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the speech as in the skins of men. If a full investigation establish the fact that languages may be divided into white and black, then philosophy will demand illustrations of the moral History of man.

The exploration of Africa, has been an object of constant solicitude to the British Government. To accomplish this, several expeditions have been sent, at great expense, and its enterprising travellers have penetrated across this continent, hitherto the terra incognita of geography. The interesting question of the rise and termination of the Quorra (Niger) has not yet, however, been completely solved. The Quarterly Review of the last year, infers from the observations made by Captain Clapperton, that it runs into lake Tchad in the kingdom of Bournou. Whether it takes a southerly direction, and empties into the gulf of Benin, or flowing easterly, it falls into lake Tchad, is a question yet sub judice, and we may enter the field of discovery with peculiar advantage.

Our colony of Liberia is planted at a point of the African coast, which of. fers great facilities for voyages into the interior. The river Mesurada,* takes its rise in the mountains of Kong, and in a district which from mild temperature of climate, fertility of soil, and beautiful aspect of nature, is called by the natives, Alam,—the country of God. It is probable that the Quorra has its source in the same elevated region, and that it interlocks with the Mesurada. If the Fellatahs have a western origin, they must be indigenous to these mountains; and it may be imagined, that they have descended to the southern plains, as they now occupy the north. That negro tribe discovered by Mr. Ashmun, in the country adjacent to Liberia, which had advanced in arts and was familiar with the Arabic language, may be Fellatahs.

The solution of these questions would be interesting in science, and are important to Liberia, which is destined to become a great empire, and may now be esteemed the nucleus of African civilization. At no other point could it so favourably commence. In the countries north of the Sahara, where the climate permits the white man to exist, the savage fanaticism of the Mahomedan religion would not tolerate a christian settlement. Among the negroes of the Senegal, the Gambia, and the Rio Grande, that religion has taken so deep root, that a christian colony of negroes would be extir- , pated in obedience to the sanguinary precepts of the Koran. Liberia is on the confines of Islam, where the fetiche of the simple African does not require the blood of man, in the name of God. To the west of the colony, along the coast, are the fierce people of Ashantee and Dahomey, and a settlement further south, would have been too distant from the centre of Africa and from the coast of America. The selection therefore of the windward, coast for the establishment of an American colony, was by providential direction.

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*This is an error. The Mesurada or Montserado is a small river, the St. Pauls bieng much larger.

The nations of the interior have already heard with astonishment and delight that black men from America are settling on the coast, and that they possess the arts of the white man. To cultivate good intelligence with these nations, to make known the objects of the colony, its pacific and commercial character, will be deemed a wise policy. This purpose would be best effected by a mission from among the colonists. A small expedition from Monrovia, ascending the Mesurada to its head waters, and proceeding from the source of the Niger, along its course, would accomplish these objects, and at the same time make useful discoveries. Perhaps the solution of the questio vexata of geography, the rise and termination of the Niger, is reserved for the Liberian. Such an expedition is conveniently within the means of individual enterprise; it would promote the general interests of science, procure commercial advantages, and in the prospective of philanthropy, might have a happy and active influence in the suppression of the slave trade,

In this view, a small part of the national appropriation, might not be deemed misapplied for that object. Should it be reserved for individual undertaking, I now offer a contribution of one hundred dollars, which are placed at the disposition of Peter S. Duponceau, Esq. A scientific expedition for African discoveries is an object worthy of the American Philosophical Society, and under the direction of which, that now suggested should be performed.


Intelligence. On the 14th of October, & meeting was held in the middle Dutch Church, in New York, to consider the present condition and wants of the Colonization Society. The Hon. Walter Bowne, Mayor of the City, was called to the chair, and the Rev. Dr. Knox appointed Secretary. The meeting was addressed in an interesting and impressive manner by the Rev. Thomas H. Gallaudet, Principal of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum at Hartford, (Conn.) Captain Stockton, of the U. S. Navy, and by F. S. Key, Esqr. one of the managers of the Parent Institution.

After Mr. Key had concluded his address, the following resolutions were adopted:

Resolved, As the sense of this meeting, that we highly approve of the objects, the past exertions, and the future plans, of the American Colonization Society, and earnestly recommend it to the patronage of this community.

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to take immediate measures to raise funds for the American Colonization Society, in its present exigency, and transmit the same to the Board of the Society at Washington. (Myndert Van Schaick, Frederick Sheldon and J. Leavitt, Esqs. were appointed such committee.)

Resolved, that the thanks of this meeting be given to the gentlemen who have presented such full and satisfactory information concerning the interesting question of colonizing Africa.

Resolved, That the committee appointed by this meeting be requested to procure copies of the addresses delivered on the present occasion, and to cause the same to be published, with the view of disseminating information, and exciting the zeal of the philanthropic public in favour of the objects contemplated by the American Colonization Society.

Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be given to his honour the mayor, for his attention in presiding.

Resolved, that these proceedings be signed by the chairman and secretary, and published in the papers of the city.

WALTER Bowno, Chairman. John Knox, Secretary.



At a Public Meeting in Philadelphia, on the 21st ult. on the subject of African Colonization, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:

On motion of Mr. Peters: Resolved, That the views and purposes of the American Colonization Society; its arduous and successful labors in planting a prosperous Colony of Free People of Color on the shores of Africa; its influence in the Southern States, by which a number of those who were born to slavery have been emancipated, and the assurances the Society has received that a much greater number, now in bondage, will be made free when means are afforded to transport them to the Colony, entitle the Society to the confidence and support of the friends of the abolition of slavery.

On motion of Mr. McIlvaine: WHEREAS it appears to this Meeting that several hundred persons, now held as slaves in the Southern States, may be gratuitously liberated whenever the Colonization Society shall be able to send them to Africa, and that the emancipation of such slaves cannot be effected by any other arrangement:

Therefore, Resolved, That this meeting earnestly recommend to the consideration of the citizens of Philadelphia the expediency and the duty of contributing to the liberation of the slaves referred to; and the President and Secretaries of this Meeting, together with the Managers of the Pennsylvania Colonization Society, be a Committee to obtain contributions, and to place the funds so collected at the disposal of the American Colonization Society, on condition that they be applied exclusively to the outfit, transportation, and subsequent support, of slaves, who being willing to join the Colony, can be liberated only with a view to their emigration.


PRESBYTERIAN School in LIBERIA.--The Presbyterian Synod of Virginia, has determined to obtain money, by subscriptions and voluntary contributions, for the purpose of erecting a suitable building for the accommodation of about 80 pupils, which shall likewise serve as a temporary place of worship, until a church can be erected. It is designed for the benefit of the Presbyterian population of the colony, and to be under the direction of a teacher or teachers belonging to that denomination.-Fam. Vis.



EMIGRATION. Charleston, (Ran. co.) Va. Nov. 6.—The tide of emigration through this place is rapid, and we believe, unprecedented. It is believed that not less than 8,000 individuals, since the 1st September last, have passed on this route. They are principally from the lower part of this state and North Carolina, bound for Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan. They jog on careless of the varying climate, and apparently without regret for the friends and the country they leave behind, seeking forests to fell, and a new country to settle.

Should not such things instruct the legislators of Virginia! The press of emigrants from the lower part of the state, is not because of a crowded population! On the contrary, it has diminished, and is diminishing, in many counties. The same things are happening in certain parts of Maryland, and from nearly like causes. Among them, and chiefly, because that negro slavery has rendered labor dishonourable, or restrains, in its operation, a right in the soil to laboring white men; who see their children growing up around them, without a hope that their condition will be improved; and, for their sakes, home is abandoned, and a resting place sought for in lands beyond the mountains, where they have heard that free men labor in the earth, and schools abound.

COLONIZATION SOCIETY.–At a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Colonization Society of Kentucky, Nov. 12, 1829, the following Preamble and Resolution, were unanimously adopted, to wit:

Whereas, this Board has received from the Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Kentucky, a copy of certain resolutions in favor of the objects of this Society, which meets our cordial approbation;

Resolved, That the thanks of this Board is due to that body, for the lively interest manifested in favor of the Society, and that the respective Editors in Frankfort be requested by the recording Secretary, to give said Resolutions a place in their respective papers, together with this notice thereof. Extract from the proceedings of the Board of Managers. Attest:

H. WINGATE, Recording Secretary.

Whereas the situation of the free people of colour of our country, is necessarily connected with many difficulties and disadvantages, social, civil, political, and religious—and whereas we have always desired most. anxiously to see the day that would present a consistent and practicable plan

for the alleviation of their relative sufferings and National degradation; Therefore, Resolved by the Kentucky Annual Conference:

1. That we regard the American Colonization Society, as an Institution worthy of our liberal and industrious patronage.

2. That the existence of a State Colonization Society for this State, in the town of Frankfort, does in our opinion, present to the community great facilities for aiding in the good work of transporting the blacks of this country to the land of their fathers.

3. That we will so far as other duties shall permit, exert our influence to bring about the formation of Colonization Societies in the bounds of this Conference, auxiliary to the State Colonization Society, and will do what we can to induce the people to whom we shall have access to become members of such Societies.

4. That a copy of this document be forwarded to the Secretary of the State Society, to be laid before the board of Managers, and published, if they see proper.

STATE SOCIETY OF INDIANA. At a meeting of citizens from different parts of the State of Indiana, held at the Court House in Indianapolis, on the evening of the 4th day of November, 1829, for the purpose of considering the expediency of forming a State Colonization Society, in aid of the National Institution, the Hon. Jesse L. Holman of Dearborn county was called to the chair, and Bethuel F. Morris of Marion was appointed Secretary.

Josian F. Polk, the Agent of the American Colonization Society addressed the meeting, giving an outline of the history, the principles and the ob. jects of the institution.

On motion of Gen. M'KINNEY of Franklin county, it was unanimously

Resolved, That we deem the principles of the American Colonization Society, worthy the confidence and suppport of every friend of the human race, especially of every American citizen; that the countenance it has received, and the success which has attended it, induce the hope of the happiest results; and that this meeting proceed to organize a State Society to co-operate in the accomplishment of the objects of its institution.

A Constitution was then presented by Mr. Polk, which being considered and amended, is on motion, adopted.

And, at an adjourned meeting of the Society, held on the next evening, the following officers were elected, to serve until the first annual meeting, to be held at Indianapolis on the second Monday in December next.

Jesse L. Holman, President; James Scott, Isaac Blackford, Ebenezer Sharpe, Vice Presidents; James Rariden, James Morrison, Samuel Hall, Calvin Fletcher, Samuel Merrill, Managers; Isaac Coe, Treasurer; James M. Ray, Sec'y,

And afterwards, at a meeting of the Board of Directors, it was Resolved, That the Hon. Isaac Blackford, or one of the Vice Presidents,

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