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A stately tomb, whose top a trumpet bore ; FAVI'LLOUS, adj. Lat. favilla. Consisting A soldier's fauchion, and a seaman's oar.

of ashes.

Dryden. As to foretelling of strangers, from the fungous par. FA'UCET, n. s. Fr. fausset ; Lat. fauces. ticles about the wicks of the candle, it only signifieth The pipe inserted into a vessel to give vent to

a moist air about them, hindering the avolation of the liquor, and stopped up by a peg or spigot: "

• light and the favillous particles.

Browne. improperly written fosset.

FAVISSAE, in antiquity, were, according to You were out a good wholesome forenoon in hearing Festus and Gellius, cisterns to keep water in : a cause between an orange-wife and a fosset-seller, but the favissæ in the capital at Rome were dry and adjourned a controversy of three-pence to a cisterns or subterraneous cellars, where they second audience.

Shakspeare. laid up the old statues, broken vessels, and If you are sent down to draw drink, and find it will other things used in the temple. These were not run, blow strongly into the faucet, and it will im- much the same with what, in some modern mediately pour into your mouth.

Swift. churches, are called the Archives and Treasury. FAUCIGNY, or FAUSSIGNY, a ci-devant pro- FAULCON. See Falcon. vince of Savoy which has been annexed to FAULCONRY. See FALCONRY. France, and included in the department of FAULKNER (George), a celebrated Irish Mont Blanc. The name is derived from an printer at Dublin, the friend of dean Swift. He ancient castle, situated near the Arve, about carried on business many years with great reputhree miles and a half north from Bonne Ville. tation. Having the misfortune to lose a leg, It was bounded on the north by Chablais, east Foote caricatured him in his Orators in 1762, hy Valais, and Aosta; south and west by Gene- under the title of Peter Paragraph. Faulkner vois. It was divided into upper and lower commenced an action against the poet, but the Faucigny, and belonged anciently to the dau- affair was terminated by lord Townshend. He phin Humbert II. from whom it went to the was chosen one of the aldermen of Dublin, and house of Savoy by marriage in 1233. It died there in 1775. abounds in wood and pastures. Its chief towns FAULKNER (Jonathan), an English naval were Salanche and Cluse.

officer, of whom the first notice we have is his FAVERSHAM. See Feversham.

promotion to the rank of lieutenant on the 24th FAVIDA, an island in the gulf of Georgia, of August, 1753; in which character he served discovered by the Spaniards in the year 1791. on board the Alderney sloop in 1755. In 1758 It is near the west coast of North America, he acted as commander of the Furnace bombfrom which it is separated by a channel, called ketch, one of the squadron under commodore Canal del Nuestra Signora del Rosario. Thirty Keppel on the expedition against Goree. In miles in length from north-west to south-east, July, 1759, he was advanced to be captain of and from two to five in breadth.

the Mercury, in which he continued till after FAVIER (- ), an eminent French states the conclusion of the war. In 1767 he was man of the eighteenth century, was a native of appointed to the Superbe of seventy-four guns, Toulouse. At the age of twenty he succeeded the flag ship of rear-admiral Sir John Moore; his father as secretary general to the states of whence he was removed to the Royal Oak Languedoc, but afterwards sold the office, and in 1777. Prior to the actual commencement of applied himself to the study of history and hostilities with France, in 1778, Mr. Faulkner politics. He was now nominated secretary to was appointed second captain of the Victory, Chatardie, the ambassador to Turin, after whose the flag ship of admiral Keppel, under whom he death he was patronised by M. d'Argenson, and so remarkably distinguished himself, that he wrote Reflexions contre le Traité de 1756. received from the commander-in-chief, and adThis work being highly esteemed, Favier was miral Campbell, the most exalted encomiums employed on several missions in Spain and on his cool intrepidity and conduct, in the enRussia, under the ministry of the duke de gagement with the French fleet off Ushant, on Choiseul. He was also engaged in several of the 29th of the ensuing July. In 1782 he was the intrigues of the count de Broglio, which in- appointed to the Princess Royal of ninety-eight Folved him in difficulties, and obliged him to guns, and in that ship joined the fleet sent to leave France. He was arrested, however, at Gibraltar, under lord Howe, for the relief of Hamburgh, and taken to Paris. M. de Broglio that fortress, and was placed in the line as one procured his liberation in 1773; and on the of the seconds to the commander-in-chief. The accession of Louis XVI. he obtained a pension. cessation of hostilities soon after taking place, and He died in 1784. De Segur has inserted part the Princess Royal being refitted and re-commisof his works in his Politique de tous les Ca- sioned as one of the guard-ships at Portsmouth, binets de l'Eurupe pendant les Regnes de he was re-appointed to the same ship; but on Louis XV. et de Louis XVI. 1793, 2 vols. 8vo. quitting it, before the expiration of the usual Favier was engaged with Freron, J.J. Rousseau, period of such command, he was appointed to The abbé Arnaud, Suard, and others, in conduct- the Triumph of seventy-four guns, also a guarding the Journal Etranger.

ship at that port. This was the last commission FAVIGNANA, the ancient Ægusa, one of he ever held; but he received the following the Ægates islands, nine miles west of Trapani, honorable appointments : on the 24th Septemand about five from the western coast of Sicily. ber, 1787, he was made rear-admiral of the It is seventeen miles in circumference, and has white; in September, 1790, rear-admiral of the a fort called St. Catharine. On each side of red; in February, 1793, vice-admiral of the the island there is good anchorage.

blue; in April, 1794, vice-admiral of the reji

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FAULQUEMONT, a town of France, in the lates the other formations do not appear to requires

The form of polity by them set down for perpetuilta

and lastly, he was made admiral of the blue on and received 100 prisoners on board; she hat have det, at de the 1st of June, 1793. He did not, however, five men killed, and sixteen wounded ; amung antall : long survive this last promotion. After he be- the slain is the master. The disparity of luss came a flag-officer he had spent the greater part sustained by the two ships was almost incredible

, sui prendere of his time at his seat in Havant Park in Hants; being altogether in killed and wounded 330 tournable devra but repairing to London on the 22nd to be pre- thirty-four. On the passage to Lisbon the sented to his majesty, on his last promotion, he courageux was accidentally set on fire, from the was suddenly struck with an apoplexy at colo- sentinel having incautiously carried a candie toneelse some nel Stanhope's, and expired the next morning. near the bung of a cask of spirituous liquer. fed de kaart The nautical abilities of admiral Faulkner were The alarm of fire being suddenly spread over at lady bel universally acknowledged and admired; and by the ship, struck such terror among the prisoners

, and est his death the country lost a gallant and merito- that twenty of them jumped into the sea, and ST, rious officer.

perished. The Bellona and her prize being richa FAULKNER (Robert), was the son of captain refitted, captain Faulkner returned to England; bir resilien Samuel Faulkner, who was unfortunately and afterwards proceeded to the West Indies, in fata de se drowned in the Victory with Sir John Balchen. the Mercury of twenty-four guns. Nothing of an Robert was bred to the sea service by his father, importance occurred respecting this gentleman; stany peole and was promoted to be a lieutenant on the 5th nor does he appear after his return 10 England

, are de person of October, 1741. On the 19th of January, on the cessation of hostilities, to have accepted azt vi idea 1757, he was made captain of the Marlborough of any subsequent command. After this period of ninety guns, apparently for the purpose of he resided principally at Bath, but died is giving him rank, for he almost immediately France on the 19th of May, 1769. quitted that ship, and remained for a short time out of commission. In 1760 he commanded department of the Moselle, seated near the the Mercury, and early in the ensuing year was Nied; nine miles south-east of Boulay, and removed to the Bellona of seventy-four guns; sixteen and a half east of Metz. soon after which he was ordered on a cruise oft the coast of France, in company with the Bril

FAULT, n. S., v.a. & d. n. Fr. faut, fate; liant frigate, commanded by captain Logie.

Fault'er, n. s.

Old Fr. faulter On the 14th of August, 1761, he fell in with the


Ital. falta;


Fault'rul, adj. Courageux, a French ship of war, carrying seventy-four guns, and 700 men; together with


word seems the Malicieuse and Hermione, of thirty-two guns

Fault'INESS, n. s.

have come to us each. A desperate action ensued; the particu


from the French

FAULT'LESSNESS, n. s lars of which are officially given in a letter from

verb falloir, it captain Faulkner, dated Lisbon River, August venial crinie; defect; loss: to fault is to fail, of

FAULT'y, adj.

fails. Offence; 21st, 1761, in the following words :- Be pleased to charge with a fault, or failure; to accus to acquaint my lords commissioners of the admiwe saw three sail in the south-west quarter, them : 'faulty is defective; wrong; blameabile


a faulter is an offender: fault finder, an accuser: rally, that, on the 14th instant, at three P. M. faultful, abounding in faults : faultless

, without Cape Finisterre, bearing north-east half east distant ten leagues; we immediately gave chase, and, by their crowding sail from us, soon sus

explanation. pected they were enemies; we came up but The former impression was very faultily printed. slowly with them and continued the chase all night. At five A. M. we got almost up with Which moved him rather in eclogues than other the frigates; at six the Brilliant began to engage wise to write, minding to furnish our tongue in this one of them, and soon after the other also ; at

kind wherein it faulteth.

Spesier. twenty-five minutes past six we came along side The prophet chuseth rather to charge them with the the large ship, and began to engage as near as fault of making a law unto themselves, than the crime possible; at thirty-four minutes after six our of transgressing a law which God had made. mizen mast went away by the enemy's shot, and

The inhabitants will not take it is cvil part, that at forty-five minutes after six the large ship struck, which proved Le Courageux of seventy

the faultiness of their people heretofore is laid open, four guns commanded by Dugue L'Ambert, having on board 700 men from St. Domingo. is three ways faulty; faulty in omitting some things The Brilliant continued to engage the two frigates, till half past seven, when they bore difference that onght to be of pastors, when they gros

which in Scripture are of that nature, as namely, the away, and neither of our ships were in a condi

to any great multitude; faulty in requiring doctors, tion to pursue them; at the same time the

deacons, and widows, as things of perpetual necessity prize's main-mast went away. We found our by the law of God, which it truth are nothing des lower rigging much cut, the fore-mast, main- faulty also in urging some things by Scripture of mast, and main-top-mast much shattered; we ble, as their lay elders. lost in the action six men and twenty-eight

"Tis a very great fault to be norc forward in setting wounded: the enemy had 240 men slain, and one's self off, and talking to show one's parts, than 19 110 men wounded. "We sent our first lieutenant learn the worth, and to be truly acquainted with th* Mr. Male, with other officers, and 150 men to abilities of other men. take possession of the prize, and received 224

So fares it with this faulty lord of Rome. prisoners on board ; the Brilliant sent fifly men



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Bp. Hall.

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I could tell to thee, as to one it pleases me, for brated in honor of the god Faunus, who was in pa foule of a better, to call my friend, I could be sad, the same among the Romans with Pan of the The band sad indeed too.


Greeks. The Faunalia were held on the nones
If little faults, proceeding on distemper,

or 5th of December. The principal sacrifice Shall not be winked at, how shall we stretch our eye was a roe-buck; or rather, according to Horace, ! . At capital crimes ?

Id. Henry V. a kid, attended with libations of wine and *** Thou mayest be sure that be that will in private burning of incense. It was properly a country

tell thee of thy faults, is thy friend, for be adventures festival, being performed in the fields and der thy dislike, and doth hazard thy hatred. Raleiuh.

villages with peculiar joy and devotion. Horace
atkais By accident of a faulty helmet that Parker had on, gives a description of it, in his eighteenth ode
Che was stricken into the mouth at the first course, so of the third book, beginning,
ding that he died presently. Bacon's Henry VII.
For that I will not fault thee,

Faune, nympharum fugientûm amator,
Bat for humbleness exalt thee. Old Song.

Per meos fines et aprica rura
He cannot mislike the love of his countrymen : he

Lenis incedas, abeasque parvis

Equus alumnis. sunnot fault their carriage.

If the fault-finding with the vices of the times may Struvius in his Roman kalendar marks the feast eternii, lunestly accord with the good will of the parties, I had

of Faunus on the ides of February, or 30th day Das lieve case myself with a slender apology, as wilfully of that month ; and the Faunalia he places on fa- bear the brunt of causeless anger in my silence.

the 5th of the ides of December, or the 9th of Id. Satires.

that month : thus there were really two FaunaThen she, Behold the faulter here in sight;

lia; the one in February, mentioned by Ovid, This band committed that supposed offence.

Fast. lib. vi. ver. 246.; the other on the 9th De

Can thus

cember, described by Horace.
The image of God in man, created once

FAUNI, Faurs, among the ancients, were a
So goodly and erect, though faulty since,

species of demi-gods, inhabiting the forests ; To such unsightly sufferings be debased ? Milton. called also Sylvani, and little differing from the When her judgment was to be practised in knowing Satyrs. They were said to delight in vineyards; Sedtimers by his first tokens, she was like a young fawn, and generally appear as attendants of Bacchus, who coming in the wind of the hunters, doth not in the representations of Bacchanal feasts and koow whether it be a thing or no to be eschewed. processions. They were represented as half

Sídney. men, half goats; having the horns, ears, feet, and Pleasant foultfinders, who will correct the verb be- tail of a goat, a very flat nose, and the rest hufore they understand the noun.

Id. man. Though the Fauns were held for demiHe finds no fault with their opinion about the true gods, yet they were supposed to die after a long God, but only that it was not clear and distinct enough. life. Arnobius shows that their father, Faunus


fleet. himself, lived only 120 years. It is a very poor, though common, pretence to me

FAUNUS, in fabulous history, the son of tit, to rate it appear by the faults of other men. Picus, who reigned in Italy, about 1300 years

Sir W. Temple. before the Augustan age. His bravery, as well They sholly mistake the nature of criticism, who as wisdom, gave rise to the tradition, that he think its business is principally to find fault. Dryden. was the son of Mars. His great popularity, and They are hardly to be prevailed with to amend his fondness for agriculture, made his subjects the acknowledged fuults in the frame they have been revere him as one of their country deities after

Locke. his death. He was represented with all the Which of our thrus-capped ancestors found fault, equipage of the satyrs, and was consulted to For want of sugar-tongs, or spoons for salt? King. give oracles. See FAUNA.

To be desirous of a good name, and careful to do FAVORINUS, an ancient orator and philoterything that he innocently may to obtain it, is so sopher of Gaul, who flourished under Adrian, far from being a fault, even in private persons, that it and taught with high reputation both at Athens u ubeir great and indispensable duty.

Atlerbury. and Rome. Many works are attributed to him: The best way to prove the clearness of our mind, among the rest, a Greek miscellaneous history, s by showing its faults; as when a stream discovers often quoted by Diogenes Laertius. Being rethe din at the botom, it convinces us of the transpa- . proached by his friends with having submitted rency and purity of the water.


to the emperor, in a dispute on some literary Whoever thinks a faultless piece to see,

topic, he exclaimed, with more wit than principle, Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be. . Would


have me pretend be wiser than id.

the commander of thirty legions ?' Being void of all friendship and enmity, they ne. FAVORITA, or Favorito, a palace of Italy, ter costuplain, nor find fault with the times. Swift. near Mantua, in the ci-devant Cisalpine republic, FAUNA, a deity among the Romans. She and department of Mincio.

It was taken by * daughter of Pícus, and was originally called the French in May, 1796; and on the 16th of Marica. Her marriage with Faunus procured January, 1797, a battle was fought near it her the name of Fauna, and her knowledge of between the French, under Buonaparte, and the futurity those of Fatua and Fatidica. It is said, Austrians, under Wurmser; wherein the latter that her chastity occasioned her being ranked were defeated with great slaughter, and general usong the gods after ber death. She is the Provere taken, with 6000 men, and twenty pieces bine, according to some, with Bona Mater. of cannon.

This battle decided the fate of FAUNALIA, in antiquity, Roman feasts cele- Mantua.

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With favour, 'twere no loss, if't might be inquired latest

Daniel's Cicil War.,


Fr. faveur ; Ital. Here, Fluellen, wear thou this favour for me, and FA'vour, v. a. & n. s. 1.favore ; Span. and stick it in thy cap.

Id. Henry 5. FA'VOURABLE, adj. Port. faver; Lat. Famous Plantagenet! most gracious prince, FA'VOURABLENESS, n. S.

favor; from Greek Leud favourable ear to our requests. FA'VOURABLY, adv.

Id. Richard III. paw, to shine. To FA'VOURED, part, adj. regard kindly; sup Do I not know you for a favourer FA'VOUREDNESS, n. s. port; assist; coun Of this new sect? ye are not sound. FA'VOURER, tenance ; appear

Id. Henry VIII. FA'VOURITE, n. s. & ad. like. As a sub

Then since fortune's favours fade, FA'VOURISM, n. s. stantive, it signifies

You that in her arms do sleep, FA'VOURLESS, adj. kindness or kind

Learn to swim and not to wade,

For the hearts of kings are deep. Bacon. regard; assistance; deference; benevolence; le

Id. nity; leave given; object of kindness; token

A youth of fine favour and shape.

It is received that it helpeth to continue love, il y a or pledge of favor: and in an obsolete sense,

one wear the hair of the party beloved ; and perhaps countenance literally; feature. A favorer is he

a glove, or other like favour, may as well do it. who shows, and a favorite he who receives, marks

18. Natural of favor: favoritism, a modern word for sys Men favour wonders.

Id. tematic favor or partiality: the other compounds Yet ere we enter into open act, follow the senses of favor.

What the condition of these arms would be. The ill-favorered and lean-feshed kine did eat up the

Ben Jonson. seven well-favoured and fat kine.

Thou sbalt sot sacrifice any bullock or sheep where Nothing is more vigilant, nothing is more jealoa
in is blemish or evil fanouredness. Deut. xvii. 1. than a favourite, especially towards the waning time,
The child Samuel was in favour, both with the

and suspect of satiety.

Wotton. Lord, and also with men.

1 Sam. ii. 26.

I have been since with all your friends and tenants, They got not the land by their own sword; but thy And, on the forfeit of your favour charged them, right hand and thine arm, and the light of thy coun. Though a crust of mouldy bread would keep him from tenance, because thou hast a favour unto them.


Ps. xliv 3. Yet they should not relieve him, The race is not to the swift, nor yet favour to men Massinger. A New Way to pay Old Debts, act ii. &c. 1. of skill.

Eccl. ix. 3.

Conjure their friends they had, labour for more, Whiles that false fortune fauoryed me with her tran Solicit all reputed favourers. sitorye goodes, then the bowre of death had almost It is just with God to deny us those favours which

Of all the race of silver-winged flies

we were careless in keeping, and which we under
valued in enjoying.

Bp. Hall's Contemplatina
Which do possess the empire of the air,

To the favourableness of your ladyship's answer be
Was none more favourable nor more fair, pleased to add the favour of your pardon.
Than Clarion the eldest son and heir
Of Muscarol.

Of that goddess I bave sought the sight,

Many good officers were willing to stay there, as a Yet no where can her find; such bappiness

place very favourable for the making levies of men.

Clarendos. Heaven doth me envy, and fortune favourless.

Faerie Queene.

This man was very capable of being a great farveri
Of her there bred

to a great king. A thousand young ones, which she daily fed ;

All these his wondrous works, but chiefly mad,
Sucking upon her poisonous dugs, each one His chief delight and favour; bim, for whoin
Of sundry shape, yet all ill-favoured.


All these his works so wondrous he ordained. Touc'.ing actions of common life, there is not any

Miltan. defence more farourably heard than theirs who allege That is only suitable in laying a foul complexion sincerely for themselves, that they did as necessity upon a filihy farour, setting forth both in slunishness. constrained them. Hooker.

Sidney If we should upbraid them with irreligious, as they All favours and punishments passed by bim, all do us with superstitious farourers, the answer which officers and places of importance were distributed to herein they would make us, let them apply unto them- his

favourites. selves,

Id. I was a Thessalian gentleman, who, by mischance, Fortune so faroured him, that the town at his first having killed a favourite of the prince of that country, coming, surrendered unto him.

Knolles. was pursued so cruelly, that in no place but by farow
The same gods that armed the queen of Troy, or corruption they would obtain my destruction. Id.
May favour Tamora the queen of Goths. Shakspeare. His dreadful navy, and his lovely mind,
It pleased your majesty to turn your looks

Gave him the fear and favour of mankind,
Of favour from myself, and all our house. Id.

Waller. Disseat thy favour with an usurped beard. id. Would you both please, and be instructed too,

Worthy Macbeth, we stay upon your leisure. Watch well the rage of shining to subdue ; -Give me your favour; my dull brain was wrought Hear every man upon his favourite theme, With things forgot.

Id, And ever be more knowing than you scem. And every one his lovesuit will advance

Stillingflest. Unto his several mistress, which they'll know They were invited from all parts for the use of kings, By favours several which they did bestow. Id. princes, and ministers. And in short the facenes of Bid her steal into the plashed bower,

learning was the humour and mode of the age Where honey-suckles, ripened by the sun,

Temple. Forbid the sun to enter; like to favourites,

Pcople are multiplied in a country :y the temper Made proad by princes that advance their pride of the climate, favourable to geueration, health, and Against that power that bred it.

nd, long life.

overcome me.

Bp. Taylor

FAÄUSSEBRAYE, n. s. In fortification : a teento year, he went to Ingolstadt, and studied small mount of earth, four fathoms wide, erected theology, became in three years a magister, but on the level round the foot of the rampart, to abandoned theology, and began the study of fire upon the enemy when he is so far advanced medicine, astrology, and magic, in which he that you cannot force him back; and also to re- likewise instructed his familiar, John Wagner, ceive the ruins which the cannons make in the the son of a clergyman at Wasserburg. Aftei body of the place.- Harris.

doctor Faust had spent a rich inheritance les Fausse-bray, is a low rampart going quite round the him by his uncle, probably in chemical and ala body of the place, about three feet at most above the chemical experiments, he, according to tradition, level ground; its parapet is about four or five toises made use of his power to conjure up spirits, and distant from that of the body of the place. Muller. entered into a contract with the devil for twenty

FAUSSE-BRAY works have been rejected by all four years. A spirit called Mephistopheles, was but Vauban, in modern fortifications. They are given him as a servant, with whom he travelled made at a very great expense : their faces are about, enjoyed life in all its forms, and surprised very easily enfiladed : the enemy is under cover people by working wonders : for instance, he the minute he becomes master of them; and a rode on a wine barrel out of Auerbach's cellar great quantity of shells which may be thrown in Leipsic, in 1523, where an old painting reinto them, and must lodge, will most probably presenting the subject is still to be seen. The make a breach, or at least drive every one out. evil spirit finally carried him off near the village

FAUST, or Fust, a goldsmith of Mentz, and of Rimlich, between 12 and 1 o'clock at night. one of the three earliest printers to whom the This is the story as it is found in a work by G. invention of this most useful art has been R. Wiedemann, True History of the horrible ascribed. Some say, he only assisted Guttem. Sins of Doctor John Faustus, llamburg, 1599, berg at Strasburg, in his attempts to make move- and in another old book, The League of Doctor able types, in 1444. Be this as it may, he had Faust, the Enchanter and Sorcererer known the policy to conceal his art; and to this we are throughout the World, with the Devil; his adindebted for the tradition of the Devil and Doc- venturous Life and terrible End, printed at lor Faustus, a fable immortalized by the genius Cologne and Nuremberg. Some have thought of Goethe. Faust, in partnership with Peter that this whole story was invented by the monks, Schoeffer, having, in 1462, printed off a consider to calumniate doctor Faust, the inventor of able number of copies of the Bible, to imitate those printing, because the profits which they had been which were sold in MS., undertook the sale of accustomed to make by copying manuscripts them at Paris, where the art of printing was then were greatly diminished by his invention; but unknown. At first he sold his copies for so high this is not at all probable. Others have entirely a sum as 500 or 600 crowns, the prices usually disbelieved his existence; but Melancthon, Tridemanded by the transcribers. lle afterwards theim, and others knew him personally. Perlowered his price to sixty crowns, which created haps he was a chemist more acquainted than universal astonishment; but when he produced others of his age with his science. Even now, copies as fast as they were wanted, and lowered doctor Faustus and his familiar, Wagner, play a the price to half that amount, all Paris was conspicuous part in the puppet shows of Geragitated. The uniformity of the copies increased many, and this legend has not only remained the wonder; informations were given into the among the lower classes, but is incorporated police against him as a magician; his lodgings with some of the finest productions of the Gerwere searched ; and a great number of copies man muse. The most distinguished poems on being found, they were seized; the red ink with this subject are Klinger's Faust's Leben, Thaten which they were embellished, was said to be his und Hollenfahrt (Faust's Life, Deeds, and Deblood; it was seriously adjudged that he was in scent to Hell), and Goethe's celebrated Faust. league with the devil; and, if he had not fled, The latter is one of the greatest poems the Germost probably he would have shared the fate of mans possess, written in the full vigour of the those whom the ignorance and superstition of author's genius. Goethe's Faust is a man the age condemned for witchcraft. See PRINT- thirsting for truth and knowledge, but preING. Dr. Watkins, in his Biographical and sumptuously and ungovernably forgetting that Historical Dictionary, says 'this story is a fable,' he is a mortal, and liable to the fate of the Tlbut assigns no authority for discrediting it. tans. After having studied all sciences, and Faust is said to have died of the plague at Paris, found them empty and illusory, and having be about 1466.

come deeply sensible of his own weakness, he Faust, (Dr. John,) a different person from resolves io give himself up to sensual enjoythe printer, a celebrated dealer in the black art, ment, to secure some portion of pleasure in lite. who lived in the beginning of the sixteenth cen. Goethe's Faust is a most philosophical debautury. Doctor Faust has become, in Germany, chee, as his Mephistopheles is the most refined of one of those standing national characters, which evil spirits. Faust, indeed, is a character of represent a whole class of persons, and to whom whom Mephistopheles justly says, every new invention and strange adventure is Und hatt'er sich auch nicht dem Teufel ubergeben, constantly attributed. According to some ac- Er musste doch zu Grunde gehn. counts, he was born at Knittlingen, in Suabia; This production is in the dramatic form, but others make him a native of Anhalt; others not written for representation. of Brandenburg. The first account is the most FAU'TOR, n. s. ) Lat. fautor, fautrir ; Fr probable. He was the son of a peasant, who FaustRESS. fuuteur. Favorer; countesent him to study at Wittemberg.' In his six- nancer; supporter.

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