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" When found, make a note of.".


VOL. IV.-No. 88.]


S Price Threepence.
Stamped Edition, 4d.






To those thanks we will add our promise, that no CONTENTS.

Page effort shall be wanting to carry on this paper in the Our Fourth Volume


same spirit in which it was commenced, and to add, if NOTES:

possible, to its utility and interest. And by way of The Duke of Monmouth's Pocket-books, by Sir F. Made den

1 setting an example to our correspondents Folk Lore: Stanton Drew and its Tradition, by David Stevens

every word to spare Minor Notes: The Hon. Spencer Perceval — An Ada That wants or force, or light, or weight or care venturer in 1632 - Almanacs

we will, with these thanks and this promise, bid our QUERIES :

friends fall to on the Banquet of Pleasant Inventions. Ghost Stories, by the Rev. Dr. Maitland

spread out for them in the following pages. A Book of Enzinas, or Dryander, wanted, by Benjamin B. Wiffen

Salting the Bodies of the Dead, by W. B. MacCabe
Minor Queries : The Star in the East - Meaning of

Sinage: Distord: Slander - Miss — Jacques Mabiotte
Registry of British Subjects abroad – Shawls -

Figures of Saints - Conceyted Letters, who wrote ? –
Acta Sanctorum - Pope's " honest Factor" - Meaning In “NOTES AND QUERIES” (Vol. i., p. 198.) is
of " Nervous"- Doomsday Book of Scotland
MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED :-Dr. Sacheverell Prin.

inserted from Chambers' Edinburgh Journal an cess Wilbrahama - Early Visitations


account of a manuscript volume said to have been

found on the person of the Duke of Monmouth at Replres :Written Sermons, by J. Bruce, &c.

8 the time of his arrest; which was exhibited by Dr. Lord Mayor not a Privy Councillor

9 Anster at a meeting of the Royal Irish Academy, Dr. Elrington's Edition of Ussher's Works, by the Rev. November 30, 1849, accompanied by some remarks, Dr. Todd


which appeared in the Proceedings of the Academy, Replies to Minor Queries: - Mind your P's and Q's Serius Seriadesque -- Catharine Barton - Alterius Ore vol. iv. p. 411., and which furnish the substance of bis Papa - Charles Dodd –“ Prenzie" -" In Print

the article in Chambers above mentioned. In a Introduction of Reptiles into Ireland - Ancient Wood Engraving of the Picture of Cebes -" The subsequent number of the “NOTES AND QUERIES Groves of Blarney" - Tennyson's Lord of Burleigh

(Vol. i., p. 397.), the authenticity of the volume is Bicétre - On a Passage in Dryden - Derivation of Yankee - Ferrante Pallavicino

11 somewhat called in question by Mr. C. Ross, on

account of certain historical entries not appearing MISCELLANEOUS: Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c.

13 in it, which are printed by Welwood in his MeBooks and Odd Volumes wanted

14 moirs *, and stated to have been copied by him Notices to Correspondents

14 from a little pocket-book" which was taken with Advertisements

15 Monmouth, and afterwards delivered to the King.

Dr. Anster replied to this in the Dublin University

Magazine for June, 1850 (vol. xxxv. p. 673.), and OUR FOURTH VOLUME,

showed by references to the Harleian Miscellany

(vol. vi. p. 322.,, ed. 1810), and Sir John Reresby's We cannot permit the present Number, which com

Memoirs (p. 121. 4to., 1734), that more than one mences the Fourth Volume of “ Notes And Queries," book was found on the Duke of Monmouth's to come into the hands of our Readers without some

person when captured. In the former of these few words of acknowledgment and thanks to those authorities, entitled An Account of the Manner of Friends, Readers, and Correspondents, whose kind taking the late Duke of Monmouth : by his Majesty's encouragement and assistance have raised our paper to its present high position ;


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** Query, what is the date of the first edition of " and thanks to men

Welwood's work? The earliest in the Museum library Of noble mind, is honorable meed."

is the third edition, printed in 1700.

VOL. IV.-No. 88.

command, printed in 1685, and perhaps compiled 4. Astrological rules in French for finding out any. from information given by the king himself, the thing required ; together with a planetary wheel, following statement is made :

dated 1680, to show life or death in case of illness, “ The papers and books that were found on him are also happiness and adversity. — pp. 19–25. since delivered to his Majesty. One of the books was 5. Directions pour savoire si une person sera fidelle a manuscript of spells, charms, and conjurations, songs, ou non," &c. At the bottom is a cypher, in which receipts, and prayers, all written with the said lute Duke's a stands for 10, b for 52, &c., p. 27. All this is own hand. Two others were manuscripts of fortification entered again at pp. 45. 47. and the military art. And a fourth book, fairly written, wherein are computes of the yearly expense of his Ma

6. “ The way from London to East Tilbery,” dated

December 1, 1684. - p. 29. jesty's navy and land forces.”

7. Prayers for the morning and evening, pp. 31–43, It is remarkable that the “pocket-book" mentioned by Welwood is not here specified, but it is

8. List of the Christian names of women and men. possible that the entries quoted by him may have

- pp. 44. 46. 48. been written on the pages of one of the other 9. Arithmetical table of the number 7, multiplied books. Two of the above only are noticed by

from 1 to 37: - pp. 49. 51. Mr. Macaulay, namely, “a small treatise on for- 10. Receipts “ to take away a corne;" "a soveraign tification," and "an album filled with songs, re- water of Dr. Stephens;" “ to make the face fair;" ceipts, prayers, and charms ;” and there can be no "to make golden letters without gold;" “ to kip reasonable doubt that the latter, which is men- iron from rusting;" “ to write letters of secrets ;" tioned by the author of the tract in the Harleian “ to make hair grow;" “to make hair grow black, Miscellany, as well as by Reresby and Barillon, though of any colour ;" and several more. - pp. 52 is the identical manuscript which forms the subject

–61. of Dr. Anster's remarks.

11. Casualties that happened in the reigns of the EnWithin a few weeks this singular volume has glish sovereigns, from William I. to Queen Mary been added by purchase to the National Collection inclusive ; consisting chiefly of remarkable acci. of Manuscripts in the British Museum, previous dents, and reputed prodigies. — pp. 62—78. to which I ascertained, by a careful comparison 12. “ Socrates, Platon, Aristote et Ciceron ont fait ces of its pages with several undoubted letters of the trente Comandemens pour leurs disciples."- pp.78, Duke of Monmouth (an advantage Dr. Anster 79. did not possess), that the whole of the volume (or 13. “A receipt for the Farcy." — p. 81. nearly so) is certainly in the Duke's handwriting.

14. A poem intitled “ The Twin Flame, sent mee by This evidence might of itself be deemed sufficient;

M P." — pp. 83–91. but some lines written on the fly-leaf of the volume (which are passed over by Dr. Anster as

The words in Italics have been scribbled over of no moment) confirm the fact beyond all cavil, with the pen for the purpose of concealment. The since, on seeing them, I immediately recognised verses commence : them as the autogPaph of King James himself. “ Fantastick wanton god, what dost thou mean, They are as follows:

To breake my rest, make mee grow pale and lean." « This book was found in the Duke of Monmouth's

15. Receipts for secret writing, to take impressions of pocket when he was taken, and is most of his owne

prints upon glass, to boil plate, &c. - pp. 93-98. handwriting."

16. Several songs in English and French, pp. 99Although the contents of this volume have been

107. already described in general terms by Dr. Anster, yet it may not perhaps be uninteresting to give a Among them are the verses printed in “NOTES more detailed list of what is written in it:

AND QUERIES, Vol. i., p. 199., beginning

6 With 1. Receipts “ for the stone;" “ to know the sum of joie we do leave thee,” accompanied by the musinumbers before they be writ doun;" "

cal notes; and also a song commencing “ All ye

It toyer l'ovrages de cuyvre argenté ;” “ for to make gods that ar above,” with the musical notes. Bouts and Choos[Boots and Shoes] hold out water;" is most probable that these songs are copied from and “ to keep the goms well.”.

- pp. 1-4, 8.

printed sources; but as they have been conjec2. Magical receipts and charms in French, written tured to be compositions by Monmouth himself,

partly in an abbreviated form, accompanied by the following short specimen may not be unaccabalistic figures. Two of these are to deliver a ceptable, copied literatim. person out of prison, and are no doubt the same

“ ( how blest, and how inocent, which Sir John Reresby refers to. — pp. 5. 7. 9.

pour net,

and happy is a country life, 11-17.

free from tumult and discontent; “ The forme of a bill of Excheng," drawn on

heer is no fatterys nor strife, David Nairne of London, from Antwerp, May 16,

for t'was the first and happiest life, 1684, for 2001. sterling,

when first man did injoie him selfe.

p. 6.



This is a better fate than kings,

has written his name at p. 90. : “ John Barrette, hence jentle peace and love doth flow, Irish College, Paris, Dec. 31, 1837.”

- The same for fancy is the rate of things;

person has made a memorandum in pencil, at p. 1., I'am pleased, because I think it so.

which has subsequently been partially rubbed out, for a hart that is nobly true,

and, as far as now legible, is as follows : all the world's arts can n'er subdue."

" This Book was found in ... ..of the English This poem immediately follows the one in College in Paris, among other MSS. deposited there which Toddington in Bedfordshire (which the by James II.” Duke spells, probably as then pronounced, Te

An earlier hand has scribbled a list of the condington) is referred to.

tents at the commencement, with the signature 17. Prayers after the confession of sins, and the sense 6. S. Rutter." If King James deposited this of pardon obtained. - pp. 108–125.

volume in the College at Paris, in all probability These prayers breathe a spirit of the most hun. the others found on the person of the Duke of ble and ardent piety; and if composed by the Monmouth accompanied it, and may one day or Duke himself, exhibit the weakness of his character other turn up as unexpectedly as the present book in a more favourable light than the remainder of has done.

F. MADDEN. the volume. One paragraph is striking :

British Museum, June 27. “ Mercy, mercy, good Lord! I aske not of thee any longer the things of this world ; neither power, nor honours, nor riches, nor pleasures. No, my God, dispose of them to whom thou pleasest, so that thou givest me mercy.”.

Stanton Drew and its Tradition. — At the little 18. " The Batteryes that can be made at Flushing village of Stanton Drew, in the county of Somerto keep ships from coming in." — pp. 127, 128.

set, east of the road between Bristol and Wells,

stands a well-known Druidical monument, which, 19. “ Traité de la guere ou Politique militaire.”pp. 130-132.

in the opinion of Dr. Stukeley, was more ancient

than that at Abury. It consists (according to a 20. The Rode that is to be taken from Bruxels to Diren, the Pri, of Orange's house." - p. 133.

recent writer) of four groups of stones, forming 21. “ The Road from Bruxells to Sousdyck, the (or, rather, having formed when complete) two Prince of Orange his hous.”—p. 134.

circles; and two other figures, one an ellipse.

Although the largest stones are much inferior in 22. “ The way that I tooke from Diren, when I went for England, Nov. the 10, 84.” — p. 135.

their dimensions to those at Stonehenge and 23. “ The way that I took when I came from England, of them being nine feet in height and twenty-two

Abury, they are by no means contemptible; some December the 10th. 84.” - p. 137.

feet in girth. There is a curious tradition very preThe way that I took the first day of Jan, n. st.

valent amongst the country people, respecting the [168]] from Bruxells to the Hague.”.

origin of these remains, which they designate the 25. Similar memoranda from 11th to 14th March,

“ Evil Wedding,” for the following good and sub1685, between Antwerp and Dort. — p. 141.

stantial reasons : Many hundred years ago (on 26. The addresses of various persons in Holland, Lon

a Saturday evening), a newly married couple, with don, Paris, and elsewhere, to whom letters were to

their relatives and friends, met on the spot now be written, 1685.-pp. 142. 147—155.

covered by these ruins, to celebrate their nuptials. 27. “ The footway from Trogou to Amsterdam.".

Here they feasted and danced right merrily, until

the clock tolled the hour of midnight, when the 28. An obscure memorandum, as follows : - 1683. piper (a pious man) refused to play any longer;

Munday the 5th of November. H. W. had T.
The 9th of November, Poupe.

this was much against the wish of the guests, and The 16th of

so exasperated the bride (who was fond of dancNovember, Poupe." — p. 156. 29. Value of duckatons, pistols, and gilders. — Ib.

ing), that she swore with an oath, she would not

be baulked in her enjoyment by a beggarly piper, 30. Note of the route from London to Tedington. but would find a substitute, if she went to h-11 to

She had scarcely uttered the words, Although this volume is not of the same his- when a venerable old man, with a long beard, torical value as the Diary mentioned by Welwood, made his appearance, and having listened to their yet it is a curious and interesting relic of the un- request, proffered his services, which were right fortunate man who possessed it, and whose want gladly accepted. The old gentleman (who was of education, superstition, and frivolity are so no other than the Arch-fiend himself) having taken prominently displayed in its pages. As to its the seat vacated by the godly piper, commenced recent history, Dr. Anster states that it was pur- playing a slow and solemn air, which on the guests chased at a book-stall in Paris, in 1827, by an remonstrating he changed into one more lively and Irish divinity student; the same, probably, who rapid. The company now began to dance, but

24. "

p. 139.

p. 143.

fetch one.

P. 157,

soon found themselves impelled round the per- of the door as any one entered with wild and restformer so rapidly and mysteriously, that they less gaze: at length Mr. Perceval arrived, whose would all fain have rested. But when they essayed person (although unknown to him) and dress be to retire, they found, to their consternation, that they described, as also the manner in which the horrid were moving faster and faster round their diabolical deed was done: he further communicated the musician, who had now resumed his original shape. words uttered by the victim to the effect “ the Their cries for mercy were unheeded, until the villain has murdered —;" how the wounded man first glimmering of day warned the fiend that he was treated, and the person of the medical man must depart. With such rapidity had they moved, who was on the instant called in. that the gay and sportive assembly were now re- These, with other particulars, which have escaped duced to a ghastly troop of skeletons. “I leave my memory, were thus recorded, and the first newsyou,” said the fiend, “ a monument of my power paper he received confirmed the accuracy of this and your wickedness to the end of time:" which extraordinary dream.

M. W. B. saying, he vanished. The villagers, on rising in the morning, found the meadow strewn with large

An Adventurer in 1632. — I transcribe from a pieces of stone, and the pious piper lying under a

manuscript letter now before me, dated “Tuesday, hedge, half dead with fright, he having been a

Whitsun-week, 1632," the following passage. Can witness to the whole transaction.

you or any of your correspondents give me (or David STEVENS.

tell me where I am likely to find) any further inGodalming, May 10. 1851.

formation of the adventurer there named ?

“ Heer is much Speach of the Brauery of a Porter

yt hath taken a Braue House, and hath his Coach & Minor Notes.

4 Horses. Yo Lord Mayor examined him how he gott The Hon. Spencer Perceval. — Being on a tour * Wealth: he answered nothing. Then yo Lords of

yo Council gott out of him, that he being the Pope's through the West of England some years ago, I Brother Borne in Essex, Goodman Linges Sonnes, found myself one morning rapidly advancing up was maintained by him, and tempted much to have the river Tamar, in the gig

of the Captain of the come over to him: these 2 Brothers being Ship Boyes Ordinary” at Plymouth. We were bound for the to a French pirate, the porter gott meanes to come noble ruins of Trematon Castle, in the area of againe into England, but yo other being a Witty Boy which a good modern house has been erected, and was sould to a Coortier in Paris, who trauelling to in one of the towers is arranged a very pleasing Florence, thear bestowed his Boy of a Great Man, collection of antiquities.

who when he dyed tooke such affection to this Boy, As we proceeded up the river, the gallant cap- yt changeing his name to his owne left his estate to tain related the following anecdote in reference to

hím: and so in time grew a Florentine, a Cardinall, the then proprietor of Trematon:

& now Pope, & yo greatest linguist for the Latine yt It is well known that in the afternoon of the 12th May, 1812, the Hon. Spencer Perceval, the

C. DE D. then prime minister, fell by the hand of Belling- [Maffeo Barberini (Urban VIII.) was the Roman ham in the lobby of the House of Commons; the pontiff between 1623 and 1644, and is said to have cause assigned by the murderer being the neglect been born at Florence in 1568, of a noble family. He of, or refusal to discharge a supposed claim he had

was a good classical scholar, and no mean Latin poet. upon the government.

One charge brought against him was his weak parOn the same night the gentleman above alluded tiality towards his nephews, who abused his old age and to, and residing at Trematon, had the tragic scene

credulity. It is probable some of our correspondents so minutely and painfully depicted in his sleep,

can throw some light on this mysterious document. ] that he could not resist the desire of sending the Almanacs. A friend of mine, in taking down particulars to a friend in town, which he did by his old rectory house last year, found under one the up mail, which departed a few hours after he of the floors a book almanac, of which the followhad risen on the following morning.

ing is the title given : He informed his friend that his topographical “ A Prognossicacion and an Almanac fastened toknowledge of London was very meagre; and that gether, declaring the Dispocission of the People, and as to the House of Commons (the old one), he had also of the Wether, with certaine Electyons and Tymes seen only the exterior: he went on to state, that, chosen both for Phisicke and Surgerye, and for the dreaming he was in town, he had a desire to hear Husbandman. And also for Hawekying, Huntying, the debates in Parliament, and for this purpose Fyshing, and Foulyinge, according to the Science of enquired his way to the lobby of the House, the Astronomy, made for the yeare of our Lord God architectural peculiarities of which he minutely M.D. L. calculed for the Merydyan of Yorke, and praedescribed; he gave an exact description of the few

ticed by Anthony Askam.” officials and others in the room, and especially of a

At the end of the Almanac: tall, thín man, who seemed to watch the opening “ Imprynted at London, in Flete Strete, at the Signe

ever was.”




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of the George, next to Saynt Dunstone's Churche, by vellous;" and he afterwards says, 4 Thus I have, Wyllyam Powell, cum priuilegio ad imprimendum I trust, sncceeded in tearing down one of the solum,"

densest veils of darkened ignorance and human Then follows the “Prognossicacion," the title


I repeat that I do not question the fact; page to which is as follows:

my Query is, where to find the “ thousands of “ A Prognossicacion for the yere of our Lord ghost stories " which are explained by it; and as M.ccccc.., calculed upon the Meridiane of the Towne I suspect that you have some correspondents of Anwarpe and the Country thereabout, by Mastercapable of giving information on such subjects, I Peter of Moorbecke, Doctoure in Physicke of ye same shall feel much obliged if they will tell me. Towne, whereunto is added the Judgment of M. Cor.

S. R. MAITLAND. nelius Schute, Doctor in Physicke of the Towne of Gloucester. Bruges in Flanders, upon and concerning the Disposi. cion, Estate, and Condicion of certaine Prynces, Contreys, and Regions for thys present yere, gathered oute of hys Prognostication for the same yere. Translated ENZINAS, OR DRYANDER, TRANSLATOR OF THE out of Duch into Englysbe by William Harrys." SPANISH NEW TESTAMENT, 1543. At the end Imprynted at London by John Daye, dwellynge QUERIES” inform me of the existence, in any of

Can any. obliging reader of the “NOTES AND over Aldersgate, and Wylliam Seres, dwellyng in Peter Colledge. These Bokes are to be sold at the book : Dryandri (Franciscus) Flandriæ propriæ in

our public libraries, or for sale, of the following Newe Shop by the lytle Conduyte in Chepesyde.”

carcerationis et liberationis Historia : Antwerpiæ (?) The print is old English. Mr. Francis Moore 1545. Sm. 8vo.? Fox, the martyrologist, writing and the Almanacs have figured in your recent of Dryander, says: Numbers, and I have thought that a brief notice

“I read the book in the shop of John Oporine, printer, of an almanac three hundred years old might not

of Basil." be unacceptable to your “ NOTES AND QUERIES

I have a French translation of it, and a Spanish friends.


version is mentioned by Pellicea (after Gerdes), Exeter, June 18. 1851.

under this title: Breve Descripcion del Pais Baxo,

y razon de la Religion en España, en 8vo.; but in Queries.

such a manner as leaves it questionable. If a Spanish verson is known, I should esteem it a

favour to be informed where it can now be found. From some recent experiments of the Baron

Enzinas passed part of the years 1542–3 with von Reichenbach, it seems probable that wherever Melancthon at Wittemberg. Having completed chemical action is going on light is evolved, though his New Testament, he returned early in the latter it is only by persons possessing peculiar (though year to Antwerp to get it printed. After much not very rare) powers of sight, and by them only reflection and advice with his friends, he made an under peculiar circumstances, that it can be seen. agreement with Stephen Mierdmann of Antwerp, It occurred to him that such persons might perhaps in the following manner : see light over graves in which dead bodies were

“I determined,” says he, “to do my duty in the undergoing decomposition. He says:

affair, at all events; which was, to undertake the pub. “ The desire to inflict a mortal wound on the mon- lication, and to leave the consequences, and the course ster, superstition, which, from a similar origin, a few of the inspired Word, to the providence of God, to centuries


inflicted on European society so vast an whom it of right belonged. I therefore spoke with a amount of misery; and by whose influence, not hun. and asked him whether he was willing to print dreds, but thousands of innocent persons died in tor.

He answered, Yes, very gladly; partly tures on the rack and at the stake; - this desire made because I desire to do some good for the commonweal me wish to make the experiment, if possible, of bringing more than for my own particular interest, caring little a highly sensitive person, by night, to a churchyard."- for gain or for the slander of opponents; and partly, § 158. Gregory's Translation, p. 126.

also, said he, because it is a book that has long been The experiment succeeded. Light " was chiefly have a license or permission, and whether he could not

. Then I asked him whether it was needful to seen over all new graves; while there was no appearance of it over very old ones.”

The fact was

print it without these : for, said I, it would ill beseem confirmed in subsequent experiments by five other the authority for the exercise of their power, that it

the Word of God, from which kings and rulers derive sensitive persons, and I have no design of ques- should be subject to the permission or probibition of tioning it. My doubt is only how far we can con

any human feeling or fancy. To this he answered, sider the knowledge of it as giving a “mortal that no law of the Emperor had ever forbidden the wound" to superstition. “ Thousands of ghost printing of the Holy Scriptures, and this was well stories,” the Baron tells us, “ will now receive a known, for in Antwerp the New Testament had already natural explanation, and will thus cease to be mar- been printed in almost every language of Europe but


my book.

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