Pioneering Women in American Mathematics: The Pre-1940 PhD's
More than 14 percent of the PhD's awarded in the United States during the first four decades of the twentieth century went to women, a proportion not achieved again until the 1980s. This book is the result of a study in which the authors identified all of the American women who earned PhD's in mathematics before 1940, and collected extensive biographical and bibliographical information about each of them. By reconstructing as complete a picture as possible of this group of women, Green and LaDuke reveal insights into the larger scientific and cultural communities in which they lived and worked. The book contains an extended introductory essay, as well as biographical entries for each of the 228 women in the study. The authors examine family backgrounds, education, careers, and other professional activities. They show that there were many more women earning PhD's in mathematics before 1940 than is commonly thought. Extended biographies and bibliographical information are available from the companion website for the book: http://www.ams.org/bookpages/hmath-34. The material will be of interest to researchers, teachers, and students in mathematics, history of mathematics, history of science, women's studies, and sociology. The data presented about each of the 228 individual members of the group will support additional study and analysis by scholars in a large number of disciplines.
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academic algebraic American Mathematical assistant professor associate professor attended awarded bachelor’s degree became born Brown University Bryn Mawr College California career Catholic University chairman College BA College for Women Cornell University courses daughter died directed dissertation Elizabeth father fellow fellowship geometry Göttingen Goucher College graduate student Harvard Helen high school Hunter College Indiana Institute instructor Iowa Johns Hopkins joined the faculty Kansas later Leonard Eugene Dickson living married Massachusetts master’s degree mathematicians mathematics department Missouri mother Mount Holyoke Mount Holyoke College moved Ohio Pennsylvania PhD diss PhD’s in mathematics physics position president professor emeritus Radcliffe received her bachelor’s received her doctorate received her master’s received her PhD remained retirement returned Ruth scholarship served Sister Mary Smith College summer taught mathematics teaching undergraduate University of Chicago University of Illinois Vassar College Virginia Washington Wellesley College Winifred Edgerton Merrill Wisconsin woman women’s colleges Yale