« ZurückWeiter »
the Highclere Rhododendron. There were other mules obtained similar to our hardy European purple Rhododendrons, but greatly improved in foliage by the use of the crimson Indian variety. A Banksian medal was awarded.-Hybrid cacti were sent by Mr. Errington, gardener to Sir P. G. Egerton, Bart,, M. P.; they belonged to the pendulous division of this tribe of plants; Cereus flagelliformis was one of the parents ; among them was a very delicate pink variety of considerable size and beauty.--Mr. Smith, of Dalston," exhibiied twở Fuchsias, one named Eximin, and the other Beauty of Dalston, a variety in the way of Conspicua, bat larger; also a Cactus formosissimus.-Messrs. Veitch, of Exeter, sent a specimen of Didymnocarpus crinitas, a Gloxinia-looking plant, having snowy white flowers streaked with yellow in the tube, together with a Dendrobium hymenophyllum, the flowers of a dull yellow colour, and not very interesting except for novelty. For the former à certificate was awarded.—Messrs. Chandler and Sons, of Vauxhall, exhibited 12 Pelargoniums ; a bluish-purple Cineraria, named Bijou; and two Yams, received from Peru.-Mr. Golledge, of Stratford, sent a collection of Calceolarias, including a seedling named Forgetme-not.-From Mr. Groom, of Clapham Rise, was a small bouquet composed of various sorts of Anemone hortensis, a better coloured through smaller kind than A. coronaria.-Mr. S. Widnall, nurseryman, Granchester, sent a fine specimen of Fuchsia serratifolia, nearly six feet high, and which had it not been rather damaged in travelling would have been still more interesting. It was awarded a Banksian medal. --Mr. J. Cuthill, of Camberwell, exhibited Leianthus longifolius, nearly allied to Lisianthus, and a fine sample of sound new ash-leaved Kidney Potato.
From the Society's gardens was Achimenes patens, a new and beautiful species from Mexico, it is the loveliest of the genus, the colour of the flower reseinbling A. grandiflora, but is much brighter and deeper. The specimens shown were received by post only a few weeks ago.-There was also Cainpanula nobilis, lately received from China, a hardy species producing large lilac coloured flowers. The same collection also produced an Annual with light blue cruciform flowers, having white centres, which open in the morning, close at noon, and drop off soon after; this short duration of the e flowers is more especially a matter of regret, as they are produced in abundance, and have in the morniny a striking effect. It is named Heliophila trifida - Associated with thuse were the handsome scarlet Pitcairnia punicea, Cypripedium barbatum, two-species of Oncidium, a Gloxinia, the rose coloured variety of Epidendrum macrochilum; and though last, not least
, a noble specimen of Phalænopsis amabilis, which had been obtained from Manilla, through Mr. Fortune ; this, being most difficult to procure, will always be a scarce species.
CINERARIAS.-In a recent Number of the CABINET I noticed that when Cinerarias had done blooming, they were to have the tops dipped into tobaccywater to destroy any green fly which usually infest thein, after which the plants were to be turned out of the pots into a warm sheltered burder. Mine blooined nearly all winter and spring, and about a month back I turned them out as directed; they have taken soot into the fresh soil and are flourishing rapidly. In former seasons, being ignorant of this treatment, I usually lost a great part of my stock of old plants, now I perceive the great advantage of the recommended system of management, and shall take up the suckers, &c. in autumn as instructed.
A. B. noidididys to adva
Green F1.x.-My Rose trees have been severely attacked with it this season ; they had covered the buds and ends of the shoots before I discovered the pest.
I immediately had a bucket full of puddle made of loam and water to the couesistence of cream, and the ends of the shoots and buds were dipped into it; the eliquid soon dried over the insects, and in three or four days I extirpated the race, with the exception of a few shoots which, by some casualty, had not been perfectly dipped; and discovering that a few stragglers remained, I had them sdipped again, and now, a month since I performed the operation, the trees are perfectly clean and healthy. This mode of effecting a riddance is cheap, easy
of application, and accomplishes the purpose effectually. After the liquid has remained over the shoots for several days, it may easily be washed off by a syringing or use of the water engine, water-pot, &c. This method not only kills the insects it envelopes, but they cannot find food if even they escape such destruction, for the young tips of the shoots and buds which they feed upon are renlered unfit for their voracious appetites. Strong tobacco-water being prepared and dip the shoots will also answer, but it is more costly. Sulphur and Scotch snuff, or pepper and sulphur dusted wholly over, and underside too of the foliage, buds, &c., will partially effect the desired object, but nothing I have tried equals the mode I recently adopted,
To DESTROY THE SCALE INSECT: I have a few plants of the Oleandar and Camellias which for the last two seasons have been a good deal affected with the sca'e jusect; it struck me to try and cover over the parts attacked with a solution of starch, I did so, and in three days gave a repetition of the application ; these attentions wholly answered the end contemplated, the plants are clean and healthy. I applied the starch by means of the syringe, it hurts no part of the plant, l ut appears in all respects beneficial.
SOAKING SEBDS TO HASTEN GERMINATION.--Seeds that are difficult to vegetate may be hastened two or more weeks by steeping them in water of about 80 degrees of temperature, and placing the vessel where the temperature can be so maintained. I keep the seed thus immersed for six or seven hours, then remove the vessel, strain the water from it, cover it over with a cloth, and remove it where it may be about 60 degrees of temperature, turning the seeds once or twice. As soon as the seeds appear to be bursting then take and sow them. I have adopted this method with many of the seeds I have received from the Cape, West Indies, and other remote places, and with much advantage.
HYDRANGEA JAPONICA.-In the notices on new plants in last year's CABINET, I observed the above plant recommended. I then procured a strong one, and it is now in profuse bloom in my greenhouse, having 24 large heads of flowers. The flowers in the centre of each head are of a pretty lavender-blue, and the barren outer portion of them a pure white, which produces a very pretty and striking contrast. It is a beautiful and noble looking object, and deserves a place wherever it can be grown. It is cheap, easy of culture, and readily increased.
ON SAVING SEEDS OF TEN-WEEK AND OTHER Stocks,-I resided three years in Gerinany in one of the largest floral establishments, and where the best mode of obtaining double stocks was attempted I ever saw. We had many thousands of pats of the various kinds, and at the first potting had them in small ones, so kept till they showed a flower ; and on ascertaining that the single ones had only four petals all such were destroyed, when it was discovered that they had five petals such were repotted into larger ones, and from such only were seed saved. The plants being removed to a distant garden, so that they might be kept free from impregnation with others; each class too of Stocks were kept remote, so that an intermixture of colours was prevented thereby.
RANUNCULUS Bed.-The season is at hand when the bloom is over, take care not to allow the bed to be rained upon after the entire bloom is over. If the roots are not so protected, and heavy rain descends, they will be likely soon to vegetate afresh, and the least which would materially damage the next year's bloom. The roots must be protected by a canvas or other covering, and as soon as the foliage becomes yellow let the roots be carefully taken up and dried,
A PRACTICAL FLORIST.
Slugs.-Although the past season has been so very dry, yet early I suffered enormously in my garden from the devastation of slugs. I was told if I scattered over my flower, seed-beds, &c., a number of the leaves of the Elder-tree, it would effectually protect my plants. I did so, both in my flower-beds and seed-beds in my kitchen-garden, and the result has been fully satisfactory.
AN AMATEUR FLORIST.
Pansies.- The best situation for a bed of Pansies is a spot where the morning sun shines till about 10 o'clock, or the afternoon sun after 3. They require il light rich soil, and a cool moist (not wet) situation. In such situations, with the ordinary degree of cultural attention, and by keeping a supply of young and vigorous plants, Pansies may be had in perfection:
ON PLACING GREENHOUSE PLANTS IN THE OPEN AIR DURING SUMMER,- When the pots are exposed to the heat of the sun and drying winds, the fibrous roots which are in quantity about the roots are much injured by it, although the interior of the ball of earth be in a moist condition. The result of the pots being so exposed during summer is soon apparent by the edges of the leaves turning bro:vn, or many of the leaves becoming wholly so. The plan I have adopied for four years has been the following, -the plants have grown freely and been of a fine healthy green, blooming profusely. I made a bed of sifted gravel six inches deep, choosing the gravel that was about the size of horse-beans. This admitted the wet to draw away, at the substratum I had a few inches of coal ashes to prevent worms coming through. The surface being levelled, I placed the pots and filled up the spaces between with inoss nearly to the rims of the pots. This method kept them coul but not wet. If this be inserted in the July Number of the Cabiner, it may be of service to some of those persons who turn out plants during summer.
On CalcEOLARIAS, &c._I am an ardent admirer of the Calceolaria, but having 110 convenience for keeping my plants in winter I almost always lose them. I wish to raise a few seedlings this year, and I want to know if I should have any chance of keeping the plants in a common frame, banking up the sides with earth, and covering against frost; and whether it would be best to place the pots upon a raised Hoor of boards, leaving a space beneath for the purpose of introducing a little heat occasionally to dry up damp. I should also be much obliged if you could tell me what is the best material for covering to exclude frost. [Asphalate, Conductor.] An early answer will oblige.
TYRO. P.S. The only situation in which I can place my frame is against a south wall, which is erected so that only the upper part of it receives any sun during the winter months.
(The frame will answer well if constructed, &c., as described. Why not elevate it so it may receive more sun in winter? Excess of damp and frost are the things to be guarded against. Early in spring additional warmth will be requisite to promote the growth of the plants; this must be effected either hy keeping the sashes closed longer, or artificially provided, if a good bloom is to be realized.]
Roses POR FORCING.--I wish you would give a list of some of the best Roses for forcing, with variety as to colour.
J. C. L. [The following kinds composed the very splendid collections in pots exhibited at the last Horticultural Show at Chiswick on June 13th; and our correspondent will readily observe which kinds are most prominent, &c.
In the Amateurs' Class for 12, there were two exhibitors---Mr. Terry, gardener to Lady Puller, Youngsbury, and Mr. Slowe, gardener to W. R. Baker, Esq., of Baytorilbury. Mr. Terry sent the following :- Tea : Napoleon, pale pink; Nina,
pink, Madame Breon, påle rose; Cointe de Paris, pale blush; Cels Multiflora, blush. Gallica: Boule de Nanteuil, shaded crimson ; Henri Barbot, bright rose; La Moskowa, shaded crimson. Bourbon : Paul Perras, rose; Queen, blush: Hybrid perpetual: Duchess of Susherland, 'pale rose. Noisette: Lamarque, white.- Among Mr. Slowe's plants were:-Bourbon : Edouard Desfosses, bright rose; Gloire de Paris, crimsov, shaded with purple; Armosa, purple. Tea: Safrano, bright fawn; Elise Sauvage, pale yellow, orange centre; Nina, pink. Hybrid perpetual; Fulgorie, deep rose, rioged with purple; Pauline Plantier; Princess Hélène, deep purplish red;
Queen Victoria. China : Mrs. Bosanquet, pale fesh. In the Nurserymen's Class, for 18 varieties, there were four exhibitors, viz., Messrs. Lane and Sons, of Great Berkhamnpistead ; Mr. Dobson, foreman to Mr. Beck, of Isleworth; Messrs. Paul and Son, of Cheshunt; and Mr. Fiancis, of flertford.—Mr. Lane sent:- Tea : Adam, rose, very large; Diana Vernun; Moire, rose, shaded with frwn; Le Pacto'e, lemon, with bright yellow centre; Abricote, rosy fawn. Bourbon: Madame Nerard, blush; Armosa, purple; Celiméne; Phønix, reddish purple; Théresita ; Souvenir de la Malmaison, pale flesh. China : Abhé Moiland; Fabvier; Eugéne Beauharnais, bright amaranth ; Madame Bureani, white. Gallica: Boule de Nanteuil, large, crimson purple. Provence : Illustré Beauté. Hybrid China : Comtesse de Lacépède, silvery pale blush.-In Messrs. Paul's group w'ere Tea: Roussel; Pauline Plantier; Julie Mansais, white with lemon centre. Hybrid China : Madame Plantier, white; Dombrouski; Velours Episcopal; General Klelier; Belle Marie. Hybrid perpetual: Madame Laffay, rosy crimson ; Louis Bonaparte, crimson. Gallica: Reine des Francais. Hybrid Sweetbrier: Madeline, white shaded with pink. Alba: Félicité Parientier. Bourbon: Augustine Margot; Paul Perras, shaded rose; and Chenedolé, large crim-on.—Mr. Francis produced --Hybrid perpetual : La Reine, brilliant rose; Madame Laffay, rosy crimson; Madame Daineme, lilac rose; William Jesse, crimson and lilac. Hybrid China : Madame Rameau, bright criinson; Reine des Hybrides ; General Allard, bright crimson ; Velours Episcopal ; Blairi No. 2 ; General Weber. Noisette: Smith's Yellow. Gallica: Laura. Bourbon : Charles Duval, bright rose ; Augustine Margot; Armosa, purple. Teu : Niphetos, large white. Moss : De Metz, bright rose. As a single specimen, Mr. Slowe sent Pactuluis, with thirty-six five pale yellow flowers. Mr. Dobson, a standard Belle Maria.]
ON MARSHAL VII.lans' (Indica Bourboniana) Rose. I have had a plant of the above Rose in my greenhouse two seasons; and though the plant appears healthy, and the flower buds strong, they never expand. It is planted in a mixture of loam and the manure of an old hot-bed. If some reader hereof will give me some information on the proper mode of treatment with this beautiful Rose, it will much oblige a Subscriber. Also any information as to what is the cause of the shouts of the Fabriana imbricata rose constantly withering after having flowered.—June, 1846.
On Tobacco WATEN. -- An Old Subscriber wishes to ask Mr. Harrison, where there is not the convenience of getting tobacco water from a tobacconist, to Inention the solution he recomiends for syringing plants in preference to funigating them when attacked by the green fly, what'quantity of tobacco would be requisite to make water at home of a proper strength to dilute in the same way, viz., what quantity of tobacco to a gallon of water, whether it should be infused in hot or cold water, and whether it is necessary for this purpose to have the very best tubacco ? Mr. Harrison's notice of this question in his next Númler, if time allows, will much oblige.
26th May, 1846.
(Either fumigation with tobacco, or dipping the plants in tobacco liquidl, or eren syringing the plants under the leaves as well as over, will answer effectually. The former is more expensive, and sometimes attended with danger; the divpiny is free from it. We obtain our liqnid from the toliacconist, at from 8d. to is. per gallon. The liquid is very strong; su that not having to prepare it, we
never tried the exact proportions. Howerer strong, it does not injurer even the tenderest shoots. An experiinent or two, with a proportion, will suffice to show what it will effect on the irisect, Boiling water poured upon the tobacco will produce the stronger liquid in the shortest time. It must be cool when applied to the plant.]
ON VERONICAs ann Irises.--I should feel much obliged if some of your correspondents would give'a descriptive list of twenty-four best hardy Veronicas, also a few of the best Irises, in an early Number: June 8, 1846,
A. B', a SUBSCRIBEN."
Srove AQUATICS.-One of the greatest errors in cultivating stove aquatics, is the subjecting of the roots to occasional chills of cold water. Nothing can be more opposed to healthy growth and the attaining of a flowering state. This state of things is usually owing to the circumstance that aquatic plants are placed in the tank from which water is used for the various purposes of watering, syringing, &c., and, the deficiency being supplied by additions of cold water, the plants are, in conseqnence, submitted to sudden checks in their development. This ought not to be; a regular and even warınth of about 80 degrees, should be kept up, and the plants will then be enabled to grow without lindrance, and aitain the degree of perfection of which they are susceptible.- Hort. Mag.
NEAPOLITAN V101.ETS. - Parties desirous of having new beds of Neapolitau Violets in flower next winter, may be reminded that the present is a very seasonable time for propagating this favourite Hower. Let stout runners be selected and planted in rich soil. They may be expected to become goud plants by August or September. A mixture of peat, saud, and loam, will ensure their
GAS-TARRING WALKS.-Happeuing to be at Margater a few days ago, I observed that the public walk upon the cliff was covered over wih gas-tar. Upon inquiry, I found that this plan had answered perfectly upon the gravelwalk in the centre of the pier, which has been done some years, is quite smooth and hard, and has all the appearance of being covered with Claridge's asphalte. I consider this plan of gas-tarring walks a great hit. They are thus made dry in all weathers, the worms are destroyed, no weeds can g grow, and keeping them in order is saved. The gas-tar is applied hot to the gravel walk
all trouble of with a brush, and dry sand is sifted over the tar to harden it. I'should say that some powdered quick-lime might be added to the sand with advantage. Three or four coats are required, which may be renewed every two or three years as needful. I laid down two barn-fiours in 1839 with Claridge's asphalte, half-an-inch thick. They are now in as good a state as when first done, and have answered my wishes in every respect. They cost ine one shilling per square foot, which included a heavy land-carriage for the materials. After having seen the gas-tar applied to the walks at Margate, I should
now not go to the
expense of laying down a barn floor with Claridge's asphalte, I should prepare the Hoor with a solid concrete of broken stones, and then apply three or four coats of gas-tar, with sand and quick-lime sifted over the tar. I think it would pay a farmer to prepare in this way all his homesteads. He would save all loss by rats, mice, and dampness. In using gas-tar as a covering for boards, I have found great advantage in mixing a litile resin with each kettle of gas-tar. Thus vr.ixed, it will last longer, and have more body and glossiness.-H. Morris, in Gardeners' Chronicle.
ON POTTING PLANTS.-" Plants that have not for some time been shifted or repotted, will require much care and attention in perforining it; the soil should be shaken from the roots; if it is dry and hard it should be soaked in water, so that it may become pulverized and fall freely froin them; the roots should be examined to see if they are in a good state of health, and the unhealthy ones