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- The same

This is a better fate than kings,

has written his name at p. 90. : “ John Barrette, hence jentle peace and love doth flow, Irish College, Paris, Dec. 31, 1837.” for fancy is the rate of things;

person has made a memorandum in pencil, at p. 1., I'am pleased, because I think it so.

which has subsequently been partially rubbed out, for a hart that is nobly true,

and, as far as now legible, is as follows: all the world's arts can n'er subdue.”

“ This Book was found in .... of the English This poem immediately follows the one in College in Paris, among other MSS. deposited there which Toddington in Bedfordshire (which the by James II.” Duke spells, probably as then pronounced, Te. An earlier hand bas scribbled a list of the condington) is referred to.

tents at the commencement, with the signature 17. Prayers after the confession of sins, and the sense

“ S. Rutter." If King James deposited this of pardon obtained. pp. 108--125.

volume in the College at Paris, in all probability These prayers breathe a spirit of the most hun- the others found on the person of the Duke of ble and ardent piety; and if composed by the Monmouth accompanied it, and may one day or Duke himself, exhibit the weakness of his character other turn up as unexpectedly as the present book in a more favourable light than the remainder of has done.

F. MADDEN. the volume. One paragraph is striking :

British Museum, June 27. “ Mercy, mercy, good Lord ! I aske not of thee any longer the things of this world ; neither power, nor honours, nor riches, nor pleasures. No, my God, dis

FOLK LORE. pose of them to whom thou pleasest, so that thou givest me mercy."

Stanton Drew and its Tradition. — At the little 18. “The Batteryes that can be made at Flushing village of Stanton Drew, in the county of Somerto keep ships from coming in.”

set, east of the road between Bristol and Wells, pp. 127, 128,

stands a well-known Druidical monument, which, 19. “Traité de la guere ou Politique militaire." pp. 130-132.

in the opinion of Dr. Stukeley, was more ancient 20. “ The Rode that is to be taken from Bruxels to

than that at Abury. It consists (according to a Diren, the Pri, of Orange's house." - p. 133.

recent writer) of four groups of stones, forming 21. “ The Road from Bruxells to sousdyck, the (or, rather, having formed when complete) two Prince of Orange his hous." —p. 134.

circles; and two other figures, one an ellipse.

Although the largest stones are much inferior in 22. “ The way that I tooke from Diren, when I went

their dimensions to those at Stonehenge and for England, Nov. the 10, 84.". 23. “ The way that I took when I came from England, of them being nine feet in height and twenty-two

Abury, they are by no means contemptible; some December the 10th. 84.” - p. 137.

feet in girth. There is a curious tradition very pre24. “ The way that I took the first day of Jan, n. st.

valent amongst the country people, respecting the [1687] from Bruxells to the Hague." - p. 139. 25. Similar memoranda from 11th to 14th March, origin of these remains, which they designate the

“Evil Wedding," for the following good and sub1685, between Antwerp and Dort. – p. 141. stantial reasons : Many hundred years ago (on 26. The addresses of various persons in Holland, Lon- a Saturday evening), a newly married couple, with

don, Paris, and elsewhere, to whom letters were to their relatives and friends, met on the spot now be written, 1685.- pp. 142. 147—155.

covered by these ruins, to celebrate their nuptials. 27. “ The footway from Trogou to Amsterdam.”.

Here they feasted and danced right merrily, until

the clock tolled the hour of midnight, when the 28. An obscure memorandum, as follows: - “ 1683.

piper (a pious man) refused to play any longer; Munday the 5th of November. H. W. had T.

this was much against the wish of the guests, and The 9th of November, Poupe. The 16th of November, Poupe." — p. 156.

so exasperated the bride (who was fond of danc

ing), that she swore with an oath, she would not 29. Value of duckatons, pistols, and gilders.

- Ib.

be baulked in her enjoyment by a beggarly piper, 30. Note of the route from London to Tedington. – but would find a substitute, if she went to h-ll to p. 157.

fetch one.

She had scarcely uttered the words, Although this volume is not of the same his when a venerable old man, with a long beard, torical value as the Diary mentioned by Welwood, made his appearance, and having listened to their yet it is a curious and interesting relic of the un-request, proffered his services, which were right fortunate man who possessed it, and whose want gladly accepted. The old gentleman (who was of education, superstition, and frivolity are so no other than the Arch-fiend himself) having taken prominently displayed in its pages. As to its the seat vacated by the godly piper, commenced recent history, Dr. Anster states that it was pur- playing a slow and solemn air, which on the guests chased at a book-stall in Paris, in 1827, by an remonstrating he changed into one more lively and Irish divinity student; the same, probably, who rapid. The company now began to dance, but

- p. 135.

p. 143.


soon found themselves impelled round the per- of the door as any one entered with wild and restformer so rapidly and mysteriously, that they less gaze: at length Mr. Perceval arrived, whose would all fain have rested. But when they essayed person (although unknown to him) and dress he to retire, they found, to their consternation, that they described, as also the manner in which the horrid were moving faster and faster round their diabolical | deed was done: he further communicated the musician, who had now resumed his original shape. words uttered by the victim to the effect “ the Their cries for mercy were unheeded, until the villain has murdered—;" how the wounded man first glimmering of day warned the fiend that he was treated, and the person of the medical man must depart. With such rapidity had they moved, who was on the instant called in. that the gay and sportive assembly were now re- These, with other particulars, which have escaped duced to a ghastly troop of skeletons. "I leave my memory, were thus recorded, and the first newsyou," said the fiend, a monument of my power paper he received confirmed the accuracy of this and your wickedness to the end of time:” which extraordinary dream.

M. W. B. saying, he vanished. The villagers, on rising in

An Adventurer in 1632.- I transcribe from a the morning, found the meadow strewn with large pieces of stone, and the pious piper lying under a

manuscript letter now before me, dated “Tuesday, hedge, half dead with fright, he having been a

Whitsun-week, 1632," the following passage. Can witness to the whole transaction.

you or any of your correspondents give me (or DAVID STEVENS.

tell me where I am likely to find) any further inGodalming, May 10. 1851.

formation of the adventurer there named ?

“ Heer is much Speach of the Brauery of a Porter

yt hath taken a Braue House, and hath his Coach & Minor Notes.

4 Horses. Y• Lord Mayor examined him how he gott

yt Wealth : he answered nothing. Then yo Lords of The Hon. Spencer Perceval.- Being on a tour

yo Council gott out of him, that he being the Pope's through the West of England some years ago, I Brother Borne in Essex, Goodman Linges Sonnes, found myself one morning rapidly advancing up was maintained by him, and tempted much to have the river Tamar, in the gig of the Captain of the come over to him : these 2 Brothers being Ship Boyes Ordinary” at Plymouth. We were bound for the to a French pirate, the porter gott meanes to come noble ruins of Trematon Castle, in the area of againe into England, but y® other being a Witty Boy which a good modern house has been erected, and was sould to a Coortier in Paris, who trauelling to in one of the towers is arranged a very pleasing Florence, thear bestowed his Boy of a Great Man, collection of antiquities.

who when he dyed tooke such affection to this Boy, As we proceeded up the river, the gallant cap- y changeing his name to his owne left his estate to tain related the following anecdote in reference to

him: and so in time grew a Florentine, a Cardinall, the then proprietor of Trematon:

& now Pope, & yo greatest linguist for the Latine yt It is well known that in the afternoon of the 12th May, 1812, the Hon. Spencer Perceval, the

C. DE D. then prime minister, fell by the hand of Belling- [Maffeo Barberini (Urban VIII.) was the Roman ham in the lobby of the House of Commons; the pontiff between 1623 and 1644, and is said to have cause assigned by the murderer being the neglect been born at Florence in 1568, of a noble family. ' He of, or refusal to discharge a supposed claim he had was a good classical scholar, and no mean Latin poet. upon the government.

One charge brought against him was his weak parOn the same night the gentleman above alluded tiality towards his nephews, who abused his old age and to, and residing at Trematon, had the tragic scene

credulity. It is probable some of our correspondents 60 minutely and painfully depicted in his sleep,

can throw some light on this mysterious document.] that he could not resist the desire of sending the Almanacs. – A friend of mine, in taking down particulars to a friend in town, which he did by his old rectory house last year, found under one the up mail, which departed a few hours after he of the floors a book almanac, of which the followhad risen on the following morning.

ing is the title given : He informed his friend that his topographical “ A Prognossicacion and an Almanac fastened toknowledge of London was very mengre; and that gether, declaring the Dispocission of the People, and as to the House of Commons (the old one), he had also of the Wether, with certaine Electyons and Tymes seen only the exterior: he went on to state, that, chosen both for Phisicke and Surgerye, and for the dreaming he was in town, he had a desire to hear Husbandman. And also for Hawekying, Huntying, the debates in Parliament, and for this purpose Fyshing, and Foulyinge, according to the Science of enquired his way to the lobby of the House, the Astronomy, made for the yeare of our Lord God architectural peculiarities of which he minutely

M.D. L. calculed for the Merydyan of Yorke, and pracdescribed; he gave an exact description of the few

ticed by Anthony Askam.” officials and others in the room, and especially of a

At the end of the Almanac: tall, thín man, who seemed to watch the opening Imprynted at London, in Flete Strete, at the Signe

ever was.”

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of the George, next to Saynt Dunstone's Churche, by vellous;" and he afterwards says, 6 Thus I have, Wyllyam Powell, cum priuilegio ad imprimendum I trust, sncceeded in tearing down one of the solum."

densest veils of darkened ignorance and human Then follows the “ "Prognossicacion," the title- error." I repeat that I do not question the fact; page to which is as follows:

my Query is, where to find the “ thousands of “A Prognossicacion for the yere of our Lord ghost stories " which are explained by it; and as M.ccccc.., calculed upon the Meridiane of the Towne I suspect that you have some correspondents of Anwarpe and the Country thereabout, by Master capable of giving information on such subjects, I Peter of Moorbecke, Doctoure in Physicke of ye same shall feel much obliged if they will tell me. Towne, whereunto is added the Judgment of M. Cor.

S. R. MAITLAND. nelius Schute, Doctor in Physicke of the Towne of Gloucester. Bruges in Flanders, upon and concerning the Disposicion, Estate, and Condicion of certaine Prynces, Contreys, and Regions for thys present yere, gathered oute of hys Prognostication for the same yere. Translated ENZINAS, OR DRYANDER, TRANSLATOR OF THE out of Duch into Englysbe by William Harrys.”

SPANISH NEW TESTAMENT, 1543. At the end Imprynted at London by John Daye, dwellynge QUERIES” inform me of the existence, in any of

Can any. obliging reader of the “NOTES AND over Aldersgate, and Wylliam Seres, dwellyng in Peter Colledge. These Bokes are to be sold at the book: Dryandri (Franciscus) Flandriæ propriæ in

our public libraries, or for sale, of the following Newe Shop by the lytle Conduyte in Chepesyde.” The print is old English. Mr. Francis Moore 1545. Sm. 8vo.? Fox, the martyrologist, writing

carcerationis et liberationis Historia : Antwerpiæ (?) and the Almanacs have figured in your recent of Dryander, says: Numbers, and I have thought that a brief notice

" I read the book in the shop of John Oporine, printer, of an almanac three hundred years old might not

of Basil." be unacceptable to your “ NOTES AND QUERIES”

I have a French translation of it, and a Spanish friends.


version is mentioned by Pellicea (after Gerdes), Exeter, June 18. 1851.

under this title: Breve Descripcion del Pais Baxo,

y razon de la Religion en España, en 8vo.; but in Queries.

such a manner as leaves it questionable. If a

Spanish verson is known, I should esteem it a GHOST STORIES.

favour to be informed where it can now be found. From some recent experiments of the Baron

Enzinas passed part of the years 1542-3 with von Reichenbach, it seems probable that wherever Melancthon at Wittemberg. Having completed chemical action is going on light is evolved, though his New Testament, he returned early in the latter it is only by persons possessing peculiar (though year to Antwerp to get it printed. After much not very rare) powers of sight, and by them only reflection and advice with his friends, he made an under peculiar circumstances, that it can be seen. It occurred to him that such persons might perhaps in the following manner :

agreement with Stephen Mierdmann of Antwerp, see light over graves in which dead bodies were

“I determined,” says he, “to do my duty in the undergoing decomposition. He says:

affair, at all events; which was, to undertake the pub. “ The desire to inflict a mortal wound on the mon- lication, and to leave the consequences, and the course ster, superstition, which, from a similar origin, a few of the inspired Word, to the providence of God, to centuries ago, inflicted on European society so vast an whom it of right belonged. I therefore spoke with a amount of misery; and by whose influence, not hun. and asked him whether he was willing to print dreds, but thousands of innocent persons died in tor.

He answered, Yes, very gladly; partly tures on the rack and at the stake; - this desire made because I desire to do some good for the commonweal me wish to make the experiment, if possible, of bringing more than for my own particular interest, caring little a highly sensitive person, by night, to a churchyard."- for gain or for the slander of opponents; and partly, § 158. Gregory's Translation, p. 126.

also, said he, because it is a book that has long been The experiment succeeded. Light "was chiefly desired.. Then I asked him whether it was needful to seen over all new graves; while there was no ap- print it without these : for, said I, it would ill beseem

have a license or permission, and whether he could not pearance of it over very old ones.” The fact was

the Word of God, from which kings and rulers derive confirmed in subsequent experiments by five other sensitive persons, and I have no design of ques- should be subject to the permission or prohibition of

the authority for the exercise of their power, that it tioning it. My doubt is only how far we can con

any human feeling or fancy. To this he answered, sider the knowledge of it as giving a “mortal that no law of the Emperor had ever forbidden the wound" to superstition. “ Thousands of ghost printing of the Holy Scriptures; and this was well stories," the Baron tells us,

" will now receive a known, for in Antwerp the New Testament had already natural explanation, and will thus cease to be mar- been printed in almost every language of Europe but

my book.

the Spanish, and that neither himself nor any other degli Antichi Romanzi di Cavalleria, vol. i. pp. 21, printer had ever previously asked permission. From 22.) In such a work we must not calculate upon his experience, he had no doubt that, provided it was meeting with facts, but we may hope to be able to faithfully translated, the New Testament might be obtain an insight into ancient practices, and an freely printed without leave or license. Then, said I, acquaintance with ancient customs. It is for this get ready your presses and everything needful for the work. I will answer for the interpretation of the text, reader to a curious mode of preserving the bodies

reason I would desire to draw the attention of the and you shall take the risk of printing. And more, order that you shall not suffer by loss or fine from our

of the dead, stated by Turpin. He says that the Spaniards, I will take the expense of the impression on

Christians, being without a sufficient supply of myself. So I delivered to him the copy, and begged aromatic drugs wherewith to embalm the dead, him to dispatch the business as soon as possible.

disembowelled them, and filled them up with salt. “ Nothing relating to it was done in secret ; every- The passage thus stands in the original: body knew that the New Testament was being printed “ Tunc defunctorum corpora amici eorum diversis in Spanish. Many praised the project; many waited aromatibus condiverunt; alii myrrha, alii balsamo, alii for it with eagerness; my rooms were never closed, sale diligentes perfuderunt: multi corpora per ventrem every one who wished came in and out: and yet I findebant et stercora ejiciebant, et sale, alia aromata non doubt not that some who came and beforehand praised habentes, condiebant.”—C. 27. my book, when they were behind my back, and with Does

any their own parties, sung another song; well perceiving mode of “i salting,” or rather of pickling” the

other author but Turpin mention this that the reading of the Scriptures by the people is not

dead ? This is the Query which I put, in the exvery likely to profit their avaricious stomachs. I care little, however, for such opinions and selfish passions, pectation of having it answered in the affirmative, confiding in God alone, who directed and would protect author

- although I cannot cite his name — who

as I am quite certain I have met with another an undertaking devoted solely to Hiş own glory."

mentions the body of a Duke of Gloucester being It were too long for the “ NOTES AND QUERIES”. thus preserved with salt; but unfortunately I have to tell how he was induced to cancel the first leaf not taken a note of the author, and can only thus of his New Testament after it was printed, because vaguely refer to the fact. W. B. MACCABE. it had one word which savoured of Lutheranism; of his presenting the finished volume to the Em

Minar Queries. peror Charles V. at Brussels ; how he received im, and what he said ; of his being entrapped by

The Star in the East (St. Matt. ii. 2.).--I have his confessor, and cast into prison for fifteen been told that in the year of the Nativity three of months, escaping and being let down by a rope

the planets were in conjunction. Some one of over the city wall, until he found repose and your astronomical correspondents may probably security again at Wittemberg with Melancthon.

be able to furnish information on this subject: it Few of the early translations of the New Testa- is full of sacred interest and wonder. J. W. H. ment into the vulgar languages of Europe are so Meaning of Sinage : Distord : Slander, little known as the Spanish of Francisco de En- translation of Luther's Revelation of Antichrist by zinas, or Dryander ; and yet, perhaps, of no one of the Protestant martyr Frith, the word sinage them are there such minute particulars of the occurs in a list of ecclesiastical payments, which printing and publication to be found upon record the popish prelates were wont to exact from the as that published by him in 1543, and of his im- parochial clergy. prisonment in consequence of it.

If any of your correspondents can say what BENJAMIN B. WIFFEN.

sinage means, he may oblige me still further by Mount Pleasant, near Woburn.

explaining the word distord, in the same page; where it is said “they stir princes and officers to

distord against them,” viz., against such as resist SALTING THE BODIES OF THE DEAD.

the claims of churchmen. Every reader of Ariosto, of Boiardo, or of

Is there any authority for supposing that sclawnBerri

, is acquainted with the character of Turpin, der, ordinarily slander, may sometimes mean inas an historian.

John Turpin's History of the jury, without reference to character? It is certain Life of Charles the Great and Roland has long

that the parallel term calumnig was so used in monkish Latin.

H. W. since been regarded as a collection of fables ;

à romance written under a feigned name. Miss. - It is generally, I believe, understood Its real character is, however, best described that, prior to the time of Charles II., married by Ferrario, when he says that it is not to be women were called Mistress, and unmarried had considered as “the mere invention of any one im- Mistress prefixed to their Christian name ; and postor, but rather as a compilation of ancient tales that the equivocal position of many in that reign, and ballads that had been circulating amongst the gave rise to the peculiar designation of Miss or people from the ninth century.” (Storia ed Analisi “Mis." Can any of your readers show an earlier

In a



use of the term than the following, from Epigrams to be removed, and discovered two colossal angelic of all Sorts, by Richard Flecknoe, published 1669? figures, but in a very imperfect state. Each have

“ To Mis. Davis on her excellent Dancing. nimbi of a blue colour, surmounted by crosses, Dear Mis., delight of all the nobler sort,

with globular extremities. Pride of the stage and darling of the court."

The S. figure holds an enormous spear. The Again, was the term, when used with especial N. one is so much defaced that nothing could be reference to these ladies, always spelt with one s,

traced but the outline of the figure, and what apas Mis?

M. S. pears a gigantic serpent, or perhaps a scroll of a

blue colour behind it. The clerk reports that Jacques Mabiotte.- I read, that certain members traces of an anchor could be seen ten years ago; of the continental masonic lodges interpret the but on his statement I cannot place much reliance. Hiram, whose death the freemasons affect to I should be obliged for any information respecting deplore, as meaning Molai, Grand Master of the the subject. Above the centre of the arch I could Templars; but that others understand the said only see a profusion of fragments of wings surHiram to mean Jacques Mabiotte. Now, I should rounded by a glory.

E.S. TAYLOR. think the person whom secret associations can be

Martham, Norfolk, June 7. even imagined, ever so falsely, to keep in continual remembrance, and who is thus placed in compe- Conceyted Letters, who wrote: tition with the Grand Master of the Temple, should Conceyted Letters, newly laid open: or a most at least enjoy that moderate share of celebrity excellent bundle of new wit, wherein is knit up tothat will enable some of your correspondents to gether all the perfection or art of episteling, by which inform me who he was, and what were the cir- the most ignorant may with much modestie talke and cumstances of his death. I have not myself been argue with the best learned.” London: B. Alsop, able to find him.

A. N.


Who is the author of this little work? Lowndes Registry of British Subjects abroad. There is gives it as an anonymous production, but it is a notion that all British subjects born in foreign sometimes ascribed to Nicolas Breton. The parts are considered as born within the diocese of initials I. M. affixed to the preface, would rather London. What is the origin of this notion ? I denote Jervase Markham as the author. have heard it said that it is founded on some order made by King George I., on the occasion

Acta Sunctorum. — Is any endeavour being of bis journeys to Hanover. But it must be of made for the completion of that vast work, the older date.

Acta Sanctorum, the last volume of which I beCan any of your readers throw any light upon

lieve was published at Brussels in 1845 ? P.S. E. this? and greatly oblige,

J. B. Pope's honest Factor." - I shall be obliged if A notice was published in the London Gazette any of your readers can inform me who was the in March, 1816, stating that the Bishop of London's

" honest factor” referred to in Pope's “ Sir Baregistrar would register all marriages of British laam” in the lines : subjects solemnised in foreign countries; and also

“ Asleep and naked, as an Indian lay,

An honest factor stole a gem away : the births and deaths of British subjects which occurred abroad. Has that notice any reference to

He pledg'd it to the knight,” &c. the notion ?

I have seen it noticed in the biography of an

individual who held some official post in India, Shawls. When were shawls first introduced but bave forgotten the name.

J. SWANN. into this country from the East ? and whence has

Norwich, May, 1851. the name arisen? for I see no trace of it in our English dictionaries. Is it from its Persian name, Meaning of Nervous."

Will any of your “ do-shâllâ ?” I should also much wish to know correspondents kindly oblige me, by stating what when plaids and tartans were first mentioned as is the actual meaning of the word nervous ? On part of the national dress of Scotland. A JUROR. reference to Johnson, I find it expressed as fol

lows: " Racked by pain, by shame confounded."-From whence are the following lines taken?

“ Nervy, sinewy, vigorous; also having diseased or

weak nerves. “ Racked by pain, by shame confounded; Goaded to the desperate deed."

Now, by this definition, I am led to believe that Y. G. F.

the word has two meanings, directly opposed to Oxford, June 17. 1850.

each other. Is this so?


Liverpool. Figures of Saints. — During some slight repairs in my parish church, vestiges of mural paintings Doomsday Book of Scotland. - In vol. xx. of were discovered above and on each side of the Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland, chancel arch. I caused the plaster and whitewash 1798, the following extract of a letter appears

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