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As wild bores, gan they togeder smite

It is a borough of barony, governed by a baron'That frothea white as fome for ire wood,

bailie appointed by the Duke of Gordon who Up to the ancle foughte they in hir blood.

is superior. An elegant bridge has been 'ately Chaucer. The Knightes Tule. built over the Spey at this town. t is a thrirMy love and lord alas ! in whom consists my wealth, ing place, and lies eighteen miles west of Banfi. Hath fortune sent to pass the seas, in hazard of his

and forty-eight north-west of Aberdeen. healthWhom I was wont to embrace with well contented

Fo Chan, a populous town near Canton, in mind,

China, on the banks of the river whereon that Is now amid the foaming floods, at pleasure of the city stands. It extends about three miles along wind.

Earl of Surrey.

the river, and is composed principally of a There also, where the winged ships were scene single street of large well built-houses. Tie In liquid waves to cut their foainie waie,

tide flows up to this town, and one of the And thousand fishers numbered to have been

custom-houses is a fine building; not far disIn that wide lake, looking for plenteous praie tant is a temple. Grosnier observes that FoOf fish, which they with baits used to betraie,

chan, 'properly speaking, is only a village, being Is now no lake. Spenser. The Ruines of Time. unenclosed by walls, and not having a governor:

Cæsar fell down in the market-place, and foamed but that it is the largest and most populous in at mouth, and was speechless.

Shukspeure. the universe, because it is three leagues in cirWhat a beard of the general's cut will do among cuit, and contains 1,000,000 of inhabitants.' foaming bottles and ale-washed wits, is wonderful.

FOCHEA, or Fochia Nova, a sea-port town Id. Henry V.

of Asiatic Turkey, in Natolia; with a castle and I have been gathering wolves' hairs,

harbour, seated on the Gulf of Smyrna, at the The mad-dogs' foam, and adders' ears, The spurging of a dead man's eyes,

mouth of the Hermus; twenty-eight miles northAnd all since the evening-star did rise. Ben Jonson.

west of Smyrna, and thirty-two S.S. W. of PerMore white than Neptune's foamy face,

gamo. In 1650 the Venetians defeated the When struggling rocks he would embrace. Sidney. Turkish fleet near this town. Behold how high the foamy billows ride!

FOCIL, n. s. Fr. focile. The greater or less The winds and waves are on the juster side. Dryden.

bone between the knee and ankle, or elbow and To Pallas high the foaming bowl he crowned, wrist. And sprinkled large libations on the ground. Pope. The fracture was of both the focils of the left leg. Whitening down their mossy tinctured stream

Wiseman, Descends the billowy foam. Thomson's Spring.

FOCILLA'TION, n. s. Lat. focillo. Comfort; O'er the glad waters of the dark blue sea,

support. Our thoughts as boundless, and our souls as free

FO’CUS, n. 6. 7 Lat. In optics, The focus of Far as the breeze can bear the billows' foam Survey our empire and behold our home! Byron.

Focal, adj. Sa glass is the point of conver

gence or concourse, where the rays meet and FOB, n. s. & v. a. Germ. fuppe, fupsacke ; cross the a

Juppe rupsacke: cross the axis after their refraction by the glass. Ital. fioppe (breeches), a small pocket. The verb,

The point from which rays diverge, or to which from the same root (fuppen), signifies to cheat ; to trick; to defraud : probably from being first

they converge, may be called their focus.

Newton's Opticks. applied to stealing out of the fob. It is used Schelhammer demandeth whether the convexity 9: colloquially with off. To fob off is, to shift off; concavity of the drum collects rays into a focal point to put aside with an artifice; to delude by a or scatters them.

Derham. trick.

If the candle be placed nearer the glass than its I think it is scurvy, and begin to find myself focal distance, the rays will diverge after passing fobbed in it.

Shakspeare. Othello. through the glass, more or less, as the candle is more Shall there be a gallows standing in England or less distant from the focus.

Ferguson. when thou art king, and resolution thus fobbed as

But Juan was not meant to die so soon : it is with the rusty curb of old father antick the

We left him in the focus of such glory law ?

Id. Henry IV.

As may be seen, by favour of the moon
You must not think

Or ladies' fancies,-rather transitory.
To fob off your disgraces with a tale. Shakspeare.

Byron. For they, poor knaves, were glad to cheat,

Focus, in geometry, certain points in the To get their wives and children meat ;

transverse axis of the ellipse hyperbola and paBut these will not be fobbed off so,

rabola from which two lines drawn to any point They must have wealth and power too. Hudibras. Who picked a fob at holding forth. Id.

in the curve will bear a certain proportion; He goes pressing forward, till he was folbed again namely, their sum in the ellipse or parabola, with another story.

I'Estrange and their difference in the hyperbola is equal He put his hand into his fob, and presented me to the transverse axis. See Conic SECTIONS. in bis name with a tobacco-stopper. Addison. Focus, in optics, the point of convergence in

Two pockets he called his fobs : they were two large which several rays meet, or are collected after slits squeezed close by the pressure of his belly being either reflected or refracted.

Swift. Focus of a PARABOLA, a point in the axis FOCHABERS, a town of Scotland, in Banff- within the figure, and distant from the vertex by shire, on the Spey, formerly in the neighbour- a fourth part of the parameter, or latus rectum. hood of Gordon Castle, but removed, not many Focus Of An Elipsis, a point towards each end years ago, to a rising ground about a mile sonth, of the longer axis; from whence two right lines and built on a neat plan, having a square in the being drawn to any point in the circumference, centre, and streets entering it at right angles. shall be together equal to that longer axis.

tu

Focus OF THE HYBERBOLA, a point in the To reskue him, and his weak part abet, principal axis, within the opposite hyperbolas; For pity co to see him overset. from which if any two right lines are drawn,

Spenser. Faerio Queene. meeting in either of the opposite hyperbolas,

Here haunts that fiend, and does his daily spoi!; the difference will be equal to the principal axis.

is? Therefore henceforth be at your keeping well, FOD'DER, n. s. & v. a. Sax. fogne, foder,

And ever ready for your foeman fell.

!d. Fop'DERER.nis.

} from cód." food. God's benison go with you, and with those Dry food stored up for cattle against winter. T. That would make good of bad, and friends of foes. feed with dry food; he who fodders cattle.

Shakspeare

What valiant foemen, like to Autumn's corn, Being not to be raised without wintering, they will ha

" Have we mowed down in top of all their pride? help to force men into improvement of land by a

Id. Henry V! necessity of fodder.

Temple. Let us not slip the occasion, whether scorn
Of grass and fodder thou defraudest the dams, o

Or satiate
ield it from

Milton. And of their mother's dugs the starving lambs.

Dryden's Virgil.

Nature, her own sex's foe,
From winter keep

Long had taught her to be coy;
Well foddered in the stalls, thy tender sheep. Id.

But she neither kuew to enjoy Natural earth is taken from just under the turf of

Nor yet let her lover go.

Marvell. the best pasture ground, in a place that has been well Forced by thy worth, thy foe in death become, foddered on. Evelyn. Thy friend bas lodged thee in a costly tomb.

en's Fables. FODDER, in agriculture, all such substances as

Thy defects to know, hay, straw, haulm, &c., which are kept for the Make nse

the Make use of every friend, and every foe. Pope. winter food of cattle. In the giving of fodder

e He that considers and cnquires into the reason o to all sorts of animals, care should be taken that

" things, is counted a fue to received doctrines. it is not wasted by their having too much, or by

Watts on the Mind. its not being well put into racks or cribs, which Tell us who brought, and whence these colonies ; should be sufficiently numerous. Where these Who is their king, what foes, and what allies; points are not properly attended to, there must What laws maintain their peace; what wars and vir. be great loss, not only by the fodder being tories ?

Fletcher's Purple Ixland. littered about the yard, but from many of the Old fames new wives, become our bitterest foes, more weak cattle not getting the quantity of Converted foes should scorn to join with those. food that may be necessary for their support. In

Byron. res pect to racks, those of the staddling and FENUS NAUTICUM. Where money was lent basket kinds are best for foddering, if made to a merchant, to be employed in a beneficial strong enough, that is, so as not to be overturned; trade upon condition to be repaid, with extrafor these racks may be lifted up as the dung ordinary interest, in case such voyage was rises in the yard, which those fixed in the ground safely performed, the agreement was sometimes cannot be.

called fænus nauticum, sometimes usura maritima. FOE, n. s. 2 Sax. fah; Goth. fega ; old But, as this gave an opening for usurious con

FoE'MAN. STeut. fian, to haste. One that tracts, 19 Geo. II. cap. 37 enacts, that all bears hatred and malice against another. Enemy money lent on bottomry, on vessels bound to or is not properly the synonyme of foe. Enemy, from the East Indies, shall be expressly lent inimicus, Lat. merely signifies one that is un- only upon the ship or merchandise: the lender friendly. Foe implies deadly aversion. Crabbe to have the benefit of salvage, &c. Blackstone. well observes, 'An enemy is not so formidable as See BOTTOMRY. a foe; the former may be reconciled; but the FOSIUS (Anulius), a learned physician ot latter remains always deadly. An enemy may Paris, born at Mentz in 1528. He published a be so in spirit, in action, or in relation; a foe is translation of Galen's Commentaries upon the always so in spirit, if not in action likewise; a second book of Ilippocrates, under the title of man may be an enemy to himself, though not a Hippocratis Coi Liber secundus de morbis foe.' These distinctions, however, are not strictly vulgaribus, difficillimus et pulcherrimus: olim regarded even by our best writers. For foe is à Galeno Commentariis illustratus qui temporis often used to denote an enemy in war,-an injuriâ interciderunt; nunc vero penè in inteenemy in common life; a persecutor; an oppo- grum restitutus Commentariis sex, et Latinitate nent; an il. wisher. Foeman is obsolete, except donatus. 8vo. In the following year he pubin poetry, where it is often introduced instead of lished a pharmacopoeia, in order to fix the refoe, io eke out the number of feet.

gular formulæ and the particular medicines to To these gret conquerouris two,

be used by the apothecaries of Mentz: its title Fortune was first a friend and sith a fo.

was, Pharmacopeia Medicamentorum omnium, Chaucer. The Monkes Tale.

quæ hodie ad publica medentium munia in His fomen made a feste upon a day,

officinis extant, tractationein et usum ex antiAnd made him as bir fool before hem pleye,

quorum Medicorum præscripto continens; And this was in a temple of gret array :

Basilex, 1561, 8vo. His constant meditations But, at the last, he made a foule affray, For he two pillers shake, and made hem falle;

on the works of Hippocrates led him to arrange, And down fell a temple and all, and ther it lay;

in alphabetical order, all the terms which conAnd slew bimself, and eke his fomen alle.

tributed to occasion any doubt or obscurity in Eftsoones he spide a knight approaching nye;

the perusal of this ancient writer, under the Who seeing one in so great danger set

title of Economia Hippocratis. After prac. Mongst many foes himself did faster hve

:ising physic a long time with great reputation,

Id.

at Lorrain and other places, he died in the year tocks being perfect stone of a reddish color, and 1596.

as hard as common quarry-stone; the grain and FETIDIA, in botany, a genus of plants of surface of this part appears exactly like that of the icosandria class and monogynia order : cal. the calculi or stones taken out of human superior, four-cleft: cor. none: CAPS. woody: bladders : and the whole substance examined four-celled: the cells one or two-seeded. Species, ever so nearly, and felt ever so carefully, appears one only; a tree of Mauritius, with one-flowered to be absolute stone. It was carried from Sens terminal peduncles.

to Paris, and there purchased by a goldsmith of FCETOR NARIUM (stench of the nostrils), Venice; from whom Frederic Isl. king of Dena sort of disease arising from a deep ulcer with mark purchased it for a very large sum. in the nose, yielding a fetid smell, and remark- FOĞ, n. s. Low Lat. yogagium. Gramen able as one of the causes for which marriage in foresta regis locatur pro fogagio Leges forai. might formerly be annulled.

Scotica. Aftergrass; grass which grows in auFETUS, n. s. Lat. fætus, from foveo, to che- tumn after the hay is mown. rish; Fr. fetus. Both signify the thing cherished. Foc, or Forg, is a term that properly signifies It refers to what is formed in the womb of the the fine soft grass that immediately springs up mother: it differs from embryo, though it is ap- after the hay crop has been taken from the plied to the same substance. Embryo is the first ground; but which is sometimes used for the germ of conception; fætus the same germ ad- long grass remaining in the pastures till the winvanced to maturity of formation.

ter season. A fætus, in the mother's worm, differs not much foc, n. s.

Dan. fog, a storm. A from the state of a vegetable.

Locke. Fog'GINESS, n. s. thick mist; a most dense Fetus, the young of all viviparous animals Fogʻgy, adj. vapor near the surface of whilst in the womb, and of oviparous animals the land or water. Metaphorically applied to the before being hatched. The name is transferred understanding, when it is unapprehensive, mysby botanists to the embryos of vegetables. Till tified, and dull. the young is perfectly formed, it is more pro

Huge routs of people did about them band, perly called EMBRYO. See ANATOMY, and MID

Shouting for joy; and still before their way WIFERY. In the human fætus there exist se- A foggy mist had covered all the land. veral peculiarities not to be found in the adult:

Spensor's Faerie Qucene. 1. The arteries of the naval string, which are

Infect her beauty, continuations of the hypogastrics, are after the You fensucked fogs drawn by the powerful sun, birth shrivelled up, and form the lower umbi- To fall and blast her pride.

Shakspeare. lical ligament. 2. The veins of the navel-string

Whence have they this mettle ? are formed by the union of all the venous Is not their climate foggy, raw and dull ? branches in the placenta; and, passing into the

Id. Henry V. abdomen, become the falciform ligament of the

Lesser mists and fogs than those which covered

Greece with so long darkness, present great alterations liver. 3. The lungs, before being inflated with

in the sun and moon.

Raleigh. air, are compact and heavy; but after one in

Fly, fly, profane fogs ! far hence fly away; spiration they become light, and as it were

Taint not the pure streams of the springing day spongy; and it may be noted here, that the With your dull influence : it is for you notion of the lungs sinking in water before the fo sit and scowl upon night's heavy brow, child breathes, and of their swimming after the

Crashat. reception of air, are no certain proofs that the Alas! while we are wrapt in foggy mist child had or had not breathed, much less that it Of our self-love, so passions do deceive, was murdered : for the uninflated lungs become We think they hurt, when most they do assist. specifically lighter than water, as soon as any

Sidney. degree of putrefaction takes place in them, and

About Michaelmas, the weather fair, and by no this soon happens after the death of the child: means foggy, retire your rarest plants. besides, where the utmost care has been taken

Evelyn's Kalendar.

When sleep is first disturbed by morning cries, to preserve the child, it has breathed once or Pro

From sure prognostics learn to know the skies, twice, and then died. 6. The thymus gland is Lest you of rheums and coughs at night complain, very large in the fætus, but dwindles away in Surprised in dreary fogs or driving rain. Gay. proportion as years advance. 7. The foramen

Mean time his soul weighed down with inuddy ovale in the heart of a fætus is generall.y closed

chains, in an adult.

Can neither work nor move in captive bands; Fetus, PETRIFIED. Bartholine, Pare, Licetus, But dulled in vap'rous fogs all ceaseless reigns, and many other writers, give an account of a

Fletcher. Purple Island. petrified fætus. The child which they describe, As when from fenny moors the lumpish clouds is kept as a great rarity in the king of Den- With rising streams damp the light morniug's face ; mark's museum at Copenhagen. The woman At length the piercing sun his beam unshrouds lived at Sens in Champaign in 1582. It was And with his arrows the idle fog doth chase : cut out of her belly, and was supposed to have The broken mist lies me

The broken mist lies melted all in tears. Id. lain there about twenty years. That it is a real Fog, or Mist, according to lord Bacon, is an human fætus, and not artificial, is evident to imperfect condensation of the air, consisting of che eyes of any observer; and the upper part of a large proportion of the air, and a small one it, is of a substance resembling gypsum, or the of the aqueous vapor. Fogs happen in winter, stone whereof they make Paris plaster. The about the change of the weather from frost to lower part is much harder, the thighs and but- thaw, or from thaw to frost; but in summer and

re to pursue.

spring, from the expansion of the dew. The FOI'BLE, n. s. French, A little fault; a vapois, which are raised plentifully from the mental weakness rather than a moral taint. It earth and waters, either by the solar or subter- is synonymous, or nearly so, with failing; failraneous heat, at their first entrance into the at- ings and foibles are the smallest degrees of immosphere meet with cold enough to condense perfection. Failings, perhaps, relate more to them to a considerable degree; their specific temper and disposition, and foibles to habit and gravity is by that means increased, and so they prepossession. will be stopped from ascending; and either re

He knew the foibles of human nature. Friend turn back in form of dew or of drizzling rain, The witty men sometimes have sense enough to or remain suspended some time in the form of a know their own foible, and therefore they craftily fog. Vapors may be seen on the high grounds shun the attacks of argument. Watts's Logick. as well as the low, but more especially about If you insist upon your right to examine, they marshy places. They are easily dissipated by retreat, either in confusion or equivocation ; and, the wind, as well as by the heat of the sun. like the scuttle-fish, throw a large quantity of ink beThey continue longest in the lowest grounds,

hind them, that you may not see whe because these places contain most moisture, and

Whence this foille flows is obvious enough. Mason. are loast exposed to the action of the wind. FOIL, v. a. & n. s. ) Old Fr. affoler, to Hence we may easily conceive, that fogs are For'ler, n.s. wound. Crabbe thinks only low clouds, or clouds in the lowest region from fail, and the Lat. fallo to deceive; to make of the air; as clouds are no other than fogs to fail. Thus it signifies to put to the worst; 10 raised on high. See Cloud, and Mist.

defeat, though without a complete victory; and FOGGIA, a large town of Naples, in the Capi- equally applies to the accomplishment of this, tanata, formerly of great importance, from being whether by stratagem or open resistance. A a staple for wool and corn, and the seat of the person is foiled, whatever the means, who is redogano or register-office for collecting the tax buffed and turned away from bis meditated puron the sheep which pass to and from the pas- pose : it is also used in the sense of puzzling and tures of Puglia. The office of Foggia appointed perplexing. deputations to other towns. The principal Bonduca, that victorious conqueresse, square, and several of its streets, are under- That, lifting up her brave heroick thought mined with vaults, where corn is stored and Bove womens weaknesse, with the Romanes fought. preserved; the sides are said to be faced with fought, and in field against them thrice prevailed; stone, and all the orifices carefully closed. The Yet was she foyled whenas she me assailed. town has been almost entirely rebuilt since the

Spenser. The Ruines of Tirne. We o

had no diffidence ; earthquake of 1732. A great fair is held here in May. It contains 17,000 inhabitants. It is

One sudden foil shall never breed distrust.

one sudden foil shall nev sixteen miles south-west of Manfredonia, and

Shakspeare.

Amazement seized forty-two north-east of Benevento.

The rebel thrones; but greater rage to see FOGLIETO (Oberto, or Hubert), a Genoese Thus fuiled their mightiest.

Milton. priest, and one of the most learned writers of Strange, that your fingers should the pencil foil, the sixteenth century. He had a share in the Without the help of colours or of oil ! Waller. disturbances that were raised at Genoa, for Virtue, disdain, despair, I oft have tried ; which he was banished; and died at Rome in And, foiled, have with new arms my foe defied, 1581, aged sixty-three. He wrote a History

Dryden. of Genoa in Italian, which is highly esteemed;

Death never won a stake with greater toil, and many works in Latin.

Nor e'er was fate so near a foil.

Id. FOH, interj. From Sax. fah, an enemy. An

Whilst I am following one character, I am crossed

in my way by another, and put up such a variety of interjection of abhorrence: as if one should at

odd creatures in both sexes, that they foil the scent of sight of any thing hated cry out a foe!

one another, and puzzle the chace. Addison. Not to affect many proposed matches

He had been foiled in the cure, and had left it to Of her own clime, complexion and degree,

nature.

Wiseman's Surgery. Whereto we see in all things nature tends,

In their conficts with sin they have been so often Foh ! one may smell in such a will most rank,

foiled, that they now despair of ever getting the day. Foul disproportions, thoughts unnatural.

Calamy's Sermons.
Shakspeare.

When age shall level me to impotence,
Indeed, Sir John, pray good my dear,

And sweating pleasure leave me on the fuil.
Tis wrong to make your kennel here

Southern. Dogs in their place are good I own,

Foil, n. s. & v.a. Fr. fouiller. A blunt sword But in the parlour, foh! be gone! Somervile.

used in fencing : to blunt; to dull. Foh 'twas a bribe that left it, he has touched

He that plays the king shall be welcome; his ma. Corruption.

Cowper.

jesty shall have tribute of me : the adventurous knight FO-III, another name for Fo, the chief deity shall use his foil and target.

Shakspeare. of the Chinese. They represent him shining

When light-winged toys all in light, with his hands hid under his robes, Of feathered Cupid foil, with wanton dulness, to show that his power does all things invisibly. My speculative and officed instruments. Id. He has at his left Lanza, or Lanca, chief of the Foil, n. S. Lat. folium ; Fr. feuille. Leaf; second sect of their religion. See China. gilding: something of another color near which

FOHR, or Fora, a fertile island of Denmark, jewels are set to raise their lustre; appliea meor the coast of Sleswick; twelve miles in cir- taphorically to whatever enhances the value or cuit, with a safe harbour.

beauty of any thing by contrast: the steel of

quicksilver placed at the back of a glass by which bright as a looling-glass; after which they to it is converted into a mirror.

be dried, and laid up secure from dust. Fructified olive of foiles faire and thicke.

FOIN, v. n. & n. s. 7 Fr. foindre, poindre ; Chawer. Balade UI. FOIN'INGLY, adv. Lat. pungo. In fencing, A stately palace, built of squared brick,

to push; to thrust: a thrust; or push. in a Which cunningly was without mortar laid,

pushing manner. Whose walls were bigh, but nothing strong nor thick, Ne no man shal unto his felow ride And golden foil all over them displayed.

But o cours, with a sharpe ygrounden spere,

Faerie Queene. Foin if him list on foot himself to were. Like bright metal on a sullen ground,

And he that is at meschief shal be take,
My reformation glittering o'er my fault,

And not slaine, but be brought unto the stake
Shall shew more goodly, and attract more eyes, That shal ben ordeined on eyther side;
Than that which hath no fuil to set it off.

Thider he shal by force; and ther abide.
Shakspearc.

Chaucer, The Knightes Tale. Fame is no plant that grows on inortal soil,

And, after that, with sharpe speres strong, Nor in the glistering foil

They foineden eche at other wonder long. Set off to the world, nor in broad rumour lies.

He hewed, and lashed, and foined, and thundered Milton.

blows, As she a black silk cap on him begun

And every way did seek into his life! To set for foil of his milk-white to serve. Sidney. Ne plate, ne mail, could ward so mighty throws,

Hector has a foil co set him off; we oppose the in. But yielded passage to his cruel knife. continence of Paris to the temperance of Hector.

Faerie Queene. Broome on the Odyssey. He cares not what mischief he doth, if his weapoa Foil, among looking-glass grinders, is a sheet of tin be out: he will foin like any devil; he will spare with quicksilver, or the like, laid on the backside of a neither man, woman, nor child.

Shakspeare. looking-glass, to make it refect.

Chambers. Then both, no moment lost, at once advance

Against each other, armed with sword and lance : Foil, in fencing, a long piece of steel of an

They lash, they foin, they pass, they strive to bore elastic temper, mounted like a sword, which is

Their corslets, and the thinnest parts explore. used in fencing. It is without a point, having a

Dryden. button at the extremity, covered with leather. FO’ISON, n. s. Fr. foison ; Lat. fusio, pruThe amateurs of fencing caution the learner fusio. Plenty; abundance. A word now out never to fence with short foils; they ought to of use. measure from one extremity to the other three Who fcd the Egyptian Mary in the cave feet two inches; he will thus be enabled to keep Or in desert? no wight but Crist sans faille. a regular distance, and execute his movements Five thousand folk it was as gret marvaille, with a greater degree of justness and dexterity. With loves five and fishes two, to fede;

Fon, among jewellers, a thin leaf of metal God sent his foyson at hire grete nede. placed under a precious stone, in order to make

Chaucer. The Man of Larres Tale. it look transparent, and give it an agreeable dif

Be wilful to kill, and unskilful to store, ferent color, either deep or pale: thus, if a stone

And look for no foison, I tell thee before. Tusser.

Nature should bring forth, is wanted to be of a pale color, put a pale

of its own kind, all foison, all abundance, colored foil under it; or if deep, a dark one.

To feed my innocent people. Shukspeare. Tenpest. These foils are made either of copper, gold, or FOIST, V. a. Fr. fausser; perhaps of Lat. gold and silver together. The copper foils are fulsito. To insert by forgery; or in a forced and commonly known by the name of Nuremberg or in

or improper manner. German foils, and are thus prepared : Procure Lest negligence or partiality might admit or foisi very thin copper-plates; beat these gently upon in abuses and corruption, an archdeacon was apa well-polished anvil, with a polished hammer, pointed to take account of their doings. Carer. as thin as possible; and placing them between To what purpose, I pray, is God's name hooked two iron plates, as thin as writing-paper, and haled into our idle talk? why should we so often heat them in the fire; then boil the foil in a mention him, when we do not mean any thing about pipkin with equal quantities of tartar and salt, hiun? would it not, into every sentence to foist a dog constantly stirring them, till, by boiling, they or a horse, be altogether as proper and pertinent ? become white; after which, taking them out and

Barrou. drying them, give them another hammering, uill

FOI'STY, adj. ? See Fusty. Mouldy; they are made fit for your purpose. Care must

Fors'TINESS, n. s. S fusty. be taken not to give the foils too much heat. for Dress mustard, and lay it in cellar up sweet. fear of melting ; nor must they be too long Lest foistiness make it for table uumeet. Tusser. boiled, lest they should attract too much salt. FOIX (Gaston de), a nephew of Louis XII. The method of polishing them is this : Take a of France, was born in 1489, and was the son of plate of the best copper, one foot long and about John de Foix, viscount of Narbonne. In 1512 five or six inches wide, polished to the greatest he succeeded the duke of Longueville, in the perfection ; bend this to a long convex, fasten it command of the French army in Italy, and upon a half roll, and fix it to a bench or table; forced Peter Navarro, the Spanish general, to then take some chalk, washed as clean as pos- raise the siege of Bologna, relieved Brescia, and sible, and filtered through a fine linen cloth, till laid siege to Ravenna. His daring exploits, it be as fine as it can be made; and, having which procured him the name of the Thunder. laid some of it on the roll, and wetted the copper bolt of Italy, were productive, however, of no all over, lay the foils on it, and, with a polishing- permanent advantage; and he fell at the battle stone and the chalk, polish them, till they are as of Ravenna, in which he defeated the Spaniards,

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