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Hill. On this occasion Augustus selected Horace as the poet best fitted for the task of composing such an ode; and the stately elegance of the following stanzas, though they be neither warmed nor brightemed by the lyric fire and sparkling fancy of the author's less official poems, attest the wisdom of the emperor's choice. Apollo and Diana are thrice invoked, by all their attributes, to continue their protection and favour to the Roman Empire, which is thrice, with the most imposing solemnity, committed to the care of these tutelary gods. It has been supposed by some commentators that the successive parts of this

hymn have been arranged according to a regular system: Orellius approves of a scheme proposed by Steiner:—

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Proodos.—Strophae I. et II. (juncti pueri et puellae.)
PHOEBE silvarumque potens Diana,
... Lucidum coeli decus, o colendi
Semper et culti, date quae precamur
Tempore sacro,

Strophe II.

Quo Sibyllini monuere versus 5

Virgines lectas puerosque castos

Dis, quibus septem placuere colles, •
Dicere carmen.

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Strophe V. (pueri.)
Diva, producas subolem, Patrumque

· · · · · Prosperes decreta super jugandis «

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16. Genetyllis, Bentl. conj.—26. and 27. dictum stabilis per aevum Terminus servet, Bentl. conj.

splendore eodemque vigore exoriens. 11. sq. nihil Romó majus, comp. Virg. A. 7, 602: maxima rerum Roma, and C. 2, 534: sic rerum facta est pulcherrima Roma. 13 and 14. construe= Ilithyia(=Diana), lenis aperire (= lenis in aperiendo) rite (= bene, recte) maturcs partus,'propitious in safely producing mature births.' 15. probas vocari Lucina, poetic. = * thou likest to be called Lucina;' * thou preferrest the name of.' 17. producas= servesatque ad adultam aetatem feliciter pervenirejubeas,'make advancing, flourishing, setting up.' 18. sq. decreta, &c., i. e. the marriage-law of Augustus, called * Lex Julia de maritandis ordinibus,' here poetic.: super jugandis feminis and lege

maritâ; super = de, comp. above C. 3 8, 17: Mitte civiles super urbe curas, and C. 4, 2, 42: concines...publicum ludum super impetrato Augusti reditu. 21. sq. construe: ut certus orbis, per decies undenos annos (i. e. after a cycle of 110 years) referat cantus et ludos frequentes ter claro die totiesque (i. e. ter) gratâ nocte, as to the sense see the Argum.—the que in v. 22, joined with referat, bnt belonging to ludos (comp. above note to C. 1, 30, 6). 24. frequentes, *in large multitude,'expressively put at the end of the strophe. 25. veraces, poetic. with the infim. (cecinisse, for in canendo) = canentes vera, veridicae, * veracious.' 26. stabilisque, i. e. et quod stabilis (terminus rerum servet).

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Strophe XV. (puellae.)
Jam Fides et Pax et Honos Pudorque
Priscus et neglecta redire Virtus
Audet, apparetque beata pleno

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Epodos. Strophae XVI-XIX. (juncti pueri et puellae.)
Augur et fulgente decorus arcu ' '^^ -
Phoebus acceptusque novem Camenis,
Qui salutari levat arte fessos

Corporis artus,

Strophe XVII.
Si Palatinas videt aequus arces, 65
Remque Romanam Latiumque felix
Alterum in lustrum meliusque semper

Proroget aevum.

•,
Strophe XXIII.
Quaeque Aventinum tenet Algidumque,
Quindecim Diana preces virorum 70

Curet et votis puerorum amicas

Applicet aures.

Strophe XIX.
Haec Jovem sentire deosque cunctos,
Spem bonam certamque domum reporto,
Doctus et Phoebi chorus et Dianae 75

Dicere laudes.

65. aras, some Codd.—68. 71. 72. prorogat, curat, applicat, some Codd., Bentl.

61. Augur of Apollo, as god of prophecy (comp. above C. 1, 2, 32, and Virg. A. 4, 376: augur Apollo).

63. salutari arte, i. e. medicá—fessos, poetic. = languidos ex morbo.

65. Palatinas arces, i. e. those very Palatine heights where they sang the Carmen Seculare, and the temple of the god built by Augustus on the same hill — aequus = propitius, ' propitious.'

66. felir, belongs to Latium.

67. lustrum, the next celebration of fhe secular grames.

69. Aventinum Algidumque, referring

to the temples of Diana om the Avemtine hill and the mount Algidus (see above C. 1, 21, 6)

70. Quindecim virorum, i. e. the college of Fifteen, who had the charge of tlie Sibylline books.

73. haec, i. e. quae precati sumus— Jovem deosque cunctos, a customary addition in hymns of this kind, in order not to offend any one deity by omitting some allusion to them all.

75. chorus doctus, i. e. edoctus a poëta, (comp. C. 4, 6, 43 : docilis modorum vatis Horati).

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