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from which it is manufactured should be stea- such a length that the excavation here described dily supported, and the chisel adapted to the face shall be considerably longer than the longest without any unequal bearing.

files intended to be cut; and it is supported upon The American machine consists of a bench of straight bearers from the platform, upon which well seasoned oak, and the face of it planed by projecting pieces, or slides, or wheels, o. very smooth ; and a carriage on which the files friction-rollers, it can be moved endwise ir a are laid, which moves along the face of the bench straight-lined direction, without shake or devia. parallel to its sides, and carries the files gradually tion. At one end of the said excavation is fixed under the edge of the cutter or chisel while the a clip, resembling a hand-vice, for holding the teeth are cut. The carriage is made to move by file by its tail or tang; and in the opposite end a contrivance somewhat similar to that which of the said excavation there is a sliding block or carries the log against the saw of a saw-mill. piece, which being brought up to the other end The lever or arm, which carries the cutter, works of the file does, by means of a notch or other on the centres of two screws which are fixed obvious contrivance, prevent it from being moved into two pillars in a direction right across the sideways. The said clip is so fixed at its head bench. By tightening or loosening these screws, or shank, by means of an horizontal axis on the arm which carries the chisel may be made gudgeons and sockets, that the file is at liberty to work more or less steadily. There is likewise to move up and down, but not sideways or a regulating-screw, by means of which the files a-twist. In this manner it is that the file being may be made coarser or finer: also a bed of fixed in the carriage is pressed down upon the lead, which is let into a cavity formed in the anvil by a lever and weight proceeding from the body of the carriage, somewhat broader and platform, and bearing upon the face of the file longer than the largest-sized files: the upper by a small roller of wood, ivory, bone, or soft face of this bed of lead is formed variously, so metal. The anvil is solidly fixed on the platas to fit the different kinds of files which may be form, and may be of any suitable figure which required.

shall be sufficiently massy to receive and resist When the file or files are laid in their place, the blow; but its upper part must be so con- ,, the machine must be regulated by the screw to tracted as to stand up in the excavation of the . cut them of a due degree of fineness. This carriage and support the file; and the upper : machine is described as being so simple, that part of all must be constructed in such a manwhen properly adjusted a blind person may cut ner that it shall fairly apply itself to the under a file with more exactness than can be done in surface of the file, and support it without leaving the usual method with the keenest sight; for by any hollow space, notwithstanding any casual striking with a hammer on the head of the cui- irregularities of the said surface. I produce ter or chisel all the movements are set at work; this effect by making a cavity in the anvil of the and by repeating the stroke with the hammer, the figure of a portion of a sphere, not much less files on one side will at length be cut; then they than a hemisphere, and in this cavity I place must be turned, and the operation repeated for (with grease between) a piece of iron or steel cutting the other side. This machine may be made exactly to fit, but of which the lower surmade to work by water as readily as by hand, face is a greater portion of the sphere, and the to cut coarse or fine, large or small files, or any upper surface flat and plain. The file rests upon number at a time: but it may be more particu- this last flat or plain surface, which is either Jarly useful for cutting the very fine small files faced with lead, or (in preference) a slip of lead for watchmakers.

is put under the file and turned round the tang We shall now give an account of the machine thereof, so as to move along with it. It is evi for which Mr. Nicholson obtained his majesty's dent that the upper or moveable piece of the letters patent. “My machinery,' says the pa- said anvil will, by sliding in its socket, actentee, consists in four essential parts, suitably commodate and apply itself constantly to the constructed and combined together; namely, surface of the file, which is pressed and struck First, a carriage or apparatus, in or by which against it. Or, otherwise, I make the con : the file is fixed or held and moved along, for the cavity in the upper moveable piece, and make purpose of receiving the successive strokes of a the fixed part convex: or, otherwise, I support cutter or chisel. Secondly, the anvil, by which the upper part, or in some cases the whole of 5 the file is supporled beneath the part which re- my anvil upon opposite gudgeons, in the manner ceives the stroke. Thirdly, the regulating gear, of the gimbals of sea compasses : or, otherwise, by which the distance between stroke and stroke I form the upper part of my anvil cylindrical, is determined and governed. And, fourthly, the of a large diameter, supported on thick gudgeons, apparatus for giving the stroke or cut. The four the axis of the said cylinder being short, and at several parts are supported by, or attached to a right angles to the motion of the carriage : or, frame or platform of solid and secure workman- otherwise, I form only a small portion, namely," ship, either of wood or metal, or both, according the upper extremity of my anvil, of a cylindrical to the nature of the work intended to be per- form as aforesaid, and cause the same to continue formed, and the judgment and choice of the motionless by fashioning the same out of the in engineer. The carriage is a long block of wood, same mass as the rest of the anvil, or fixing the or metal, of the figure of a parallelipidon, or same thereto. And in both the last-mentioned nearly so, having a portion cut out between its cases of the cylindrical structure I fix the head upper and lower surfaces to admit the anvil to or shank of the clip (by which the tang is held), stand therein, without coming into contact with not by a single axis or pair of gudgeons, but by the carriage itself. The said carriage is made of an universal joint or ball and socket, so that the


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file becomes at liberty to adapt itself not only by the stroke : or, otherwise, the said chisel may upwards and downwards, but also in the way of have a notch, or a hole, instead of a protuberrotation or a-twist, and supplies the want of ance, to meet a correspondent part in the mouthmotion in the anvil by the facility with which piece or claws; but I prefer the first-mentioned itself can be moved in the last-mentioned man. construction. By the construction of the chisel,

as here mentioned and fixed, the edge of the said The regulating-gear is that part of the instrument is at liberty to apply itself fairly from bachinery by which the carriage, and conse- side to side of the file notwithstanding any windquently the file, is drawn along. It consists of a ing or irregularity, whatever may be the fineness screw revolving between centres fixed to the of the cut upon a broad surface. The mouthplatform, and acting upon a nut attached to the piece, with its chisel, is firmly fixed in another carriage with usual and well known precautions piece, which by its motion gives the stroke. for working of measuring screws; and the nut This last-mentioned piece may either be a lever, being made to open by a joint when the carriage or a moveable carriage between upright sliders; is required to be disengaged and slided back. but I greatly prefer the lever. The chisel must And the said screw is moved either constantly be so fixed that the moving piece shall carry it by a slow motion from the first mover, or (which fairly edge onwards to the file without scraping is better) by interrupted equal motions, so as to or slapping in the least; and the obliquity of draw the carriage during the interval between the stroke may be adjusted by fixing the centres stroke and stroke. And the quantities of those of the level either higher or lower at pleasure, respective equal motions may be produced and or by inclining the last-mentioned sliders. The governed at pleasure by wheel-work applied to lever may be raised and let fall (or the other the head of the screw, or by the well known ap- chisel apparatus moved) by a tripping-piece or paratus used in the mathematical dividing engine snail-work, or other usual connexion with the for circles; or by other contrivances well known first mover; and its power of stroke may be to workmen of competent sķill, and therefore increased by the addition of a weight, or by the unnecessary to be described at large : or, other action of a spring ; which last method is of exwise, the motion of the carriage may be pro- cellent use, and may (if required from the varyduced by a toothed rack from the carriage drawn ing breadth of the file) be made to increase or by a pinion; and this pinion moved by a ratchet- diminish its power during the run by several wheel on the same arbor moved by a click-lever, easy and commonly used methods or contriwhich shall gather up and drive a greater or less vances for pressing more or less against the number of teeth, according to the coarseness or spring. Or, otherwise, the lever, or holdingfiveness of the file ; and the click-lever itself piece, may be kept immediately above the file may be moved by a tripping piece from the first by the re-action of a slight spring, or weight, mover, or by various other evident means of and be struck by a hammer moved and acted connexion : or, otherwise, the said carriage may upon by the first mover, as aforesaid : and to be moved by a small cylinder, and rope or chain this method I give the preference, because the constantly acting : or, otherwise, the said motion lever will then have less strain upon its pivots; may be effected by a train of two or more wheels, or the said lever may even be supported by suffered to move by any of the escapements spring-joints without any pivots or centres at used in time-pieces, and the fineness of stroke all. Or, instead of a hammer, the blow may be may be regulated either by changing the wheels given by a ram, or a fly and screw, but I give 23 in the cornmon fuzee engine, or by the greater the preference to the hammer. The lever may or less frequency of escape during each turn of move in a vertical circle immediately over the

And in every case I prefer a file, or iu an oblique circle at right angles to it, counter-weight to the carriage, acting either con or at any intermediate angle consistent with the stantly against

, or constantly in the direction of foregoing instructions: and the chisel its motion; though this is not absolutely neces set with its edge at any angle whatever, with the sary when the work is well executed. I may line of the length of the lever ; but, in general, also observe, that it is possible to construct my I have set the lever in the first mentioned posisaid machinery by fixing and rendering motion- tion, and have varied the angle between the less that part which I have called the carriage, chisel-edge and the lever, according to the inprovided the other three principal parts be made tended slope of the cut upon the face of the to move instead of the carriage itself; but I con- file. The edge of the chisel must be sharpened sider this disposition as less eligible than that to such an angle as the intended cut and strength which requires the carriage to be moved. The of burr may require. Lastly, I describe the apparatus for giving the stroke or cut, consists of general action of the said machinery as follows: a chisel, which is held between the jaws of a 1. The file being prepared as usual for cutting, moutb-piece or claws resembling a strong hand- must be fixed in the clip of the carriage, and vice without teeth. One of the jaws is made the sliding-block brought up and fixed, to steady very stout, and the chisel is formed narrow from its other extremity.

2. The nut of the screw edge to back, and wide from side to side, and being then opened (or the other regulating gear bas a semi-circular protuberance on its back, disengaged) the carriage is slided to its place which rests in a circular notch in the strong jaw so that the chisel may be situated over that part aforesaid ; and there are two or three bended of the file which is to receive the first stroke. fiat rings or washers of iron or metal under the 3. The nut is then closed (or the other regu. thumb_screw of the said mouth-piece or claws, lating gear connected) and the small roller of which

prevent the chisei trom becoming loose the pressing iever is made to bear upon the face

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of the file. 4. The first mover being then put attached to the file, that the greatest part of i: into action, raises and lets fall the apparatus for was rubbed off into the fire, and was sublimed giving the stroke by which the file receives a cut up the chimney, without producing any effect

. And, 5, immediately afterwards, or during the Some file-makers are in the habit of using the same action, as the case may be (according to coal of buint leather, which doubtless produces the construction as before described), the regu- some effect; but the carbon is generally so ill

ating gear moves the carriage, and consequently prepared for the purpose, and the time of its the file, through a determinate space. 6. The operation so shori, as to render the effect very cut is then again given; and in this manner little. Animal carbon, when properly prepared (the strength of cut being duly proportioned to and mixed with the above hardening composition

, the space between cut and cut) the file becomes is capable of giving hardness to the surface even cut throughout. 7. The file is then taken out an iron file. The carbonaceous matter may and cut on the other side. 8. The burr is then be readily obtained from any of the soft parts taken off, or not, as the artist may think best; animals, or from blood. For this purpose,

howand the cross-strokes are given over the surfaces ever, the refuse of shoe-makers and curriers is as before. And the said machinery, by certain the most convenient. After the volatile parts slight, necessary, and obvious changes in the have been distilled over, from an iron still

, a structure and disposition of the chisels, and bright shining coal is left behind, which, when some other of the parts thereof, is adapted to reduced to powder, is fit to mix with the salt. manufacture all other forms and descriptions of Let abont equal parts, by bulk, of this powder, files, whether floats, rasps, half-round, three- and muriate of soda, be mixed together, and square, or any other figure or denomination.

brought to the consistence of cream, by the addiThree things are strictly to be observed in tion of water. Or mix the powdered carbon with hardening files; first, to prepare the file on the a saturated solution of the salt, till it becomes of surface, so as to prevent it froin being oxydated the above consistence. Files which are intended by the atmosphere, when the file is red hot, to be very hard, should be covered with this which effect would not only take off the sharp- composition, previously to hardening: By this ness of the tooth, but render the whole surface method, files made of iron, which in itself is inso rough, that the file would, in a little time, susceptible of hardening, acquire a superficial become clogged with the substance it had to hardness sufficient to answer the purposes of any work. Secondly, the heat ought to be very uni- file whatever. Files of this kind may be lent formly red throughout, and the water in which it into any form, and in consequence are rendered is quenched fresh and cold, for the purpose of useful for sculptors and die-sinkers. giving it the proper degree of hardness. Lastly, The mode of heating the file for hardening, is the manner of immersion is of great importance, by means of a fire similar to that employed by to prevent the files from warping, which in long common smiths. The file is to be held in a pair thin files is very difficult. The first object is ac of tongs by the tang, or tail, and introduced complished by laying a substance upon the sur- into the fire, consisting of very small cokes, pushface, which, when it fuses, forms as it were a ing it more or less into the fire, for the sake of varnish upon it, defending the metal from the heating it regularly. When it is uniformly heated action of the oxygen of the air. Formerly the of a cherry color, it is fit to quench in the water, process consisted in first coating the surface of An oven is commonly used for the larger kind the file with ale-grounds, and then covering it of files, into which the blast of the bellows is diover with pulverised conmon salt. After this rected, being open at one end for the purpose coating becomes dry the files are heated red-hot, introducing the files and the fuel. After the file and hardened; then the surface is lightly brushed is properly heated, for the purpose of hardening, over with the dust of cokes; when it appears it should be cooled as quickly as possible; this is white and metallic, as if it had not been heated. usually done by quenching it in the coldest This process has lately been improved, at least water. Clear spring water, free from animal so far as relates to the economy of the salt, and vegetable matter, is best calculated for the which, from the quantity used, and the increase hardening of files. of duty, had become a serious object. Those When files are properly hardened, they are who use the improved method do not consume brushed over with water and powdered coke, above one-fourth the quantity of salt used in the when the surface becomes clean and metallic.


The process consists in dissolving the They may likewise be dipped into lime-water, salt in water to saturation, which is about three and dried before the fire as rapidly as possible, pounds to the gallon, and stiffening it with ale- after which they should be rubbed over with grounds, or with the cheapest kind of flour, olive oil, in which is mixed a little oil of turpensuch as that of beans, to about the consistence tine, while warm, and then they are finished. of thick cream. The files only require to be In the operations of filing, the coarser out dipped into this substance, and immediately files are always to be succeeded by the fines; heated and hardened. The grounds or the and the general rule is, to lean heavily on the file four are of no other use than to give the mass in thrusting it forward, because the teeth of the consistence, and by that means, allowing a file are made to cut forwards. But in drawing larger quantity of salt to be laid upon the surface, the file back again, for a second stroke, it is to be In this method, the salt forms immediately a lifted just above the work, to prevent its cutani firm coating. As soon as the water is evaporated, as it comes back. The rough, or coarse-roothed the whole of it becomes fused upon the file. In file, called a rubber, serves to take off the uneven. the old method, the dry salt was so loosely ness of the work, left by the hammer in forging.

old way.


The bastard-toothed file, as it is technically together under the title of Poesie Fosiano di ailed, is to take out too deep cuts and file-strokes Vincenzo da Filicacia, in 1707, 4to. zade by the rough file. The fine-toothed files FILICES, from filum, a thread, quasi filatim take out the cuts or file-strokes which the bas- incisa, ferns; one of the seven tribes or families tari file made, and the smooth file those left by of the vegetable kingdom. See BOTANY. They the fine file.

constitute the first order in the class cryptogamia, FIRLEMOT, n. s., corrupted from Fr. feueille and consist of eighteen genera, which are divided sorte, a dead leaf A brown or yellow-brown into fructificationes spicatæ, frondosæ, et radicolor.

cales. Lee however says they admit of no cerThe colours you ought to wish for are blue or files tain distinction from their fructification. This sat, terned up with red.

Swift. order comprehends the entire twenty-sixth class FIL’IAL, adj. ? Fr. filial, filiale ; Lat.

of Tournefort, in whose system the filices make Filia'tion, n. s. Sfilius, or filia (à Greek

only a single genus, in the first section of this

class. olsa, love). Pertaining to a son or daughter; befitting a child. Filiation is the relation of a

Filices also constitute a class or order of child to its parents; a legal order of filiation is

plants in the natural method. See Botany. a declaration of the justices that a particular FIL’IGRANE, n. s. ? Lat. filum, a thread, party therein named is the father of a child. Fil'iGREE.

Sand granum, grain. Why Dr. Johnson should have restricted the ap. A kind of wire work generally in gold and silver, plication of filial to pertaining to a son,' we wrought in the manner of threads or grains. annot understand : filiation he himself defines Several filigrane curiosities.

Tatler. s correlative to paternity,' generally, while his

FILIGRANE, FILIGREE, or FILLAGREE extract from Prior proves that it may also Work, from Lat. filum, a thread, and granum. te the correlative of maternity,

a grain, a kind of enrichment on gold or silver, * Where the old myrıle her good influence sheds. wrought delicately, in manner of small threads

In the modern legal use of filiation also we or grains, or both intermixed. It was formerly Djere but too many instances occur of its appli- much more employed than at present, in the atim to both sons and daughters.

manufacture of small articles, which served more dod tbus the filial godhead answering spoke. for show than for use; such as vases, needle

cases, caskets to hold jewels, small boxes, parFrom imposition of strict laws, to free ticularly shrines, decorations for the images of Acceptance of large grace ; from servile fear

saints, and other church furniture. This art, To filial; works of law, to works of faith. Id. The relation of paternity and filiation, between the

however, is of great antiquity, and seems to have

been brougnt into Europe from the East. Among irs and second person, and the relation between the sacred persons of the Trinity, and the denominazion

church furniture we meet with filigree work of Gereof, must needs be eternal, because the terms of the middle ages. The Turks, Armenians, and relation between whom that relation ariseth were Indians make at present some master-pieces of Herzal.

Hale's Origin of Mankind. this sort, and with tools that are exceedingly My mischievous proceeding may be the glory of his coarse and imperfect. There is no manufacture el piety, the only reward now left for so great a in any part of the world that has been more

Sidney. admired and celebrated, than the fine gold and He grieved, he wept, the sight an image brought silver filigree of Sumatra. The surprising delicacy of his own filial love, a sadly pleasing thought.

of this work is the more extraordinary as the Dryden.

tools are rudely and inartificially formed by the There the old myrtle her good influence sheds, series of like leaf erect their filial beads;

pandi, or goldsmith, from any old iron he can ded when the parent rose decays and dies,

pick up. When you engage one of them to with a resembling face the daughter buds arise.

execute a piece of work, his first request is usuPrior.

ally for a piece of iron hoop, to make his wireSo when Arabia's Bird, by age oppressed, drawing instrument; an old bammer-head, stuck Censumes delighted on his spicy nest ; .

in a block, serves for an anvil, and a pair of A filial Phønix from his ashes springs,

compasses is often composed of two old nails Crowned with a star on renovated wings.

tied together at one end. The gold is melted in Darwin.

a piece of preeoo, or earthen rice pot, or someBy stat. 49 George IU. c. 68. the reputed father

the reputed father times in a crucible of their own make, of ordia lastard is chargeable with the expenses incident

nary clay. In general they use no bellows, but e birth, and of his own apprehension, and of the

blow the fire with their mouths, through a joint set of filiation.

Tinnlins. - even while I kiss

of bamboo; and, if the quantity of metal to be Thy garment's hem with transport, can it be

melted is considerable, three or four persons sit That doubt shall mingle with my filial joy? round their furnace, which is an old broken Deal with me as thou wilt, but spare this boy. quallee or iron pot, and blow together. At

Byron. Padang alone, where the manufacture is more FILICACIA (Vincent), a celebrated Italian considerable, they have adopted the Chinese Dret, born at Florence, 1642. He was a member bellows. Their method of drawing the wire " the academies Della Crusca and Arcadi, and differs little from that used by Europeans. When Setetary to the duke of Tuscany. He died in drawn to a sufficient fineness, they fiatten it by 1707. His poems are much esteemed for the beating it on their anvil; and, when flattened, Geacacy and nobleness of their sentiments. Sci- they give it a twist like that in the whalebone [iso de Filicacia, his son, had them all printed handle of a punch-ladle, by rubbing it on a

block of wood with a flat stick. After twisting its sister labial 2.' To store to the utmost; they again beat it on the anvil, and, by these satisfy ; glut; surfeit: applied both to time and means, it becomes flat wire with indented edges. space, as well as metaphorically to the mind, afWith a pair of nippers they fold down the end fections, &c. To fill out, is to extend or rather of the wire, and thus form a leaf, or element of stretch out to the utmost, by filling; and the a flower in their work, which is cut off. The preposition up,' to fill up,' occasionally adds end is again folded and cut off, till they have intensity to this verb. As a neuter verb, to fill got a sufficient number of leaves, which are laid is to satiate; glut; give to drink; 'to fill up;' on singly. Patterns of the flowers or foliage, in to grow full. “As a substantive, a fill is a satiswhich there is not very much variety, are pre- fying quantity. A filler is any thing that occupared on paper, of the size of the gold plate on pies room; any thing useless for any other purwhich the filigree is to be laid. According to pose; or one whose employment is to fill. this, they begin to dispose on the plate the larger

larger Fill the waterpots with water; and they filled them compartments of the foliage, for which they use ni

e up to the brim.

John ii. 7. plain flat wire of a larger size, and fill them up in the cup which she hath filled, fill to her double. with the leaves before mentioned. To fix the

Rev. xviii. work, they employ a glutinous substance, made Her neck and breasts were ever open bare, of the red hot berry, called boca sago, ground to That aye thereof her babes may suck their fill. a pulp on a rough stone. This pulp they place

Faerie Queene. on a young cocoa nut about the size of a walnut, Thou art going to lord Timon's fcast, the top and bottom being cut off. After the -Ay, to see meal fill kaaves, and wine heat fools. leaves have been all placed in order, and stuck

Shakspeure. on bit by bit, a solder is prepared of gold filings

We fill to the general joy of the whole table,

And to our dear frieud Banquo, whom we miss. and borax moistened with water, which they

Id. Macbeth. strew over the plate; and then, putting it in the fire for a short time, the whole becomes united.

Things that are sweet and fat are more filling, and

* do swim and bang more about the mouth of the This kind of work on gold plate they call carrang

stomach, and go not down so speedily. Bacon. papan: when the work is open they call it carrang trouse. In executing the latter the foliage

But thus inflamed bespoke the captain, is laid out on a card, or soft kind of wood, and Wbo scorneth peace sha

Who scorneth peace shall have his fill of war. stuck on, as before described, with the sago berry:


Which made me gently first remove your fears, and the work, when finished, being strewed over That so you might have room to entertain with their solder, is put into the fire, when, the Your fill of joy.

Denham's Sophy. card or soft wood burning away, the gold remains

I am who fill connected. If the piece be large, they solder it Infinitude, nor vacuous space.

Miltım. at several times. In the manufacture of badjoo Amid the tree now got, where plenty hung buttons, they first make the lower part flat, and Tempting so nigh, to pluck and eat my fill, having a mould formed of a piece of buffalo's I spared not.

Id. Paradise Lost. horn indented to several sizes, each like one

He with his consorted Eve half of a bullet mould, they lay their work over

The story heard attentive, and was filled one of these holes, and, with a horn punch, they

With admiration and deep muse to hear. Milton. press it into the form of a hutton. After this

I only speak of him

Whom pomp and greatness sits so loose about, they complete the upper part. When the filigree

That he wants majesty to fill them out. Dryden. is finished, they cleanse it by boiling it in com

'Tis a mere filler, to stop a vacancy in the hexa. mon salt and alum, or sometimes lime juice; and,

meter, and connect the preface to the work of Virgil. in order to give it that fine purple color which

Dryden's Æneid. Dedication, they call sapo, they boil it in water with brim. Thiem

This mule being put in the fill of a cart, ran away stone. The manner of making the little balls, with the cart and timber. Mortimer's Husbandry. with which their works are sometimes orna- They have six diggers to four fillers, so as to keep mented, is as follows:- They take a piece of the " the fillers always at work.

Id. charcoal, and having cut it flat and smooth, they There would not be altogether so much water remake in it a small hole, which they fill with gold quired for the land as for the sea, to raise them to an dust, and this melted in the fire becomes a little equal height; because mountains and hills would fill ball. They are very inexpert at finishing and up part of that space upon the land, and so make less polishing the plain parts, hinges, screws, and the water requisite.

Burnet. like, being in this as much excelled by the Euro- When the several trades and professions are suppean artists, as these fall short of them in the plied, you will find most of those that are proper for fineness and minuteness of the foliage.

war absolutely necessary for filling up the laborious FILIPPO D'ARGIRONE, a town in the Val di part of life, and carrying on the underwork of the naDemone, Sicily, situated on a high hill on the tion.

Addison on the War. Jaretta. It contains about 6000 inhabitants, and Neither the Palus Meotis, nor the Euxine, nor any is a place of great antiquity, having given birth other seas, fill up, or by degrees grow shallower.

Woodward. to Diodorus Siculus. It is defended by a castle.

The first stage of healing, or the discharge of matNine miles south of Nicosia.

in. ter, is by surgeons called digestion ; the second, or the FILL, v. a., v. n. & n. s. Saxon, fyllan;

" filling up with fesh, incarnation ; and the last, or FIL'LER, n. s., Teutonic, feelleil ; skinning over, cicatrization,

Sharp. Belg. vullen ; Goth. and Swed. filla. Minsheu "Noth

Nothing but the supreme and absolute Infinite can tences these to Gr.aolu, many ; which Parkhurst adequately fill and superabundantly satisfy the infiderives from Heb. Hero, o being substituted for site desires of intelligent beings.


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