The Papers of Benjamin Franklin: May 16 through September 15, 1783

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Yale University Press, 2011 - 703 Seiten
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During the period of this volume, the United States of America completed its transformation into a fully recognized independent nation. In May, Franklin and his fellow American peace commissioners John Adams, John Jay, and Henry Laurens recommenced treaty negotiations with their new British counterpart David Hartley. Those negotiations proved fruitless, as the new British ministry rejected all proposals for additional articles. On September 3, 1783, the commissioners signed the Definitive Treaty of Peace, which was essentially identical to the preliminary articles signed the previous November. While this marked the official end of the War for American Independence, the nations of Europe had long since recognized the United States. In the spring, Franklin, as sole minister plenipotentiary, secretly negotiated draft commercial treaties with Denmark and Portugal. After being recognized by the diplomatic corps in early July, he received overtures from other ambassadors, including a proposal from the papal nuncio concerning American Catholics. Franklin published a French edition of the American state constitutions, which he sent to every monarch in Europe, witnessed the first hot-air balloon ascension, welcomed his grandson Benjamin Franklin Bache back from Geneva, and wrote to his friends that "There never was a good War or a bad Peace."

 

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Inhalt

Denotes a document referred to in annotation
xxviii
From de Franck and Other Offerers of Goods
lii
Editorial Note on Franklins Accounts
3
Passport for William Morgan William Harris
5
Promissory Note July 12 see page
6
From Thomas Lloyd July
9
From Ann Ourry with a Note from Fagan
13
see page 222
20
From Mattheus Lestevenon van Berkenrode July 25
380
see page 227
386
To Joseph Banks July 27
397
From Richard Bache July 27
403
From Clément Noguères and GenevièveElisabeth
412
From William Alexander July 30
419
see page 26
426
270
427

see pages 256
25
From Duchesac
27
see page 27
40
Promissory Note May 20 see page
50
see page 223
64
see pages 278
75
see page 224
81
Robert R Livingston to the American Peace
87
see page 25
93
see page 25
118
From Nathaniel Falconer June 7
133
From PhilippeDenis Pierres June 7
139
From the Comtesse dHoudetot September 6
144
see page 21
145
From Alleyne Fitzherbert June 12
152
From Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp June 13
155
From Edward Bancroft before June 14
161
From Girardot Haller Cie June 14
174
Lafayette to Franklin and John Jay June 16
180
Henry Laurens to the Other American Peace
186
From Henry Grand June 18?
194
From Edward Bancroft June 20
200
Three Letters June 20
206
see page 26
216
From the Baron de Borde Duchatelet with Franklins
222
see page
226
From Crèvecœur June 24 or July 1
230
From the Abbé Girault de Kéroudou June 25
237
see page 225
243
see pages 2256
253
From Bethia Alexander June 29
260
Letter in Support of PierreAndré Gargaz May 22
275
Elias Boudinot to the American Peace Commissioners
301
From John Butler July 15
310
97
312
From William Alexander July 17
318
see page 220
331
Account of Conversations with Franklin July 19
342
Poem on Presenting Franklin with a Walking Stick
346
From Graf von Schönfeld July 20
350
Recommendation for Pierre Sonnerat to the Royal
371
To Vergennes July 24
377
see above xxxix
435
From Benjamin Vaughan August 8
442
From Benjamin Vaughan August 9
449
103
456
see page 17
460
see page 26
466
From Elias Boudinot August 15
474
From John Jebb August 15
484
see above xxxix 36 note 5
490
To Graf von Brühl August 22
498
To Samuel Cooper August 24
508
272
511
see page 219
515
From John Mehegan August 27
522
Une Abonnée after August 27
534
David Hartley to the American Peace Commissioners
540
From David Hartley September 7
542
108
544
From JeanPierre Duplan August 30
552
From Thérèse Aerts August
559
To Ingenhousz September 2
565
To Henry Laurens September 3
575
To Mary Hewson September 7
588
see page 228
595
From Dumas September 11
613
Index
633
273
634
109
640
281
649
From Jean Rousseaux September 10
654
111
657
287
658
588
667
116
668
118
674
289
676
592
681
45
684
293
687
55
695
610
698
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Über den Autor (2011)

Ellen R. Cohn, Editor; Jonathan R. Dull, Senior Associate Editor; Karen Duval and Kate M. Ohno, Associate Editors; Alicia K. Anderson, Adrina M. Garbooshian, Michael Sletcher, and Philipp Ziesche, Assistant Editors: Alysia M. Cain, Editorial Assistant

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