Foundations of Political Economy: Some Early Tudor Views on State and Society

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University of California Press, 02.05.1994 - 332 Seiten
Conventional wisdom claims that the seventeenth century gave birth to the material and ideological forces that culminated in the Industrial Revolution and the rise of capitalism. Not true, according to Neal Wood, who argues that much earlier reformers—Dudley, Starkey, Brinklow, Latimer, Crowley, Becon, Lever, and Thomas Smith, as well as the better-known More and Fortescue—laid the groundwork by fashioning an economic conception of the state in response to social, economic and political conditions of England. Wood's innovative study of these early Tudor thinkers, who upheld the status quo yet condemned widespread poverty and suffering, will interest historians, political scientists, and social and political theorists.
 

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Inhalt

INTRODUCTION THE REFORMERS
1
EARLY SIXTEENTHCENTURY ENGLAND
7
The English State
9
Emergent Capitalism
14
Specter of Rebellion
21
The Cultural Milieu
24
TOWARD AN ECONOMIC CONCEPTION OF THE STATE
30
Signs of a Change
31
Political Terminology
127
Ideal of the State
131
Economic and Social Shortcomings and Their Remedy
138
Reform of English Government and Ruling Classes
144
SOCIAL PROTEST AND CHRISTIAN RENEWAL THE COMMONWEALTHMEN
155
The Impassioned Pleading of Henry Brinklow
156
Profile of the Commonwealthmen
160
Their Social Ideology
165

Nature of the Economic Emphasis
34
FORERUNNER OF THE REFORMERS SIR JOHN FORTESCUE
44
Vocabulary of Politics
48
Purpose of the State
53
Economic Consequences of English and French Government
57
Political Economy of Kingship
64
FIRST OF THE REFORMERS SIR EDMUND DUDLEY
70
Meaning of Tree of Commonwealth
74
Political Sociology of the Common Interest
80
THE ENLIGHTENED CONSERVATIVE SIR THOMAS MORE
90
Idea of the State in Utopia
97
English Economic and Social Problems
104
Structure of the Utopian State
108
Meritocratic Rule under a Mixed Constitution
115
A LIFE OF DIGNITY IN THE TRUE COMMYN WELE THOMAS STARKEY
124
Catalog of Grievances
171
Causes and Culprits
177
The Good and Just Commonwealth
186
SIR THOMAS SMITHS NEW MORAL PHILOSOPHY
191
Theory of the State in the Republica
194
The Discourse and Its Notion of Human Nature
203
A Concept of the Economy?
211
Economic Problems and Their Resolution
217
Diversity of Religious Opinion
228
A Harbinger of Modernity?
232
CONCLUSION
236
Notes
251
Index
303
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Über den Autor (1994)

Neal Wood is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at York University, Toronto. His books include Cicero's Social and Political Thought (1988), John Locke and Agrarian Capitalism (1984), and The Politics of Locke's Philosophy (1983), all published by California.

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