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rhyme, but it is called “The Sabbath Hymn Book, for the service of Song in the house of the Lord : " 1 Chronicles 6 : 31. As we have inserted some stanzas because their spiritual value prevailed over their lyrical defects ; so we have omitted some stanzas because their poetical faults cannot fail to impair their religious influence. We have sought for devotional poems, rather than for short rythmical sermons,- narrative, expository, or didactic.
In laboring to compile a volume of sacred lyrics, we have also endeavored to select such as arc peculiarly adapted to the worship of the Most High in his Sanctuary. A true hymn for “the house of the Lord," is an expression of worship in a form adapted to ntterance in song. All lyrical compositions produce their full effect only when they are accompanied with music; and those which are designed for the Sanctuary develop their highest power only when they are uttered in musical cadence, and assume the form of a direct address to God, or, at least, a form predisposing the soul to such direct address. “Modern hymns," says a German author, are not lyrical, but didactic. They only preach in rhyme; and thus they reach the head, but not the heart. If, now, the sermon preaches, and the singing preaches, and the prayer preaches, the monotony of the service will occasion weariness; but is the sermon preaches, and the hymn sings, and the prayer prays, there will be a beautiful variety to exercise and interest all the faculties of the soul.”. In order to make this volume a manual of worship, as well as for worship, and to fit it distinctively for “ the service of song in the house of the Lord,” we have collected a large number of hymns, which are direct addresses to the Most High. We have given to these a prominence above the hymns which lead indirectly to prayer and praise. This is seen in the Classification of Hymns : – Book I. Part I. Sect. 1, 2. Part II. Soct. 1. Book II. Part I. Sect. 1; Part II. Sect. 16, a, b, c. Book III. Part I., Part VI., Part XIII. Sect. 4. Book IV. Parts I. to V. Book V. Book VIII. Part I., Sects. 1, 7, 8; Part III Sect. 4, a ; Sect. 5, a, b, c, d, e; Part IV. Sect. 1 ; Part VII. Sect. I; Part X. Sect. 1, 2; Part XI. Sect. 3, 4; Part XIII. Sect. 3, a, e. Book X. Part I. Sect. 3; Part III. Sect. 1. Book XI. Part I. Sect. 1, 3; Part VI. Sect. 1, 2, 3, 4; Part VII. Sect. 1. Book XIII Part I. Sect. 1: Part IV. Book XIV. Part IX. Sect. 2.
As we have aimed to compile a rolume which may be fitly called a “ Sabbath Hymn Book,” we have sought for the choicest inetrical versions of passages from the Bible. The inspired volume, containing the best records of devotional experience, must furnish the best materials for every good book of Psalmody. It erpresses the true sentiment, in its accurate proportions, and it always suggests even more than it expresses. The inspired poems are the standard for all Christian hymns. As we depart from the Biblical standard, we are in danger of introducing a morbid pietism in the place of a healthful picty. Although we have not divided this volume into a distinct Book of Psalms, and a distinct Book of Hymns, yet we have endeavored to insert every good version of the Biblical Psalms which seemed important for the Biblical associations and influence of the volume, and we have introduced soino paraphrases of other portions of the inspired text, which have not been ordinarily found in American Hymn Books. Examples of these are found in Hymns 1, 95, 245, 313, 321, 339, 641, 689, 779, 867, 868, 881, 918, 1273, 1275.
We have not arranged the versions of the inspired Psalms in a separate book, because, first, many of these versions are too general and free to be called Psalms, in distinction from Hymns ; secondly, some of the inspired Psalms have never been translated into inetrical versions worthy of the name, and at the same time adapted to the worship of a promiscuous Christian assembly ; and therefore a book of English paraphrases of Psalms for the service of song must be, at present, incompletc; and, thirdly, the separate arrangement of the Psalms and Hymns interferes with the logical and rhetorical unity of the Hymn Book, and this unity is important for its practical usefulness; and, fourtlıly, the Biblical Index will supply, in part, the advantage of preserving a distinct classification of the Psalms, and will show that many passages in the Prophecies, Gospels, and Epistles, are in fact Psalms of devotion, and, on the ground of intrinsic lyrical and spiritual merit, are worthy of being distinguished by being collected into appropriate books. Indeed, the Editors were, at one time, somewhat inclined to arrange the hymns of this volume according to the Biblical sources whence they were derived.
As the devotional influences of a Hymn Book are increased by its being associated with the phrases and the authority of inspired
men, so they are increased by the association of the book with the writings and the names of all the pious in past ages. Therefore the Editors have endeavored to select those ancient hymns, which, though devoid of Biblical authority, have yet been sealed with the approbation of the most devout worshipers; those hymns which have been used by the Church in the periods of her most carnest and progressive religious life. We have secured several new translations of Greek, Latin, and German hymns, which have acquired a standard value in other ages and other lands; and, breathing the fragrance of ancient piety, have come down to us with inspiriting associations. Several of them have a rich history. They have been sung on the eve of battle, at the death-bed and the burial of saints, in scenes of the most heart-rending persccution, or of ecstatic triumph. Some of these new translations, and other ancient hymns of this Collection, are Nos. 46, 96, 200, 220, 263, 293, 336, 451, 685, 686, 765, 809, 899, 1051, 1203, 1230, 1281, 1282, 1284. Such relics of the Church of the past, cannot but be dear to the Church of the present and the future. We cannot but love the hymn of grateful delight in Christ, by Bernard (IIymn 686):
"Jesus, thou Joy of loving hearts," and the sacramental hymn of Aquinas (Hymn 1051),
“O Bread to Pilgrims given!"and it stirs the heart to know that Hymn 899
"Fear not, () little flock, the foe"was the song of Gustavus Adolphus, sung beforo the great battles (nat he fought for the Protestant Reformation. What more affectog burial hymn can be found than Hymn 1203,
"The pangs of death are near," –
which has come down to us from beside the graves of ancient saints? And upon the subject of the Judgment, it deepens our thoughts to meet with stanzas like those of Ilymn 1281,
“ That great day of wrath and terror, ?
which is the root of the old “Dies Irae,” in all its versions, and which has proved its worth by a life of a thousand years. There
are many such hymns, we think, which the Church will not willingly let die.”
It may be thought that some of the old English hymns in this volame are too quaint for modern Psalmody. But these were among the chosen hymns of our own ancestors." They have been sung, with tears of penitence or of joy, by men and women whom we love to venerate. One of these (Ilymn 31),
" All people that on earth do dwell,” was the old favorite version of the one hundredth Psalm ; and was the first English hymn to which the tune of the Old Ilundredth was applied by our English forefathers. It has, therefore, great historical value, and a special adaptedness to one of the noblest tunes in the “service of song." It is beautifully fitted for certain celebrations of events that occurred in the remote past, and for some of our anniversary Jubilees.
In preparing a Hymn Book for the best religious iufluence in the Sanctuary, the Editors have aimed to introduce the ripest fruits of modern Hymnology. As we have sought to compile a Book of Poetry, in distinction from prose; and of poetry for worship, in distinction from songs of general application, so we have aimed to furnish a book of real life, in distinction from mere imaginative poetry; a book of rarious Christian experience, and containing the most valuable records of what religious men have actually felt, and have expressed in lyrical form. But the various experience of the Church cannot be exhibited without the aid of her modern poets. The experience of the present age has a new individuality. Hymnology is receiving constant accessions from men now living. Some of its choice treasures are recent. This is especially true of Hymns upon the Person and Work of Christ. Certain productions of living hymnologists have already taken a strong hold of the affections of the Church, as expressive of an existing Christian life. They will be precious to the hearts of Christians in a coming age, and will be permanent contributions to our Christian literature. We have introduced into this volume many hymns which have never been used in American churches, and some of which have never been previously pullished. The “Sabbath Hymn Book" has been enriched by several contributions prepared expressly for it, by
the Rev. Horatius Bonar, of Scotland; and by many of his poems, abridged and accommodated to the use of our Psalmody, after a full consultation with him, and with his very kind permission. It has been also enriched by several hymns, some of them written immediately for it by Rev. Ray Palmer, D. D., of Albany, and others translated expressly for it, by him, from the original Latin. Among the hymns which we have not seon in any American Manual for worship, may be named the following sclection, viz. : Hymns 175, 233, 237, 239, 260, 264, 304, 315, 320, 335, 336, 343, 367, 372, 373, 415, 418, 421, 444, 446, 460, 623, 653, 716, 717, 747, 748, 753, 761, 771, 792, 868, 899, 902, 936, 977, 980, 987, 1019, 1032, 1169, 1174, 1177, 1182, 1203, 1204, 1228, 1230, 1244, 1262, 1269, 1270, 1271, 1273, 1281, 1289, 1290.
The Editors of this Manual have spent no small amount of labor upon the relative proportion of its Hymns. Where other aims have not conflicted with this, we have designed to give the best place to the best themes ; and among the different hynıns on the same topic, to give the first place to the hymns which, all things considered, are most congruous with the spirit of worship. . Thus, under the title of “Worship,” we have given the first place to'hymns of direct address to the Godhead; arranging subsequently to these, “Meditations upon Worship,” and “Calls to Worship.” Under the title of the “ Atonement,” we have thought it obvious that, after the historic hymns on Gethsemane and the Cross, the superior position should be assigned to such as Hymn 299,
"Not all the blood of beasts,”
and such as Hymn 300, –
" There is a Fountain filled with blood,"
rather than to hymns descriptive of the influence of the Atonement.
Under the title of “The Holy Spirit,” we assign the last place to a didactic and descriptive hymn on the coming and office of the Holy Spirit, and the first place to a strictly devotional invocation of the presence of the Holy Spirit in the Sanctuary. Under the title of “ Faith in the Atonement," we have rescrvod for the last position, the definitive hymns on the nature