Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

commerce.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

regions in this part of Africa, and may be taken contrived to get the government of the country as a specimen of the rest that are less known. into his own hands, by promising the bashaw to Soda, rock-salt, alum, gypsum, saltpetre, and triple the amount of the annual tribute. For this sulphur, are all said to exist. The first three purpose, in the year 1811, he came upon Mourare in sufficient quantities to form articles of zouk by surprise, caused the sultan, his brother,

There is said to be one plain of and the principal Mameluke, to be strangled, solid salt thirty miles in length. Mourzouk, the and by his oppressions of the people, but chiefly capital, is situated in the southern part, and by the wars which he waged, and still continues there are three or four more considerable to wage with his defenceless neighbours, for the towns, as Sockna, Zuela, and Gatrone, all of sake of procuring slaves, he has hitherto managed which, except Zuela, lie in the common route. to fulfil his promise, and retain his government. Mourzouk is a walled town, with about 2500 in- While, however, Messrs. Lyon and Ritchie were habitants. The walls consist of mud, and are at Mourzouk, reports were circulated that another strengthened by round towers with loop holes sultan was on his way from Tripoli to supersede for the musketry. See MoURZOUK.

him. Most of the people here are capable of per- * These reports, corroborated by one or two forming the business of carpenter and mason as private letters,' says captain Lyon,' very much far as domestic purposes require, and many work alarmed the sultan, and caused him to fall sick very well in leather. Others make substantial and take to his bed. He began, for the first but clumsy articles in iron, and some display time in his life, to pray at the regular hour tolerable skill in working gold and silver. Some ordered by the law; he ceased to swear, talked coarse hayks are also woven in the country. A much of Paradise, and the superiority of the considerable commerce in slaves, and other arti- other world to this. Mr. Ritchie was at this cles common to these countries, is carried on time very weak, and began again to be indisbetween Fezzan and the interior of the continent, posed, but be constantly visited Mukni, and at as well as with Egypt, Bornou, &c.

last succeeded in restoring him to health ; thus The government of Fezzan is an absolute returning by kindness the ill treatment we had monarchy. All the boys are said to be taught to received from him. We both went frequently to read the Koran, but of every other book they are the castle, and learnt by degrees that some experfectly ignorant. Dates constitute almost the pressions of Mukni's had come to the ears of the only article of general subsistence. The Fez- bashaw, whose emissaries he expected would le zanners are represented as possessing little cou- sent to strangle him, and take all his wealth. rage, enterprise, or honesty, and are as com- Never was a haughty tyrantso completely pletely submissive as their oppressors could humbled by his fears as this man; he sat conwish. Their complexion is quite black, and the stantly in a dark room, would receive only one females the very reverse of handsome. Neither or two visitors, aud was nursed by negresses sex is noted for figure, strength, or activity. A day and night; always speaking in a low voice, peculiar cast of countenance distinguishes them and, in his terror, betraying all his secrets.'—p. from all other blacks, their cheek-bones being 164. Ile determined, however, to try what higher and more prominent; their faces fatter, bribes and promises would do; and with this and their noses less depressed. They have small view despatched his principal man of business to eyes, wide mouths, but good teeth. Their hair Tripoli with presents of civet, and other articles, is mostly woolly. The females arrive early at ten fine slave girls for the bashaw, and handpuberty, and have often the appearance of old some negresses for the bey, his son, for his browomen at sixteen. They are cheerful people, thers, and for the principal people about the fond of singing and dancing, and kind and court; making at the same time secret preparaobliging to each other. But their affections are tions for flight, such as getting all his horses cold and interested; they manifest a general shod by night, and all his women employed in indifference to the common incidents of life; grinding corn. For some time, however, his and are particularly devoid of that sudden anger, agent succeeded in diverting the storm.' or determined revenge, which marks the Arab. • The females are here allowed more liberty

A tenth part at least of the population of than those of Tripoli, and are more kindly Mourzouk are slaves. Many of them, however, treated. The effeci of the plurality of wives is were brought from their native countries so but too plainly seen, and their women, in conyoung, and are so mildly treated, that they are sequence, are not famed for chastity. Though so scarcely sensible of slavery. Very little dif- much better used than those of Barbary, their ference can be perceived between the household life is still a state of slavery. A man never venslaves and the freemen. They are often entrusted tures to speak of his women; is reproached if he with their master's affairs, and, when any of the spends much time in their company; never eats family die, one of the slaves is generally liberated. with them, but is waited upon at his meals, and

The population scattered over this wild waste fanned by them while he sleeps; yet these poor is estimated by Mr. Horneman to amount beings, never having enjoyed the sweets of only to 70,000 or 75,000 souls, of which liberty or affection, are, in spite of their humiliaMourzouk, as we have seen, contains, accord- tion, comparatively happy. The authority of ing to Lyon, about 2,500. The government parents over children is very great, some fathers was hereditary in a black family of shreefs of the better class not allowing their sons to eat, for more than five centuries, but tributary to the or sit down in their presence, till they become bashaw of Tripoli. This tribute was collected men; the poorer orders, however, are less strict.' by Mukni, the present sultan of Fezzan, who Specimens of rock collected by captain Lyon,

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

cree.

I rarious parts of his journey, have enabled barren and miserable country. In our general rofessor Buckland of Oxford, to determine the article on Africa, par. 254—256, will be found nogical structure of Tripoli and Fezzan; all several interesting particulars of the people and which may be referred to the three formations, manners, supplied by captain Lyon. Basalt; 2. Tertiary limestone, of about the FIANONA, a borough and castle of Italy, in de age with the calcaire grossier of Paris; 3. the province of Istria, and district of Albona, pred sandstone. The Soudah, or Black four miles from Albona, and one from the coast. i sigtains, are of basaltic formation; their di- It has a good harbour, and a rivulet which turns DOUD is east and west, and they extend proba- twenty-two mills. It is seated on the Gulf of Ir across the continent, Horneman having Carnero, seventeen miles north of Pola, and ed them nearly 200 miles to the south-east- nineteen east of Rovigno. ad of Lyon, where they take the name of the FI'AT, n. s. (Lat. i. e. be it so.

o.] Order; deHarutsch. Some basalt also appears in the aan Mountains; but this ridge, which runs I resolve all into the sole pleasure and fiat of our bably to the borders of Egypt, is composed Omnipotent Creator.

Bentley. parently of trap and calcareous rocks, the ter

What wealth in souls that soar, dive, range around, IV limestone above-mentioned. The rocks Disdaining limit or from place or tine, san marine shells, particularly two species of And hear, at once, in thought extensive, hear bun, in a state of delicate preservation. In- The’ Almighty fiul, and the trumpet's sound. most of the limestone formation, in every

Young. To of Northern Africa, appears to be loaded

FIB, n. s. & v. n. Probably contracted from 93 fragments of organic remains, the most dis- fable, or the Latin fabula. Á lie or falsehood : of which, brought away by captain Lyon, to tell lies: one of the cant terms in common use, - be referred to the genera ostrea and pecton. to make lying appear less odious.

are informed by Horneman, that the ruins If you have any mark, whereby one may know when the temple of Siwah are limestone, containing you fib, and when you speak truth, you had best tell factions of shells and small marine aniinals; it me.

Arbuthnot. from this place, westerly, the face of the

Destroy his fib or sophistry; in vain, y chain, rising abruptly from the sandy

The creature's at his dirty work again. Pope.

I so often lie, , w23 so crowded and filled with marine

Scarce Harvey's self has told more fibs than 1.1 sals, and shells, and white detached mounds,

Id. 3 were, wholly composed of shells, that when la connexion with the sea-sand, which

FIBRARIÆ, a class of fossils, naturally and the desert, this vast tract of country, he essentially simple, not inflammable nor soluble Lades, must have been flooded at a period in water: and composed of parallel fibres, some e than the great deluge. Farther south, and shorter, others longer; their external appear

to the Black Harutsch, the calcareous hills, ance being bright, and in some degree transpa* steep from the level desert, are so friable, rent. They never give fire with steel, nor fer* petrified conchs, snail-shells, fish, and other ment with or are soluble in acid menstrua. - substances, may be taken out by the

FI'BRE, n.8. I thread or string : the first con

Fr. fibre ; Lat. fibra. A small • I found heads of fish', says Horneman,

FI'BRIL, inne would be a full burthen for one man to

FI'BROUS.

Sstituent part of bodies : fibril is The third and last formation appears

a diminutive of fibre. as its usual form of loose red sand, accom- The difference between bodies fibrus and bodies med by rock salt and gypsum, associated with viscous is plain ; for all wool and tow, and cotton and

of a calcareous breccia, cemented by mag- silk, have a greediness of moisture. a limestone, and of compact dolomite. The My heart sinks in me while I hear him speak, -od is composed of extremely minute And every slackened fibre drops its hold, as of red semi-transparent quartz. Mr. Buck- Like nature letting down the springs of life :

observes, that the frequent occurrence of The name of father awes me still. Dryden. Forings and of rock salt and gypsum goes

I saw Petreus' arms employed around 25 identify ti.is sand of the deserts with the well-grown oak, to root it from the ground; Ted sandstone in the south of England. In This way and that he wrenched the fibrous bands,

Id. - also are ferruginous corcretions, forming The trunk was like a sapling in his hands. s or geodes; the broken fragments of which

The fibrous and solid parts of plants pass unaltered

through the intestines. Arbuthnot on Aliments. Bernpact, sonorous, and of a dark liver color, 2.33 a shining polished surface; they are

A fibre, in physick, is an animal thread, of which dantly found among the sand. A narrow

some are soft, flexible, and a little elastick; and these at entirely composed of tubular concretions of full of little cells, as the nervous and Reshy fibres :

are either hollow, like small pipes, or spongious and 15, of similar origin near the pass of Kenair, others are more solid, flexible, and with a strong elas* cut irregular ramifications through the ticity or spring, as the membraneous and cartilaginous and like the roots of trees, and presented at fibres : and a third sort are hard and lexible, as tho sught the resemblance of lava. Most of the fibres of the bones. Some so very small as not to be s are strewed with magnesian limestone or easily perceived; and others so big as to be plainly taite split into small laminated fragments, seen ; and most of then appear to be composed of och break and rattle under ihe feet like pottery. still smaller fibres : these fibres first constitute the suby other varieties of magnesian limestone and stance of the bones, cartilages, ligaments, membranes, gates of lime are associated with the sand nerves, veins, arteries, and muscles. Quincy. sandstone of the hills and plains of this The muscles consist of a number of fibres, and each Vol. IX.

0

Bacon.

fibre of an incredible number of little fibrils bound to- Latin, printed in 4to. 1536. The Lives of cegether, and divided into little cells.

lebrated Lawyers, 1565, 410. A work entitled, Cheyne's Philosophical Principles. Onomasticon Philosophico-Medico Synonymum, Now sliding streams the thirsty plants renew, 1574. De Cautelis, 1577. And Concilium MaAnd feed their fibres with reviving dew.

Pope.

trimoniale, 1580. He died in 1581. Inveterate habits choke the' unfruitful heart,

FICHET (Alexander), a Jesuit and able Their fibres penetrate its tenderest part,

writer on rhetoric, was born about 1589. He And, draining its nutricious powers to feed

became professor of the classics and rhetoric in Their noxious growth, starve every better seed.

Cowper.

the college at Lyons, where he published an The age-worn fibres goaded to coutract,

edition of the Latin poets, under the title of By repetition palsied, cease to act. Darwin

Chorus Poetarum, 1616. He also published a New embryon fibrils round the trunk combine collection called Musæum, Rhetoricum et PoetiWith quick embrace, and form the living line. Id. cum; and a work with the title of Arcana Stu

When strong desires or soft sensations move diorum omnium methodus, et Bibliotheca ScienThe astonished Intellect to rage or love ;

tiarum, 8vo. He also printed Favus Patrum, Associate tribes of fibrous motions rise,

or Thoughts of the Fathers, 12mo. Flush the red cheek, or light the laughing eyes. FICHTE (John Theophilus), a modern Ger

Id. If in a church one feels the floor and the pew trem. facturer, was born at Rammenau, a village of

man metaphysician, the son of a riband manuble to certain tones of the organ; if one string vibrates Lusatia, on the 19th of May, 1762. Young of its own accord when another is sounded near it of equal length, tension, and thickness; if a person who

Fichte displayed at school considerable genius,

and was patronised by some respectable persons; sneezes, or speaks loud, in the neighbourhood of a harpsichord, often hears the strings of the instrument but becoming impatient of restraint he abmurmur in the same tone, we need not wonder, that sconded, and was found sitting on the banks of some of the finer fibres of the human frame should be the Saale, with a map, on which he was endeaput in a tremulous motion, when they happen to be in vouring to trace the way to America. He after unison with any notes proceeding from external ob- this prosecuted his studies in a very desultory jects.

Beattie.

manner; occasionally attending the lectures of FIBRE, in anatomy, is defined to be a per- various professors of Wirtemberg and Leipsic. 27 fectly simple body, being fine and slender like a Theology, however, was his favorite study. Posthread, and serving to form other parts. Some sessing no fortune to enable him to indulge in are hard, as the bony fibres; others soft, as those the luxury of mere speculation, he was compelwhich form all the other parts. The fibres are led by his circumstances to accept the situation divided, according to their situation, into straight, of tutor in the family of a Prussian gentleman. oblique, transverse, annular, and spiral; being Here he was enabled to cultivate the acquaintfound arranged in all these directions in different ance of the celebrated Kant, to whose judgment parts of the body. See Anatomy.

he submitted his first work, the Critical Review FI'BULA, n. s. Lat. The outer and less of all Revelations, which was published, anonybone of the leg, much smaller than the tibia: it mously, in 1792, and which was for a time aslies on the outside of the leg; and its upper end, cribed to the pen of that philosopher. Fichte which is not so high as the knee, receives the now set out on a course of travels through Gerlateral knob of the upper end of the tibia into a many and Switzerland, and married at Zurich small sinus, which it has in its inner side. Its a niece of Klopstock's. In 1793 he published lower end is received into the small sinus of the the first part of his very popular work, Contritibia, and then it extends into a large process, butions towards rectifying the Opinions of the which forms the outer ankle.—Quincy.

Public respecting the French Revolution. His ; FIBULA, .in antiquity, was a sort of button, reputation was now so well established, that he buckle, or clasp, used by the Greeks and Ro- was soon after appointed to the philosophical mans for keeping close or tying up some part of chair at Jena, and commenced his lectures by their cloaths. They were of various forms, and a programme, in which he endeavoured to give an often adorned with precious stones. Men and idea of the doctrine of science (wissenschaftswomen wore them in their hair and at their shoes. lehre), the name by which he distinguished the Fibulæ are often found in the tombs of the principles of his philosophical system. Besides ancient Romans, Gauls, Franks, and the ancient the ordinary duties of his professorship, he gave Britons. Many antique fibulæ of bronze are to a regular course of lectures, in the form of serbe found in various cabinets and collections of mons, every Sunday, in the year 1794, on the antiquities, and a few in the British Museum, literary calling, which were numerously attended. among other articles of the toilet or of personal He now endeavoured to extend the application of decoration.

his principles to the several departments of phiFibula, in surgery, an instrument used among losophy; and with this view published, in the ancients for closing wounds. Celsus speaks 1796, his Fundamental Principles of the Law of of the fibula as to be used when the wound was Nature; and two years afterwards, his System of so patent as not easily to admit of being sewed. Morals. In conjunction with Niethammar, he

FICHARD (John), was born at Frankfort-on- also published a Philosophical Journal, in which the-Maine in 1512, and devoting himself to the several articles were inserted, containing some study of jurisprudence became syndic of Frank- views of religion which were considered athefort. He wrote, The Lives of illustrious Men, istical. Among other objectionable propositions, distinguished for their Talents and Erudition it was maintained that God was nothing else during the fifteenth aud sixteenth Centuries, in than the moral order of the universe; and that

[ocr errors]

to worship God as a being who could only be re- 1792, 1793, 8vo. 2. Ueber den Begriff der presented as existing in time and space, would Wissenschaftslehre. (On the Notion of a Docbe a species of idolatry. One of Fichte's col trine of Science). Jena, 1794. 8vo. 3. Grundleagues called the attention of the Saxon minister lage der gesammten Wissenschaftslehre. (FounBurgsdorf to these heretical propositions; and dation of the whole Doctrine of Science). Ibid. the consequence was, the rigorous confiscation 1794. 8vo. 4. Grundriss des eigenthumlichen of the periodical work in question. Fichte and der Wissenscaftlehre. (Sketch of the Peculiarity his friend Forberg wrote an Appeal to the Public, of the Doctrine of Science). Ibid. 1795. 5. and several Apologies, in order to exculpate Vorlesungen ueber die Bestimmung des Gelethe uselves from the imputation of atheism. The hrten. (Lectures on the Literary Calling). Jena, vuntroversy was carried on with great violence, 1794. 6. System der Sittenlehre. (System of and excited considerable ferment throughout the the Doctrine of Morals). Jena and Leipsic, whole of Germany. In the mean time Fichte re 1795. 7. Beyträge zur Berichtigung der Ursigned his professorship at Jena and repaired to theile des Publicums ueber die Französische Berlin

, where his time was occupied in giving Revolution. (Materials for Rectifying the Opiprivate lectures and in private composition. In nions of the Public respecting the French Re1800 he published a treatise, entitled The exclu- volution). 8. Grundlage des Naturrechts. (Founsive Commercial State. About this period he dation of the Law of Nature). Jena, 1796, 1797. met with a formidable rival in Schelling, who 2 vols. 8vo. 9. Appellation an das Publicum had formerly been a partizan of the doctrine of ueber die ihm beygemessenen atheistischen science

, but who now separated from his master, Aeussemrngen. (Appeal to the Public respectand propounded a new metaphysical theory, ing the Atheistical Expressions imputed to him). which soon acquired a large share of popularity Jena and Leipsic, 1799. 10. Ueber die Besat the German universities. Fichte, indeed, en- timmung des Menschen. (On the Destiny of deavoured to modify his theory of that doctrine, Man). 11. Der geschlossene Handelsstaat. (The and to present it to the world in a more attrac- exclusive Commercial ate). 12. Sonnentive form; but he never again recovered his po klarer Bericht an das grössere Publicum ueber pularity. Meanwhile, his wish to be re-placed das eigentliche Wesen der neusten Philosophie. in an academical chair was at length gratified (Luminous Report to the greater Public, on the by M. de Hardenberg, who, in 1805, procured peculiar Character of the Modern Philosophy). for him the appointment of ordinary professor Berlin, 1801. 13. Wissenschaftslehre. (Docof philosophy in the university of Èrlangen. trine of Science.) Tübingen, 1802. 8vo. 14. This was accompanied with the especial favor Vorlesungen ueber das Wesen der Gelehrten. of being permitted to pass the winter at Berlin, (Lectures on the Literary Character). Berlin, in order to finish his lectures. During the sum 1806. 15. Die Grundzuge des gegenwärtigen manter of 1805, he lectured at Erlangen on the Zeitalters. (The Characteristics of the present Essence of the Literary Charactersuber das Age). Ibid. 1806. 16. Anweisung zum seligen Wesen des Gelehrten.) The following winter he Leben. (Guide to a Happy Life). Ibid. 1806. delivered to a numerous audience the course 17. Reden an die Deutsche Nation. (Discourses which he afterwards published under the title to the German Nation). Ibid. 1806. 18. Die of Guide to a Happy Life, one of the best ex- Wissenschaftslehre in ihrem allgemeinsten Umpositions of his metaphysical doctrines. Er- risse dargestellt. (The Doctrine of Science exlangen having ceased 10 be a Prussian univer- hibited in its most general Outline). Ibid. 1810. sity in 1806, Fichte returned to Koningsberg, 19. Freidrich Nicolai's Leben und Sonderbare and from thence to Riga. In the summer of Meinungen, herausgegeben von Schlegel. (Life 1007 he delivered a popular course of philoso- and singular Opinions of Frederic Nicolai, edited phical lectures at the former place. The peace by Schlegel). Tübingen, 1801. 20. Antwortsoon after enabled him to return to Berlin, schrieben ap K. L. Reinhold, auf dessen Beywhere he pronounced his famous Orations tó träge zur leichtern Uebersicht des Zastandes der the German Nation, which were enthusiastically Philosophie, &c. (Answer to K. L. Reinhold, on read and applauded throughout all Germany. his Materials for acquiring a more easy View of On the university of Berlin being founded, he the State of Philosophy, &c.) Ibid. 1801. 21. shalained, through the interest of tumboldt, the Ueber die einzig mögliche Störung der acadeStuation of rector, which secured to him an ho- mischen Freyheit. (On the only possible Dismorable revenue,

and great academical influence. turbance of Academical Freedoir). Berlin, 1812. llis health, however, had suffered from the va- 22: Über den Begriff des wahrhaften Kriegs, in mieties of fortune he had experienced, and he Bezug auf den Kreig in Jahre 1813. (On the has just recovering his strength at the waters of Notion of real War, with Reference to the War Bohernia, when his wife was attacked with a in 1813). Tübingen, 1815. Fichte is also the nervous fever: she recovered; but Fichte, whose author of numerous essays in periodical pubaffection would not allow him to leave her for a lications, and particularly in the philosophical moment, caught the disorder and died on the journal, edited by himself and Niethammer. 29th of January, 1814

FICHTELBERG, a mountain, or rather a Fichte was a voluminous writer; and we are ridge of mountains, in Franconia, extending indebted for the following list of his works to the nearly from Bareuth to Eger in Bohemia, sixteen Supplement of the Encyclopædia Britannica : miles in length from east to west, and as many 1. Versuch einer Kritik aller Offenbarung. (Cri- in breadth from north to south. Cruttwell styles tical Review of all Revelation). Koningsberg, it one of the highest mountains in Germany.'

02

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

to

waver.

It contains many deserts, boys, and morasses; FICTION, n. s. Fr. fiction ; Ital. filand abounds with trees, particularly pines, oaks, Fic'tious, adj. tiore; Sp. ficion; Lat. elms, and beeches.

FICTITIOUS,

fictio. A feigned thing FICINUS (Marsilius), a modern philosopher Fictitiously, adj. or story; the act of and reviver of letters, was born in 1433 at Ficti'TIOUSNESS, n. s. | feigning or inventing : Florence, where his father was physician to the Fictive, adj. fictious, and fictitious, Medici family. He was educated at Bologna ; are fabulous; false; counterfeit; not real or and persuaded his patron, Cosmo de Medici, to genuine : fictive, feigned ; imaginary. form an academy for the cultivation of the

So also was the fiction of those golden apples kept Platonic philosophy. He continued in favor by a dragon, taken from the serpent, which tempted under other princes of that house, and died, after Evah.

Raleigh. taking orders, in 1499. He published a com- Time to those things-gave fictive ornament. plete translation of Plato's writings into Latin.

Drayton. His own works were collected in 2 vols. folio, These pieces are fictitiously set down, and have no 1641.

copy in nature.

Browne's Vulgar Errours. FICʻKLE, adj. Sax. ficol; Goth. huckul ;

If through mine ears pierce any consolations, Fic'KLENESS, n. s.

Belg. ficken'; Lat. vacillo, By wise discourse, sweet tunes, or pucts' fictions ; Fickély, adv.

Changeable;

If ought I cease these hideous exclamations,

While that my soul, she lives in afflictions. Sidney. wavering ; inconstant.

If the presence of God in the image, by a mere Beware of fraud, beware of fickloncss,

fiction of the mind, be a sufficient ground to worship In choice and change of thy dear-loved dame.

that imaye, is not God's real presence in every croaFaerie Queene.

ture a far better ground to worship it? Stilling fleet. Remember where we are,

Fiction is of the essence of poetry, as well as of In France amongst a fickle wavering nation.

painting : there is a resemblance in one of human Shakspeare.

bodics, things, and actions, which are not real; and in I am a soldier, and unapt to weep,

the other of a true story by a fiction. Dryden. Or to exclaim on fortune's fickleness. Id.

Draw him strictly so,
Ile would be loth

That all who view the piece may know,
Us to abolish ; lest the adversary

He needs no trappings of fictitious fame. 1a. Triumph, and say, fickle their state, whom God Most favours ! Milton's Paradise Lost.

Another way to make a book unanswerable is to lay Neither her great worthiness, nor his own suffering

a stress on matters of fact foreign to the question as for her, could fetter his fickleness; but, before his

well as to truth, and to stuff it with scurrility and fiction.

Locke. marriage-day, he had taken to wife that Baccha of whom she complained.

Sidney.

It is the part of a poet to humour the imagination They know how fickle common lovers are ;

in our own notions, by mending and perfecting nature Their oaths and vows are cautiously believed ;

where he describes a reality, and by adding greater For few there are but have been once deceived,

beauties than are put together in nature, when he Dryden. describes a fiction.

Addison. Instability of temper ought to be checked, when Milton, sensible of this defect in the subject of his it disposes men to wander from one scheme of

govern- poem, brought into it two characters of a shadowy ment to another, since such a fickleness cannot but be and fictitious nature in the persons of Sin and Death, attended with fatal consequences.

Addison. by which means he has interwoven in his fable a We in vain the fickle sex pursue,

very beautiful allegory. Addison's Spectator. Who change the constant lover for the new.

With fancied rules and arbitrary laws
Prior.

Matter and motion man restrains,
Do not now,

And studied lines and fictious circles draws,
Like a young wasteful heir, mortgage the hopes

Prior. Of godlike majesty on bankrupe terms,

The human persons are as fictitious as the airy To raise a present power that's fickly held cnes; and Belinda resembles you in nothing but in By the frail tenure of the people's will. Southern. beauty.

Pope. A few good works gain fame; more sink their price; Mankind are fickle, and hate paying twice. Young.

FICUS, the fig-tree, a genus of the triæcia Fancy now no more

order, and polygamia class of plants : natural Wantons on fickle pinion through the skies;

order fifty-third, scabridæ. The receptacle is But, fixed in aim, and conscious of her power,

common, turbinated, carnous, and connivent; Aloft from cause to cause exults to rise,

enclosing the florets either in the same or in a Creation's blended stores arranging as she fies. distinct one: male cal: tripartite: cor. none :

Beattie. stam. three : female cal: quinquepartite: cor. But droop not: Fortune at your time of life,

none : pistil one; and one seed. There are Although a female moderately fickle,

fifty-six species, of which the following are the Will hardly leave you (as she's not your wife)

most remarkable : For any length of days in such a pickle. Byron.

F. carica, the common fig tree, with an upright FICO, . s. Ital. An act of contempt done stem branching fifteen or twenty feet high, and with the fingers, expressing a fig for you.'

garnished with large palmated or hand-shaped Having once recovered bis fortress, he then

gives

leaves the fico to his adversaries.

Carew.

Of this there are many varieties; as, FICTILE, adj. Lat. fictils. Moulded into The common fig tree, with large, oblong, dark form; manufactured by the potter.

purplish blue fruit, which ripens in August either The cause of fragility is an impotency to be ex.

on standards or walls, and of which it carries a tended ; and therefore stone is more fragil than metal, great quantity. The brown or chestnut fig; a and so fictile earth is more fragil than crude earth. large, globular, chestnut-colored fruit, having a

Bacon's Natural History. purplish delicious pulp, ripening in July and

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »