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'An ode om the occasion of Cleopatra's death, in which the poet calls upom his companions to celebrate the destruction of that ambitious and haughty womam

by every species of rejoicing.

NUNC est bibendum, nunc pede libero
Pulsanda tellus, nunc Saliaribus
Ornare pulvinar deorum
Tempus erat dapibus, sodales.

Antehac nefas depromere Caecubum 5
Cellis avitis, dum Capitolio
Regina dementes ruinas
Punus et imperio parabat

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depromere Caecubum cellis avitis, see Excurs. to C. 1, 20. 7. regina, i. e. Cleopatra—dementes, poetic. = dementer cogitatas (Enallage adjectivi, demens properly belongimg to regina; comp. Virg. A. 2, 576: Ulcisci patriam et sceleratas sumere poenas, inst. of a scelerata Helena). 8. funus et, poetic. = et funus (as below in verse 26), see note to C. 1, 2, 9. 9. sq. contaminato, &c. construe: cum contaminato grege virorum turpium morbo (= morbosorum), contemptuous expression: * with a contaminated gang of enervated servants.' 10. impotens = audax, poetic. with infin. sperare quidlibet, * weak enough to hope for anything.' 11. dulci = blanda, * seductive.'

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Ausa et jacentem visere regiam 25
Vultu sereno, fortis et asperas
Tractare serpentes, ut atrum
Corpore combiberet venenum,

Deliberatâ morte ferocior,
Saevis Liburnis scilicet invidens, 30

15. ad (inst. of in), Bentl. conj.—24. penetravit, Bentl. conj.

13. viae una, &c., referring to the fleet of Antony, which was almost totally destroyed. 14. lymphatam Mareotico (sc. vino), * frantic, panic-struck by the Mareotic (Egyptian) wine;' see Excurs. to C. 1, 20: lymphatus = vvριφόληπτοs. 15. veros, in opposition to the lymphaticus timor. 16. sq. construe: adurgens remis (reginam) volantem ab Italia (on herflight from Actium she intended to make a descent upon Italy). 20. daret catenis, poetic. * take prisoner.' 21. monstrum; quae, the relative pronoun in the natural (not in the grammatical) gender with reference to Cleopatra. 23. latentes (= ignotas, remotas) oras, * secret, remote shores.' 24. reparavit, in the sense of alias

oras (aliam patriam) sibi paravit, parare studuit, * nor did she seek for other remote regions.' 25. et = etiam—jacentem = afflictam, desolatam, * desolate, plunged in affliction.' 26. fortis, poetic. with the infin. tractare—et, enclitically made the second word in the sentence, see above C. 1, 2, 9. 28. corpore, in intimas corporis partes, penitus, * into her body.' 29. ferocior, * rendered evem more desperate ' (by having resolved to die). ** My resolution's plac'd, and I have nothing 0f woman in me: now from head to foot

I am marble-constant; now the fleeting moon No planet is of mine.”

shakspere—Antony and Cleopatra, Act y. 30. sq. saevis= hostilibus, *to the hostile ships” — invidens (minime concedens) privata deduci, a Greek construc

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The. poet, disliking everything expensive and recherché in his entertainments, bids his slave weave for him a festal crowm of myrtle, as am ornament well suited to the simplicity of bis tastes and character.

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The poet, in complimenting C. Asinius Pollio upon his History of the Civil Wars, urges him to prosecute his task, but describes the difficulty and danger of the undertaking, and deplores those unfortunate quarrels of which it professed to give an account. C. Asinius Pollio was born in Rome B. c. 76. He became |highly distinguished as an orator, tragic poet, historiam, and politiciam; obtained the consulship along with Cneius Domitius Calvinus under the second Triumvirate, B. c. 40; and died at his Tusculam villa, A. d. 4, in the eightieth year of his age. He was the friend and patron of Virgil and Horace—the former of whom dedicated to him the fourth Eclogue. Pollio's History of the Civil Wars consisted of seventeen books—all of which are now lost; but, from the references to it by Tacitus, Suetonius, and others, it would seem to have been a work of merit and authority.

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Audire magnos jam videor duces
Non indecoro pulvere sordidos,
Et cuncta terrarum subacta
Praeter atrocem animum Catonis.

Juno, et deorum quisquis amicior

25

Afris inultâ cesserat impotens

16. Delmatico, Cod. Bern.—21. videre, Bentl. conj.

9 and 10. construe: Musa (tua) severae tragoédiae desit paulum (= paulisper) theatris, i. e. cease, for a short time, to write tragedies (in order to compose the history of the civil wars). 11. munus = partes, * task.' 12. Cecropio (= Atheniensi) cothurno (ablat.) * with the Cecropiam (Atheniam, tragic) buskin.' 13. praesidium reis, i. e. advocate of the accused. 14. consulenti, absol. = deliberanti, * to the consulting, deliberating senate ' (comp. Virg. A. 11, 335: consulite in médium, et rebus succurrite fessis, and Liv. 21, {6: ut trepidarent magis quam consulerent). 16. Dalmatico (in Inscriptioms and old Manuscripts, Delmatico) triumpho, i. e. om the first of November in the year 715 A. U. c. (= B. c. 39); for having de

feated the Parthini, a people of Illyricum, in the neighbourhood of the Dalmatae. 17. sq. Jam nunc...jam...jam, a lively description of the contents of Pollio's historical work; Horace seems to be carried into the midst of the events described— jam nunc, * even now, already.' 21. audire, i. e. to hear them giving the word of command in the battle. 23. sq. cuncta terrarum, poetic. for cunctas terras, orbem terrarum ;—note the expressive oppositiom ofatrocem animum Catonis, the unconquerable will of Cato Uticensis, to cuncta terrarum; as to Cato, see the Excurs. to C. 1, 12. 25. sq., digression on the evils of civil waf—Juno, the patroness of Carthage (comp. Virg. A. 1, 15 sq.) and 26. impotens, unable (to resist the

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