land tants Tenochtitlan tion town Tram Trans tribes Valladolid valley vegetables viceroy village volcano wheat Xalapa Zumpango
Seite 252 - Crustheir verdure that this is the elevation at which the clouds suspended over the ocean come in contact with the basaltic summits of the Cordillera.
Seite 215 - ... north side an immense quantity of scorified and basaltic lavas containing fragments of primitive rocks. These great eruptions of the central volcano continued till the month of February 1760. In the following years they became gradually less frequent. The Indians, frightened at the horrible noises of the new volcano, abandoned at first all the villages situated within seven or eight leagues distance of the playas de Jorullo.
Seite 251 - Cruz, to the table-land of Perote. We see there the physiognomy of the country, the aspect of the sky, the form of plants, the figures of animals, the manners of the inhabitants, and the kind of cultivation followed by them, assume a different appearance at every step of our progress.
Seite 252 - Indian to labour, and excites his industry. At the height of San Miguel pines begin to mingle with the oaks, which are found by the traveller as high as the elevated plains of Perote, where he beholds the delightful aspect of fields sown with wheat. Eight hundred metres higher, the coldness of the climate will no longer admit...
Seite 43 - Tezcuco, whose basin, surrounded with villages and hamlets, brings to mind the most beautiful lakes of the mountains of Switzerland. Large avenues of elms and poplars lead in every direction to the capital ; and two aqueducts, constructed over arches of very great elevation, cross the plain, and exhibit an appearance equally agreeable and interesting. The...
Seite 252 - Miguel, pines begin to mingle with the oaks, which are found by the traveller as high as the elevated plains of Perote, where he beholds the delightful aspect of fields sown with wheat. Eight hundred metres higher the coldness of the climate will no longer admit of the vegetation of oaks; and pines alone there cover the rocks, whose summits enter the zone of eternal snow.
Seite 408 - Thus from the hope of gain alone, and the motives of mutual interest, which are the most powerful bonds of society, and without any interference on the part of the government in colonization, a mine which at first appeared insulated in the midst of wild and desert mountains, becomes in a short time connected with the lands which have long been under cultivation. Moreover, this influence of the mines on the progressive cultivation of the country is more durable than they are themselves.
Seite 452 - Africa, p. 41. the most beneficial influence on the prosperity of the natives of Mexico, it becomes interesting to relate at what epoqua this new branch of agriculture commenced. A negro slave of Cortez found three or four grains of wheat among the rice which served to. maintain the Spanish army. These grains were sown, as it appears, before the year 1530. History has brought down to us the name of a Spanish lady, Maria d'Escobar, the wife of Diego de Chaves, who. first carried a few grains of wheat...
Seite 69 - It is an insulated hill of 117 metres of elevation, surrounded with ditches or trenches, and divided by the hand of man into five terraces covered with masonry. The whole forms a truncated pyramid, of which the four faces are exactly laid down according to the four cardinal points. The porphyry stones with basaltic bases are of a very regular cut, and are adorned wirh hieroglyphical figures, among which are to be seen crocodiles spouting up water, and, * See a work of Mr.
Seite 240 - Grecques which ornament the exterior walls of the edifice. But what distinguishes the ruins of Mitla from all the other remains of Mexican architecture, is six porphyry columns which are placed in the midst of a vast hall and support the ceiling. These columns, almost the only ones found in the new continent, bear strong marks of the infancy of the art. They have neither base nor capitals.