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Benjamin Ide Wheeler, a Signer of the Call which led to the foundation of the Linguistic Society of America, and a Foundation Member of the same, died at Vienna, Austria, on May 2, 1927, in his seventythird year.

He was born at Randolph, Massachusetts, on July 15, 1854, and received the degrees of A.B. and A.M. at Brown University in 1875 and 1878. He served as Instructor in Latin and Greek at Brown University, 1879-81, and then devoting himself to futher study earned the degree of Ph.D. at Heidelberg, Germany. He was Instructor in German at Harvard 1885-6, and then going to Cornell was successively Acting Professor of Classical Philology 1886-7, Professor of Comparative Philology 1887-8, and Professor of Greek and Comparative Philology 1888-99. In 1899 he accepted a call to the University of California as President, and in the twenty years during which he held that position he built up the institution both educationally and materially, and at the same time conducted the courses in Comparative Philology. In 1895-6 he was the annual Professor of Greek Literature at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. In 1909-10 he was Roosevelt Professor at the University of Berlin. Since 1919 he has been President Emeritus and Professor of Comparative Philology at the University of California. Of recent years his health has failed, and his sojourn abroad failed to bring about an improvement.

He was recipient of honorary degrees from many institutions, including an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Athens, and a member of many learned societies in this country and abroad. He was the author of a number of volumes on classical antiquity and on education, and editor of the department of philology for Johnson's Cyclopaedia and for Macmillan's Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology. But among those who are interested in linguistic studies he will be better known as the author of Der griechische Nominalaccent (1885), and of Analogy and the Scope of its Application in Language (1887), two works which have remained standard in their field, achieving permanent recognition by scholars of all countries. Had Dr. Wheeler not been called away from pure scholarship into the field of academic administration, he would undoubtedly have won other laurels for American scholarship.

Hermann Collitz, a Signer of the Call that led to the formation of the Linguistic Society of America, and the first President of the same, retired from active teaching in June of the present year. As Professor of Germanic Philology at the John Hopkins University, he has for twenty years been an inspiring center of advanced studies in the Germanic field; and before that time he had for twenty-one years held a similar position at Bryn Mawr College. His scholarly activities are not limited to the Germanic field, as all will appreciate who heard his keen comments on the papers read at the Chicago meeting in 1925. IndoEuropeanists see in his publication of the Palatal Law one of the turning points of their science. Students of the languages of ancient India and of Greece have profited especially by his work; and in this connection may be recalled the fact that he is, jointly with F. Bechtel of Halle, editor of the monumental Sammlung der griechischen Dialekt-Inschriften.

The second annual list of awards made by the Committee on Aid to Research, of the American Council of Learned Societies, thanks to a subvention of five thousand dollars per year from the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial, was announced on April 7, 1927. These grants, limited to a maximum of three hundred dollars for any single project, are designed to facilitate the work of mature scholars, accomplished in scientific methods of investigation and engaged in constructive projects of research. Among the awards were two to members of the Linguistic Society of America:

Professor George M. Bolling, of Ohio State University:

To aid in a study of Homer interpolations.

Professor Robert J. Kellogg, Ottawa University, Ottawa, Kansas:

To aid in a study of the Indo-European affinities of Hittite. Applications for awards under the subvention for 1928 should be made not later than January 31, 1928. Circulars containing information for prospective applicants may be obtained from the chairman of the Committee on Aid to Research, Dean G. S. Ford, University of Minnesota, or from the Secretary of the American Council of Learned Societies, Professor E. C. Armstrong, Princeton University.

Erwin Allen Esper is leaving the University of Illinois, to go to the University of Washington at Seattle, as Associate Professor of Psychology.

Urban T. Holmes, of the University of North Carolina, has been promoted from an Associate Professorship to a Professorship of French.

Edgar Howard Sturtevant, of Yale University, has been made Professor of Linguistics and Comparative Philology in that institution. He thus becomes the successor to Hanns Oertel, who left Yale about fifteen years ago, and is now Professor of Oriental Languages at the University of Marburg, Germany.

James R. Ware has returned from two years' study in Paris as American Field Service Fellow in Oriental Languages, and has gone to the University of Washington as Instructor in Classical Languages.

In the second three months of 1927, the following new members were received into the Linguistic Society of America:

Mrs. W. F. Albright (Ruth Norton), Box 333, Jerusalem, Palestine. Mr. D. Sutherland Davidson, Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. (Anthropology)

Dr. Wren Jones Grinstead, Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. (Education)

Prof. Philip K. Hitti, 14 Wilton St., Princeton, N. J. (Semitic Lit., Princeton Univ.)

Prof. Oliver M. Johnston, Box 1132, Stanford University, Calif. (Romanic Langs.)

Prof. Emeritus Henry R. Lang, Box 176 Yale Sta., New Haven, Conn. (Romance Langs. and Lits., Yale Univ.)

Mr. Fang-Kuei Li, 5630 Ingleside Av., Chicago, Ill.

Prof. Ida Kruse McFarlane, 1473 Gilpin St., Denver, Colo. (Eng. Lit., Univ. of Denver)

Mr. Milman Parry, American University Union, 173 Boulevard St.Germain, Paris, France.

Prof. Camille E. Werling, Univ. of Denver, Denver, Colo. (Romance Langs.)

George Melville Bolling, Professor of Greek at the Ohio State University, has, by the payment of the proper sum into the treasury, become a Life Member of the Linguistic Society.


Under this heading will be acknowledged such works as seem to bear on 'the advancement of the scientific study of language'.

The publicity thus given is regarded as a full return for the presentation of the work. Under no circumstances is it possible to comply with the requests being made by certain publishers for the return of books not reviewed quickly.

Reviews will be published as circumstances permit. Copies of them will be sent to the publishers of the works reviewed; and it is hoped that they will then send a second copy to replace the one which will have become the property of the reviewer.

For further bibliographic information consult the annual list of Exchanges.

L'Académie Hongroise et la linguistique hongroise. By JOSEPH SZINNYEI. Rev. d. Ét. Hongr. et Finno-Ougr. 4. 41-61 (1926).

American Speech 2. 299-416 (1927).

Anthropos; Ephemeris Internationalis Ethnologica et Linguistica 22. 1-350 (1927).

Biblica 8. 129-256 (17*-32*) 1927.

Bolletino delle Pubblicazioni Italiane Nos. 307-8 (1927).

Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris Nos. 82, 83 (1927). Bulletin of the AMERICAN COUNCIL OF LEARNED SOCIETIES No. 6 (1927).

The Catholic University of America Patristic Studies. XII The Latinity of the Letters of Saint Ambrose. Pp. 140. By SISTER MIRIAM A. ADAMS.-XIII The Language and Style of the Letters of St. Basil. Pp. 230. By SISTER AGNES C. WAY.-XIV The Syntax of the Confessions of Saint Augustine. Pp. 135. BY SISTER M. RAPHAEL ARTS.-XV S. Ambrosii De Nabuthae; a Commentary with an Introduction and Translation. Pp. 249. By MARTIN R. P. MCGUIRE. Washington: 1927.

Commentationes Aenipontanae.-I. De Clausulis Minucianis. Pp. 96. By A. AUSSERERER-II De Casuum Temporum Modorum Usu in Ephemeride Dictyis-Septimii. Pp. 55. By R. LACKNER.— III Der Artikel vor Personen- u. Götternamen bei Thukydides u. Herodot. Pp. 68. By A. Pp. 68. By A. PFEIFAUF.-IV Übersicht über Philologischen Handschriften aus Tirolischen Bibliotheken. By A. ZINGERLE. Zur Würdigung Polyäns. By GUIDO MÜLLER. De

Codice Aenipontano 579 quo continetur Ovidi Remedia Amoris. By J. LECHNER. Pp. 104.-V Imperfekt Audibam u. Futur Audibo. By L. SIEGEL. Die Berichte des Photius über die fünf ältern attischen Rednern. By A. VONACH. Pp. 76.-VI De Libello Simonis Atheniensis De Re Equestri. Pp. 35. By J. SoUKUP.-VII De Enuntiatis Graecorum Finalibus. Pp. 44. By I. KNUENZ.-VIII De Compositione Numerosa Dialogi Ciceronis De Amicitia. Pp. 80. By I. BLUM. -IX De Lingua Antiquissimorum Graeciae Incolarum. Pp. 48. By J. HUBER.-X Das Pfingstwunder; die Urform d. gr. Tragödie. Pp. 47. By ERNST KALINKA. Innsbruck: Universitäts-Verlag Wagner, 1906-24.

La Cultura; rivista mensile di Filosofia, Lettere, Arte 6. 193-384 (1927).

English Studies 9. 33-96 (1927).

Gnomon; kritische Zeitschrift für die gesamte klassische Altertumswissenschaft 3. 193-384-Bibliogr. Beilage 2-(1927).

Hispania; a Journal devoted to the Interests of Teachers of Spanish 9. 1-374; 10. 1–208 (1926-7).

Indogermanische Forschungen 45. 1-206 (1927).

Italica; Quarterly Bulletin of the Am. Ass. of Teachers of Italian 4. 25-55 (1927).

Journal of the Polynesian Society 36. 1-98 (1927).

Leuvensche Bijdragen; Tijdschrift voor Moderne Philologie 18. 95-138 (Bijblad 75-114) 1926.

Louisiana Place-Names of Indian Origin. Pp. 72. By WILLIAM A. READ. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1927.

Le Maître Phonétique April-June 1927. 13-24.

Man; a monthly record of Anthropological Science 17. 61-120 (1927). Meddelelser fra Norsk Forening for Sprogvidenskap 1. 45-92 (1926). The Modern Languages Forum 12. 2 (April, 1927).

Modern Philology 24. 385-505 (1927).

Le Monde Oriental 20. 1-258 (1926).

Munster Vowels and Consonants. By ALF SOMMERFELT. Proc. Royal Irish Academy 37 (C:11) 195–244 (1927).

Le Muséon; Revue d' Etudes Orientales 40. 1-160 (1927).
Namn och bygd 13. 6 (Bil. A:5) 1-20 (1925).

Philological Quarterly 6. 97-224 (1927).

The Physical Characteristics of Speech Sound.-III. By MARK H. LIDDELL. Lafayette: Bulletin No. 28, Engineering Experiment Station, 1927.

(To be continued)

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