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Land ce cliffs without any assistance. When the first fields, formed into circles, moving round in slow Por shas got to a place where he has some footing, he cadence (which they call dancing) to a song in Icela : phelps the other up by means of the rope to which which sometimes fifteen or twenty voices juin. pribet e they are both fastened. When they have gained The religious establishment of the whole of que he de elevation where the birds are pretty nume- these islands is under the superintendence of a oues me rous, they assist each other from cliff to cliff. provost. There are seven parishes, and thirty087 bbc

I sometimes happens that one of them falls and nine places of Worship, so that the duty of the herre pulls the other after him, when both are precipi clergy is exceedingly laborious. The stipends

tered into the sea, or dashed to pieces on the are inconsiderable, and are chiefly paid in kind. fiscalier projecting rocks. When the rocks are so high and To the glebes a permanent stock of sheep, and 2 s smooth as to render it impossible for the fowlers sometimes a few cows, are attached. Glebes are iera w do ascend, they are let down by means of a also provided for the widows of the clerzy. and on strong rope from above. To prevent the rope Barley bread with milk or fat generally con

being cut, a piece of wood is placed at the verge stitute the breakfast of the common people. In of the precipice. By means of a small line, the the autumn, when the lambs are slaughtered for fowler makes signals to those above, and they let drying, the blood is boiled with the milk. Dinbim down or pull him up accordingly. When ner consists of fish and water gruel, improved ke reaches a shelf of the rock where the birds by being boiled with bones or fat. Soup is kare their nests, he unties himself, and proceeds sometimes made with fresh or dried meat, and suke them. Sometimes he places bimself on turnip leaves. Dried lamb is eaten raw with a projecting rock, and, using his net with great tallow, and dried whale flesh is esteemed a deatroitness

, he catches the birds as they fly past licacy. On holydays a large pot is placed on the kim; and this they call heining. This mode of fire, and a quantity of sea-birds boiled for supcatching birds is even practised while the fowlers per. The quantity of fat which these people se suspended. When a projection of the rock devour, and the state in which the rest of their

** between the fowler and the place where the animal food is taken into the stomach, might be en birds are, he swings himself from the rock deemed unwholesome; yet diseases are not tre

so far that he turns round the projection. In quent, and the appearance of the inhabitants this

, great address and courage are requisite, every where is robust and healthy. Elephanas well as in swinging under a projection into a tiasis was formerly a prevalent disorder, aud an arer, When he cannot, with the help of his hospital was established near Thorshavn for the pole, swing far enough, he lets down a line to reception of lepers. The remedies used by the

people stationed in a boat below, who swing natives are simple, and, as might be expected, het him, by ineans of it, as far as is necessary to harmless and ineffectual, such as soaking the se fute ezable hitn to gain a safe place to stand upon. parts affected in water, into which a piece of old 31. Besides being exposed to the risk of the rope gold or silver coin; or some ornament, is put,

breaking, the fowler is frequently in danger of and decoctions of various plants applied exterbeing crushed by pieces of the rock falling down nally. The only surgical operation performed upon him.-Such are the bazardous ineans to is the extirpation of the uvula, when, from rewhach these poor people resort for procuring laxation, it lengthens and obstructs the passage food.'

to the stomach and lungs. There is a surgeon The houses in Thorshavn are crowded together established at Thorshavn, with a salary from the without any regularity. The roofs are covered Danish government.

first with birch bark, brought from Norway, over The male dress consists entirely of woollen in which torf is laid. The green color of the tops stuffs, manufactured in the country. Their

at the houses, assimilating with that of the soil jackets, which are worn in their ordinary occuound the town, renders the place almost in- pations, are knitted, and ornamented with figures risble from the sea, The house of the com in colored worsted. In full dress, they wear a Dandant is the best furnished, but that of the long frock of a dark brown or black color, and bed-foged (who is here high sheriff as well as breeches of the same. Their shoes are made of treasurer) is the most spacious. Though the sheep-skin, slightly tanned with the root of torExterior of the buildings does not promise much, mentilla They are formed by cutting a piece of Set the rooms are generally neat and clean. The askin proper length and breadth, and puckering, 4990 ks a wretched stone building, in which very neatly, the parts for the toes and heel : the 1864 convicted of crimes, such as sheep-stealing, fastening is a white woollen thong, knitted for Et confined for several years. They are brought the purpose, and tied round the legs. The dress of occasionally, however, to work when any cap is formed like a bishop's mitre; on ordinary 1.m particular is required to be done. At the occasions they wear woollen caps, and sometimes mouth of the harbour are the remains of a small caps of skin, with the hairy part outermost. The 53 strong fort, the guns of which were de men never cut their hair; and to appearance selitroyed by the British in the year 1808.

dom comb or wash it. The women wear their The hospitality of the Faroese is remarkable, hair combed backwards from the forehead, and ated in their polite and respectful deportment, have white linen caps with broad stiff

border se strict honesty, they are no where exceeded. of coarse lace, rising perpendicularly. The cap To religious duties they pay the most regular is fastened by a colored silk or cotton kerchief utention. Almost every village has a church tied under the chin, with a piece of riband floatMa the Sunday evenings, and on holydays, the ing behind. The rest of the dress much resempeople give themselves up to merriment. In bles that of the peasantry of Scotland, the matekae weather, groups of them are seen in the rials being coarser. They wear aprons, and

2

couion kerchiefs over the shoulders and bosom; Winchester, who after treating him with great and the more gaudy the colors, the more superb indignity delivered him up for trial to his sucis a dress esteemed. The language is a dialect cessor, Morgan, by whom he was declared of the Scandinavian.

guilty of heresy, and being turned over to the The revenue collected out of the produce secular arm was burnt at Caermarthen, on the of the islands is : for every sheep of the perma- 30th of March, 1555. This prelate appears to nent or estimated stock of each farm, a lamb's have been of a headstrong and imprudent disposkin; and for every sixty sheep killed, 36lbs. sition, but was treated with remarkable and perof tallow, and thirty skins. The proportion of sonal ill will by both Protestants and Papists. wool paid as tax, is sold at a fixed price to the FERRARA, or the FERRARESE, a duchy and people of Thorshavn. It amounted formerly to province of Italy, in the ecclesiastical states, between 3000 and 4000 rix dollars. The civil bounded on the north by the Po, and on the east establishment is under the direction of a military by the Adriatic. The part formerly belonging to officer, commanding thirty men, who maintain this province, beyond the Po, was in 1815 the form of mounting guard, and keeping a look united to Lombardy. It is now properly a legaout. Under the commandant are, the landfoged tion of the papal states, and is supposed to conor treasurer, and the sysselmen, or governors of tain about 171,000 inhabitants. It is well wadistricts.

tered by branches of the Po, which often overFERONIA, the goddess of woods and or- flow it: but is indifferently cultivated, though chards, so named from the town where were a fit for corn, pulse, and hemp, which it produces, wood and temple consecrated to her. Stravo as well as some silk and wine. This duchy was relates, that those who sacrificed to this goddess formerly possessed by the house of Este; but walked barefoot upon burning coals, without pope Clement VIII. took possession of it in being hirt. She was the guardian deity of freed 1598, after the death of Alphonso II., duke of men, who received their cap of liberty in her Ferrara, as a fief of the church. In October, temple.

1796, the inhabitants of this province, uuiting FERRACINO (Bart.), an Italian engineer, with those of Bologna, Modena, and Reggio, of considerable repute in the seventeenth cen- erected the ci-devant Cispadane republic. In tury, was born at Bassano, and originally a October, 1797, they joined the other Italian sawyer. He first invented a saw to be worked states in forming the Cisalpine republic, of which by wind, and then constructed various clocks this duchy constituted a department, entitled the and hydraulic engines, which have been much Lower Po, and was then found to contain admired. One of the latter, made for the pro- 154,000 citizens, who elected twelve deputies curator Belegno, was famous in Italy within to the councils. But in July, 1799, the whole these few years : it was framed on the principle province was reduced, and the democratic goof the screw of Archimedes, and raised water to vernment overthrown by the Austrians, who were the height of thirty-five feet. He also built the again obliged to surrender to the French in May, bridge over the Brenta, at his native town. He 1800. They occupied it until 1814. died in 1750.

Ferrara, an ancient and large city of Italy, FERRAH, a large walled town of Afghaunis- capital of the above duchy. It is seated in an taun, situated in a fertile valley: it gives its name agreeable and fertile plain, watered by the river to a considerable river, falling into the lake of Po on one side, and on the other encompassed Zarra, the Arianaulus of the ancients, and is by a strong wall and deep broad ditches. It supposed to be the Parrah, mentioned in ancient has a citadel, erected by pope Clement VIII. geography as the capital of the Parthian pro- In the middle of the city is a magnificent castle, vince of Anabon. It stands in lony. 61° 40' E., surrounded with water, formerly the palace of and lat. 33° 7' N.

the dukes, and now of the papal legate. It conFERRAR, (Robert), an English prelate and tains some fine paintings. The duke's garden martyr of the sixteenth century, was born at Hali- and park are called the Belvidere. The theatre fax, Yorkshire, and studied both at Oxford and here is one of the best in Italy. Here are also a Cambridge. He became a canon regular of the good drawing academy, and a valuable collecorder of St. Augustine, and was chosen prior of the tion of minerals and antiquities. Manuscripts monastery of St. Oswald, which dignity he sur- of Ariosto, Tasso, and Guarini are shown; also rendered on the dissolution of 1540, receiving a the houses which they respectively occupied. pension of £100 per annum. Embracing the The hospital of St. Ann was the prison of Tasso principles of the reformation, he became chap- The two Strozzi, the poets, and Bentivoglio, the lain to archbishop Cranmer, and, after his ex- historian, as well as Savonarola, the Dominican, ample, took a wife. By Edward VI. he was were natives of Ferrara. made bishop of St. David's; but in consequence Ferrara had formerly a considerable trade of issuing out his commission to his chancellor but it was greatly reduced by the exactions o to visit his chapter, and inspect into some dila- the popes. The ancient university, founded in pidations in an exploded form, his enemies found 1397, by pope Boniface IX., had dwindled into occasion to accuse him of a præmunire, and so a wretched college of the Jesuits before the re great were the expenses of the prosecution, that volution. In 1735 it was advanced to an arch he became unable to pay bis first fruits and bishopric by pope Clement XII. The country tenths, and was imprisoned for them as a debtor around is so marshy, that a heavy shower of rai to the crown. On the accession of queen Mary renders the roads almost impassable. It has a he was brought, in company with Hooper, Brad- ancient cathedral and about 100 churches, ane ford, and others, before Gardiner, bishop of contained 30,000 inhabitants in 1797, includin 1800 Jews, who carry on silk manufactures, &c. FERRARS (George), a lawyer, poet, and On the 11th of June, 1796, the French, under historian, descended from an ancient family in Baonaparte, arrived in this city, and began to Hertfordshire, and born about A.I), 1510, near sublish the late democratic constitution. On St. Alban's. He was educated at Oxford, and the 19th February, 1797, it was formally ceded thence removed to Lincoln's Inn, where he was o the Cispadane republic by the pope. In July, soon called to the bar. Cromwell, earl of Essex, 1799, it surrendered after a long siege, to the introduced him to king Henry VIII. who emAustrians, under general Klenau. Murat's army ployed bim, and in 1535 gave him a grant of was defeated here in the beginning of April, 1815, the manor of Famstead, in his native county. by an Austrian force under general Mohr and He was, however, for some years afterwards in count Neipperg. It is sixty-seven miles north of embarrassed circumstances : and being, in 1542, Boogna, and forty south-east of Mantua. Po- in attendance on his duty as a member of the pulation, 24,000.

house of commons, he was taken in exccution by FERRARI (Octavian), an Italian philosophi- a sheriff's officer and committed to the compter. al writer, was born at Milan, in 1518. He be- The house, having heard of his confinement, descame professor of ethics and politics at his native patched their serjeant to require his release. place, but removed afterwards to Padua, where This was refused, and an affray took place bebe explained the principles of Aristotle four tween the clerks of the compter and that officer, fars, and then returned to Milan. He died in who had his mace broken. On his returning, 1986. His works are, 1. De Sermonibus exote and making a report to the house of what had nes. 2. De Disciplinæ, Encyclica: seu Clavis happened, the members in a body repaired to the Phulosophie Peripateticæ Aristotelicæ. 3. De bar of the house of lords to complain of the Ongide Romanorum. 4. A Translation of Athe- breach of privilege; when the latter judged the us into Latin.

contempt to be very great, and referred the puFERRARI (Francis Bernardin), of the same nishment of the offenders to the discretion of the fazily with the foregoing, was born at Milan lower bouse. The members now resolved that L 1577, and laid the foundation of the Ambro- the serjeant should repair once more to the san library. He died in 1669. His works sheriffs of London (who in the late affray had

, 1. De Antiquo Ecclesiasticarum Epistola- supported the clerks of the compter), and demano genere. 2. De Ritu Sacrarum Ecclesiæ mand their prisoner without writ or warrant, his Catholicæ concionum. 3. De veterum acclama- mace being a sufficient badge of his authority: isabus et plausu.

when the city magistrates delivered up the insolFERRARI (Octavio), another professor of the vent senator to the officers of the house. But this se family, was born in 1607, and educated at tardy obedience did not exempt the parties from WE Ambrosian College, where he presided in the punishment, for the sheriffs and the plaintiff, at tair of rhetoric. He afterwards removed to whose suit Ferrars was arrested, were committed Padua, and greatly benefited that university by to the tower, and the clerks to Newgate; and an

labors and fame. He died in 1682. His act of parliament was passed discharging Ferrars principal work is entitled Origines Linguæ from liability for the debt. This extraordinary kica, folio; besides which he wrote several transaction, it is said, obtained the entire approKertations on subjects of antiquity.

bation of the king, and became the basis of that FERRARI (John Baptist), was a Jesuit of Si- rule of parliament which exempts members to Eta, who published a Syriac Dictionary in 1622, this day from arrest. In the reign of Edward 40. He wrote also De Malorum Aureorum VI. Mr. Ferrars attended lord Somerset as a (altura, 1646; and De Florum Cultura, 1633. commissioner of the army, in his expedition to He died in 1655.

Scotland in 1548. He died in 1579, at FlamFERRARI (Gaudenzio), a painter born at stead. He wrote, 1. A Translation of Magna Valdagia, in 1484, was employed by Raffaelle Charta, and several early statutes. 2. History

the l'atican, and thereby acquired a beautiful of the Reign of Queen Mary, published in style of design and coloring. He died in 1550. Grafton's Chronicle, 1569, folio. 3. Six TrageAnother painter of this name, John Andrew dies, or dramatic Poems, published in the MirTerrari, of Genoa, excelled in landscapes as well ror for Magistrates, in 1559, 1587, and 1610. a historical subjects. He died in 1669.

FERRARS (Henry), a Warwickshire gentleman, FERRARI (Lewis), a mathematician, was born of a good family, eminent for his genealogical a Bologna, about 1520. He studied under and neraldic researches. Mr. Wood says, that ladan, and discovered the method of resolving out of the collections of this gentleman Sir Wil

quadratic equations. He was professor of ma- liam Dugdale laid part of the foundation of his Bersatics at Bologna, where he died in 1565. celebrated Antiquities of Warwickshire. Cam

FERRARIA, in botany, a genus of the trian- den also mentions his assistance in relation to za order, and gynandria class of plants : natu- Coventry. Some poems of his were published Vorder sixth ensatæ. Spathæ two-leaved : CAL. in the reign of queen Elizabeth; and he died in Line; petals six, wavingly curled; stigmata cu 1633. dated: cap. trilocular, inferior. There are FERREARAT. See FERIARA. IT species, natives of the Cape of Good Hope, FERREOUS, adj. / Lat. ferreus. Irony; tico, and Australasia. There is a great sin- FERKU'GINOUS. S of iron. Polarity in the root of one of these species; it In the body of the glass there is no ferreous or tattates only every other year, and sometimes magnetical nature. Bruwne's Vulgur Errours. Riety third year; in the intermediate time it re- They are cold, hot, purgative, diuretick, ferruginous, Lains inactive, though quite sound.

saline, petrifying, and bituminous.

Ray.

compose.

Darurin.

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On long exposure to air, the granites or porphories physician and polite writer, was born at Chester of this country exhibit a ferruginous crust; the iron in 1764. He graduated at Edinburgh, after a melho being calcined by the air first becomes visible, and is which he settled in practice at Manchester

, and is no then washed away from the external surface, which became senior physician to the infirmary and red hon becomes white or gray, and thus in time seems to de the lunatic asylum. He contributed largely to su stig

the formation of the literary and scientific insti- 114.41 FERRERAS (Don John de), a learned Spa- tutions of that place; and supplied many papers nish ecclesiastic, a native of Labaneza, was born in their Transactions. He died in 1815. Dia didia in 1652. After studying at Salamanca he ob- Ferriar was the author of, 1. Medical IIistories, and tained the cure of St. James of Talavera, whence 3 vols. 8vo. 2. Illustrations of Sterne, in zaka he removed to Madrid, and became a member of which the plagiarisms of that writer were de sau the academy. He assisted in the compilation of tected, 8vo. 3. Bibliomania, an Epistle, Bro. the great Spanish Dictionary, and was the au 4. An Essay towards a Theory of Apparitions

, the thor of various works in philosophy, theology, 8vo. 5. On the medical Properties of the Digital and history, the most considerable of which is a talis Purpurea, 8vo. general History of Spain, in ten volumes, 4to. FERRIER (Arnold de), an eminent French mu

FERÖRET, n. s. & v. a. Fr. furet ; Teut. lawyer, born at Toulouse in 1506. He was ad- 27.01

FER'RETER, n. s. fret; Welsh, fured, mitted LL.D. at Padua : was a professor in the Port. frao; Dutch, ferret ; Lat. viverra, i. e. á university of Toulouse, and a counsellor in the creature that lives or sees under the earth. A parliament of that city. He went afterwards species of mustela used in the destruction of ambassador to Venice, where he continued seama rats, hunting of rabbits, &c. See MUSTELA :

veral years. He wrote several works, and as leader hence to ferret is to hunt out of concealment, or sisted F. Paul in his history of the council med lurking places.

Trent. After long entertaining sentiments in

favor of the Protestant religion, he at last openly Cicero Looks with such ferret and such fiery eyes

renounced popery in his seventy-sixth year, and As we have seen him.

died three years afterwards. Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar. FERRINGTOSH, Gael. i. e. the Thane's With what an eager earnestness she looked, having lands, a barony of Scotland, in Ross-shite, whose threatening not only in her ferret eyes, but while she ancient owner having greatly assisted to quash a spoke, her nose seemed to threaten her chin.

rebellion which threatened the north of Scotland

Sidney. upon the revolution in 1688, and having, in est The archbishops had ferretted him out of all his sequence of his patriotic exertions, incurred great holes.

Heylin.

damage by the depredations of the opposite fac Concys are taken either by ferrets or purse-nets. tion upon his property, he received, by way

Mortimer.

compensation, an exemption from all duties upon FERRETTO, in glass-making, a substance spirits distilled from grain, the growth of his which serves to color glass. It is inade by a lands in this district. The family continuing simple calcination of copper, but serves for se- steadfast in their adherence to government tais veral colors. There are two ways of making it: singular privilege of exemption from excise the first is this :-- Take thin plates of copper and was continued to them till 1784, when it was lay them on a "layer of powdered brimstone, in taken away by act of parliament, and a suitalle the bottom of a crucible; over these lay more compensation authorised to be made. This, brimstone, and over that another layer of the upon being submitted to a jury before the count plates, and so on, alternately, till the pot is full of exchequer, November 29th, 1785, was fired as Cover the pot, lute it well, place it in a wind- £21,580. furnace, and make a strong fire about it for two

FERRO, FER, or Hiero, the smallest and hours. When it is taken out and cooled, the most westerly of the Canary islands. It contains copper will be found so calcined that it may be about seven square leagues, and a population of ** crumbled to pieces hetween the fingers like a 5000. The chief exertions of the inhabitants are friable earth." It will be of a reddish, and, in turned towards the rearing of cattle

. Fogs azt some parts, of a blackish color. This must be very common over this island, whence it has repowdered and sifted fine for use. Another way ceived in the neighbourhood the name of tbe of making ferretto is as follows: make several Black Canary. Ii presents on all sides to the stratifications of plates of copper and white vi sea a face of bold and craggy rock, in the intetriol, alternately, in a crucible, which place on rior the appearance of the country improves the Hoor of the glass furnace, near the eye, and and a great part of the island is tolerably fruitful let it stand there three days; then take it out, Good wine and hrandy are exported to Tenerife and make a new stratification with more fresh Bees thrive exceedingly on account of the multivitriol: calcine again as before. Repeat this tude of aromatic flowers, and the honey .s exceloperation six times, and a most valuable ferretto lent. The island abounds also in figs, and the will be obtained.

quantity is sometimes so great, that to prevent FERRI (Ciro), a painter, born at Rome in their being lost, it is necessary to convert them 1634, was bred under Pietro da Cortona ; and the into brandy. The woods have deer, seri-legged works of the scholar are often mistaken for those partridges, bustards, and pheasants. A great of the master. The grand duke of Tuscany no- disadvantage is the want of water, of which minated him chief of the Florentine school. He Ferro is said to contain not more than there died in 1689.

fountains. Hence the cattle are said sometinies FERRIAR (John), a respectable modern

lo quench their thirst with sea water. Ferro

rite, meint being once supposed to be the most westerly

4 atoms carbon = 30 00 ziedzis point of the old world, was originally employed

1 atom azote

17.50 These ek by all geographers as their first meridian, and the

1 atom iron

17.50 2 ute longitude reckoned from it. El Golfo, or the

1 atom hydrogen 1.25 de otes Gulf

, on the east side, is the principal village. ceram as long. 17° 46' W., lat. 27° 45' N.

66.25' odses FERROL, an important sea-port of Spain, on He did the north coast of Galicia, naving one of the best This sum represents the weight of its prime och 1. L. karbours of Europe ; being ten miles deep, and equivalent. Ferroprussiate of potash, and of root from a quarter to half a mile broad, with depth barytes, will each therefore, according to him, condi tz for the largest ships to Ferrol, five miles from sist of an an atom of acid + an atom of base + hon at the entrance, and for frigates two miles further. two atoms of water. Thenie Both shores are lofty and lined with forts, and It has been supposed that Mr. Porrett's new | Propera the haven, or arsenal, which is formed by piers, acid is nothing but a hydrocyanate or prussiate

Lay be closed with a boom. The strength of of iron, which, from the mutability of its conle), z = these works will account for the retreat of Sir stituents, is easily decomposed hy heat and light; in si James Pulteney, who landed with a very effi- and that the only permanent compound which Funcient force in the vicinity, in the end of August that acid forms is in triple salts. This is the old da 1799, but judged it necessary to re-embark. opinion, and also the present opinion of several Hez The bays of Ares and Betanzos are separated eminent chemists. These compounds we shall tere de o from Ferrol harbour by a perinsula: the islands call ferroprussiates. M. Vauquelin and M.

of Marola and Miranda are in the entrance. Thenard style them ferruginous prussiates. 0,5 dl These hays are open to the north-west, and con Ferroprussiate of potash is made by heating airing a sequently dangerous.

pearl-ash with the hoofs and horns of animals in The basin in which the ships are laid up is or

a heated iron vessel. This salt is now manufacsettur frcat extent, and solid workmanship; each ves- tured in several parts of Great Britain; and

sel has its own store-house, where the boatswains', therefore the experimental chemist need not .iecarpenters, and gunners

' stores, are distinctly incur the trouble and nuisance of its preparation. in der marked. The marine barracks are a vast and An extemporaneous ferroprussiate of potash may

beautiful building, affording accommodation for however be made by acting on Prussian blue

6000 men. The establishments are all naval; with pure carbonate of potash, prepared from the and there is an academy for the Guardas Marinas: ignited bicarbonate or bitartrate. 'Of the puri

a fathematical school for marine artillerists; a fied Prussian blue, add successive portions to bautical, and even a pilot school. The town has the alkaline solution, as long as its color is de10,000 inhabitants, but little more trade than stroyed. Filter the liquid, saturate the slight what the presence of the fleet produces, foreign alkaline excess with acetic acid, concentrate by merchandise not being allowed to enter it: and evaporation, and allow it slowly to cool. Quam the manufactures are confined to sail-cloths, drangular hevelled crystals of the ferroprussiate mopes, hardware, and leather. The climate is of potash will form. This salt is transparent, most

. The town is of very recent erection, and of a beautiful lemon or topaz-yellow. Its baving been but a village until 1752, when En- specific gravity is 1.830. It has a saline, coolkendada

, minister of Ferdinand VI., apprised of ing, but not nnpleasant taste. In large crystals the advantages of its situation, determined to it possesses a certain kind of toughness, and, in establish dock-yards, arsenals, and manufacto- thin scales, of elasticity. The inclination of the ties bere. It is twenty-one miles north-east of bevelled side to the plane of the crystal is about Carunna, and thirty-six north-west of Lugo. 135°. It loses about thirteen per cent. of water Long. 8° 11' 29" W., lat. 43° 29' 30" N. when moderately heated; and then appears of a Finrol, Case, a cape on the north-west coast white color, as happens to the green copperas ; Newfoundland. Long. 57° 11' W., lat. 51° but it does not melt like this salt.

Water at 60° IN

dissolves nearly one-third of its weight of the FERROPRUSSIC, or FERROCYANIC, Acin. crystals ; and, at the boiling point, almost its into a solution of prissiate of potash pour hydro- own weight. It is not soluble in alcohol; and alphuret of barytes, as long as any precipitate is not altered by exposure to the air. Exposed will fall. Filter the whole, and wash the preci- in a retort to a strong red heat, it yields prussic state with cold water; dry it, and, having dis- acid, ammonia, carbonic acid, and a coaly resisolved 100 parts in cold water, add gently due consisting of charcoal, metallic iron, and correntrated sulphuric acid thirty parts; shaké potash. When dilute sulphuric or muriatic acid them well rogether, and set the mixture aside to is boiled on it, prussic acid is evolved, and a attleThe supernatant liquid is ferroprussic very abundant white precipitate of protoprussiate acid, first discovered by Mr. Porrett. It has a of iron and potash falls, which afterwards, male lemon-yellow color, but no smell. Heat treated with liquid chlorine, yields a Prussian atud light decompose it. Hydrocyanic acid is b.ue, equivalent to fully one-third of the salt emthen fordel, and white ferroprussiate of iron, ployed.

Neither sulphuretted hydrogen, the which soon hecomes blue. Its affinity for the hydrosulphurets, nor infusion of galls, produce bases enables it to displace acetic acid, without any change on this salt. Red oxide of mercury best , from the acetates, and to form ferroprus- acis powerfully on its solution at a moderate

heat." Prussiate of mercury is formed, which reNr . Porrott considers this acid “as a compound mains in solution; while peroxide of iron and

metallic mercury precipitace. This salt is said

1

of

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