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in the great bulk of the Middle Classes, but only among the wealthier members of them.
I might mention here one or two alterations which hare occurred to me as desirable to be made in the plan of the University Examinations, and which would diminish my objections to them in a great degree ; but I prefer merely to indicate the difficulties which arise from the scheme as it now is, and which I believe to be at once both widely spread and of a very serious kind : for I cherish the hope that the matter will soon be so generally discussed by those who can bring their personal experience to bear upon it, that the attention of the Universities will be drawn to the subject, and that they will cordially endeavour to discover some plun by which they may remove as far as possible all reasonable objections to their plan, without depriving the clerer and industrious sons of parents in the Bliddle Classes, of the honors and rewards now held out for the diligent and successful prosecution of their studies.
COLIN'S COMPLAINT. Despairing beside a clear stream,
She talked, and I blessed her dear tongue: A shepherd forsaken was laid;
She smiled: 'twas a pleasure too great; And while a false nymph was his theme,
I listen'd and cried when she sung, A willow supported his head :
Was nightingale ever so sweet! The wind that blew over the plain,
How foolish was I to believe To his sighs with a sigh did reply;
She could dote on so lowly a clown! And the brook, in return for his pain,
Or that her fond heart would not grieve Ran mournfully murmuring by.
To forsake the fine folk of the town; Alas! silly swain that I was,
To think that a beauty so gay, Thus, sadly complaining, he cried;
So kind and so constant would prove, When first I beheld that fair face,
Or go clad like our maidens in grey, 'Twere better by far I had dicd:
Or live in a cottage on love?
IDEU LATINE REDDITUM.
Dum recubat, spreto pastor amore perit.
Lenta salix capiti dulce levamen erat.
Tristia, per solos aura ferebat agros :
Unda per assuetas vix memor ire vias.
Hos casum deflens edidit ore sonos :
Candida quam facies hæc mihi visa foret.
Ridet: Inassueto pectus amore salit !
Quales non unquam dat Philomela modos !
Ut pastor cordi sordidus esset ei !
Cun fugerit quos fert urbs redamata, procos.
Tam constans uni, tamve benigna foret.
LITTLE BOOKS. Early Rising; a Natural, Social, and Religious Duty. By the author of "What can't be Oured must be Endured." London : Nisbet and Co. 1855.-We heartily recommend this admirable little treatise of 136 pages, as it presents in a striking view the many different reasons for early rising. The author observes that “It is between the ages of ten and twenty or twenty-five that habits are chiefly formed ; and perhaps no habit is so difficult to form as the one in question. The morning hours at schools, and the morning chapels at the Universities, are doubtless calculated to promote early rising, and they do so in a degree, but it is at home that habits are mostly acquired ; and unless parents set the example of rising early themselves, and use all winning and persuasive means to induce their children to imitate them, schools and universities will accomplish little in this matter.” (Pp. 28–29.) The following passage is also worthy of attention :-“Now is there any reason why we should be less hale and hearty than our forefathers? We have advanced prodigiously in the art of preserving health,' on all points apparently but this very one of early rising, and in this we have retrograded. Our cities are better drained and better ventilated. The science of medicine has been brought to a very high degree of perfection. And no pains are spared to discover the secrets of exterminating disease and prolonging life. But it is a question whether all these advantages and improvements put together will neutralize and overrule the pernicious effects of late rising, which the auri sacra fames' or accursed appetite for gold, – the determination for constant pleasure and excitement—and alas ! too frequently, the difficulty of getting a livelihood, have made customary. Lunacy has fearfully increased of late years, and no wonder, for both mind and body are kept in such a state of constant anxiety, excitement, and fatigue, that they cannot possibly preserve their natural tone and strength from day to day." (Pp. 24--25.) The little work will be found to suggest many useful hints to those engaged in education for training up the rising generation in better habits for the preservation of the health of both mind and body.
A Charge Delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of St. David's. By Connop Thirl wall, D.D., Bishop af St. David's, at his sixth visitation, October, 1857. Published at the request of the Clergy. With two Appendices : on the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception, and on the History of the Eucharistic Controversy. London : Rivingtons. 1857. The Bishop of St. David's has long been known as one of the most learned and talented of the prelates at present on the bench.” And his lordship's recent charge is worthy of its author. The church at large is indebted to the right reverend author for one of the most lucid and crushing exposures of the fraud connected with the new dogma of the alleged "immaculate conception " which has been ever published; indeed even this portion of the charge is a theological treatise in itself. The bishop also ably exposes the absurdities and follies which are inherent in Archdeacon Denison's peculiar view of the “ real presence” in the Eucharist, and completely demolishes the archdeacon as a theologian. And the bishop's arguments are of the greater weight in this point of view, inasmuch as he would deprecate any legal proceedings against the offender. Indeed, the bishop endeavours to make the best of the case (so far as relates to legal censure) of another offender in a different direction who has fallen under the official censure of the Bishop of Llandaff, viz. the author of " National Godliness," with whom he appears by no means to agree. On the subject of education in the diocese, the bishop is “happy to be able to speak thankfully and hopefully of the progress which has been made since" he and the clergy "last met in supplying the wants of the diocese, both as to churches and schools." (P. 88.) Still the state of instruction in many of the schools is allowed to be “very unsatisfactory,” (P. 94 ;) and the bishop calls attention to the report of one of the inspectors, which “insists strongly on the need of some modification of the existing minutes of the Committee of Council, to meet the peculiar exigencies of the principality." (P. 94.) The charge will well repay perusal; and the able arguments on the immaculate conception and the eucharistic controversy combine to render it a valuable work for reference in connexion with these important questions.
The Synoptical Euclid ; being the First Four Books of Euclid's Elements of Geometry, from the Edition of Dr. Robert Simson ; with a peculiar Typographical Arrangement, by which is exhibited, without Abridgment of the Text, a perspicuous Outline of each Demonstration, to facilitate Teaching in Classes and Private Study. With Erercises. By Samuel A. Good. Third Edition. London : C. H. Law. 1858.-In the recent lamented death of Mr. Good, a great public as well as private loss has been sustained. His pupils will long remember his clear, masterly instructions and his wonderful mathematical powers; and their future success in life and most probable distinction will, we hope, be a lasting monument of fame to one who is now no more. We are rejoiced to announce the publication of a work of his which is most admirable in its plan, and which will be the means of making its author's celebrity and usefulness more widely known. The Synoptical Euclid is far the best we have met with for all purposes; and both pupil and teacher who adopt it will at once discover its advantages and welcome its appearance. The extremely modest little preface will give some idea of the nature of the work, and therefore we shall simply quote it to our readers, observing at the same time that we have carefully examined the buok and can most strongly recommend it. “In this edition, it is endeavoured by a new, yet extremely simple, typographical arrangement, to render the text of Euclid more perspicuous than when printed in the ordinary manner, and to make it, as it were, its own interpreter, so as to obviate, as much as possible, the necessity of books of questions, notes, and explanations. The leading feature of the work is, that the principal steps in every demonstration have the conclusions numbered, and printed in separate lines with a different type to the premises ; thus presenting to the eye the substance of the whole in the forın of a synopsis which, it is hoped, the teacher will find of no small advantage in the important business of examination. This plan will, it is believed, give considerable aid to the student in enabling him not merely to acquire a clear perception of the subject as he proceeds, but to fix in his memory with comparatively little trouble, the order in which the lines, angles, &c., composing the diagrams, are to be considered in the course of demonstration, thereby preventing the confused notion of the whole by which learners are so commonly cmbarrassed at the commencement of their geometrical studies.”
English Grammar; including the Principles of Grammatical Analysis. By C. P. Mason, B.A., Fellow of University College, London. London: Walton and Maberly. 1858.---This is a very useful Grammar and far above the average in all respects. The Syntax is peculiarly good, and the Practical Exercises on the chief Principles and Rules are most excellent. The pages upon Latin and Greek Derivatives will be found very clear and complete. Upon the whole we must pronounce “ Mason's English Grammar" to be a work fully deserving every success, and we think that it might be introduced with decided advantage into many of our schools.
A Series of Lessons in Prose and Verse. By J. M. 1 Culloch, D.D. 1858. A Fourth Reading Book for the Use of Schools. By J. M. M*Culloch. D.D. 1850. A Third Reading Book for the Use of Schools. By J. M. M*Culloch, D.D. Edinburgh : Oliver and Boyd. 1858.-We think these, without any exception, some of the nicest books for children we have ever met with. There is so much amusement, combined with useful and interesting information. The fourth book is, if possible, better than the others, but it is really difficult to say which we recommend most. We are glad to see in the poetry so many selections from Mrs. Hemans and Longfellow.
Reading Lessons in Social Economy for the Use of Schools. By Benjamin Templar, Head Master of the Manchester Model Secular School. London : Jarrold and Sons.--..Mr. Templar deserves very great praise for preparing this little reading book, and we should like to see it in general use. In the hands of an intelligent teacher it would be invalu. able ; but it is so plain and interesting in its style that a child may derive much profit and pleasure from it without any help. We hope that it may find its way into many of our schools, and then travel onwards to the homes of the children.
A Course of Elementary Reading. By J. M. M Culloch, D.D. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd. 1858.-We are sorry to say we do not think very highly of this book, as the prose matter is very dry and uninteresting. The selections of poetry are very good.
Practical Examples in the First Four Rules of _ Arithmetic, for Children in National and British Schools. By A. Seaton, Master of the Lewin's Mead British School, Bristol.--These cards are very good and we recommend them highly.
LIST OF NEW BOOKS. Alford's Old and New Testament Dispensations, crown 8vo. Bentinck, a Political Biography, by Disraeli, post 8vo. Bettsworth's Correct Tables of Interest, by Goodluck. Black's Guide to the English Lakes, illustrated, crown 8vo. Bourne's Lays of Labour's Leisure Hours, post 8vo. Bradley's Sunday Questions for Families, &c., 18mo. Butler's Analogy of Religion, with Essay, by Barnes, 12mo. Bunnett's The Ilidden Power, second edition, foolscap 8vo. Caird's Sermons, crown 8vo. Catafago's English and Arabic Dictionary, Part I., 8vo. Children at Home, fifth thousand, foolscap 8vo. Christmas's Preachers and Preaching, foolscap 8vo. Congregational Pulpit, (The,) Vol. V., post Svo. Crabbe's Poetical Works, new edition, with Illustrations. Cureton's Translation of the Gospels in Syriac, quarto. Cassell's Illustrated Family Paper, Vol. I. New Series, quarto. Chambaud's Fables Choisis, by Wells, new edition, 18mo. Compendium of History to the Christian Era, crown 8vo. Davies' Practical Naturalist's Guide, foolscap 8vo. De Porquet's Tesoretto dello Scolare Italiano, fifteenth edition. Drew's Graduated Arithmetic, First Course, post 8vo. Eastwick's Hindustani Grammar, second edition, enlarged by Small. Essays on Indian Antiquities, by J. Prinsep, ed. Thomas. Forester's Rambles in the Islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Froude's History of England, Vols. I. and II., second edition, revised Golovin’s History of Alexander I., Emperor of Russia. Gospel of St. John, in French, Hamiltonian, new edition, 12mo. Humphrey's The Butterfly Vivarium, small quarto. Hints on the Culture of Character, cheap edition, foolscap 8vo. Hodgson, (Rev. J.) Memoirs of, by Raine, Vol. II., 8vo. Hogg's The Vegetable Kingdom and its Products, crown 8vo. Hannaford's Jottings in Australia, 12mo. Hunt's Universal Yacht List for 1858. Jackson's Maud Skilicorne's Penance, 2 vols., post 8vo. Jaquemet's Chronology for Schools, edited by Alcorn. Lessing's The Education of the Human Race, foolscap 8vo. Light in the Dwelling, new edition, post 8vo. Lloyd's Requirements and Resources of the Sick Poor, foolscap 8vo. Lowe's Ferns, British and Exotic, Vol. V., royal 8vo. Leatham's Tales of English Life, and Miscellanies, 2 vols. Lyra Germanica, translated by Catherine Winkworth, second series. Macaulay's History of England, Vol. 7., post 8vo. Macduff's Memoirs of Gennesaret, second edition, crown 8vo. Mason's English Grammar, 12mo. Morgan's Problem's and Examples in Mathematics, &c. Murray's Finance and Financiers under Louis XV., 8vo. Mursoll's Lectures to Working Men, Second Series, crown 8vo. Neuman and Baretti's Spanish Dictionary. by Seoane, 11th edition. Newnham's Sunday Evening Letters, foolscap 8vo. Oxford Essays, 18.18, 8vo. Price's Manual of Photographic Manipulation, crown 8vo. Puseley's Australia and Tasmania, fifth edition, crown 8vo. Puseley's Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand, fifth edition. Puseley's New England, fifth edition, crown 8vo. Pasquin's The Age of Lead, with Introduction by Gilllillan. Perowne's Coherence of the Old and New Testaments, crown 8vo. Perrin's Fables, Hamiltonian, sixth edition, 12 mo. Picture Book of Natural History, imperial 8vo. Pratt on the Law relating to Sea Lights, 8vo. Rodwell's The Rat: its History and Destructive Character. Smith's Practical Arithmetic for Senior Classes, 12mo. Williams's Manual of Chemical Analysis, foolscap 8vo.
OXFORD. May 22.- In a Convocation holden this morning at ten o'clock, permission was given to the Rev. George Richards, M.A., Pembroke, to proceed to the degrees of B. and D.D. by accumulation.
At the same time the name of Thomas King Chambers, D.M., Ch. Ch., as Examiner in the School of Medicine, was approved.
In a Congregation holden afterwards several degrees were conferred.
June 8.-In a Congregation holden this day at two o'clock, the new form of statute settling certain professors' duties, and a form of statute altering the music statute, were forwarded a stage.
At the same time a new form of statute, by which the Professorship of Botany will be thrown open to all Masters of Arts, whereas it was formerly confined to Doctors in the Faculty who had been through arts, was promulgated.
LEATHERSELLERS' SCHOLARSHIPS. The Vice Chancellor has notified that a vacancy in the William Moseley's Scholarships to Oxford or Cambridge, tenable for five years during actual residence, will be filled up at a court, to be held in the Leathersellers' Hall, London, on Tuesday, the 13th of July next; and that a vacancy in the Robert Rogers' Scholarship to Oxford, tenable for four years during actual residence, will be filled up in the same court. Mr. Moseley's Scholarship is of the average value of £65. and Mr. Rogers' of £20. Copies of schemes for these trusts, and of the company's instructions to candidates, as also forms of petitions, will be forwarded to candidates upon their written application to Mr. C. R. Vines, clerk to the Leatherseller's Company.
TAYLORIAN SCHOLARSHIPS. JUNE 14.—The electors for the Taylorian Scholarships have notified to the Vice Chancellor that they have elected Ainslie Grant Duff, Balliol College, Taylorian Scholar in German, with French; and Algernon Charles Swinborne, Balliol College, Taylorian Scholar in French, with Italian. The following candidates deserved honorable notice :
In German.-S. B. Gobat, Trinity; T. R. Grundy, Brasenose College ; H. B. Osborne, Exeter.
In Italian.-T. C. Donkin, Worcester.
In French.-R. C. Childers, Wadham; T. C. Donkin, Worcester; S. B. Gobat, Trinity; A. J. Lewis, Wadham; C. H. Lockhart, University; J. R. Magrath, Oriel.