Nickel: An Industry on the Brink of Expansion
Woodhead Publishing, 2002 - 132 Seiten
This far-reaching report addresses nickel industry's key issues as it emerges from the roller-coaster ride of price volatility which has characterised it in recent years. In 2002 the indications are for an upswing in demand as industrial activity starts to pick up again: however, on the supply side it is unclear how much output will be realised from the "mega" projects that were announced that the end of the 1990s. Both nickel consumption and prices could be adversely affected in the future by environmental restrictions, increasing substitution of nickel-containing materials and the development of relatively low-grade lateritic nickel deposits. Up-to-date, in-depth research and analysis to make you an authority on the world's major nickel markets Presenting a truly global picture, this report examines the current state of the nickel industry and the prospects for the future. Some key findings of this report Some analysts predict that PAL technology could increase world nickel supply by 0.8 million tonnes per year within the next 10 years. Murrin Murrin, the largest of the three Australian "mega" projects, will be a major addition to Australia's nickel-producing capacity. Anaconda and Glencore have committed to expanding its total nickel production capacity to 115,000 tonnes per annum. Total world demand for primary nickel grew by 6.3% in 2000 to reach a record level of 1,115,000 tonnes. Demand for nickel in batteries is expected to soar, fuelled by increased consumption of both rechargeable batteries and new forms of automotive batteries. The future levels of production and consumption in Russia are expected to continue to have significant, but unpredictable, effects on world nickel prices.
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A background to the key issues
stainless steel and nickel
Nickel alloy steels
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aircraft Anaconda Nickel applications austenitic automotive Bulong Caledonia capacity carbon steel chemical China chromium cobalt commercial components concentrate consumer copper corrosion resistance cost currently deposit electric vehicles electroplating engine environmental equipment estimated expansion Falconbridge ferro-nickel grading growth hybrid hybrid cars Inco Inco's increase iron Japan Koniambo laterite Li-ion Li-ion batteries limonite manufacture materials million units mills mining Murrin Murrin NiCd nickel alloys nickel consumption nickel industry nickel prices nickel production nickel-based alloys nickel-containing stainless steel nickel-metal hydride NiMH batteries Norilsk nuclear orebodies Outokumpu output oxidation plant plating portable electronics primary nickel demand programme radioactive scrap metal Raglan rechargeable batteries recycling refinery resource saprolite sector smelter Source stainless steel production stainless steel scrap Sudbury sulphide superalloys Table temperature tonnes tonnes of nickel tonnes9 Voisey's Bay welding Western Australia Western World Western World primary wire World primary nickel