State Building and Democracy in Southern Africa: Botswana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa
Traditional democratic institutions have not easily taken root in African soil. Too often, attempts at cultivating democratic norms have foundered, leaving anarchy or authoritarianism. What, then, are the chances that South Africa's transition from apartheid to democracy will endure?
With this question in mind, South African political scientist Pierre du Toit probes the conditions under which democracy can grow. He examines three southern African states that, despite similarities, have very different track records: Botswana, perhaps the most successful democracy in continental Africa; Zimbabwe, where a partial democracy is faltering; and South Africa, just beginning it's bold experiment.
Weighing the impact of each country's heritage, ethnic composition, and economic circumstances, du Toit demonstrates that democratic outcomes depend on the nature and strength of the state. Democratic practices are embedded in a broader network of state and societal instiutions; only if these institutions are robust and resilient can democracy flourish.
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1989 General Elections Administration African Studies analysis apartheid argued autonomous boundaries Cape Town cattle challenge chiefs citizenship civil society colonial conflict confront constitution contest for hegemony councils crucial cultural customary law democratic Development in Botswana district divided dominant Economy of Botswana effect elections Elections in Botswana electoral emerged established ethnic group ethos forces Giliomee global Guerrilla Herbst Holm Ibid impact independence inequality institutions Jack Parson Johannesburg Khama land leaders Matabeleland ment Migdal modern Ndebele negotiations official organizations overall Parson party percent Picard Political Economy Politics in Zimbabwe population public service Race Relations Survey racial regime regional Rhodesian Rhodesian Front rules of social rural sector Shona social control South Africa Southern Africa Southern Rhodesia state-society status strength Strong Societies structures survival strategies tion traditional tribal Tswana University Press urban ZANLA ZANU ZANU-(PF Zimbabwe's Zimbabwean