Relativity: The Special and the General TheoryAccording to Einstein himself, this book is intended "to give an exact insight into the theory of Relativity to those readers who, from a general scientific and philosophical point of view, are interested in the theory, but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus of theoretical physics." When he wrote the book in 1916, Einstein's name was scarcely known outside the physics institutes. Having just completed his masterpiece, The General Theory of Relativity—which provided a brandnew theory of gravity and promised a new perspective on the cosmos as a whole—he set out at once to share his excitement with as wide a public as possible in this popular and accessible book. First time in Penguin Classics New introduction by bestselling science author Nigel Calder 
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Inhalt
Physical Meaning of Geometrical Propositions  7 
The System of Coordinates  10 
Space and Time in Classical Mechanics  13 
The Galileian System of Coordinates  15 
The Principle of Relativity in the Restricted Sense  16 
The Theorem of the Addition of Velocities Employed in Classical Mechanics  19 
The Apparent Incompatibility of the Law of Propagation of Light with the Principle of Relativity  20 
On the Idea of Time in Physics  23 
In What Respects Are the Foundations of Classical Mechanics and of the Special Theory of Relativity Unsatisfactory?  67 
A Few Inferences from the General Principle of Relativity  69 
Behaviour of Clocks and MeasuringRods on a Rotating Body of Reference  73 
Euclidean and NonEuclidean Continuum  76 
Gaussian Coordinates  79 
The SpaceTime Continuum of the Special Theory of Relativity Considered as a Euclidean Continuum  83 
The SpaceTime Continuum of the General Theory of Relativity Is Not a Euclidean Continuum  85 
Exact Formulation of the General Principle of Relativity  88 
The Relativity of Simultaneity  26 
On the Relativity of the Conception of Distance  29 
The Lorentz Transformation  31 
The Behaviour of MeasuringRods and Clocks in Motion  36 
Theorem of the Addition of the Velocities The Experiment of Fizeau  38 
The Heuristic Value of the Theory of Relativity  42 
General Results of the Theory  44 
Experience and the Special Theory of Relativity  48 
Minkowskis FourDimensional Space  52 
Special and General Principle of Relativity  57 
The Gravitational Field  60 
The Equality of Inertial and Gravitational Mass as an Argument for the General Postulate of Relativity  63 
The Solution of the Problem of Gravitation on the Basis of the General Principle of Relativity  91 
Cosmological Difficulties of Newtons Theory  97 
The Possibility of a Finite and Yet Unbounded Universe  99 
The Structure of Space According to the General Theory of Relativity  103 
Simple Derivation of the Lorentz Transformation  105 
Minkowskis FourDimensional Space World  111 
The Experimental Confirmation of the General Theory of Relativity  113 
a Motion of the Perihelion of Mercury  114 
b Deflection of Light by a Gravitational Field  116 
c Displacement of Spectral Lines towards the Red  118 
123  