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sonate the conjurer; who depicted Sir Francis with Mr. Colman, for his patent of the theatre ; at full length; described the tim : when, the according to which he was to receive from the place where, and the dress in which she would latter £1600 a-year, besides a stipulated sum see him.

The lady was so struck with the coin- whenever he chose to perform. Mr. Foote made cidence of every circumstance, that she married his appearance two or three times in some of his Delaval in a few days. For this service Sir most adniired characters; but was suddenly afFrancis settled an annuity upon Foote, which fected with a paralytic stroke one night whilst enabled him once more to emerge from obscurity. upon the stage, and compelled to retire. Being In 1747 he opened the little theatre in the Hay- advised to bathe, he repaired to Brighton, where market, taking upon himself the double charac- he recovered his health and spirits, and a few ter of author anu performer; and appeared in a weeks before his death returned to London: but, dramatic piece of his own composing, called the by the advice of his physicians, set out with an Diversions of the Morning. This piece con- intention to spend the winter at Paris and in the sisted of nothing more than the exhibition of south of France. At Dover he was suudenly several characters well known in real life; whose attacked by another stroke of the palsy, which manner of conversation and expression Foote in a few hours terminated his existence, on the very happily hit off in his drama, and still more 21st of October, 1777, in the fifty-sixth year of happily represented on the stage. In the con- his age. He was privately interred in the cloisters cluding part of his speech, under the character of Westminster Abbey.' Foote has often been of a theatrical director, Mr. Foote took off, with styled the English Aristophanes; and a better great humor and accuracy, the styles of acting proof of his coinic powers cannot, perhaps, be of every principal performer on the English needed than the following anecdote from Bos stage. This entertainment at first met with well's Life of Johnson. The first time,' says some opposition ; but Foote being patronised by Dr. Johnson, ‘I was in company with Foote, many of the nobility, and other persons of distinc- was at Fitzherbert's. Having no good opinion tion, the opposition was over-ruled: and, having of the fellow, I was resolved not to be pleased; altered the title of his performance, he proceeded, end it is very difficult to please a man against without further molestation, to give Tea in a his will. I went on eating my dinner pretty Morning to his friends, and represented it through sullenly, affecting not to mind him; but the dog a run of forty mornings to crowded and splendid was so very comical, that I was obliged to lay audiences. The ensuing season he produced down my knife and fork, throw myself back in another piece which he called An Auction of my chair, and fairly laugh it out. Sir, he was Pictures. This piece also had a great run. His irresistible.' Knights, which was the produce of the ensuing Foor-Halt, a disorder incident to sheep. It season, was a performance of somewhat more takes its source from an insect, which, when it dramatic regularity. His dramatic pieces, ex- comes to a certain maturity, resembles a worm clusive of the interlude called Piety in Pattens, of two, three, or four inches in length. The first are, Taste, The Knights, The Author, The En- appearance of this malady is, when the sheep glishman in Paris, The Englishman returned gives signs of lameness, which increases to so from Paris, The Mayor of Garrat, The Liar, The high a degree as to prevent grazing ; when, with Patron, The Minor, The Orators, The Commis- want of sufficient food, and pain, the poor anisary, The Devil upon Two Sticks, The Lame nial suffers greatly, and lingers till it dies, if not Lover, The Maid of Bath, The Naboh, The cured by extracting the insect or worm. The Cozeners, The Capuchin, The Bankrupt, and an sooner this is done the better, as it is easily perunfinished comedy called the Slanderer. In formed. As soon as the lameness is perceived, 1766, being on a party of pleasure with the then let the foot that is lame be examined between duke of York, lord Mexborough, and Sir Francis the close of the claws, and it will be found that Delaval, Mr. Foote broke his leg, by a fall from in the skin where the close separates is a small his horse; in consequence of which he suffered an hole (not natural), through which the insect, when amputation. The duke on this occasion obtained yet small, gets its entrance, and by degrees has for Mr. Foote a patent for life; whereby he was worked itself upwards along the leg, between the allowed to perform at the little theatre in Hay- outward skin and bone, and obtains its largest market, from the 15th May to the 15th Sep- magnitude. Proportionally it finds its nourishten.ber, every year. He now became a greater ment, wben it is left undisturbed. This worm favorite of the town than ever: his laughable must be extracted by moving the claws backward pieces, with his more laughable performance, and forward in contrary directions; when the constantly filled his house; and his receipts under part of the worm will soon make its ap were in some seasons almost incredible. Parsi- pearance at the above-mentioned small hole, and mony was never one of his vices; his hospitality continuing the same operation of moving the and generosity were ever conspicuous; he was claws, the whole worm will work itself out. This visited by the first nobility, and he was some- is better than at its first appearance to draw it times honored even by royal guests. In the out with danger of breaking off; lest part of it midst of this success an attack was made upon his should remain in the sheep's leg, and, by rotting character by a villainous domestic, whom he had there, prove hurtful. This easy operation will dismissed for misbehaviour; and though he was be effectual without any application whatever, honorably acquitted of the crime imputed, it and the channel, which the worm had made was thought that the shock which he received along the leg, will cure of itself. This malady from it accelerated his death. Mr. Foote on the is in some years more prevalent than in others, decline of his health, entered into an agreement particularly in wet seasons; and is oftener obVol. IX.

2 D

servea to begin in spring and autumn than in But though we fetch from Italy and France summer and winter; notwithstanding sheep suf- Our foperies of tune and modes of dance fer more by the wet in winter than in any of the

Our sturdy Britops scorn to borrow sense.

Granville. other seasons. In high grounds they are less

Thy works in Chloe's toilet gain a part, liable to it than in low marshy and meadow

And with his taylor share the foppling's heart. grounds.

Tickell. FOP, n. s. า A word probably made

You would know who is rude and ill-natured, who Fop'-DOODLE, n. s. | by chance, and therefore is vain and foppish, who lives too high, and who is FoP'TERY, n. s. without etymology, says in debt. For'pish, adj. Dr. Johnson : but there

FOR, prep. and conj. Sax. for. Dr. Johnsra Fop'PISHLY, adv. is a regular Teut. sub- says preposition. Junius derives it from the For'PISHNESS, N.S. stantive fop (Belg. vop); Greek apo, transposing the p and changing :

FoP'PLING, n. s. from which it is clearly into f. Skinner and Tyrwhitt from the Latin pro. derived. A simpleton; a coxcomb; a man of Mr. Horne Tooke from the Gothic noun fairing, small understanding and much ostentation; a cause. I imagine,' observes Mr. Tooke, the pretender; a man fond of show, dress, and word for (whether denominated preposition, conAutter; an impertinent : foppery is derived from junction, or adverb) to be a noun, and to have fop, and signifies that kind of folly which dis- always one and the same single signification, viz. plays itself in dress and manners : to be foppish cause, and nothing else. Though Greenwood aiis to be fantastically and affectedly fine; vain; tributes to it eighteen, and S. Johnson forty-six ostentatious; showy, and ridiculous : foppling different meanings; for which Greenwood ciies is the diminutive of fop, a fool half grown ; a above forty, and Johnson above 200 instances. stunted and insignificant coxcomb; a thing But, with a little attention to these instances, you without species or gender, that endeavours to will easily perceive, that they usually attribute to attract admiration to its pretty person, its pretty the preposition the meaning of some other words dress, &c. In composition it makes fop-doodle, in the sentence';-vide Diversions of Purley, p. a fool double distilled; one that provokes ridi. 345. We are, speaking generally, of Mr. Tooke's cule and contempt, who thrusts bimself into dan- opinion as to this word: but the instances of ger with no other chancethan a sound beating Dr. Johnson will fully illustrate both his definifor his pains.

tions, and this more simple one of Mr. Tooke's. a whole tribe of fops,

We therefore subjoin them, with some few addiGot 'tween asleep and awake.

tions and rectifying the chronology. Shakspeare, King Lear. Because of. This is the excellent foppery of the world, that

That which we for our unworthiuess are afraid to when we are sick in fortune, often the surfeits of our crave, our prayer is, that God for the worthiness of own behaviour, we make guilty of our disasters, the

his Son would notwithstanding vouchsafe to grant.

Hooker. sun, the moon, and stars, as if we were villains on necessity.


Edward and Richard,
Fools ne'er had less grace in a year ;

With fiery eyes, sparkling for very wrath,
For wise men are grown foppish,

Are at our backs. Shakspeare. Henry VI. And know not how their wits to wear,

Speak, good Cominius; Their manners are so apish.


Leave nothing out for length. Shakspeare. Let not the sound of shallow foppery enter

l'or as much as the question cannot be scanned,

unless the time of Abraham's journey be considered My sober house. Id. Merchant of Venice.

of, I will search into a tradition concerning his I was three or four times in the thought they were travels.

Raleigh's History. not fairies; and yet the guiltiness of my mind, the An astrologer saith, if it were not for two things sudden surprise of my powers, drove the grossness of that are constant, no individual would last one mothe foppery into a received belief, in despight of the

Bacon. teeth of all rhyme and reason, that they were fairies. For as much as it is a fundamental law in the

Id. Merry Wives of Windsor. Turkish empire, that they may, without any other Where sturdy butchers broke your nuddle, provocation, make war upon Christendom for the And handled you like a fopdoodle. Hudibras, propagation of their laws; so the Christians may at

all times, as they think good, be upon the prevenWhen such a positive abandoned fop,


Jd. War with Spain. Among his numerous absurdities, Stumbles upon some tolerable line,

Let no man, for his own poverty, become mora I fret to see them in such company.

oppressive in his bargains; but quietly recommen! Roscommon. his estate to God, and leave the success to bim.

Taylor. ve had to-day a dozen billet-doux,

m fops, and wits, and cits, and Bow Street beaux; I but revenge my fate; disdained, betrayed, Some from Whiteliall, but from the Temple more,

And suffering death for this ungrateful maid. A Covent Garden porter brought me four. Dryden.


Sole on the barren sands, the suffering chief
The leopard's beauty, without the fox's wit, is no
better than a fop in a gay coat.

Roared out for anguish, and indulged his grief.

Id. The Romans grew extremely expensive and fop- Children, discountenanced by their parents for any pish; so that the emperor Aurelian forbid men that fault, find a refuge in the caresses of foolish fatterers. varicty of colours on their shoes, allowing it still to

Locke. Arbuthnot.

A sound mind in a sound bo is a short but full I wish I could say quaint fopperies were wholly description of a happy state in this world : he that absent from graver subjects.

Swift. has these two has little more tu wish for, and he that



wants either of them will be but little better for any

Our present lot appears thing else.

Locke.. For happy, though but ill; for ill, not worst, Persons who have lost most of their grinders, If we procure not to ourselves inore woe. Milton. having been compelled to use three or four only in In advantage of; for the sake of. chewing, wore them so low, that the inward nerve An ant is a wise creature for itself; but it is a shrewd lay bare, and they would no longer for pain make thing in an orchard.

Bacon. use of them.

May on the Creation.

He refused not to die for those that killed him, The middle of the gulpb is remarkable for tempests. And shed his blood for some of those that spilt it. Addisim.

Boyle. My opened thought to joyous prospect raise,

Shall I think the world was made for one, And for thy mercy let me sing thy praise. Prior. And men are born for kings, as beasts for men, Which best or worst you could not think;

Not for protection, but to be devoured ? And die you must for want of drink. Id.

Dryden. It is a most infamous scandal upon the nation, to

Read all the prefaces of Dryden, reproach them for treating foreigners with contempt. For those our criticks much confide in;


Though werely writ at first for filling, We can only give them that liberty now for some- To raise the volume's price a shilling. Swift. thing, which they have so many years exercised for

Conducive to; beneficial to. nothing, of railing and scribbling against us. Id.

It is for the general good of human society, and With respect to; with regard to.

consequently of particular persons, to be true and Rather our state's defective for requital, just; and it is for men's health to be temperate. Than we to stretch it out. Shakspeare. Coriolanus.

Tillotson. A paltry ring

It can never be for the interest of a believer to That she did give me, whose poesy was,

do me a mischief, because he is sure, upon the baFor all the world, like cutler's poetry

lance of accounts, to find himself a loser by it. Upon a knife; love me and leave me not.

Addison. Shakspeare. With intention of going to a certain place. For all the world,

We sailed from Peru for China and Japan. As thou art at this hour, was Richard then. Id.

Bacon. It was young counsel for the persons, and violent

As she was brought for England, she was cast away counsel for the matters.

Bacon's Essays.
near Harwich haven.

Hayward. Authority followeth old men, and favour and po

We sailed directly for Genoa, and had a fair wind, pularity youth; but for the moral part, perhaps, youth

Addison. will have the pre-eminence, as age bath for the poli

In comparative respect. tick,


For tusks with Indian elephants he strove, After death, we sprights have just such natures

And Jove's own thunder from his mouth he drove. We had, for all the world, when human creatures.


With appropriation to.
Such little wasps, and yet so full of spite ;
Fur bulk mere insects, yet in mischief strong.

Shadow will serve for Summer : prick him ; for

we have a number of shadows to fill up the musterbook.

Shakspeare. Hobbes has given us a correct explanation of the sense in general ; but for particulars and circum

After () an expression of desire. stances, he continually lops them.


O for a muse of fire that would ascend Lo, some are vellum, and the rest as good,

The brightest heaven of invention! Shakspeare. For all his lordship knows, but they are wood. Id. In account of; in solution of. In this sense it has often as before it.

Thus much for the beginning and progress of the As for Maramaldus the general, they had no just deluge.

Burnet's Theory of the Earth. cause to mislike him, being an old captain of great Inducing to as a motive. experience.


There is a natural, immutable, and eternal reason In the character of.

for that which we call virtue, and against that which If a man can be fully assured of any thing for a we call vice.

Tillotson. truth, without having examined, what is there that

In expectation of. be may not embrace for truth?


He must be back again by one and twenty, to marry Say, is it fitting in this very field,

and propagate : the father cannot stay any longer for This field, where from my youth I've been a carter,

the portion, nor the mother for a new set of babies 1, in this field, should die for a deserter ? Gay.

to play with.

Locke. She thinks you favoured :

Noting power or possibility. But let her go, for an ungrateful woman.

For a holy person to be humble, for one, whom all 4. Phillips.

men esteem a saint, to fear lest himself become a With resemblance of.

devil, is as hard as for a prince to submit himself to I hear for certain, and do speak the truth,

be guided by tutors.

Taylor. The gentle York is up. Shakspeare. Henry IV.

Now, now for sure, deliverance is at hand, Noting dependence. The kingdom sball to Israel be restored. Milton.

The colours of outward objects, brought into a The startling steed was seized with sndden fright,

darkened room, depend for their visibility upon the And, bounding, o'er the pommel cast the knight;

dimness of the light they are beheld by. Boyle. Forward he few, and pitching on his head,

In prevention of; fur fear of. He quivered with his feet, and lay for dead.

Corn being had down, any way ye allow,

Dryden. Should wither as needeth for burning in mow. Considered as ; in the place of.

Tusser The council-table and star-chamber held for ho- And, for the time shall not seem tedisus, nourable that which pleased, and for just that which I'll tell thee what befel me on a day, profited. Clarendon. In this self place. Shakspeare. Henry VI.

I here must be no alleys with hedges at the hither Even death's become to me no dreadful name; end, for letting your prospect upon this fair hedge in fighting fields, where our acquaintance grex, from the green : nor at the farther end, for letting I saw him, and contemned bim first for you. your prospect from the hedge through the arches upon

Dryden. the beath.

Bacon's Essays. For this, 'tis needful to prevent her art, She wrapped him close for catching cold. And fire with love the proud Phænician's heari. Lovelace.

ld. Virgil. In remedy of.

Some pray for riches; riches they obtain ; Sometimes hot, sometimes cold things are good But watched by robbers, for their wealth are slain. for the toothach. Garretson.

Dryden. In exchange of.

Let them who truly would appear my friends, He made considerable progress in the study of the Employ their swords like mine for noble ends. law, before be quitted that profession for this of

Id. poetry.

Dryden. Of tendency to; towards. In the place of; instead of.

The kettle to the top was hoist : To make him copious is to alter his character; But with its upside down, to show and to translate him line for line is impossible.

Its inclination for below.

Seeift. Dryden. In favor of; on the part of; on the side of. We take a falling meleor for a star. Cowley.

Ye suppose the laws for which ye strive are found In supply of; to serve in the place of.

in Scripture ; but those not against which we strive. Most of our ingenious young men take up some

Hooker. Preface. cried-up English poet for their model, adore him,

It becomes me not to draw my pen in the defence and imitate him, as they think, without knowing

of a bad cause, when I have so often drawn it for a wherein he is defective. Dryden. good one.

Dryden. Through a certain duration.

Jove was for Venus ; but he feared his wife. Some please for once, some will for ever please.

Id. Roscommon.

Noting accommodation or adaptation. Those who sleep without dreaming, can never be Fortune, if there be such a thing as she, convinced that their thoughts are for four hours busy, Spies that I bear so well her tyranny, without their knowing it.

Locke. That she thinks nothing else so fit for me. The administration of this bank is for life, and

Donne. partly in the hands of the chief citizens. Addison. It is for wicked men to dread God; but a virtuous In search of; in quest of.

man may have undisturbed thoughts, even of the

Tillotson. Philosophers have run so far back for arguments of justice of God. comfort against pain, as to doubt whether there were

A few rules of logick are thought sufficient, in this any such thing; and yet, for all that, when any

case, for those who pretend to the highest improvegreat evil has been upon them, they would cry out as

Locke. loud as other men,

Tillotson. His country has good havens, both for the Adriatic and Mediterranean.

Addison on Italy. According to Chymists have not been able, for aught is vulgarly

Persia is commodiously situated for trade both bir known, by fire alone to separate true sulphur from

sea and land.

Arbuthnot on Coins. antimony.


With intention of. Noting a state of fitness or readiness.

And by that justice hast removed the cause Nay, if you be an undertaker, I am for you.

Of those rude tempests, which, for rapine sent,

Shakspeare. Too oft, alas, involved the innocent. Waller If he oe orave, he's ready for the stroke.

Here huntsmen with delight may read
How to chuse dogs for scent or speed.

18 In hope of; for the sake of; noting the final

For this, from Trivia's temple and her wood,

Are coursers driven, who shed their master's blood. cause.

Dryden. How quickly nature Falls to revolt, when gold becomes her object!

Such examples should be set before thein, as pat

Locke. For this the foolish, over-careful fathers,

terns for their daily imitation. Have broke their sleeps with thought, their brains

The next question usually is, what is it for? with care,

Id. Their bones with industry : for this, engrossed

Achilles is for revenging himself upon Agamem. The cankered heaps of strong atchieved gold ·

non by means of Hector.

Broome. For this they have been thoughtful to invest

Becoming; belonging to. Their sons with arts and martial exercises.

It were more for his honour to raise his siege than

Shakspeare. to spend so many good men in tbe winning of it by The kingdom of God was first rent by ill counsel ; force.

Knolles. upon which counsel there are set, for our instruction, It were not for your quiet, nor your good, two marks.

Bacon, Nor for my manhood, honesty, and wisdom, Whetber some hero's fate,

To lec you know my thoughts. In words worth dying for, he celebrate.

Shakspeare. Othelle. Cowley.

Jests for Dutchmen and English boys. For he writes not for money, nor for praise,

Cowley. Nor to be called a wit, nor to wear bays.

The' offers he doth make,

Denham. Were not for him to give, nor them to take. There we shall see a sight, worthy dying for, that

Daniel. blessed Saviour, who so highly deserves of us.

It is a reasonable account for any man to give, why

Boyle. he does not live as the greatest part of the world He is not disposed to be a fool, and to be miserable do, that he has no mind to die as they do, and perish for company. Tillotson. with them.



Is it for you to ravage seas and land,

Neither doubt you, because I wear a woman's apUnauthorized by my supreme command ? parel, I will be the more womanish; since I assure

Dryden. you, for all my apparel, there is nothing I desire His sire already signs him for the skies, more than fully to prove myself a man in this enterAnd marks the seat amidst the deities. Id. prize.

Sidney. Notwithstanding.

They resolute, for all this, do proceed This, for any thing we know in the contrary, might

Unto that judgment.

Daniel. be the self-same form which Philojudæus expresseth.

Though that very ingenious person has anticipated Hooker.

part of what I should say, yet you will, for all that, God's desertion shall, for aught he knows, the next

expect that I should give you a fuller account. minute supervene. Decay of Piety.

Boyle. Probability supposes that a thing may or may not

If we apprehend the greatest things in the world be so, for any thing yet certainly determined on of the emperor of China or Japan, we are well enough either side.

South contented, for all that, to let them govern at home. If such vast masses of matter had been situated


fleet. aearer to the sun, or to each other, as they might as She might have passed over my businesses; but my easily have been, for any mechanical or fortuitous rabble is not to be mumbled up in silence, for all her agent, they must necessarily have caused a consi- pertness.

Dryden. derable disorder in the whole system. Bentley. For all bis exact plot, down was he cast from all his

For any thing that legally appears to the contrary, greatness, and forced to end his days in a mean conit may be a contrivance to fright us. Swifi. dition.

South. To the use of; to be used in.

For to. In the language used two centuries The oak for nothing ill,

ago for was commonly used before to, the sign The osier good for twigs, the poplar for the mill. of the infinitive mood, to note the final cause.

Spenser. Your understandings 're not bright enough for the in the same sense with the French pour. Thus

As, I come for to see you, for I love to see you: exercise of the highest acts of reason.


it is used in the translation of the Bible. But In consequence of.

this distinction was by the best writers someFor love they force through thickets of the wood, They climb the steepy hills and stem the food.

times forgotten; and for, by wrong use, appearDryden.

ing superfluous, is now always omitted. In recompense of; in return of.

But, for to tellen you of his araie, Now, for so many glorious actions done,

His hors wos good, but he ne wos not gaie. For peace at home, and for the publick wealth,

Chaucer. Prologue to Cant. Tales. I mean to crown a bowl for Cæsar's health ;

Who shall let me now Besides, in gratitude for such high matters,

On this vile body for to wreak my wrong? Know I have yowed two hundred gladiators.

Faerie Queene. Dryden.

A large posterity First the wily wizard must be caught;

Up to your happy palaces may mount,
For unconstrained he nothing tells for nought.

Of blessed saints for to increase the count.

Spenser. In proportion to.

These things may serve for to represent how just He is not very tall, yet for his years he's tall. cause of fear this kingdom may have towards Spain. Shakspeare.

Bacon. As he could see clear, for those times, through For, conj. The word by which the reason is superstition; so he would be blinded, now and then, introduced of something advanced before. by buman policy.


Goth now your way, 'quod he,' al stille and soft,
Exalted Socrates ! divinely brave !

And let us dine as sone as that ye may,
Injured he fell, and dying he forgave; For by my kalendar it is prime of day.
Too noble for revenge.
Dryden's Juvenal.

Chaucer. The Shipmannes Tale. By means of; by interposition of.

Heaven doth with us as we with torches deal, Moral consideration can no way move the sensible Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues appetite, were it not for the will.

Hale. Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike

As if we had them not.
Of some calamity we can have no relicf but from
God alone; and what would men do in such a case,

Shakspeare. Measure for Measure. if it were not for God?


Tell me wbat kind of thing is wit : In regard of; in preservation of; I cannot for For the first matter loves variety less. Cowley.

Old husbandmen I at Sabinum know, my life, is, I cannot if my life might be saved

Who for another year dig, plough, and sow;
I bid the rascal kņock upon your gate ;

For never any man was yet so old,
But could not get him for my heart.

But hoped his life one Winter more would hold.

Denham. Shakspeare. I cannot for my heart leave a room, before I have

For the hope of happiness, said he, is so strongly thoroughly examined the papers pasted upon the walls. impressed, that the longest experience is not able to

Addison's Spectator.
efface it.

Johnson's Rasselas. For alt. Notwithstanding.

Nor swelled bis breast with uncouth pride, For all the carefulness of the Christians the Eng

That heaven on him above his charge bad laid ; lish bulwark was undermined by the enemy, and

But, for his great Creator would the same,

His will increased; so fire augmenteth fame. upon the fourth of September part thereof was blown ap.

Fairfax. Knolles's History. But as Noah's pigeon, which returned no more,

Because ; on this account that. It is in this Did shew she footing found for all the food. sense properly followed by that, and, without it,

Davies. is elliptical. This sense is almost obsolete.

by it.

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