Physics and National Socialism: An Anthology of Primary Sources

Cover
Klaus Hentschel
Birkhäuser, 27.11.2013 - 406 Seiten
1 Aim and General Description of the Anthology The purpose of this anthology is to introduce the English speaking public to the wide spectrum of texts authored predominently by physicists portraying the ac tual and perceived role of physics in the Nazi state. Up to now no broad and well balanced documentation of German physics during this time has been available in English, despite the significant role physics has played both politically (e. g. , in weaponry planning) and ideologically (e. g. , in the controversy over the value of theoretical ('Jewish') vs. experimental ('Aryan') physics), and even though prominent figures like the scientist-philosopher and emigre Albert Einstein and the controversial nuclear physicist Werner Heisenberg have become household names. This anthology will attempt to bridge this gap by presenting contempo rary documents and eye-witness accounts by the physicists themselves. Authors were chosen to represent the various political opinions and specialties within the physics community, omitting some of the more readily accessible texts by leading physicists (e. g. , Einstein, Heisenberg, Lenard) in favor of those by less well-known but nonetheless important figures (e. g. , Finkelnburg, Max Wien, Ramsauer). In this way we hope not only to circumvent the constricted 'Great Men' approach to history but also to offer a broader picture of the activities and conflicts within the field and the effects of the political forces exerted upon them.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
xv
The Impact of Nazi Science Policy on Physics Instruction
xxvi
Emigration Research
liii
Physics in Nazi Germany
lxv
Style and Rhetoric
xciv
Controversies Prior to 1933
1
After the Nazi Seizure of Power
17
Letter to James and Ingrid Franck Apr 22 1933
31
Mechanics c April 1939
186
Experimental Physics c April 1939
189
A Esau Technical Physics c April 1939
193
Letter to
195
19391945
207
Contract between the Army Ordnance Office and the Kaiser
235
Theoretical Physics at Universities Nov 1940
246
Revolution in Science September 1941
268

Law on the Retirement and Transfer of Professors as a Result of
36
Conversations in Germany Apr 28 1933
45
A Big Day for Science Johannes Stark appointed
49
Creation of a Research Council Mar 16 1937 143
53
The Scientific Situation in Germany June 2 1933
59
Dismissal of George Jaffé June 26 1933
67
Organization of Physical Research Sep 18 1933
76
Personal Evaluations of G Hertz and R Gans for
86
Foreword to German Physics August 1935
100
NaziSocialism and International Science Dec 14 1935
116
How the Energy Distribution of BlackBody
130
of German Nationality Apr 15 1937
145
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics Apr 23 1937
146
White Jews in Science July 15 1937
152
Science is Politically Bankrupt July 15 1937
157
Letter to Reich Minister Rust July 20 1937
160
Youth to the Front Line New Blood in Science and Technology August 1937
161
Letter to Reich Minister W Frick May 20 1938
170
Letter to Carl Bosch June 16 1938
171
Letter to Heinrich Himmler July 12 1938
172
Letter to Reinhard Heydrich July 21 1938
175
Letter to Werner Heisenberg July 21 1938
176
Letter to Ludwig Prandtl July 21 1938
177
Memorandum to Secretary Otto Wacker Oct 3 1938
178
Letter to the board of the German Physical Society and enclosed draft letter to the German members Dec 2 8 1938
181
Minutes of Meeting Dec 14 1938
182
Manifesto by a Physicist Feb 24 1939
184
Review of Jewish and German Physics Jan 1942
276
Refuting Allegations that Modern Theoretical Physics is a Product of the Jewish Spirit Jan 20 1942
285
The Munich Conciliation and Pacification Attempt Jan 20 1942
290
Letter to Carl Ramsauer Jan 28 1942
292
The Theoretical Basis for the Generation of Energy from Uranium Fission Feb 26 1942
294
Letter to Albert Vögler Mar 13 1942
301
Foreword to Yearbook of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society after Mar 31 1942
302
Führers Decree on the Reich Research Council June 9 1942
303
Record of Conference Regarding the Reich Research Council July 6 1942
304
War Physics Specific Weight Zero May 30 1943
309
War Physics Dropping Bombs May 30 1943
311
The Key Position of Physics in Science Technology and Armament June 18 1943
315
A Esau Budget Memorandum to R Mentzel Nov 19 1943
321
Nuclear Research Commissions Apr 18 1944
322
Abraham Esau July 16 1944
324
Letter to Albert Speer Aug 3 1944
327
Letter to Martin Bormann Dec 16 1944
329
Letter to Otto Hahn June 27 1945
332
Memorandum on the Kernphysikalische Forschungsberichte Nov 8 1945
334
The Fight against Party Physics c 1946
339
German Scientists
352
Nazis Atomic Secrets Oct 20 1947
379
A Reply to Dr von Laue April 1948
396
B State and Military Institutions V
v
F Biographical Profiles XVIII
xviii
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