A Predictable Tragedy: Robert Mugabe and the Collapse of Zimbabwe

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 06.06.2011 - 336 Seiten

When the southern African country of Rhodesia was reborn as Zimbabwe in 1980, democracy advocates celebrated the defeat of a white supremacist regime and the end of colonial rule. Zimbabwean crowds cheered their new prime minister, freedom fighter Robert Mugabe, with little idea of the misery he would bring them. Under his leadership for the next 30 years, Zimbabwe slid from self-sufficiency into poverty and astronomical inflation. The government once praised for its magnanimity and ethnic tolerance was denounced by leaders like South African Nobel Prize-winner Desmond Tutu. Millions of refugees fled the country. How did the heroic Mugabe become a hated autocrat, and why were so many outside of Zimbabwe blind to his bloody misdeeds for so long?

In A Predictable Tragedy: Robert Mugabe and the Collapse of Zimbabwe Daniel Compagnon reveals that while the conditions and perceptions of Zimbabwe had changed, its leader had not. From the beginning of his political career, Mugabe was a cold tactician with no regard for human rights. Through eyewitness accounts and unflinching analysis, Compagnon describes how Mugabe and the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) built a one-party state under an ideological cloak of antiimperialism. To maintain absolute authority, Mugabe undermined one-time ally Joshua Nkomo, terrorized dissenters, stoked the fires of tribalism, covered up the massacre of thousands in Matabeleland, and siphoned off public money to his minions—all well before the late 1990s, when his attempts at radical land redistribution finally drew negative international attention.

A Predictable Tragedy vividly captures the neopatrimonial and authoritarian nature of Mugabe's rule that shattered Zimbabwe's early promises of democracy and offers lessons critical to understanding Africa's predicament and its prospects for the future.

 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
1 Authoritarian Control of the Political Arena
8
2 Violence as the Cornerstone of Mugabes Strategy of Political Survival
46
3 Militant Civil Society and the Emergence of a Credible Opposition
80
From Skirmishes to FullFledged War
118
From Resistance to Subjugation
141
6 The Land Reform Charade and the Tragedy of Famine
166
7 The State Bourgeoisie and the Plunder of the Economy
191
8 The International Community and the Crisis in Zimbabwe
221
Chaos Averted or Merely Postponed?
254
List of Acronyms
271
Notes
277
Index
329
Acknowledgments
335
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Über den Autor (2011)

Daniel Compagnon is Professor of Political Science at the University of Bordeaux and coauthor of Behind the Smokescreen: The Politics of Zimbabwe's 1995 General Elections.

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