Elements of Geometry and Trigonometry Translated from the French of A.M. Legendre by David Brewster: Revised and Adapted to the Course of Mathematical Instruction in the United States

A.S. Barnes & Company, 1849 - 359 Seiten
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Seite 237 - In every plane triangle, the sum of two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the angles opposite those sides is to the tangent of half their difference.
Seite 247 - Being on a horizontal plane, and wanting to ascertain the height of a tower, standing on the top of an inaccessible hill, there were measured, the angle of elevation of the top of the hill 40°, and of the top of the tower 51° ; then measuring in a direct line 180 feet farther from the hill, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower was 33° 45' ; required the height of the tower.
Seite 105 - The perimeters of two regular polygons of the same number of sides, are to each other as their homologous sides, and their surfaces are to each other as the squares of those sides (Book IV.
Seite 87 - Two similar triangles are to each other as the squares described on their homologous sides. Let ABC, DEF, be two similar triangles, having the angle A equal to D, and The angle B=E.
Seite 165 - THEOREM. 7?/6 convex surface of a cylinder is equal to the circumference of its base multiplied by its altitude.
Seite 37 - CIRCLE is a plane figure bounded by a curved line, all the points of which are equally distant from a point within called the centre; as the figure ADB E.
Seite 151 - AK. The two solids AG, AQ, having the same base AEHD are to each other as their altitudes AB, AO ; in like manner, the two solids AQ, AK, having the same base AOLE, are to each other as their altitudes AD, AM. Hence we have the two proportions, sol.
Seite 82 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. A D A' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', To prove AABC A A'B'C' A'B' x A'C ' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.
Seite 278 - ... 1. To find the length of an arc of 30 degrees, the diameter being 18 feet. ' Ans. 4.712364. 2. To find the length of an arc of 12° 10', or 12£°, the diameter being 20 feet.
Seite 89 - ABC : FGH : : ACD : FHI. By the same mode of reasoning, we should find ACD : FHI : : ADE : FIK; and so on, if there were more triangles. And from this series of equal ratios, we conclude that the sum of the antecedents...

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