Evolutionary History: Uniting History and Biology to Understand Life on Earth
Cambridge University Press, 11.04.2011
We tend to see history and evolution springing from separate roots, one grounded in the human world and the other in the natural world. Human beings have, however, become probably the most powerful species shaping evolution today, and human-caused evolution in other species has probably been the most important force shaping human history. This book introduces readers to evolutionary history, a new field that unites history and biology to create a fuller understanding of the past than either can produce on its own. Evolutionary history can stimulate surprising new hypotheses for any field of history and evolutionary biology. How many art historians would have guessed that sculpture encouraged the evolution of tuskless elephants? How many biologists would have predicted that human poverty would accelerate animal evolution? How many military historians would have suspected that plant evolution would convert a counter-insurgency strategy into a rebel subsidy? With examples from around the globe, this book will help readers see the broadest patterns of history and the details of their own life in a new light.
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Africa agricultural allele American Amerindians anthropogenic evolution antibiotics artiﬁcial selection bacteria barbadense behavior beneﬁt biologists biotechnology bison breeders breeding Cambridge century chapter coca coevolution cotton industry created crops culture Darwin deﬁned deﬁnition developed dogs domestic ecology economic effects elephants England Environmental History environments eradication evolutionary biology evolutionary history evolved resistance example extinct farmers ﬁber ﬁelds ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁshery ﬁshing ﬁve founder effect genetic engineering genome glyphosate hirsutum historians history of technology human hunting Ibid ideas identiﬁed impact important India individuals Industrial Revolution inﬂuenced insecticides insects Lancashire light skin long ﬁber longer ﬁber machines mutations natural selection offspring Old World Old World cottons organisms pathogens peppered moths percent pests plants and animals production Science seeds shaped short ﬁber slave trade speciﬁc spinning staphylococcus survive tion traits of populations triclosan tuskless unconscious selection University Press variation varieties vitamin D wild wolves World species York