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Next after you have thus done, and are come to the Furlong where you began, express in your Book the Nime of your Field, and the Furlong; then in the middlemoft, or greater Column, note down the Name of the Free holder that first begins it, with the number of his Lands; againft which in the two firit Columns towards the Left-hand, write the Breadth of the Lands at each end and in the three last put the reduced Breadth , Length and Quantity; which done, fet down the Nine of the Free-holder that lies next, and the number of his Lands, Eogether with the Length, Breadth and quantity, as before, and so proceed in order till you have finished the Furlong.
And so on from one Furlong to ano; ther, till you have finished the whole Field.
But that you may the more fully under. stand the Form thereof : I fall fhew you in the following Example an abroJute Method , how you may effect the fame,
The Form of the Field BOO K.
Tourner's Furlong beginning West, at the way leading to
B Lc Content,
C. L.C. LARP
051. 13 Tbo. Smith. í Lund.. 09/28.00 3-0 91
The Second Furlong beginning West
В В L Content.
C. L.C LA:R :P
11 Lands. 17. 1124.0041-0-10
, . . 1.18 1. 06 Joseph Strings Land,. 1,12 20.05.2--0—39 670CE1, 147,932 Hum. Wheeleri 2 Lands. 4.1617.03.1-3=36 2. 12 2. Jo Tho. Frisk
3. Lands. 2. JU18.051, 3
After this manner you are to proceed from one Furlong to another, until you. have finished your Field-Book, which being done, you are next to make a particu. lar of every Mars Arrable, Leys and Meadows severally, to which purpose, upon a fair fheet of Paper, you are to make so many Columns,
Eree. holders, every
whereof is to be subdivided into three, fo will the firft ferve for Arrable, the second for Ley Ground, and the third and last for Meadow, it there be any. And if one sheet will not contain the whole, then may you take two. or three, or fo 'inany as you fee convenient.
Next you are to take the Plot,' and general Survey of the whole, according to the Rules before delivered, and fee if the Sum of all the Particulars agree with the Total, then you may couclude the work is right, but most commonly the Particulars will somewhat exceed the General Survey; and in this Case, that both may agree, you are to reduce the Sum of every Mans Par. ticulars answerable to the Proportion of his Ground, which may be effected by the Golden Rule. For, if in the whole Field (which admit it be 1000 Acres) the Particulars exceed the: Ge peral Survey 3 Acres, what fall 20 Acres? the Answer will be, 8 Perches, and so much Kam to deduct out of the Sum
Total of such a Mans Particulars, according to which I am to Plot him 19 Acres 3 Roods, 32 Perches. And so of thee reft.
How to take the Plot of a Field from one Sta
tion taken in the middle thereof, by the Theodolite, or by the Degrees on the plain Table
Fig. 100. Let ABCDE represent the Figure of a Field to be plotted by the plain Table in Rainy Weather. put on the Frame: without a Paper, the graduted. side up wards, and plant it in some convenient place, whence I can fee all the Angles, as at O; then placing the Index upon the Table fo that the fiducial Edge doth at the fame time time go ihrough the Center ups: on the Table, and the Lines upon the Frame of the Table cutting it Perpendicularly at 360, (where the Drgrees begin and end) and 1:80 (the exact ball ) I turn about the Table upon the Saff: head, till through the fights(ibe fide marked with 180 beżng next mine Eye) I see the Angle A, and then firew it talt, observing where my Needle cutteth, and by hack-light causing a Mark to be set up in the Line CD at the point E, that the Inftrument may be kept firm from maving ( or be rectified if : it be moved) during the Work And now the Line AOF. padang upa on the Land from the Angle Al, directly