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FARMER (Richard), an English divine and an- borough castle in Northumberland At low tiquary, born at Leicester in 1735. His father water the points of several others are visible bewas a hosier in that town, and, after receiving sides the seventeen just mentioned. The nearest the rudiments of his education there, he became island to the shore is called the House Island, a student at Cambridge, and pensioner of Ema- and lies exactly one mile and sixty-eight chains nuel College. Here his diligence and success in from the coast. The most distant is about seven obtaining a knowledge of books, as well as the or eight miles. Their produce is kelp, feathers, quickness of his memory, were early observed; and a few seals, which the tenants watch and and he was made B. A. in 1757, and M.A. in shoot for the sake of the oil and skins. Some of 1769, in which year also he was appointed them yield a little grass that serves to feed a cow classical tutor. After officiating some time as a or two; which the people transport over in their curate, he, in 1767, took the degree of B.D. and little boats. became one of the preachers at Whitehall. FARNABIE, or FARNABY (Thomas), an emiWhile Mr. Farmer paid considerable attention to nent grammarian, son of a London carpenter, Grecian and Roman authors, he also applied was born in 1575. While at Oxford, being enhimself particularly to old English literature; and ticed to abandon his religion, he went to Spain, An Essay on the Learning of Shakspeare, pub- and was there educated in a college belonging to lished in 1766, contributed principaliy to his the Jesuits. Being weary of their severe disciliterary fame. Of this performance, which was pline, he went with Sir John Hawkins and Sir much admired for the sprightliness of its compo- Francis Drake in their last voyage in 1595. He sition, three editions were sold in a very short was afterwards a soldier in the Low Countries : time. Mr. Farmer was now noticed and pa- but being reduced to great want, returned to tronised in his profession: by the influence of England, where after wandering about for some bishop Hurd, he was promoted to the chancellor- time, under the name of Thomas Bainrafe (the ship and a prebend in the cathedral of Litchfield; anagram of his name), he settled at Mattock in and in 1775 was chosen master of Emanuel Somersetshire, and taught grammar with reputaCollege, and took his degree of D.D. Not long tion. He removed to London, and opened a after, he was appointed principal librarian to the school. While here he was made M. A. at Camuniversity, and served in turn the office of vice- bridge, and incorporated into the university of chancellor. Lord North, at that time prime- Oxford. Thence he removed, in 1636, to Sevenminister, made him prebendary of Canterbury, Oaks in Kent; and raised a respectable school. and Mr. Pitt repeatedly offered him a bishopric; l'pon the breaking out of the civil war, in 1641, but the constraints and sulemnity of the episco- he was cast into prison. It was debated, in the pal character did not suit bis natural disposition, house of commons, whether he should be sent and he not only declined accepting a bishopric, to America; but, this motion being rejected, he but resigned his office as prebendary for a resi- was removed to Ely-house in Holborn, where dentaryship of St. Paul's. By this it was neces- he died, June 12th, 1647. Many writers have sary he should reside three months annually in spoken with great approbation of his labors. M. London, and these he spent in the company of Bayle says, “his notes upon most of the ancient literary characters with pleasure and advantage. Latin poets have been of very great use to young He was particularly instrumental in amending the beginners; being short, learned, and designed police of Cambridge, with regard to the paving chiefly to clear up the text.' and lighting the streets. He had collected ample FARNESE, the name of a distinguished famaterials for a history of the town and anti- mily in Italy, of which the most remarkable were, quities of Leicester, which he intended to pub- 1. Peter Louis Farnese, the son of Alexander, lish by subscription, but relinquished the design; afterwards pope Paul III. He was created duke and Mr. Nichols being engaged in writing a his- of Parma and Placentia in 1545, but, becoming tory of that county, the doctor gave what he had universally hated for his tyranny and debauchery, collected, with the plates, to him. Dr. Farmer fell by the hands of an assassin in 1547. 2. His died at Emanuel College, in 1797, in the sixty- eldest son, Alexander, born 1520, was raised by second year of his age. His collection of scarce Clement VII. to the see of Parma, and created and curious books, which was very extensive, a cardinal by his grandfather, Paul III. He was was disposed of a short time after his death. also dean of the Sacred College, and distinguished
FARMINGTON, a large, pleasant, and both by his learning and virtues. He was rewealthy town in Hartford county, Connecticut. peatedly employed as nuncio to the courts of The river meanders delightfully through charm- Vienna' and Paris, and died at Rome in 1589. ing intervales, which beautify and enrich this 3. Alexander, third duke of Parma, was a nephew town. The houses, in the compact part of the of his, and distinguished as a military commantown, stand chiefly on the street that runs north der under Philip II. of Spain. He succeeded and south along the gentle declivity of a hill Don John of Austria in the government of the which ascends east of the vallies. About the Low Countries in 1578; and was designed to centre of the street there is a large and handsome have commanded the Spanish army which emcongregational church. This town was settled as barked with the Armada for the conquest of early as 1645, and its boundaries were then very England. He died in 1592 at Arras, aged fortyextensive. Several towns have been since taken six. from it. It lies ten miles south-west of Hart- FARNHAM, or Fernam, a market town of ford.
Surry, thirty-eight miles from London, and FARN ISLANDS, two groups of little islands twelve west from Guildford. It is a populous and rocks, seventeen in number, opposite to Bam- place, situated on the Wey, and supposed to
have its name from the fern which abounded the French obtained a naval victory over the here. It was given by Ethelbald, king of the Spaniards in 1675. West Saxons, to the see of Winchester; the FAROE ISLANDS. See FERROE ISLES. bishops of which have generally resided in the FARON, a mountain of France, in the de. castle here, in summer, since the reign of king partment of Var, near Toulon, with a fort and Stephen, whose brother, the then bishop, first redoubt on its top, which is 1718 feet above the built it. It was a magnificent structure, with sea level, and almost inaccessible, being nearly deep moats, strong walls, towers, and a fine park; perpendicular. The British troops, under lord but it is much decayed. Adjoining the park is Mulgrave, were in possession of the fort, on the Jay's tower, the ascent to which is by sixty-three 30th September, 1793, when the French, by a stone steps. This was partly beaten down by very daring manæuvre, seized the redoubt, but Cromweli's cannon. It' now contains about were driven from it on the 1st October, by the forty-eight rods of land on its top, which is con- combined forces, with the loss of 2000 men, verted into a kitchen garden. This spot was FARQUHAR (George), an ingenious poet annually visited by their late majesties durin and dramatic writer, the son of an Irish clergythe life of the late bishop Thomas. The town, man, was born at Londonderry in 1678. He which has many handsome houses, and well was sent to Trinity College, Dublin ; but bis paved streets, is governed by twelve masters, of volatile disposition soon led him to the stage ; whom two are bailiffs, chosen annually. They where, having dangerously wounded a brother have the profits of the fairs and markets, and the actor in a tragic scene, by forgetting to change assize of bread and beer; and hold a court every his sword for a foil, it affected him so much three weeks, which has power of trying and de- that he left the Dublin theatre and went to Lontermining all actions under 40s. From Michael- don. Here, by the interest of the earl of Orrery, mas to Christmas there is a good market for oats; he procured. a lieutenant's commission; which and a considerable wheat market between All he held several years, and gave many proofs both Saint's day and Midsummer; but it is diminished of courage and conduct. In 1698 he wrote his since the people about Chiches:er and Southamp- first comedy, called Love and a Bottle; which, ton have so largely communicated with London for its sprightly dialogue and busy scenes, was by sea. This loss, however, is amply made up well received. In 1700, the jubilee year at by the vast growth of hops, of which there are Rome, he brought out his Constant Couple, or a 700 or 800 acres of plantations about this town, Trip to the Jubilee: and suited Mr. Wilkes's said to excel the Kentish grounds both in quan- talents so well, in the character of Sir Henry tity and quality. This town sent members to Wildair, that the player gained almost as much parliament in the reign of Edward II, but never reputation as the poet. This induced him to since. The market is on Thursday; fairs on continue it in another comedy called Sir Harry Iloly Thursday, June 24th, and Nov. 2nd. There Wildair, or The Sequel of the Trip to the Jubiis also a market for Welsh hose.
lee; in which Mrs. Oldfield acquired great apFARNOVIUS (Stanislaus), a dissenter from plause. In 1703 appeared The Inconstant, or the other Unitarians in 1568, who was followed The Way to Win him; in 1704 a farce called by several persons eminent for their learning. The Stage-coach ; in 1705 The Twin Rivals; Ile was induced by Gonesius to prefer the Arian and in 1706 The Recruiting Officer, founded system to that of the Socinians, and consequently on his own observations while on a recruiting asserted, that Christ had been produced out of party at Shrewsbury. His last comedy was The nothing by the Supreme Being before the crea- Beaux Stratagem, of which le did not live to tion. He warned his disciples against paying enjoy the full success. Mr. Farquhar married in religious worship to the Divine Spirit. He died 1703. Before this time his manner of life had in 1615.
been dissipated; and the lady, who became his FARO, an island of Sweden, to the north-east wife, having fallen violently in love with him, of Gothland, in the Baltic. It is about thirty contrived to circulate a report that she was posmiles in circumference; and has a chief town of sessed of a large fortune. Interest and vanity, the same name on the east coast. Long. 19° therefore, got the better of Farquhar's passion 32' 55" E., lat. 57° 56' N.
for liberty, and the lady and he were united in FARO, a sea-port and bishop's see of Portugal, the hymeneal band. To his honor, however, it in Algarve, near Cape Santa Maria. It stands is recorded, that though he soon found himself in a fertile plain; is fortified, and tolerably well deceived, he was not known to upbraid his wife built. Population 7000. The harbour is almost with it; but became a most indulgent husband. blocked up, but the roadstead has good anchor- Mrs. Farquhar, however, did not long enjoy the age; and a considerable export trade is carried happiness she had thus purchased by this strataon with England and other countries in sumach, gein. The involvement of her husband, and the wine, and cork. There are packet boats between treachery of a court patron who persuaded him this place and Gibraltar. It sutfered severely to sell his commission, brought on a decline, from the earthquake of 1755; and is eighteen wbich at length carried him off in 1707, in the miles south-west of Tavira, and 130 south-east twenty-ninth year of his age. His plays still conof Lisbon.
tinue to be represented to full houses. FARO OP MESSINA, a strait of the Mediterra- FARR (Samuel), M. D., was a native of nean, between Sicily and Calabria, about seven Taunton, Somersetsbire, and born in 1741. He miles across; so named from Cape Faro; re- was educated at Warrington grammar-school, markable for its tide ebbing and flowing with and the universities of Edinburgh and Leyden. great rapidity every six hours. In this strait He afterwards established himself in his native