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Threicio Aquilone sonant: rapiamus, amici,
Occasionem de die, dumque virent genua

Et decet, obductâ solvatur fronte senectus. 5
Tu vina Torquato move consule pressa meo.

Cetera mitte loqui: deus haec fortasse benignâ

Reducet in sedem vice.

Nunc et Achaemenio

Perfundi nardo juvat et fide Cylleneâ

Levare diris pectora sollicitudinibus,

10

Nobilis ut grandi cecinit Centaurus alumno: * Invicte, mortalis deâ mate puer Thetide, * Te manet Assaraci tellus, quam frigida parvi * Findunt Scamandri flumina lubricus et Simois, * Unde tibi reditum certo subtemine Parcae 15 * Rupere, nec mater domum caerula te revehet. * Illic omne malum vino cantuque levato, * Deformis aegrimoniae dulcibus alloquiis.'

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CARMEN XVI.

AD POPULUM ROMANUM.

This splendid epode is generally supposed to be one of the poet's earltest compositions, and was probably suggested by the renewal of the civil war, A. U. c. 713, after the battle of Philippi, whem the victorious legions of Augustus and Antony turned their arms against each other throughout Italy, and under the very walls of Rome. Some commentators are of opiniom that this epode refers to the outbreak of the last war between Octavianus and the combined forces of Antony and Cleopatra, A. U. c 722; but such am hypothesis must be rejected as untenable, for this among other reasons, that the intimate and cordial friendship which then subsisted between Horace and Augustus would have restrained the former from recommending to his countrymen a universal emigration from Italy, as the only expedient which could rescue them from liability to civil commotion and bloodshed. After a glowing picture of the earlier triumphs of Rome over all foreign enemies, the poet proceeds in a strain of impassioned eloquence to foretell the certainty of that ruin which the Romans were then bringing upon the commonwealth by their ever-recurring and bloody civil wars. Despairing of peace, and convinced of the impending destruction of the capital and the empire, he entreats the wiser and more virtuous members of the community to accompany him to the Hesperides, those fortunate islands of the Western Sea, Madeira, or the Canaries, to which the Romam general, Sertorius, when defeated by Pompey in Spain, once determined to retire. He encourages the Romans to adopt this desperate resolution by the example of the Phocæans of Ionia, who, when they were reduced to the last extremity im a blockade to which their city had been subjected, B. c. 584, by Harpagus, a general of Cyrus the Elder, with one accord deserted their fatherland in a body, and bound themselves by a solemn oath never to return, until a bar of iron, which they had flung into the sea, should rise to the surface, and be seen floating on the waves.

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ALTERA jam teritur bellis civilibus aetas,
Suis et ipsa Roma viribus ruit:
Quam neque finitimi valuerunt perdere Marsi . * • -'-
Minacis aut Etrusca Porsenaé manus, ' ' ' ' ' '
Aemula nec virtus Capuae, nec Spartacus acer , - 5
L Novisque rebus infidelis Allobrox,

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Nec fera caeruleâ domuit Germania pube
Harentibusque abominatus Hannibal;
Impia perdemus devoti sanguinis aetas,

Ferisque rursus occupabitur solum.

10

Earbarus heu cineres insistet victor, et Urbem
Eques sonante verberabit ungulâ,

Quaeque carent ventis et solibus ossa Quirini—
Nefas videre! dissipabit insolens.

Forte quid expediat communiter aut melior pars

15

Malis carore quaeritis laboribus:
Nulla sit hac potior sententia, Phocaeorum

Velut profugit exsecrata civitas
Agros atque Lares patrios habitandaque fana

Apris reliquit et rapacibus lupis,

20

Ire, pedes quocumque ferent, quocumque per undas Notus vocabit aut protervus Africus.' ... . . .

Sic placet? an melius quis habet suadere?—Secundâ Ratem occupare quid moramur alite?

Sed juremus in haec: Simul imis saxa renarint

25

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Neu conversa domum pigeat dare liutea, quando
Padus Matina laverit cacumina,
In mare seu celsus procurrerit Apenninus,
Novâque monstra junxerit libidine
Mirus amor, juvet ut tigres subsidere cervis,
Adulteretur et columba miluo, ) ' ^ rt,
Credula nec ravos timeant armenta leones,
Ametque salsa lévis hircus aequora.
Haec, et quae poterunt reditus abscindere dulces,
Eamus omnis exsecrata civitas,
Aut pars indocili melior grege; mollis et exspes
Inominata perprimat cubilia.
Vos, quibus est virtus, muliebrem tollite luctum,

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Etrusca praeter et volate litora.

40

Nos manet Oceamus circumvagus: arva, beata
Petamus arva divites et insulas,

IReddit ubi Cererem tellus inarata quotannis
Et imputata floret usque vinea,

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Suamque pulla ficus ornat arborem, Mella cavâ manant ex ilice, montibus altis

Levis crepante lympha desilit pede. Illic injussae veniunt ad mulctra capellae

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29. proruperit, some Codd.—33. flavos, some Codd.—41. circumvagus arva beata ; Petamus arva, Bentl.

poetic. = tum demum liceat nobis re-
dire Romam, quum saxa ab imo maris
fundo rursus emerserint.
28. Matina cacumina, i. e. the moum-
tain Matinus in Apulia (comp. above
C. 1, 28, 3; 4, 2, 27).
32. mnil-ü-o, three syllables, instead
of milvo, by diaeresis (comp. below,
Ep. 1, 16, 51: miluus for milvus, and
above in Epod. 13, 2: siluae).
35. haec, accus. plur. neutr., &c., be-
longing to exsecrata (comp. v. 18).
38. perprimat cubilia, contemptu-
ously for: desideat domi.
39. tollite = pellite (comp. below Ep.
1, 12, 3: tolle querelas).
43. Etrusca praeter et, poetic. for: et

praeter Etrusca (see Notes to C. 3, 3,
11 and C. 1, 2, 9).
41 and 42. note the emphatically re-
peated arva, arva divites insulas,
added, as a more specific. notion, to
arva, by the figure Epeaeegesis (comp.
above C. 3, 4, 4 : fidibus citharô-
que).
43. Cererem, poetic. = frumentum ;
comp. above C. 3, 24, 13: Immetata
quibus (sc. Getis) jugera liberas fruges
et Cererem ferunt.
48. lévis, &c., i. e. maxima cum cele-
ritate defluit de montibus.
50. tenta = distenta, i. e. turgida
lacte (comp. Virg. Ecl. 4, 21).

Nec vespertinus circumgemit ursus ovile,
Neque intumescit alta viperis humus.
Pluraque felices mirabimur, ut neque largis
Aquosus Eurus arva radat imbribus,
Pinguia nec siccis urantur semina glebis,
Utrumque rege temperante coelitum.
Non huc Argoo contendit remige pinus,
Neque impudica Colchis intulit pedem;
Non huc Sidonii torserunt cornua nautae,
Laboriosa nec cohors Ulixei.
Nulla nocent pecori contagia, nullius astri

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Gregem aestuosa torret impotentia. Jupiter illa piae secrevit litora genti, Ut inquinavit aere tempus aureum,

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