The treetops of the world's forests are where discovery and opportunity abound, however they have been relatively inaccessible until recently. This book represents an authoritative synthesis of data, anecdotes, case studies, observations, and recommendations from researchers and educators who have risked life and limb in their advocacy of the High Frontier. With innovative rope techniques, cranes, walkways, dirigibles, and towers, they finally gained access to the rich biodiversity that lives far above the forest floor and the emerging science of canopy ecology. In this new edition of Forest Canopies, nearly 60 scientists and educators from around the world look at the biodiversity, ecology, evolution, and conservation of forest canopy ecosystems.
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abundance Academic Press animals arboreal arthropods Australia Baldocchi Benzing biodiversity Biology biomass Biotropica birds branches Bromeliaceae bromeliads bryophytes Cambridge canopy access Canopy Crane canopy research canopy structure carbon climate communities complex conservation cyanolichens decomposition density diameter distribution diversity Douglas-fir dynamics Ecol Ecology ecosystem ecotourism effects environment environmental epiphytes epiphytic lichens evermanni fauna Figure foliage forest canopies forest ecosystems forest floor frugivores fungi gaps genetic global gradients habitat height herbivory host humidity insects interactions invertebrates leaf lichens lichens and bryophytes litter lizard lower mammals McCune microclimate mistletoe mites montane neotropical nitrogen nutrient cycling Oecologia old-growth orchids organisms patterns percent photosynthesis plants pollinators populations predators prey radiation Rinker sampling Schowalter Science seed dispersal Selbyana Sillett soil spatial stratification stratulus studies substrate tardigrades temperate temperature terrestrial tree crowns treetops tropical forests tropical rain tropical rainforests trunk understory University Press upper canopy vegetation vertical walkway
Seite 474 - We may define ecological tourism or ecotourism as that tourism that involves travelling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated natural areas with the specific object of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as any existing cultural aspects (both past and present) found in these areas.