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“ The garden of Proserpina this hight,
Clothed with leaves that none the wood mote see,
“ The fruit were golden apples glistening bright,
And those with which th' Eubean young man wan
“Here also sprang that goodly golden fruit,
And had (of her) fair Helen for his meed,
SPENCER's Fairy QUEEN.
-“ Her lover's genius formed
MASON'S ENGLISH GARDEN.
Mrs. C. Smith speaks of the Orange-tree in her lines addressed to
the humming-bird; a beautiful little creature, which, when stript of its plumage, is not bigger than a bee; and, like the bee, it delights in hovering over the sweetest flowers, and sipping their juice, without doing them the least injury by its visit. Mr. Lambert, in his Travels in Canada, says, 6 that they may be seen there in great numbers, and that their plumage is as beautiful as that of the peacock.” It is frequently called the bee-bird :
" There, lovely bee-bird ! may'st thou rove
With plume so bright;
Of purest white.” Captain Stedman, speaking of Paramaribo, says that its streets, which are perfectly straight, are lined with Orange, shaddock, tamarind, and lemon trees, which appear in everlasting bloom, while at the same time their branches are weighed down with the richest clusters of odoriferous fruit. He was in the habit of purchasing forty Oranges for sixpence : yet plentiful as they were, the Orange is not a native of the country, but was originally imported there from Spain and Portugal. These trees are extremely beautiful, and adorned with their fragrant blossoms throughout the year.
66 As for the fine fragrance that is diffused through all this colony," says the Captain,
by the continued groves of Orange-blossoms, and odoriferous fruits that it produces, it can be more easily conceived than described.” In Surinam, the parlour floors are always scoured with sour oranges cut through the middle, which gives the house an agreeable fragrance: the negro girls, taking one half in each hand, keep singing aloud while they rub the boards.
Speaking of the negro, Captain Stedman says—“ his teeth are constantly kept as white as ivory; for this purpose he uses nothing but a sprig of Orange-tree, bitten at one end until the fibres resemble a small brush ; and no negro, male or female, is to be seen without this little instrument, which has, besides, the virtue of sweetening the breath."
Thunberg speaks of a curious Lilliputian kind of Orange, growing in Japan: “A very small species of Orange (Citrus Japonica) is frequently cultivated in the houses, in pots. This shrub hardly exceeds six inches in height, and its fruit, which is sweet and palatable, like China Oranges, is not larger than an ordinary cherry.
In visiting the forcing nursery establishments around London during the spring of 1845 and the present one, I endeavoured to ascertain the best mode of culture. The following are essential. There must be a very free drainage of broken pot over which some pieces of rough turfy soil be laid. The compost to be turfy loam, well enriched with one year old cow-dung, the two being mixed up for six months before using. At the time of potting the soil must not be sifted, but chopped, and a sprinkling of pieces of charcoal added. During the growing and blooming period, the pots are plunged in tan, or stable dung, having a covering of tan at the surface to prevent the unsightly appearance of the dung. In one case a neat covering of green moss had been supplied, which looked well. Rainwater of a tepid temperature, and manure water too, is used; but only just sufficient to keep the soil moist, not wet. The plants are frequently syringed over head, morning and evening, in dry weather, or when the house is of moderate heat. In order to prevent worms entering the hole at the bottom of the pot, the pot in which the plant is growing is cased in another pot which is a size less, and on its being placed within it, the bottom of the plant pot does not descend within four or six inches of the case pot; this allows the water to drain away properly, admits the warmth to rise, and entirely precludes the worms entering the plant pot. After the Orange-tree has ceased blooming a season of rest is allowed, and about a month before the time of exciting them to grow again, they are re-potted, carefully putting away the exterior soil, to admit a due proportion of new compost. It is necessary at the season of rest, that the plants are not supplied with bottom heat, but kept in a greenhouse, or similar habitation.
ON THE CULTURE OF CHOROZEMAS.
BY THE FOREMAN OP A LONDON NURSERY.
By the request of one of the correspondents in the CABINET, I forward the particulars of my mode of treatment with the Chorozemas. This genus is generally considered difficult to cultivate, but I have grown them with considerable success by pursuing the following method :-The soil I use is a sandy, fibrous peat, well broken with the spade, but not sifted. The best time for potting is March or April ; care must be taken not to over-pot the plants, or injure the roots while potting, and the soil must be made perfectly firm and compact about the roots, and the pots well drained; they must then be placed in the greenhouse in an open, airy situation, and not crowded among other plants. It is also preferable to keep them in the greenhouse during summer, but in hot weather they must be shaded for a few hours each day during sunshine. They require a reasonable supply of water, that is, they must not be sodden nor left to get too dry. They may be propagated in the following manner: cuttings should be taken off while the wood is young, and carefully prepared; take off the bottom leaves with a sharp knife, and make a clear cut just through the joint; the cutting pot should be drained, and then filled to within two inches of the top with the soil before spoken of. On the top of this put a layer of white sand, into which plant the cuttings, making a little hole for their reception with a small stick. When the pot is full, give them a steady watering with a fine rose, after which place a clean glass over them. In this state they may be removed to the propagating-house, where the temperature should be about 65', and plunged in a little saw-dust or sand. They should be shaded from the sun, which can easily be done by placing a sheet of coarse paper over the glasses. As soon as the cuttings are rooted, which may be known by their beginning to grow, they must be potted off, taking care not to injure the roots, and they must be covered again for a week or fortnight, till they make fresh roots, after which they must be gradually inured to the greenhouse, and treated as old plants.
THE METROPOLITAN FLORAL EXHIBITIONS.
The HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, May 9.
We resume our reports of these exhibitions for another season, commencing with the Horticultural Society's show of May 9, which was an assemblage of almost hitherto unequalled splendour and beauty; a very gratifying feature was, that scarcely one plant throughout the immense number could have been found deserving the name of an ill grown one.
We will proceed at once to describe briefly the principal prize collections in the stove and greenhouse plants, and then enumerate the florists' flowers.
1.-Stove AND GREENHOUSE PLANTS.
In collections of 40. Here the competitors were Mr. Robertson, gardener to Mrs. Lawrence, of Ealing Park, and Mr. Barnes, gardener to G. W. Norman, Esq., of Bromley. The first prize, value 201., on this occasion was awarded to Mr. Robertson. The collection was composed of large and altogether fine specimens of cultivation. At the back stood a beautiful plant of the purple Azalea phonicea, and supporting it were Epacris grandiflora, 3 feet in height, and nearly as much in diameter; Eriostemon myoporoides, about 5 feet in height and 4 feet in diameter ; two immense bushes of Chorvzema varium ; a Hardenbergia macrophylla, closely covering an upright cylindrical trellis, about 6 feet in height; two fine specimens of Pimelea spectabilis ; immense bushes of P. decussata, and P. hypericifolia, the latter covered with little tufts of white blossoms; a Gnidia pinifolia, about 2 ft. in height, and 3 ft. in diameter, perhaps the finest plant of the kind ever exhibited. A tall Eriostemon cuspidatum, Zichya inophylla floribunda, trained over a circular trellis, well bloomed plants of Leschenaultia Baxteri and L. formosa, a small but neat Hovea Celsi, in fine bloom; and the curious yellowflowered Anthocercis littorea, with a splendid Buronia pinnata, covered with multitudes of pink star-shaped Avwers. In front were Acrophyllum venosum, a pretty little plant with numerous spikes of white flowers; Chorozema Hendersoni, trained over a wire trellis; Podolobium staurophyllum, a mass of bloom; Gastrolobium spinosuin, a fine plant covered with multitudes of Chorozema-like flowers; a neat well-bloomed Daviesia Fraseri ; and a luxuriant growing plant of the scarlet-flowered Siphocampylus coccineus. Of Azaleas, in adılition to the centre one, the collection contained several finely-grown specimens. Of the genus Erica, we remarked a large intermedia, well bloomed; iwo fine specimens. of Persoluta alba, about five feet in height, literally masses of white blossom ; and a good Vestita alba, richly ornamented with whorls of white flowers. Mr. Barnes received the second prize ; the most remarkable plants in whose collection were a noble white Indian Azalea, and supporting it Epacris grandiflora, a large plant in fine health ; an immense specimen, three feet in height and four in diameter, of Phænocoma prolifera, and a famous Aphelexis vestita. Polygala. oppositifolia, four feet in height, and a mass of blossom ; an excellent Podolobium staurophyllum, covered with flowers; a pretty Pimelea Hendersoni, two feet in height and the same in diameter; Daviesia latifolia, trained on a wire trellis, with the lateral branches hanging gracefully, and loaded with flowers ;