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came with a fleet, and land-ing on the coast of . Kent, set-tled them-selves in that coun-ty. Shortly af-ter a sec-ond fleet sail-ed up the Thames, on the banks of which the en-e-my land-ed and built a fort. Al-fred now mov-ed tow-ards them, and pitch-ed his camp between their ar-mies, to pre-vent a junc-tion. A great bo-dy then marched off in-to Es-sex, and, cross-ing the riv-er, halted at Farn-ham, in Sur-rey; whence they were dri-ven, with great slaugh-ter, by the King's for-ces. Ma-ny fierce bat-tles af-ter this took place be-tween Al-fred and the Danes; but at

; last he for-ced them to quit the is-land.

From this time till his death, Al-fred's chief stu-dy was, how he could most im-prove the mor-als, and soft-en the man-ners, of his peo-ple: and in do-ing this, he has shown the most profound wis-dom that ever gra-ced the hu-man mind.

He first di-vi-ded the king-dom in-to coun-ties, hun-dreds, and tyth-ings : he had so great a regard for the va-lue of time, that each hour of the day brought with it its pro-per du-ty: the day and night form-ed three dis-tinct por-tions : the first eight hours were pass-ed in sleep, meals, and ex-er-cise : the next eight in read-ing, writing, and pray-er: and the rest of the day was


bar-ba-rous ad-jec-tive bar-ren-ness ad-ju-tant bar-ris-ter ad-mi-ral bash-ful-ness ad-vo-cate bat-te-ry af-fa-ble

bat-tle-ment ag-o-ny

beau-ti-ful al-der-man ben-e-fice a-li-en

ben-e-fit al-i-ment

bev-er-age al-ma-nac big-ot-ry al-ti-tude blas-phe-my am-pli-fy blood-suck-er an-ces-tor blun-der-buss an-i-mal

blun-der-er an-i-mate blun-der-ing an-nu-al blus-ter-er ap-pe-tite bois-ter-ous ar-a-ble

book-bind-er ar-gu-ment bor-row-er ar-mo-ry

bot-tom-less ar-ro-gant

bot-tom-ry at-tri-bute boun-ti-ful av-a-rice broth-er-ly au-di-tor bur-den-some au-gu-ry bur-gla-ry au-thor-ize bu-ri-al ba-che-lor cab-i-net back-sli-der cal-cu-late back-ward-ness cal-en-dar bail-a-ble

cal-um-ny bal-der-dash can-di-date ban-ish-ment



de-vo-ted to pub-lic bu-si-ness. In ru-ling the na-tion, he mix-ed the great-est mer-cy with the most ri-gid jus-tice; and to him we owe our hum-ble tri-bute of thanks, for that great-est of all grants, TRIAL BY JURY.

Al-fred died in the year 900, and was bu-ri-ed at Hyde Ab-bey, in Hamp-shire.

There are some an-i-mals, which du-ring sever-al months of the year re-main in a dor-mant state ; that is, to all ap-pear-ance, life-less. They are found not on-ly in ve-ry cold coun-tries, but al-so in ve-ry warm ones. The pe-ri-od of long sleep com-mon-ly com-men-ces when the food of the an-i-mal be-gins to be-come scarce. Instinct, at this time, im-pels him to seek a safe place for his pe-ri-od of rest. The bat hides it-self in dark caves ; or in walls of de-cay-ed build-ings. The hedge-hog en-vel-ops him-self in leaves, and of-ten lies con-ceal-ed in fernbrakes. Ham-sters and mar-mots bu-ry themselves in the ground, and the jump-ing mouse of Can-a-da en-clo-ses it-self in a ball of clay. Ma-ny of them col-lect, pre-vi-ous to their quies-cent state, great stores of food, on which they prob-a-bly live un-til sleep o-ver-comes them. Whilst they are in this state, we may ob-serve a de-crease of an-i-mal heat; but if they are a-wa



cost-li-ness cog-ni-zance coun-sel-lor col-o-ny

coun-ter-feit com-e-dy coun-ter-pane com-fort-less coun-ter-part com-i-cal cour-te-ous com-pa-ny court-li-ness com-pe-tent cov-e-nant com-ple-ment cov-er-ing com-pli-ment Cov-et-ous com-pro-mise cow-ard-ice con-fer-ence craft-i-ness con-fi-dence cred-i-ble con-flu-ence cred-i-tor con-gru-ous

crim-i-nal con-ju-gal crit-i-cal con-quer-or croc-o-dile con-se-crate crook-ed-ness con-se-quence

cru-ci-fv con-so-nant cru-di-ty con-sta-ble cru-el-ty con-stan-cy

crus-ti-ness con-sti-tute cu-bi-cal con-ti-nence cu-cum-ber con-tra-ry cul-pa-ble con-ver-sant cul-ti-vate co-pi-ous

cu-ri-ous cor-di-al

cus-to-dy cor-mor-ant cus-tom-er cor-o-ner dan-ger-ous cor-o-net cor-po-ral de-co-rate cos-tive-ness ded-i-cate

del-i-cate dep-u-ty der-o-gate des-o-late des-pe-rate des-ti-ny des-ti-tute det-ri-ment de-vi-ate dex-ter-ous di-a-dem di-a-logue di-a-per dil-i-gence dis-ci-pline dis-lo-cate do-ci-ble doc-u-ment do-lo-rous dow-a-ger dra-pe-ry dul-ci-mer du-pli-cate du-ra-ble eb-o-ny ed-i-tor ed-u-cate el-e-gant el-e-gy el-e-ment el-e-phant el-e-vate el-o-quence


ked du-ring win-ter they soon re-cov-er their nat-u-ral warmth. There are birds al-so which pass the win-ter months in this state, as the swift, the cuc-koo, &c. A state of par-tial tor-por takes place in the case of the com-mon bear and the ra-coon. The bear be-gins to be drow-sy in No-vem-ber, when he is ve-ry fat, and re-tires in-to his den, which he has li-ned with moss, and where he but rare-ly a-wakes in win-ter. When he is rous-ed from sleep, by a-ny ac-ci-dent, he is in the hab-it of lick-ing his paws; which are at that time with-out hair, and full of small glands ; hence the be-lief, that he draws his nour-ishment on-ly from them.


A can-non is a hea-vy me-tal-lic gun, which is mo-ved by the strength of men and hor-ses. It is mount-ed on a car-ri-age, and i-ron balls are pro-ject-ed to a dis-tance from it by the force of gun-pow-der. The in-ner part of the can-non is call-ed the bore. The sol-id piece of met-al behind, is named the breech, and ter-mi-nates in the but-ton. The dol-phins (so call-ed be-cause they u-sed to be made in the form of this an-imal) are the han-dles by which the piece is mount-ed dis-mount-ed. The ap-er-ture, through which the fire is car-ri-ed in-to the bore, to ig-nite the charge, is call-ed the vent or touch


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