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It was Sir Ralph Abercrombie who first engaged the Rajah's friendship, and formed an alliance between him and the Honorable Company.
During my stay at Nauknar, I spent the evenings mostly with the Rajah, and was amused with the performance of some dancing girls, who sang Canarese songs and Hindostanee geets. Whether these are the same fascinating damsels, of whom the Abbé Raynal, in his history of the East Indies, gives such an enchanting description, I cannot take upon me to say; but their dress, consisting of a small tight jacket, loose pyjamma, and kumberbund, appears better calculated to show off the attitudes, and various graceful motions of the body and limbs, than that worn by the same class of people in Hindostan.
At Nauknar, the thermometer generally stood, early in the morning, at fifty-five or fifty-six degrees, and very heavy dews fell during the night; at our encampment, ten miles to the north-west, the mercury, exposed to the open air, sank sometimes to within ten degrees of the freezing point.
3rd February.-To Veer Rajander Pete, sixteen miles. When I took my leave of the Coorga chief, yesterday evening, he shook me very heartily by the hand, and desired that I would sometimes remember him as a friend. This village derives its name from the present Rajah, by whom it was built, to serve as an asylum for a number of Portuguese families, which fled from Mysore to avoid
the persecution and tyranny of its ruler. The inhabitants of this denomination amount to about a thousand, and have the privilege of a church ; a number of Hindoos are also settled here.
4th.—To Sedaseer, nineteen miles. This morning I passed over the ground, at Sedapoor, where the Bombay army was encamped, in February 1799, waiting the arrival of the grand army, under General Harris, before Seringapatam. From Sedapoor to Sedaseer, the road is plain and good, although leading through a continued jungle ; neither house, inhabitant, or plantation, are to be seen, in any part of this route; and the only residents in this inhospitable frontier, are elephants and tigers, which frequent in great numbers the bamboo thickets.
In the evening, I went to the spot where Tippoo, with eleven or twelve thousand of his best troops, attacked Colonel Montresor's detachment of three battalions; the assailants, in their approach to the post on Sedaseer hill, were favoured by the intricacy of the adjacent country, and the thickness of the underwood; in repelling the attack, our men had expended all their ammunition, when General Stuart, with a detachment from the 75th and 77th regiments, arrived, and put the enemy to flight at the point of the bayonet. A small chokey, near Sedaseer, is the boundary between Mysore and Coorga.
5th.—By Perriaputtun, (or, as it is called in the maps, Periapatam) to Chilcoonder, fourteen miles. Perriaputtun has been a very large fortified town. In Lord Cornwallis's campaigns in Mysore, as the Bombay army advanced towards the capital, the enemy, in retiring, plundered and laid waste the whole country: among the rest, this unfortunate city was dismantled and burnt, in order to prevent its being tenable to any troops hereafter. To-day we entered a more campaign country. Walking out at Chilcoonder, a few minutes before sunset, I received an inexpressible satisfaction in viewing the distant mountains I had so lately passed over, and which, rising from the level surface of the plain, have a similar appearance to a high tract of land emerging out of the sea.
Six or seven miles to the north, is the peak of a large and lofty hill, jutting out in the form of a cone, and so insulated, if I may use the expression, by the low and level plain of Mysore, as to form, with the adjacent Ghauts, a beautiful and striking contrast. The following little tribute to Coorga, is expressive of my feelings on this occasion :
FAREWELL! ye distant mounts and vales,
Where memory loves to trace
The bourn, the woodland chase.
What tho' thy grovės and bowers among,
No muse e'er deign'd to stray,
Or raise the heav'nly lay.
Yet oft thy tuneful feath'ry throngs,
Make grove and hill resound,
And gladdens all around.
Ye tow'ring hills, once more Adieu,
Where Nature decks with simplest grace,
That charms the Coorgan warrior race.
6th.—To Hassenpore, twenty miles. At Malibary, there is an old fort in a very ruinous state. Every village or town in this neighbourhood, has been destroyed three times by fire within the last thirty years : by the Mahrattas in the year 1771, and again, in Lord Cornwallis's, and General Harris's campaigns.
7th.—To Seringapatam, sixteen miles. On the road I saw some magnificent, and even beautiful, ruins of Pagodas, which had been defaced and broken down, by order of the late bigoted prince, to repair the walls of his capital.
AN INFALLIBLE CURE FOR NOSE-BLEEDING.
MR. EDITOR,—I am an inglorious mortal, and prefer the civic to the laurel wreath ; let others gain applause by spilling the blood of our enemies, but suffice it for me to lessen, if I can, the effusion of our own. I hate your dark-lanthorn gentry, who keep all their wonderful knowledge to themselves; when I find a treasure, I am only happy as I can share it with my friends; and at present, I have, I think, a real one to offer you,-a communication that ought to place my name in the same rank with Æsculapius and Hippocrates :it is, in short, no less than an infallible cure for nose-bleeding !
· But, as my friend Horace says, let us keep in mind the “lucidus ordo :”—pay, then, due atten
. tion to the following brief directions :—When the nose begins to bleed, observe at which nostril it does so, whether right or left, and, with a piece of pack-thread, tie up very tightly the middle joint of the corresponding little finger : do not loosen this until the bleeding has stopped, which will be almost instantaneously !!!
Of this recipe, it may really be said—“ simplex munditiis,”—it is at once simple and neat. “But the proof of the pudding,” very elegantly and acutely observes an old English writer, “is in the eating,”—and even by this rule, I can conscientiously recommend the above process, for a. frequent practice has perfectly convinced me of its efficacy.
The knowledge of it came to me among a large mass of other very valuable and curious information of a similar nature, from a worthy, and, by