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The question of binding the volumes of LANGUAGE for members was considered, and it was recommended that the Treasurer be authorized to have sets bound for members, on payment of Two Dollars per volume.

On the presentation of Prof. C. C. Fries, the Executive Committee recommends that the following minute be adopted:

The Linguistic Society of America, recognizing the scientific value of a survey of the inflections and syntax of American English, hereby expresses its approval of the plans formulated by the Committees of the Modern Language Association and of the National Council of Teachers of English, for this purpose, and joins these organizations in urging the United States Government to make available for such a scientific study correspondence in its possession.

The Executive Committee asks that in view of the present uncertainty of the place of the next meeting of the other associations the choice of the place of the next meeting of the Linguistic Society be left to its decision at a later date.

The report of the Executive Committee was ordered received and filed, and on vote the several recommendations of the Committee were approved, with the exception of the amendments to the Constitution, which were reserved for later discussion.

Prof. G. M. Bolling, Editor of the Publications of the Society and Chairman of the Committee on Publications (the other members of the Committee being A. M. Espinosa, Samuel Moore, and D. B. Shumway), presented the following report, which was on motion adopted:

For the Committee on Publications I have the honor to report that through it the Society has published during the past year the second volume (about 260 pages) of LANGUAGE, and that it has in press LANGUAGE MONOGRAPHS Nos. 2 and 3. These will amount to about 200 pages, and will be issued for the year 1926. Their titles are:

The Textual Criticism of Inscriptions, by Prof. Roland G. Kent, Univ. of Penna. Post-consonantal w in Indo-European, by Prof. F. A. Wood, Univ. of Chicago. The Committee would gratefully acknowledge the assistance and advice which it has received from various members of the Society, and in particular from the Business Manager of the Publications.

A series of amendments to the Constitution, dealing with Life Memberships and other classes of memberships, was submitted by the Executive Committee, and was adopted in the following form:

In Article II of the Constitution, insert a new section 1:

1. There shall be six classes of membership: active members, life members, benefactors, honorary members, subscribing members, perpetual members.

Renumber the present sections 1 and 2, respectively 2 and 3; these define active members, their election and dues, and penalties for non-payment.

Add the following new sections:

4. Any active member may become a Life Member by payment at one time, in addition to the dues of the current year, of the sum of One Hundred Dollars, less half the amount already paid in annual dues.

5. Any active member may become a Benefactor by payment at one time, including the dues of the current year, of the sum of not less than Two Hundred Fifty Dollars. Benefactors shall have all the privileges of membership, including the receipt of publications, and may also designate a library which shall without further payment receive in perpetuity the publications of the Society which are distributed to members.

6. Any foreign scholar of distinction in linguistic studies, not resident in North America, may be elected an Honorary Member, by a five-sixths vote of the Society in its annual business session, provided such scholar has received the recommendation of the Executive Committee. Not more than six honorary members shall be elected at the first election, and thereafter not more than three in any one year. The total number of honorary members shall not exceed twenty-five. Any active member may submit nominations to the Executive Committee.

7. Any library or institution may become a Subscribing Member by payment of Five Dollars annually, and shall have all the privileges of active memberss except that of participation in the business meeting of the Society.

8. Any subscribing member may become a Perpetual Member by payment at one time, of One Hundred Twenty Five Dollars, and shall have all the privileges of subscribing members.

9. Life Members, Benefactors, Honorary Members, and Perpetual Members are free from from further payment of dues.

10. All classes of members are entitled to receive the publications of the Society without further charge, except in the case of larger publications issued under special conditions and outside subventions.

11. The sums received as dues of Life Members, Benefactors, and Perpetual Members shall be set aside as endowment, and shall be invested in interest-bearing securities, only the income thereof to be used for current expenses, including those of publication. The Treasurer and two members of the Society, appointed by the Executive Committee, shall be the trustees of the Endowment Fund. In the event of the dissolution of the Society, One Hundred Dollors shall be repaid to every Perpetual Member.

The Executive Committee now submitted the following nominations for election to honorary membership, and in accord with the newly adopted provisions they were duly elected:

A. Debrunner, Secretary of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Jena, Germany. Otto Jespersen, Professor of English Philology at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

A. Meillet, Secretary of the Société de Linguistique de Paris, Professor of Comparative Grammar at the Collège de France and of Comparative Grammar

and Iranian Languages at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, France.

P. Rivet, Secretary of the Société des Américanistes de Paris, Paris, France. Jacob Wackernagel, Professor of Comparative and General Linguistic Science at

the University of Basel, Switzerland.

H. C. K. Wyld, Professor of the English Language and Literature at the University of Oxford, England.

The Presiding Officer now appointed the following committees: On Nominations of Officers for 1927: C. W. E. Miller, Chairman; L. Allen, R. E. Saleski.

To Audit the Accounts of the Treasurer: F. B. Krauss, Chairman: C. C. Fries.

On Resolutions: L. Bloomfield, Chairman; E. H. Sehrt.

The reading of papers was now begun:

Prof. R. E. Saleski, of Bethany College: The Intrinsic Value of Foreign Language Study.

Discussion by Messrs. Kent and Emerson.

Dr. H. S. Gehman, of the Philadelphia High Schools: The Comparison of Inequality in Coptic.

This paper was read by title only, in the absence of the author.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, of Yale University: Indo-European bh initial = Hittite h.

Discussion by Messrs. Saleski, Whatmough, Kent.

Mrs. Elizabeth Knott, of the University of Michigan: The Nouns of the "labyrinth" Type.

Discussion by Mr. Sturtevant.

Mr. M. M. Odgers, of the University of Pennsylvania: The Gender of Latin parens.

Discussion by Messrs. Kent, Bolling, Bloomfield.

Adjournment followed, at 4.30 P.M.

An informal subscription dinner was held at 6.30 P.M., at the Harvard Union, with an attendance of 38 persons, of whom 32 were members and members-elect of the Society.

The Second Session was held on Monday evening, in Room A of Emerson Hall. Vice-President Emerson called the meeting to order at 8.15 P.M. About 50 persons were in attendance. The reading of papers was at once begun:

Prof. J. Whatmough, of Harvard University: Recent Criticisms of the Principle of the Phonetic Law.

Discussion by Messrs. Sehrt, Sturtevant, Bolling, Miss Hahn, Messrs. Lotspeich, Kurath, Emerson.

Prof. G. L. Malécot, of Washington and Jefferson College; Gesture and Language.

Prof. Louise Pound, of the University of Nebraska: The Etymology of an English Expletive (darn).

Discussion by Messrs. Knott and Kent.

Prof. C. C. Fries, of the University of Michigan: The Expression of the Future: a Suggestion.

Prof. G. M. Bolling, of Ohio State University: Kandaules.

Discussion by Messrs. Whatmough, Sturtevant, Remy.

Prof. R. G. Kent, of the University of Pennsylvania: Latin quattuor and its phonetic peculiarities.

Discussion by Messrs. Bloomfield, Bolling, Remy, Lotspeich.

Adjournment was taken at 10.10 P.M.

The Third Session was held on the morning of Tuesday, December 28, in Room A, Emerson Hall. Vice-President Emerson called the meeting to order at 9.35 A.M. About 60 persons were in attendance. The reading of papers was at once begun:

Prof. C. M. Lotspeich, of the University of Cincinnati: A Single Principle for English and Primitive Germanic Sound Changes.

Discussion by Messrs. Sturtevant, Kellogg, Emerson.

Prof. C. D. Buck, of the University of Chicago: The New Darius Inscription.

Discussion by Mr. Kent.

Prof. Barend Faddegon, of Harvard University: Interconsonantal Association.

Discussion by Messrs. Emerson, Kent, Buck.

Prof. A. R. Nykl, of Marquette University: Why Esperanto?

Discussion by Misses Claflin, Hahn, Eaton, Messrs. Bolling, Whatmough, Remy.

Dr. Edith F. Claflin, of Rosemary Hall, Greenwich: The Hypothesis of the Italo-Celtic Impersonal Passive in -r.

The following papers were read by title:

Prof. N. N. Martinovitch, of Columbia University: The Turkish chalabi.

Mr. Waldemar Jochelson, of the American Museum of Natural History, New York: The Instrumental and the Comitative in the Aleut Language. Prof. U. T. Holmes, of the University of North Carolina: The Latin Velar Stops in Old French.

A brief business session followed.

Prof. Saleski, for the Committee on Nominations, presented the following report, which was adopted in the usual manner, and the nominees were declared elected:

President, Prof. Carl D. Buck, of the University of Chicago.
Vice-President, Prof. Edgar H. Sturtevant, of Yale University.

Secretary and Treasurer, Prof. Roland G. Kent, of the University of Pennsylvania.

Executive Committee, the preceding, and

Prof. Leonard Bloomfield, of the Ohio State University.

Prof. Edward Prokosch, of Bryn Mawr College.

Prof. Edward Sapir, of the University of Chicago.

Committee on Publications:

Chairman and Editor: Prof. George Melville Bolling, of the Ohio State University.

To serve through 1929: Prof. Samuel Moore, of the University of Michigan.

Prof. Fries, for the Auditors, reported that they had examined the accounts of the Treasurer and found them correct; whereupon on motion the report of the Treasurer was approved.

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