The World's Protected Areas: Status, Values and Prospects in the 21st Century
Extensively illustrated with maps, color photographs, and graphics, this state-of-the-art reference offers a comprehensive and authoritative status report on the world's 100,000 parks, nature reserves, and other land and marine areas currently designated as protected areas. Now covering over 12 percent of the Earth's land surface, protected areas are the great strongholds of biodiversity and landscape conservation. They also provide a wide range of valuable ecosystem services: protecting food and water supplies; regulating weather patterns; protecting watersheds and coastlines from erosion; maintaining places of historical or cultural significance for recreation, solace or spiritual wellbeing; generating income and employment from tourism, and more. This timely volume offers a benchmark overview of where these protected areas exist worldwide, what they have and have not accomplished, what threats they face, and how they can be better managed to achieve the goals of conserving biodiversity and other natural resources.
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Protected areas and biodiversity
Threats to protected areas
Protected areas in the wider context
The functions and processes
Future prospects 176 Virgin Islands USA
West and Central Africa 238 Map Protected areas 270
Democratic Republic of the Congo Territory UK India Maldives Nepal
Eastern and Southern Africa 248 Map Protected areas
North Africa and the Middle East 258
International protected areas
Managing the marine environment
activities agencies area protected Asia assessment Australia biodiversity biological diversity biosphere reserves Caribbean Central Africa climate change coastal communities conservation areas Convention countries cultural designated eastern ecological ecoregions ecosystems endemic environmental evaluation example fisheries fishing forest reserves freshwater global grasslands habitats human impacts implementation important increasing indigenous international protected areas invasive species Islands IUCN category known establishment date land area landscape levels major management effectiveness management of protected marine protected areas ment million km2 monitoring montane mountain MPAs National Park nature reserves North America North Eurasia number of protected number of sites Ocean Pacific percent populations Protected area km2 protected area management protected area systems Protected areas network Ramsar Convention Ramsar sites range region sites with known South species stakeholders sustainable Tanzania targets terrestrial threats tourism transboundary tropical UNEP-WCMC values WCPA wetlands wildlife World Heritage sites World Parks Congress Zealand zones