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of the town, except those for high-treason, are Journal of his Voyage to the Canaries, and a tried. It is a populous flourishing place, con- collection of corresponding drawings in naturai sisting chiefly of two long broad streets, with a history. market-house in the centre, built in 1574. Its

FE’UILLEMÓRT, n. s. French. The color ancient church was repaired in 1754, at the ex of a faded leaf, corrupted commonly to philepense of £2300; it was originally built in the

mot. reign of Edward II. It is in the form of a cross;

So to make a countryman understand what 'feuillethe walls are of fint, quoined with stone from morte' colour signifies, it may suffice to tell him, it is Caen. The inside of the church is handsome, the colour of withered leaves falling in autumn. and well worthy of observation; it had origi

Locke. nally a square castellated tower in the middle, FEVRE (Claud le), an eminent French but that was taken down in 1755. Before the painter, born at Fontainbleau in 1633. He Reformation there were several altars in various studied first in the palace, and afterwards at parts of the church. Many ancient mural mo- Paris under Le Sueur and Le Brun; the latter of numents, and several of brass let into the floor, whom advised him to adhere to portraits, for still remain. It has a free grammar school, which he had a particular talent, and in his style built and endowed by queen Elizabeth in 1582; equalled the best masters of that country. He and two charity schools. It is a member of the died in England in 1675, aged forty-two. cinque-port of Dover, and has a manufactory of Fevre (Nicolas le), or Nicolaus Faber, was gunpowder. The town was considerably im- born at Paris, June 2nd, 1544. During the course proved in 1773, when a spacious avenue was of his studies a singular misfortune happened to opened from the London road into Preston him. In cutting a pen, a piece of the quill flew Street

, and a bridge was erected over the stream into his eye, and gave him such exquisite pain, at the bottom of West Street: in 1789 an act that hastily lifting up his hand, he thrust the was passed for paving, watching, and lighting, knife into his eye and cut it out.

After acquirthe place. The markets, on Saturday and Wed- ing the languages, he studied the civil law at nesday, are well supplied with provision, and Toulouse, Padua, and Bologna. He travelled are well attended by the London dealers, who through Italy, and spent eighteen months at buy large quantities of the oysters caught on the Rome. In 1587 he published Seneca, with a coast. The Dutch also in time of peace, it is learned preface and notes; and detected the said

, carry home as many oysters as amount to defect in Scaliger's demonstration of the Quadabore £2000 a year. The fishermen admit none rature of the Circle. He also wrote on eccleto their freedom but married men. It is nine siastical antiquities, and drew up a preface to miles west of Canterbury, and forty-seven east of the fragments of St. Hilary. He was appointed

preceptor to the prince of Conde, by Henry the FEUILLAGE, n. s. French. A bunch or Great ; after whose death, the queen dowager row of leaves.

made him preceptor to Louis XII. He died in Of Homer's head I inclose the outline, that you 1611; and bis works were collected by his may determine whether you would have it so large, friend, John le Begue, and printed at Paris in of reduced to make room for feuillage or laurel round 1614.

Jervas to Pope. FEVRE (Tannegui le), an excellent scholar in FEVILLEA, in botany, a genus of the pen- Greek and Roman learning, born at Caen in bodria order and diccia class of plants; natu- Normandy, in 1615. Cardinal Richelieu gave mal order thirty-fourth, cucurbitacea. The male him a pension of 2000 livres to inspect all the CAL and cor. quinquefid; stamina five; necta- works published at the Louvre, and designed to rium consisting of five filaments closing together: have made him principal of a college he was female cal. quinquefid; styles three ; fruit, a about to erect at Richelieu. But the cardinal's hard trilocular apple with a hard bark. Species death cut off his hopes; and his pension was ill two of the East and West Indies, both climb- paid. Some time after, the marquis de Franing plants.

ciere, governor of Langres, took him with him FEUILLE'E (Lewis), a celebrated French natu- to his government, where he embraced the Proralist and mathematician, of the religious order of testant religion; after which he was invited to Minims. He was a native of Provence, and sent Saumur, where he was chosen Greek professor. by Louis XIV., in early life, to South America to He there taught with extraordinary reputation. make researches in natural history and philosophy, Young men were sent to him from all the prothe result of which appeared in his Journal des vinces in the kingdom, and even from foreign Observations Physiques, Mathematiques, et Bo- countries, while divines and professors themtaniques, faites sur les Côtes Orientales de l'Ame- selves gloried in attending his lectures. He was que Meridionale, et dans les Indes Occiden- preparing to go to Heidelberg, whither he was tales, 1714, 2 vols. 4to. In 1724 he was em- invited by the prince Palatine, when he died, ployed, on the recommendation of the Academy aged fifty-seven. He wrote Notes on Anacreon, of Sciences

, in an expedition to the Canary Lucretius, Longinus, Phædrus, Justin, Terence, Islands, to ascertain the position of the me- Virgil, Horace, Ælian, Eutropius, Aurelius ridian of Ferro; a task he performed in a Victor, Dionysius, &c. "A short account of the very able manner. He was rewarded with the lives of the Greek poets.

Two volumes of post of botanist to the king, and a pension. He letters; and many other works. He left a son, died in 1732, at Marseilles, where an astrono- and two daughters, one of whom was the cele mical observatory bad been built for him. In the brated Madame Dacier. In his Latin works he Royal library at Paris are preserved, in MS., a assumed the name of Tanaquil Faber.


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FEUTERER, n. s. Fr, vauirier. A dog- If a spark of error have thus far prevailed, falling keeper.

eveu where the wood was green, and farthest oft from If you will be

any inclination unto furious attempts, must not the An honest yeoman feuterer, feed us first,

peril thereof be greater in men, whose minds are as And walk us after.

Mussinger. dry fewel, apt beforehand unto tumults, seditions and broils ?

Hooker. Dedication. , adj ? Sax. feu; Goth. fauai, fa;

Never, alas! the dreadful name,

That fewels the infernal fame. Cowley. faæ ; Fr. peu. Small in number; not many ; Others may give the fewel or the fire ; used elliptically for • not many words.'

But they the breath, that makes the flame, inspire. And he seyde to hem, ther is myche rype corn :

Denham, and fewe werkemen, therfore preie ye .he Lord of the A known quantity of fewel, all kindled at once, riipe corn : that he sende werkemen into his rype corn. will causc water to boil, which being lighted gradually

Wiclif. Luk. x. will never be able to do it. Bentley's Sermons. We are left but few of many.

Jer. FEY, v.a. Dut. veghen; Goth. fægen. To To answer buth allegations at once, the very sub- cleanse a ditch, or well, of mud. stance of that they contain is in few but this.

Such muddy deep ditches and pits in the field, Hooker.

That all a dry Summer no water will yield, Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice ;

By feying and casting that mud upon heaps, Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment.

Commodities many the husbandman reaps. Tusser.

Shakspeare. FEYJOO Y MONTENEGRO (Bened. Jerome), Fewness and truth, 'tis thus.


a Spanish Benedictine and writer of the last Many hands draw the cable with more violence than few.

Bp. Hall.

century. He has been sometimes styled the No more shall be added in this place, his memory

Spanish Addison. Ilis principal works are deserving a particular celebration, than that his learn. Teatro Critico Universal, 14 vols. 4to., Madrid ing, piety, and virtue, have been attained by few. 1733, and his Cartas eruditas y curiosas; both

Clarendon. works of great merit, and liberality of sentiment. So having said, he thus to Eve in few : Divinity, law, medicine, and philosophy, occupy Say, woman, what is this which thou hast done? his attention; and the superstitions of his church

Milton. are animadverted on with considerable freedom. So much the thirst of honour fires the blood; He died in 1765. An edition of his works was So many would be great, so few be good;

published in 1778, 15 vols. 4to.; and a selection For who would virtue for herself regard,

from his Essays and Discourses appeared, in Or wed without the portion of reward ? Dryden.

an English translation, 1780, 4 vols., 8vo. On Winter seas we fewer storms behold,

FEZ, an extensive kingdom of West Barbary, Than foul diseases that infect the fold. Id.

These, by reason of their fewness, I could not dis- Africa, now united with the empire of Morocco, tinguish from the numbers with whom they are em

which see; of which it forms the most valuable bodied.

Id. part. It is bordered by the chain of the Greater, The impartial lovers and searchers of truth are a and crossed by the Lesser Atlas, extending from great deal fewer than one could wish or imagine. the former to the sea, which it touches at Tetuan.

Locke. The climate on the north of Mount Atlas is Thus Jupiter in few unfolds the charge. Dryden. greatly modified by that range on the one hand, The firm resolve I here in few disclose.


and the Mediterranean on the other. It differs, The fewer still you name, you wound the more ; therefore, but little from that of southern Europe, Bond is but one, but Harpax is a score.

Id. either in its temperature or salubrity. The heat Party is the madness of many, for the gain of a in some places, however, is occasionally very few.

Swift. great. Ali Bey says that, in the beginning of An experiment very frequent among modern au- June, it exceeded 90° of Fahrenheit, in his tent, thors, is to write upon nothing: when the subject is

a little north-east of Fez. The valleys of this utterly exhausted, to let the pen still move on; by region are luxuriantly fruitful: it is divided into some called the ghost of wit, delighting to talk after nine provinces, Shavnya, Temsena, Fez Proper, the death of its body. And to say the truth, there Beni-hassen, Garb, Shaus, Rif, Tedla, and Garet. seems to be no part of knowledge in fewer hands. The principal rivers are the Mulluvia, the Lucos than that of discerning when to have done. The imagination of a poet is a thing so nice and (Lixus of the ancients), the Suboe, and the river

of Sallee. delicate, that it is no easy matter to find out images

l'he principal towns are Fez, Mequicapable of giving pleasure to one of the few, who, nez, Melilla, Ceuta, Tangier, Larache, Mamora, in any age, have come up to that character.

and Sallee. The statistics, government, and

Berkley to Pope. commerce of this region, are the same in almost Man's rich with little, were his judgment true ; every respect as in Morocco, and will be found Nature is frugal, and her wants are few :

under that article. Those few wants answered, bring sincere delights ; Fez Proper, a fertile province of the above But fools create themselves new appetites. Young. country, situated between the range of Atlas and

Ralph did it justice, remarking a few imperfections, the province of Beni-hassen. It consists of one and applauding such parts as were excellent.

entire plain, surrounded by ranges of hills, also Franklin,

capable of the highest cultivation. To the east FE'WEL, n. s. & r.a. Fr. feu. Now written it has extensive dependencies. Fuel, which see.

Combustible matter; mate- Fez, a city of Morocco, the capital of the kingcials for keeping fire. To supply with fuel. dom of that name, situated near the bottom of a

Get home with thy fewel, make ready to fet, funnel-shaped valley, the surrounding hills of 'The sooner the easier carriage to get. Tusser, which are covered with woods and orchards.

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They surround it, indeed, on all sides except the Mahommedan countries is displayed solely in north and north-east. It consists of the Old and the interior, where spacious courts are found, New town, the latter of which is almost entirely and the apartments are decorated with paintbuilt on the heights which encompass the other. ings, arabesques, and often with gold and silver,

It is chiefly inhabited by Jews. Chenier, though while the walls of the houses, next the street, are Eine and he thinks the description of Leo exaggerated, built of mud, and in many places cracked and

admits that Fez is one of the most agreeable falling. He states the population at 100,000, cities in the empire. The finest edifice is the and it was double this amount till reduced by a

mosque of Carubin, built during the most late plague. Mr. Jackson, from the public felszele Sourishing period of Fez, and described by Leo documents to which he had access, makes it

as a mile and a half in circumference. Euro- 380,000. It is 230 miles north-east of Morocco. peans, however, are not permitted to see it. The FEZZAN, a considerable country in the north

city contains 200 caravanseras, or inns, called east part of Central Africa, to the south of Bar2; Gec fondaques, which are tolerably convenient

. bary, forms a sort of island in the midst of that imud.

They are two or three stories high, with galleries immense desert of sand which reaches as far as

towards the court, which is always in the centre the Niger. It is tributary to the dey of Tripoli, and pes 23

and admits light into the apartments. The tra- from which its nearest part is about 250 miles Teller, however, is not supplied with provisions, south-east. Its northern extremity, at the well or even bedding. His whole accommodation is of Bonjem, is in lat. 30° 35', and its southern a room and a mat. The streets generally are limit at Tegerry in lat. 24° 4' N. Its length is dark and dirty, and so narrow in some parts that therefore about 450 miles. On the north-east it

two persons can scarcely ride abreast. Several is bounded by the White Mountains of Harutz. preko

of the buildings that face the streets are dilapi- This country was known to the ancients under dated, and some of them propped up. The the title of the Phazania Regio, and the country

shops are little better than mere stalls, where of the Garamantes; Garama, its ancient capital, ditusta

the sedentary occupant sits surrounded by bas- has been recognised by major Rennell in the
kets, to which he points his customers as they modern Germa. The name of Fasan, or Fezzan,
enter, The markets, however, are immensely seems to have been imposed by the Saracens,
crowded, as there is no other place in that part when they overran this with all the rest of north-
of the country that deserves the name of a town; ern Africa, and established the Mahommedan
and the Arabs of the surrounding reaions resort faith here.
thither to purchase all the foreign and manufac Though, compared with the surrounding dis-
tured articles their domestic babits require, or tricts, Fezzan is tolerably fertile, the want of
their means afford. Fez and Morocco are also water precludes almost every kind of steady cul-
great marts for the Soudan trade; the former has tivation: there are only three springs in the
about 200 caravanseras.

whole of this vast tract. Water is sometimes Old Fez was founded towards the close of the found in beds of clay, in some places at ten or eighth century, by Edris, a Barbary farmer; and twelve feet below the surface. Trees of the miit soon became the capital of all the western mosa species, called talh, are occasionally seen, Morocco states. In the twelfth century Leo and near the towns a scanty stock of palms apAfricanus describes it as containing 700 temples pears, with a few esculent vegetables. Small and mosques, of which fifty were magnificent, patches of grain are sometimes raised with grea and adorned with marble pillars. Such was the labor and care; but the trouble of keeping the teneration in which it was held, that, when the soil moist causes the largest of these patches not road to Mecca was occasionally shut up, pil- to exceed an acre. The water is drawn by asses grimages were made to Fer. It was no less fa- from the wells, by very complicated machinery, mous as a school of learning. Its numerous and small channels are cut from the reservoirs to strools for philosophy, physic, and astronomy, the gardens. Nearly all the water of Fezzan is Rere resorted to from all the Mahommedan brackish. Wheat and barley are sown in Octokrogdoms of Spain and Africa, and even al- ber and November, and reaped in March and tended by Christians. The population was also April, and until the last month the crops require Acasionally replenished from the opposite shores watering twice a week. The principal vegetable of

Europe, during the whole period of the products are—Indian corn, wheat, barley, beans, Moorish war with Spain. The remains of its in- and peas, with some small seeds. A species of statutions still exist, but most that was valuable clover is sown in January and February, and will has long since vanished.

bear cutting repeatedly, as food for the horses The studies are confined to the Koran and ts and camels, till November.

In such a country commentators, to a slight tincture of grammar few domestic animals of course can be kept. The and logic

, and to clumsy astronomical observa- camel, best adapted to its wants, is therefore the bons, made solely with a view to regulate the time most numerous. Horses, asses, cows, sheep, and of their religious exercises. They have Euclid in goats are scarce, and only a very few dogs of the folio volumes

, neither copied 'nor read. The greyhound species are seen. The wild animals teacher site crosslegged on the ground, and repeats include the tiger-cat, the hyæna, fox, jackal, na drawling tone, between singing and crying, buffalo, antelope, gerboa, rabbits, and hares. words which are echoed by the scholars seated Among the birds are the ostrich, eagle, vulture, pound him. Their religious prejudices exclude hawk, wild turkey, and raven, with several them from the study of anatomy and medicine. smaller birds, besides domestic fowls, partridges, Ali Bey describes Fez as a singular mixture of pigeons, ducks, and geese.

The chief mineral splendor and ruin. The magnificence usual in productions are similar to those of many other

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